Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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8
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3answers
288 views

Is ignoring messages a learned behavior?

As someone that works troubleshooting stuff, I've seen a surprising amount of people that, when confronted with messages, warnings and errors, tend to seek help fast (or early in the process) in the ...
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1answer
1k views

Can hypomania be induced by just thinking quickly and variably?

Emily Pronin and Daniel Wegner have shown that fast and variable thinking induces positive affect. This is independent of thought content. Sheri Johnson has noted that the key things that might start ...
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249 views

What research has modelled the difficulty of mental mathematical calculation?

I posted this also on mathoverflow. What research has modelled the difficulty of evaluating a formula mentally (for your average, numerate, person, not a trained mental calculator)? For instance, ...
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1answer
713 views

Why some people do not perform well with ambiguity and uncertainty?

I've recently read an article about Generation Z, early 20 year olds born after 1995 in the workforce (similar to this one). The article suggests that unlike previous generation, where ambigious goals ...
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1answer
201 views

Does correcting responses after feedback lead to better learning?

In a typical supervised learning experiment, one might present visual stimuli, e.g. faces, one after another and ask participants to classify each one into one of two categories, e.g. A and B. Usually ...
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255 views

Does Golden Hammer really exist?

Note: I am not talking about Law of the instrument. I am referring to the following (anti-)pattern of behavior: A person very competent in one area (say, Philosophy) peremptorily expressing his ...
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624 views

How much sleep is required to restore maximum cognitive functioning? [closed]

Background: Recently I have really messed up my sleep schedule due to my procrastination. The internet points to some very basic conclusions but I would like to see actual experiments on effects of ...
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370 views

What are the “Must Know” papers of Cognitive Science? [closed]

What are the works/papers/results/theories any expert in cognitive science should know, even if they're outside his/her specific field of expertise? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why ...
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420 views

How can one find out if he/she is brainwashed?

By brainwashed I mean indoctrinated with some political, religious or other type of propaganda. I assume that you can't be aware of this, because the lack of that awareness is the point of propaganda ...
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331 views

Why do some people seem to disregard the choice of doing nothing (The Zero Choice)?

In many areas of life we have a choice between multiple options: if we are hungry and we want to go out to eat, we have a number of places to choose from (McDonalds, etc). However, we also still have ...
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'Always Give a Reason Why' - How to describe this subject area?

I summarise http://rayedwards.com/always-give-a-reason-why/: In Dr. Robert Cialdini’s book, Influence, he cites a research study showing that simply adding the word “because” to a request multiplies ...
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Is there a term for a person who moves from one field of expertise to a new field and has an inflated belief in their competence in the new field?

Person A has led a successful career and is very well renowned in field A. Later in life, person A moves to field B, a field they're curious about but have very little experience in. Person A ...
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609 views

Are motivation and efficiency inversely correlated?

Observation: Motivation and efficiency seem appear to me to be inversely correlated for most people. That is, I know some people who tend to get very excited about a goal and take large amounts of ...
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931 views

Is 'intuition' related to 'extrasensory perception'?

I come from a computer science background and am a big time AI enthusiast. I am trying to think about how can we map 'intuition' to a process in artificial intelligence. As I understand, 'intuition' ...
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218 views

Is there a name for a scientist's resistance to disconfirmation of his or her theories?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. And some results illustrate that people set higher standards of evidence ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between IQ and Executive Function?

I was reading an article today that stated that people with high IQ's that have trouble with social skills, memory, being punctual (on time), emotional control, and "growing up" are likely to have ...
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3answers
280 views

How does the brain compute sound localisation without the equations?

What sort of computations are used for localising sound with the ears, and how does the brain compute the time difference between sounds reaching each ear? I am interested in the specific mechanisms ...
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1answer
537 views

What is the name of the bias that associate a thing as good because it has a relation to another good thing?

A customer buys X from "brand A" and has positive experience with it. "Brand A" also sells Y. Now the customer things it is good to buy Y because of his/her positive experience with buying X from ...
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1k views

What is “Attention” in terms of brain activity?

A rather basic question, but I don't know the answer to that - What is human "attention" that can be focused on different parts of the body or outside objects? For example, I can focus my attention ...
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307 views

Where are scientific references for the claims made in “Thinking Fast and Slow”

I am currently reading fast and slow and the author mentions the results of a lot of studies. However, these are not directly cited, although some can possibly be googled with the information given. ...
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866 views

Do children inherit intelligence from their mothers and not their fathers?

This article, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/children-intelligence-iq-mother-inherit-inheritance-genetics-genes-a7345596.html?cmpid=facebook-post, suggests that children inherit ...
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1answer
264 views

Is thinking with language efficient?

I wondered, whether it is efficient to think with language (of course it's efficient for communication). When I'm thinking with long words, it takes longer than thinking with short words. Maybe ...
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1answer
118 views

Can placebo effect be increased by modifying the perception about prescription/intake setting?

I've noticed the following pattern within my own thinking - multiple unrelated events "combine" to produce a certain action, particularly creativity and innovation. I'm trying to understand if this ...
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What is the difference between implicit and explicit attitudes?

Although it is clear that implicit and explicit attitudes are not same, how do they differ is not. I believe establishing the relation between them would surely help deducting it's meaning in context ...
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What positive writing exercises improve happiness?

Writing seems like a perfect medium for expressing ones problems but can it also be used to improve happiness somehow? Maybe through some sort of creative writing exercises that focus on positive ...
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1k views

What is the cognitive cost of switching contexts?

A common reason to use Conventions and standards in Human Computer Interaction is to limit the cost of Context Switching. I searched to find general evidence of the cognitive costs of context ...
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1k views

What is the connection between cognitive dissonance and confirmation bias?

Intuitively, I'd think that cognitive dissonance (CD) is one explanation of confirmation bias (CB), since if it's the case that most people believe "I am right about most things", then admitting one ...
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1answer
444 views

Does meditation improve working memory more than exercise?

I have noticed that I feel much more mentally sharp after doing an hour of moderate exercise in the morning. On the contrary, when I meditate, I feel no such difference in my mental alertness. Isn't ...
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775 views

To what extent does culture affect emotion perception?

In a globalized world, in spite of cultural differences, we share, at least at the symbolic level (language level), lots of things. Considering pictures that display emotions (affect), such as those ...
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360 views

Relationship between cognitive load and self-indulgent behavior in simple task completion

Background A subject in an office-building setting is asked to memorize a list of numbers and to write them down on a whiteboard in another room on the opposite side of the building. The subject ...
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1answer
727 views

What is the definition of affective cueing?

In contrast to affective priming, what is affective cueing? I'm not sure how to differentiate between the two. I found a good review on affective priming in Karl Christoph Klauer (1997) in the ...
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187 views

Does neurodynamics have any relation to psychodynamics?

From Neural oscillation - Wikipedia: Neural oscillations are commonly studied from a mathematical framework and belong to the field of "neurodynamics", an area of research in the cognitive sciences ...
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4k views

Psychological effects of social nudity

I have been conducting extensive research over the last few years on the history of nudity in social situations, and I am looking to expand my research base now I have come across a few other ...
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557 views

Effects of aerobic vs. resistance training on cognition

The beneficial effects of exercise are well documented on cognitive ability (1, 2) and reducing cognitive decline (1). However, has the type of exercise ever been analysed? In healthy adults, is ...
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805 views

How are humans able to read scrambled text/characters (e.g., CAPTCHA)?

So I'm doing a research on developing a new text-based CAPTCHA system. I've devised a scheme where characters in a text are broken/split individually and randomly, making it difficult for OCR machines ...
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1answer
204 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
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1k views

Does mental rigidity cause psychological problems?

Is there a correlation between mental disorders and mental rigidity? I suspect that when people have very strong beliefs and it happens that this beliefs are dysfunctional they can incur into mental ...
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1answer
8k views

What are the real life applications for Probability Learning?

Probability learning is a principle that states probability of a response tends to match the probability of the reinforcement. How does one achieve such rationality under uncertainty? What are the ...
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1answer
228 views

Philosophy Meets Neuroscience: The Molyneux's Problem

Consider the Molyneux's problem "If a man born blind can feel the differences between shapes such as spheres and cubes, could he similarly distinguish those objects by sight if given the ability to ...
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2answers
139 views

Predicting the landing site of a saccade while the saccade is still in progress

A brief look through the literature didn't reveal any algorithms that have been directly applied to the online prediction of saccade landing sites while a saccade is in progress. While there would ...
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4answers
3k views

Improving Speed of Thinking

What are some ways one can improve his/her speed of thinking and reasoning ? I am looking for some easy to follow strategies that can be systematically applied. (I am presuming it can be learnt/ ...
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2answers
183 views

What psychological methods exist for dealing with uncertainty?

Curious in finding out if there have been any psychological studies done on uncertainty & what the results of those studies have been. Have there been any frameworks or methodologies on combating ...
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1answer
1k views

Manipulating cognitive load in online experiments

I'm under the impression that standard cognitive load manipulations (e.g., remember a 7-digit number while completing some other task) wouldn't work for online subject pools like Mechanical Turk. Are ...
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1answer
5k views

What is the psychology behind the need to be the centre of attention?

In conversations, there are often times when a member of the group will consistently divert the conversation back to their own topic (often to do with them). A 'pseudo-conversation' example: Persons ...
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1answer
213 views

Why is a lack of response to punishment in adults considered significant in diagnoses?

It seems that a lack of response to punishment is often considered useful in diagnosing conditions or symptoms. A good example of this may be in diagnosing psychopathy, in which a lack of response to ...
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1answer
123 views

How do children understand the concept of number size?

How do children understand that one number is larger than the other? For example, given the numbers "8" and "9", how do they learn that "9" is the larger one? This apparently develops as a precursor ...
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1answer
14k views

What are the consequences of prolonged cognitive dissonance?

We know that situations that induce cognitive dissonance cause a variety of interesting behaviors in humans. But do we know why relieving cognitive dissonance is such a powerful motivator? What ...
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1answer
161 views

What are the psychological differences in camelCase and underscore_case programming conventions?

In computer programming, spaces are often forbidden in the declaration of variable names, so programmers have created alternate methods of identifying word boundaries in variable names: camel case and ...
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1answer
127 views

Curved/angled geometrical forms and association with femininity/ masculinity

Is there any research or theoretical reasoning on a strong inclination of human mind to associate curved forms with femininity and angled ones with masculinity? A similar concept of association is ...
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1answer
66 views

Effectiveness of implicit measures of deception (e.g., sweating, eye focus, EEG) when filling out online questionnaire

I'm working in my master thesis on a method of detecting user deception or lying when answering online questionnaires using his implicit feedback like sweating, eye focus, EEG etc. I would like if ...

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