Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Cognitive Function and Causing someone to Learn

Children may elicit, either through active engagement or some feature of their personality or appearance, a response from their environment that might protect them from deprivation-related risk either ...
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how do Transcendental Meditation and mindfulness differ in terms of dealing with individual's anxiety?

I want to know how these two forms of approaches differ in terms of guiding a person's anxiety and helping them heal. there has been no research done using these two forms of meditation together on ...
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Is thought disorder directly treatable with pharmacotherapy?

Thought disorder is usually secondary to psychosis or schizophrenia. But there are those that have some form of thought disorder without any positive psychotic symptoms. Is there any medication ...
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In Transactional Analysis, how can one kill or at least voice down the “Critical Parent” ego state?

The Parent ego state is like a tape recorder full of pre- judged, prejudiced, pre-programmed statements. These "taped" statements can get activated while we are in our Adult or Child and then we can ...
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164 views

What is the psychology behind epiphany?

What are the neural precursors that lead up to the epiphany? How can one, have more creative insights? How this affects our psyche? What's the psychology behind it? The word "epiphany" has a deep, ...
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34 views

In what contexts is loss aversion least controversial?

Loss aversion (and related phenomena like the endowment effect) are somewhat controversial, it seems; from Wikipedia: Recently, studies have questioned the existence of loss aversion. In several ...
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Set of uncorrelated cognitive tests for self quantification and tracking

I self track partly to optimize intelligence and productivity. Cognitive tests are good proxy of both. I tried all the tests in "time of day" experiment at quantified-mind and many seem to test the ...
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is interference control responsible for sensory sensitivities?

In practice, reduced interference control looks like difficulties with screening out background noise, visual distractors etc. does this account for sensory sensitives found in e.g. ASD? Or is that a ...
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Falling back/relapse how come?

Is anything (a term perhaps) in psychology which explains the quick backsliding or reverting into old, learned and familiar habits, ways, behaviour (traits), relapse-type situations? How come we we'...
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98 views

In the dual process theory, how are the two systems interact with each other?

From my understanding about cognitive psychology and social psychology, the whole route from when people meet new unknown thing to when they making judgement about it is like this: First people ...
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Stress vs. Testing

I was reading somewhere and found that there are various levels of stress depending on time. It said that when under stress for 30 mins, memory is not as efficient. So I have two questions here. A- Is ...
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Cognitive ability and possible careers

I have a couple of times read articles saying something like "If you have an IQ of 130 you can become a physician, high school math teacher or lawyer. If your IQ is 95 you can work at a kindergarten, ...
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Averaging a linear or nonlinear function treatment

In a hypothetical PET study, my sample consists of a clinical population which exhibit brain hypermetabolism. I divide my sample into two homogenous groups. One receives a treatment whereas the other ...
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213 views

relative achievement reinforcing views on self-efficacy

What is the impact of relative achievement in a topic on self-efficacy in that topic. For example I have the same self-efficacy in two subjects X and Y and sit tests in both. I get more questions ...
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What are the other “first cognitive tools” beside analogy?

In the paper The Analogical Paradox: Why Analogy Is So Easy In Naturalistic Settings, Yet So Difficult In The Psychological Laborator, Dunbar says: Analogy is one of the first cognitive tools that ...
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26 views

Negative Rewards(punishment) processing in Human Brain?

Can someone please tell me how negative rewards or punishments are processed in the human brain? Do we have a separate segment to process positive and negative reward and are the positive and negative ...
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Cognitive Bias, illusory truth effect: its effects on Software Engineers

I have been trying to understand how illusory truth effect creates problems for Software Engineers. I have found research on the effects of other cognitive biases (e.g. representativeness, ...
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Ben Franklin effect: mkay, what about help vampires?

Is the Ben Franklin effect as uncontroversial as wikipedia makes it to be? It states that once we grant someone a favor we're even more inclined to grant them subsequent favors. As far as I can tell ...
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Why didn't the Left Twix/Right Twix ad campaign take off?

This is intended to be a psychology question about human decision making and behavior as concerns advertising. As this is only my second ever question on Cognitive Sciences SE, please advise as to any ...
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57 views

Is there any evidence that environmental enrichment enchances executive functioning in humans?

By environmental enrichment, I mean a cognitively, socially and environmentally stimulating environment. Most of the studies I discovered were tested on animals, in which the answer is a resounding ...
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33 views

Can sport be used as a counselling tool to help one deal with negative life events?

I found studies on how leisure activities can positively affect well-being, e.g. stress reduction. My question is more specific as I want to research how participation in sport can help one deal with ...
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53 views

Finding the repeating part of a signal

How do people "synchronize" to a periodic signal? In other words, given an oscillating auditory signal, how do people decide where the beat is? Assuming a "beat" divides a signal into equal repeating ...
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31 views

Matching continous patterns in visual signals

Similar to my question about auditory signals, how do people match visual signals from memory? For example, consider the simplest case where there is a single degree of movement freedom, such as a ...
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46 views

Can similarity be confused with recency?

Does similarity of a cue modify it's perceived recency? Consider this hypothetical experiment: Given a set of visual cues presented sequentially to a subject Present a final visual probe. Ask the ...
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444 views

Anchoring Heuristic: a type of heuristic or the mechanism of functioning of heuristics?

Heuristic is a mental shortcut that helps us to make decisions and judgments quickly, without spending time analyizing any aspect of reality. There are several different categories of heuristics, ...
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Is robustness to interruption related to the ability to multi-task?

Is the ability to resume a task effectively after an interruption related to a person's ability to multi-task? The only theory of multi-tasking I'm aware of is PRIMs which models multi-tasking as ...
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38 views

International Physical Activity Questionnaire and cognitive function

I'm looking for research that has examined the link between physical activity (as measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [1] specifically) and cognitive function (any domain is ...
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Are there any approaches to measuring “physical”/“neurophysiological” aspects of one's intellectual tone/state of fluid intelligence?

Is it possible to measure/approximate/estimate intelligence with a physiological metric? What I mean is, if I put it correctly: to measure/estimate short-term memory capacity/long-term memory ...
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214 views

Subjective experience of emotional buildup

Subjectively, some emotions have a sudden onset, while others build up slowly. For example, a text message from a loved one can quickly fill you with joy. Alternatively, frustration/annoyance at being ...
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65 views

What bias is responsible for people perceiving immediate and sudden value over long time value delivery as more?

I have a scenario where people are receiving a massive value of not getting sick and dying in a relatively long period but not valuing it as much as short term solutions that make them feel better ...
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145 views

Method Acting Used For Cognitive Behavioral Modification

I was always fascinated by the stark contrast between the character played by Brad Pitt in True Romance (small role) and the character Rusty in Ocean's Eleven. Same person, completely different ...
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Oedipus/Electra complex and in laws

Does the oedipus and electra complex, which are often regarded as the reason why daughters are attched to their fathers more and the sons to the mothers, also explain why sons in law are not liked by ...
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129 views

Should an individual deliberately focus/experience/feel or ignore/detach/repress negative emotions in order to isolate them from self-worth?

My question is a follow-up to this great answer to a question about the neurological mechanism of self-control. It explains that people who exhibit self-control are able to repress/isolate the ...
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41 views

Interpretation of Halstead-Reitan Impairment Index Parameter

How does one best interpret the Halstead-Reitan Index ranging from 0.0 to 1 ? How closely is this assessment of neurocognition subsequent to injury correlated to structural arrangement of the brain ...
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171 views

Relation between memory and creativity

What theories exist explaining the interaction between creativity and long term memory? I am especially interested in how, in creative work, a thought triggers a memory that may not be related to it ...
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Are cognitive maps still widely studied within psychology? Why or why not?

Cognitive maps refer to mental representations of physical spaces. It seems like the work on this concept dropped off significantly in the 1990s but I’m not in the field, so I can’t say for sure. Are ...
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Where can I find a real, reliable, iq test that someone could take multiple times?

I'm trying to find a real, reliable, accurate IQ test, that someone could take multiple times (so maybe has randomized questions?). It is for a study involving IQ and video games.
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Where does the human need for intimacy stem from?

I'm reading "The Art of Happiness" right now, and in it, it's written that our need from intimacy stems a fear that developed at childbirth. According to the text, there's much evidence that this fear ...
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How to create a non cogntive index

I am currently trying to make a non-cognitive index using questions/variables. However there are following problems; (a) The scales of the questions/variables vary, so I have a scale from 1 to 4 and ...
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Which theories explain that given a choice of hard and easy tasks one would pick the easy one?

Which theories deal with cost benefit analysis? For example, given a binary choice of hard and easy tasks (eg. Picking low hanging fruit, stealing what is not bolted down, cheating on a test, taking a ...
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35 views

Role of shared gaze/joint attention in infants for the development of executive function

I'm trying to find research on the role of interactions between caregiver and infant via shared gaze/joint attention for the development of executive abilities, including attention and inhibition. My ...
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264 views

Can “acceptance” become a Defense Mechanism?

Most of the Defense Mechanisms are unconscious, but for those who know about them and still use then it somehow becomes conscious. They know they are using it, and not do anything about it. For ...
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The explaination of definition of learning

In Robert Baron's book I found learning to be "any permanent change in behaviour or behavioural potential as a result of experiences. (Bandura,1986).But I got a question that what is meant by- ...
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109 views

Is there an emotional equivalent of Somatoparaphrenia?

I've recently became aware of the Somatoparaphrenia delusion, where a person thinks that a part of their body belongs to someone else. No amount of logic or evidence would persuade that person ...
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What happens to our emotions when we tell ourselves stories(rationalization + analyzing)?

Today I finished the book "Crucial Conversations", great book, would recommend to anyone. In it there were numerous explicit or implicit theories about psychology and one of them in particular caught ...
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Are there any conditions or disorders not related to intelligence that might prevent an adult human from possessing a theory of mind?

I am familiar with studies in which children are tested for theory of mind. In one such experiment, a story is told: Betty is playing with her doll in the bedroom. Then she has to go to school, so ...
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Is psychological shock a valid construct?

Rather than shock as a physiological reaction to bodily trauma, does anyone know of research on the validity of psychological shock? I'm not referring to shell shock, or the original name for PTSD. ...
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Is there evidence to suggest that the different and contrasting behaviours we collectively call 'sensitive' have a common root cause?

There appear to be two different meanings of the word 'sensitive' when describing people's behaviour: that the person being described lacks the emotional resilience to cope with an everyday situation....
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Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher, I have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS (Intelligent tutoring system) model, it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
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What drives users to play Reddit's “The Button” game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...