Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Who was the first theorist to define a list of psychological defense mechanisms?

The obvious answer is Sigmund Freud, but was there a theorist before him who created a list of specific defense mechanisms? A defense mechanism can be defined as a method by which the mind protects ...
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184 views

In I.Q. and Cognitive Tests, What Sequence Patterns Should be Applied?

Nearly every I.Q. and Cognitive test seems to ask questions for the "next item in the sequence". But, there just seems to be so many possibilities, and I can usually find a way that all of the ...
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36 views

Inter-subject signal sensitivity estimation?

Factor loading background I am using paired comparison methods to estimate estimate respondents’ sensitivity to distinctions in words used to characterize the construct of agreeableness. (e.g, ...
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108 views

Which long-term effects can hypocortisolism have on behavior?

Chronic stress can have a serious impact on our physical as well as psychological health due to sustained high levels of the chemicals released in the ‘fight or flight’ response. In abused children ...
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360 views

In which way emotional “interference” affect the brain / the behaviour?

Think of two different scenarios. In both scenarios the subject is looking at emotional images, but in the first one emotional stimuli "interfere" with the behaviour, while in the second one ...
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37 views

Is there evidence to suggest that one's epistemic preference is fixed or is flexible?

We know that there are methods of obtaining knowledge. These being: Observation or experience. Reason or Logic Modelling Testimony. Authority. Truth by message. Some call this epistemic ...
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141 views

Unconscious Racial and Gender Biases: The role of IAT

Recently the term unconscious bias, referring to race and sex, has increasingly appeared in the media. It appears that the support for these terms come from research conducted using the Implicit ...
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99 views

Can human brain neural circuits understand the concept of “other human beings” and their motives?

I've read that one of the tests of animal intelligence is whether or not the animal recognizes itself in the mirror or can determine that other animals have motives other than it's own (ex: can ...
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27 views

Self-Perceived Quality of Life based on operation success chance

I heard about this method in a psychology lecture once: let's say that a person has some sort of chronic illness, and they are offered an operation to cure them. Then, the patient is asked about what ...
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48 views

Short validated measure of cognitive ability suitable for online experiment on the effect of emotion on ability test performance

I am currently writing my dissertation which will examine the impact of emotion on cognitive ability. I plan to use two test groups to test my hypothesis, one which is primed to feel happy the other ...
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72 views

Can a multiple choice test reliably measure decision making speed?

Are there any studies showing that there is a direct connection (or a lack of a connection) between performance on a speeded, written, multiple choice test, and making quick decisions during a ...
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118 views

Deja vu and some specifics

Deja vu is the feeling of having been where you are presently at some point in the past (usually pointed to dreams because you often cant remember dreams). What would you call that distant memory you ...
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What are the differences between formulating a response in speech vs. formulating a written response?

I am specifically interested in the difference between these two processes during producing a response to a question. What are the differences of the cognitive process between those two scenarios? I ...
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54 views

Could one use priming (from realistic images to drawings thereof) to help teach the conventions of line drawing?

Line drawing is a very stylised form of art. There are no lines in nature, and artists have to learn the conventions to be used when drawing in line. I am interested in whether one could help them ...
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Interpretation of results on the studies of “Moral Hypocrisy”

Hello right now I am dealing with the studies of C.Daniel Batson, who provided several studies and experiments to reveal moral hypocrisy. I think that I understand the basic idea of his theory, ...
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50 views

Changing Voluntary to Involuntary by will

As we all know, certain actions like, blinking of eye breathing all happen involuntarily, and we have the option to control them voluntarily as well(holding breath etc..) when needed. But, once we ...
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123 views

Searching for a gender stereotype questionnaire

Reviewing the literature there are certainly several inventories to measure gender stereotype values as, for example, the Adjective Check List (ACL; Williams & Bennett, 1975), the Sex-Role ...
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81 views

How do lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and the world?

Are there models that attempt to chart how lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and their interactions with the world? For what it's worth, every time I read a post about ...
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40 views

Source of sensory data related to cognitive effort

How does the brain assess cognitive effort? Is there a chemical that is being created or consumed at a rate that is proportionate to the amount of effort felt? I'm mostly interested in short term ...
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151 views

How to measure improvement in Mental Acuity/Sharpness?

Are there any accurate tools that can tell the changes in mental acuity/sharpness?
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81 views

What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
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43 views

Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
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42 views

Theory about use of concept maps?

My background is Computing Science and I want to research how people use concept maps? By doing some google search I found the following link https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/ctools/ What I want to ...
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41 views

How can we analyse user behavior to predict urge of smoking?

The problem which I want to target is to be able to successfully predict (to a degree) that a person is going to smoke in near future. I want to look at the relationship between chemical reactions ...
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78 views

How can we use EEG data to predict urge of smoking?

I am from Computer Sciences background. The problem which I want to target is to be able to successfully predict (to a degree) that a person is going to smoke in near future. I have a brainwave ...
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30 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
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182 views

Does Cognitive Tunneling apply to daydreaming as well?

I've been reading a paper by Jarmasz J. (2005) on cognitive tunneling and am wondering if it applies to daydreaming? For instance, if for some reason I'm already thinking about something that has no ...
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2answers
67 views

Effects of subliminal messaging

From what I've read up thus far, subliminal messages do have some sort of 'influence' over our decisions or atleast our thought process, to some extent. To what extent if any is the human mind or ...
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Are behaviourist practices and/or principles still valid and useful?

I understand how behaviorism is outdated for not considering the brain processes and cognition as ultimately responsible for memory and learning. Nevertheless, after reading Learning Theories: An ...
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24 views

is there any psychological condition that fits what I describe?

I was observing some condition. most people (that I observed), if they do something (mentally) to someone, they will tend to have the same feeling like 'the someone' is doing the same to them. ...
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114 views

Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Cognitive Function and Causing someone to Learn

Children may elicit, either through active engagement or some feature of their personality or appearance, a response from their environment that might protect them from deprivation-related risk either ...
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34 views

how do Transcendental Meditation and mindfulness differ in terms of dealing with individual's anxiety?

I want to know how these two forms of approaches differ in terms of guiding a person's anxiety and helping them heal. there has been no research done using these two forms of meditation together on ...
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1answer
47 views

Could a failure of condensed inner speech be linked to slowed cognition?

Could a failure of "condensed inner speech" be linked to slowed cognition? It is a type of inner voice, and as conceptualized by Fernyhough it involves the capacity to think in terms of pure ...
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31 views

Is thought disorder directly treatable with pharmacotherapy?

Thought disorder is usually secondary to psychosis or schizophrenia. But there are those that have some form of thought disorder without any positive psychotic symptoms. Is there any medication ...
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How can I learn Integrated information Theory

I'm looking for a syllabus for Integrated Information Theory that could help a non-scientists learn all the fundamental concepts required to fully understand IIT It looks like it involves statistics, ...
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29 views

Why is deltaE not used as a measure of error?

I've recently read a few articles pertaining to visual memory. Most of them (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1167/9.10.7) use the continuous color recall task where they ask participants to recall the color ...
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1answer
42 views

Mental stress inducing task

Mental arithmetic stress test is used widely to induce mental stress in laboratories. Can this test induce stress to those who are really good at mental calculation or enjoy mental math?
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24 views

In Transactional Analysis, how can one kill or at least voice down the “Critical Parent” ego state?

The Parent ego state is like a tape recorder full of pre- judged, prejudiced, pre-programmed statements. These "taped" statements can get activated while we are in our Adult or Child and then we can ...
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77 views

What is the psychology behind epiphany?

What are the neural precursors that lead up to the epiphany? How can one, have more creative insights? How this affects our psyche? What's the psychology behind it? The word "epiphany" has a deep, ...
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26 views

In what contexts is loss aversion least controversial?

Loss aversion (and related phenomena like the endowment effect) are somewhat controversial, it seems; from Wikipedia: Recently, studies have questioned the existence of loss aversion. In several ...
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10 views

Set of uncorrelated cognitive tests for self quantification and tracking

I self track partly to optimize intelligence and productivity. Cognitive tests are good proxy of both. I tried all the tests in "time of day" experiment at quantified-mind and many seem to test the ...
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7 views

is interference control responsible for sensory sensitivities?

In practice, reduced interference control looks like difficulties with screening out background noise, visual distractors etc. does this account for sensory sensitives found in e.g. ASD? Or is that a ...
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18 views

Falling back/relapse how come?

Is anything (a term perhaps) in psychology which explains the quick backsliding or reverting into old, learned and familiar habits, ways, behaviour (traits), relapse-type situations? How come we we'...
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Have there been any right-hemisphere-dominant split-brain-patients?

Do any case studies of right-hemisphere dominant individuals who have undergone a severance of the corpus callosum exist? Thanks.
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Stress vs. Testing

I was reading somewhere and found that there are various levels of stress depending on time. It said that when under stress for 30 mins, memory is not as efficient. So I have two questions here. A- Is ...
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Cognitive ability and possible careers

I have a couple of times read articles saying something like "If you have an IQ of 130 you can become a physician, high school math teacher or lawyer. If your IQ is 95 you can work at a kindergarten, ...
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31 views

Averaging a linear or nonlinear function treatment

In a hypothetical PET study, my sample consists of a clinical population which exhibit brain hypermetabolism. I divide my sample into two homogenous groups. One receives a treatment whereas the other ...
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210 views

relative achievement reinforcing views on self-efficacy

What is the impact of relative achievement in a topic on self-efficacy in that topic. For example I have the same self-efficacy in two subjects X and Y and sit tests in both. I get more questions ...
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21 views

What are the other “first cognitive tools” beside analogy?

In the paper The Analogical Paradox: Why Analogy Is So Easy In Naturalistic Settings, Yet So Difficult In The Psychological Laborator, Dunbar says: Analogy is one of the first cognitive tools that ...
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26 views

Negative Rewards(punishment) processing in Human Brain?

Can someone please tell me how negative rewards or punishments are processed in the human brain? Do we have a separate segment to process positive and negative reward and are the positive and negative ...