Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Differences in Cognition, Theory of Mind and their criteria

I´m writing an essay about the ToM in animals. My Problem is that there are a few hints of ToM in animals but there are also some interferences. I tried to set up a conclusion which uses Morgan's Law ...
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What is an appropriate background for cognitive modeling?

Awhile back, I picked up Cognitive Modeling by Thad A. Polk (published in 2002 by MIT Press - and yes, before anyone points it out, I do realize that that's probably somewhat out of date at this point ...
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Correlation of g and Honesty, Rationality, etc?

Are there any meta-analyses reporting the correlations of g (IQ, general mental ability) with: Honesty-Humility (e.g. in HEXACO model). I know Conscientiousness (of Big Five) generally has zero ...
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Why we do what we aren't allowed to do

Don't touch the red button, or don't touch that chocolate cake while I'm gone. Why is it that we most likely will touch them anyway?
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What does it mean one performs perfect and quickest Stroop tests?

As part of a neuroplasticity training program a subject has to perform in various Stroop Effect tests. Such as: Color to color names Animal to animal names Position of a word within a square Number ...
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saccadic countermanding task

The saccadic countermanding task is used to measure response inhibition (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0042698999000115). It is basically the stop-signal task that makes use of ...
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55 views

How to implement an incidental processing task without a fMRI-compatible response box?

Background I'm planning an event-related fMRI-experiment to investigate the difference in processing natural and computer-generated facial emotion expressions. My supervisor and I are discussing ...
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60 views

Is this an accurate/correct example of pre-exercise? If not, what are some examples?

(After having read Piaget, I'm not sure if this could be considered pre-exercise, or not.) Pre-exercise through symbolic assimilation could be alternately described as imitating a mode of being in ...
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474 views

Cognitive control tasks

What are the tasks that can be employed to measure cognitive control of an individual (proactive and reactive control). I have read about AX-CPT task [1]. In this task, they use letters. But I am ...
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59 views

Experiments showing adaptation to growing task complexity

I'm looking for experiments measuring how people manage growing task complexity. For example, consider a task, which on the surface resembles a Go No-go task, with the first instruction: Given ...
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Who was the first theorist to define a list of psychological defense mechanisms?

The obvious answer is Sigmund Freud, but was there a theorist before him who created a list of specific defense mechanisms? A defense mechanism can be defined as a method by which the mind protects ...
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In I.Q. and Cognitive Tests, What Sequence Patterns Should be Applied?

Nearly every I.Q. and Cognitive test seems to ask questions for the "next item in the sequence". But, there just seems to be so many possibilities, and I can usually find a way that all of the ...
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Inter-subject signal sensitivity estimation?

Factor loading background I am using paired comparison methods to estimate estimate respondents’ sensitivity to distinctions in words used to characterize the construct of agreeableness. (e.g, ...
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Which long-term effects can hypocortisolism have on behavior?

Chronic stress can have a serious impact on our physical as well as psychological health due to sustained high levels of the chemicals released in the ‘fight or flight’ response. In abused children ...
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In which way emotional “interference” affect the brain / the behaviour?

Think of two different scenarios. In both scenarios the subject is looking at emotional images, but in the first one emotional stimuli "interfere" with the behaviour, while in the second one ...
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Is there evidence to suggest that one's epistemic preference is fixed or is flexible?

We know that there are methods of obtaining knowledge. These being: Observation or experience. Reason or Logic Modelling Testimony. Authority. Truth by message. Some call this epistemic ...
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Unconscious Racial and Gender Biases: The role of IAT

Recently the term unconscious bias, referring to race and sex, has increasingly appeared in the media. It appears that the support for these terms come from research conducted using the Implicit ...
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Can human brain neural circuits understand the concept of “other human beings” and their motives?

I've read that one of the tests of animal intelligence is whether or not the animal recognizes itself in the mirror or can determine that other animals have motives other than it's own (ex: can ...
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Self-Perceived Quality of Life based on operation success chance

I heard about this method in a psychology lecture once: let's say that a person has some sort of chronic illness, and they are offered an operation to cure them. Then, the patient is asked about what ...
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Short validated measure of cognitive ability suitable for online experiment on the effect of emotion on ability test performance

I am currently writing my dissertation which will examine the impact of emotion on cognitive ability. I plan to use two test groups to test my hypothesis, one which is primed to feel happy the other ...
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Can a multiple choice test reliably measure decision making speed?

Are there any studies showing that there is a direct connection (or a lack of a connection) between performance on a speeded, written, multiple choice test, and making quick decisions during a ...
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121 views

Deja vu and some specifics

Deja vu is the feeling of having been where you are presently at some point in the past (usually pointed to dreams because you often cant remember dreams). What would you call that distant memory you ...
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What are the differences between formulating a response in speech vs. formulating a written response?

I am specifically interested in the difference between these two processes during producing a response to a question. What are the differences of the cognitive process between those two scenarios? I ...
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Could one use priming (from realistic images to drawings thereof) to help teach the conventions of line drawing?

Line drawing is a very stylised form of art. There are no lines in nature, and artists have to learn the conventions to be used when drawing in line. I am interested in whether one could help them ...
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Interpretation of results on the studies of “Moral Hypocrisy”

Hello right now I am dealing with the studies of C.Daniel Batson, who provided several studies and experiments to reveal moral hypocrisy. I think that I understand the basic idea of his theory, ...
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Changing Voluntary to Involuntary by will

As we all know, certain actions like, blinking of eye breathing all happen involuntarily, and we have the option to control them voluntarily as well(holding breath etc..) when needed. But, once we ...
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Searching for a gender stereotype questionnaire

Reviewing the literature there are certainly several inventories to measure gender stereotype values as, for example, the Adjective Check List (ACL; Williams & Bennett, 1975), the Sex-Role ...
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81 views

How do lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and the world?

Are there models that attempt to chart how lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and their interactions with the world? For what it's worth, every time I read a post about ...
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40 views

Source of sensory data related to cognitive effort

How does the brain assess cognitive effort? Is there a chemical that is being created or consumed at a rate that is proportionate to the amount of effort felt? I'm mostly interested in short term ...
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155 views

How to measure improvement in Mental Acuity/Sharpness?

Are there any accurate tools that can tell the changes in mental acuity/sharpness?
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81 views

What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
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Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
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Theory about use of concept maps?

My background is Computing Science and I want to research how people use concept maps? By doing some google search I found the following link https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/ctools/ What I want to ...
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42 views

How can we analyse user behavior to predict urge of smoking?

The problem which I want to target is to be able to successfully predict (to a degree) that a person is going to smoke in near future. I want to look at the relationship between chemical reactions ...
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How can we use EEG data to predict urge of smoking?

I am from Computer Sciences background. The problem which I want to target is to be able to successfully predict (to a degree) that a person is going to smoke in near future. I have a brainwave ...
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32 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
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184 views

Does Cognitive Tunneling apply to daydreaming as well?

I've been reading a paper by Jarmasz J. (2005) on cognitive tunneling and am wondering if it applies to daydreaming? For instance, if for some reason I'm already thinking about something that has no ...
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Is there a commonly used term for 'informal' cognitive screening?

I am looking for a Psychology term (not a test procedure, just a term) that describes cognitive testing not based on a questionnaire, or a standard operating procedure. Here is the situation - in ...
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Why does an image seem smaller through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
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What are the cognitive abilites required for strategy games?

I assume that the cognitive abilities required for most strategy-centric games are more or less same. It is also observed that they have certain intersection with cognitive abilities required for some ...
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26 views

Can talking therapy help with severe delusions?

A delusion is a firm and fixed belief based on inadequate grounds not amenable to rational argument or evidence to contrary, not in sync with regional, cultural and educational background. I ...
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25 views

Effects of psychologist's language in therapies of personal disorders

Is there a dominant opinion about the positve or negative effects of explicitly naming the diagnosed disease and the observed symptoms (in the language of the psychologist) in the therapy of ...
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Using the Brain too much?

The question is under what conditions can we overuse our brain? To be concrete lets focus on mental tasks like coding and math problem solving. Q1: How many hours of "fun"(i.e. stressfree) problem ...
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Is AFQT geared towards estimating crystallized intelligence?

In a few papers I have read claims that AFQT is geared largely (mostly?) towards measuring crystallized intelligence. However, https://study.com/academy/popular/difference-between-the-asvab-afqt....
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is there any psychological condition that fits what I describe?

I was observing some condition. most people (that I observed), if they do something (mentally) to someone, they will tend to have the same feeling like 'the someone' is doing the same to them. ...
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120 views

Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Cognitive Function and Causing someone to Learn

Children may elicit, either through active engagement or some feature of their personality or appearance, a response from their environment that might protect them from deprivation-related risk either ...
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how do Transcendental Meditation and mindfulness differ in terms of dealing with individual's anxiety?

I want to know how these two forms of approaches differ in terms of guiding a person's anxiety and helping them heal. there has been no research done using these two forms of meditation together on ...
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Is thought disorder directly treatable with pharmacotherapy?

Thought disorder is usually secondary to psychosis or schizophrenia. But there are those that have some form of thought disorder without any positive psychotic symptoms. Is there any medication ...
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In Transactional Analysis, how can one kill or at least voice down the “Critical Parent” ego state?

The Parent ego state is like a tape recorder full of pre- judged, prejudiced, pre-programmed statements. These "taped" statements can get activated while we are in our Adult or Child and then we can ...
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What is the psychology behind epiphany?

What are the neural precursors that lead up to the epiphany? How can one, have more creative insights? How this affects our psyche? What's the psychology behind it? The word "epiphany" has a deep, ...