Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Is decision making inference?

Inference is the process of generating further premises from information. Sperber et al (2012) write: 'An inference, as the term is used in psychology, is a process that, given some input information ...
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Analysis of accuracy data?

I have accuracy data, where every subject gives a correct, i.e. 1 or wrong, i.e. 0 answer. However every subject performs 190 trials in each session, with 10 sessions in total. To analyze the data I ...
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What is the term for the rhetorical, "How hard could it be?"

I looked through the wikipedia page listing cognitive biases looking for a bias that describes the tendency to assume a poorly understood problem must be simple. Planning fallacy is kind of in the ...
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140 views

How to improve working memory in adults?

Think Better on Your Feet: How to Improve Your Working Memory in: A Man's Life, Money & Career Brett and Kate McKay • September 20, 2016, Last updated: October 17, 2018 https://www.artofmanliness....
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Is there a specific term for the notion of storing "algorithms" in human memory?

It seems to me that there is a pretty sharp distinction between storing a "fact" like "Chickens are birds" and storing an algorithm or routine like "how to multiply two 3-digit numbers". I find the ...
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Ritalin for treating attention and lack of focus in depression

I’d like to know if there’s research about the use of ritalin for treating attention deficit in Major Depression Disorder.
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In Transactional Analysis, how can one kill or at least voice down the "Critical Parent" ego state?

The Parent ego state is like a tape recorder full of pre- judged, prejudiced, pre-programmed statements. These "taped" statements can get activated while we are in our Adult or Child and then we can ...
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How long it would take to form a conceptual framework to justify a belief? [duplicate]

From what I understand, the reason to set 1 week as the time between two therapy sessions is for the clients to do homework, which can be: take notes on recursive thoughts and emotions, remember ...
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How is illusory superiority reconciled with the false-consensus effect?

On one hand, people often seem to exhibit various forms of illusory [self-]superiority, perhaps the best known example of that being the Dunning–Kruger effect. On the other hand, the false consensus ...
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What is the psychology behind epiphany?

What are the neural precursors that lead up to the epiphany? How can one, have more creative insights? How this affects our psyche? What's the psychology behind it? The word "epiphany" has a deep, ...
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2answers
315 views

Getting upset from the creation of your own imagination [closed]

Lets say I got angry at someone who did/said something wrong. Even after this angry interaction with this person is finished, I noticed I continue to express my negative reaction in my head creating ...
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Which neurodevelopmental disorders constitute learning disabilities?

I am actually looking at DSM-5 but I cannot find any exhaustive or otherwise comprehensive list or explicit association of which neurodevelopmental disorders are also learning disabilities.
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1answer
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What does White guilt feel like, how does it socially manifest itself & is it treatable?

White guilt would appear to be a genuine phenomenon which only White people can ever experience - and yet many people deny that it exists, at all, or that it is a form of phoney Liberalism or, worse, "...
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Is there any research of spelling errors from a dual-process theory perspective?

Checking the rather comprehensive but somewhat dated 2008 review of Evans on dual-process theories, I didn't see anything about [mis]spelling. But it seems to me an obvious thing to investigate ...
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Is there some cognitive test besides (visual) working memory in which some animals are superior to humans?

Assuming the research of Matsuzawa et al. (2007) (see also BBC video (2013)) isn't misleading, are there any other cognitive areas where chimpanzees (or other primates) have been observed to surpass ...
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In what contexts is loss aversion least controversial?

Loss aversion (and related phenomena like the endowment effect) are somewhat controversial, it seems; from Wikipedia: Recently, studies have questioned the existence of loss aversion. In several ...
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Operant Conditioning for reducing Rumination

Has operating conditioning been a useful tool for extinguishing rumination? If so, what is a typical training procedure for extinguishing rumination? I'm looking for something like, first train the ...
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1answer
138 views

How do you predict a cognitive bias theoretically using dual process theory?

Disclaimer: I am a complete layman in psychology, with no education in the field whatsoever. This question was prompted by my reading Kahneman's "Thinking Fast and Slow", in which he discusses the ...
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1answer
125 views

Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome

According to HealthLine, Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome, known clinically as Pycnodysostosis (PYCD) can cause difficulty with mental processes, though intelligence is not usually affected GARD also list ...
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What are the neuroscience research findings on the importance of breaks in cognitive function and specifically learning?

When I say breaks I mean breaks between periods of the same course, breaks between two distinct courses, single days of, weekends, couple days of, few days of, longer periods of holidays of duration ...
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How to prepare when entering the field of Psychology from a professional UX background?

I come from a Computer Science and professional User Experience (UX) Design background and I'll soon be starting an MSc conversion course in Psychology. My interest is to understand human behaviour ...
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What questions can I ask someone to help them overcome the negative belief "whatever happens to me is going to be a big turmoil"? [closed]

Suppose a person has a strong negative belief that whatever happens to his life is going to cause him a big turmoil. Then this person interprets all events from the view of this belief. The result is ...
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1answer
232 views

How to test whether THC or CBD gives a mental boost?

Studies have shown significant reduction in seizures in babies to adults when taking marijuana. I would call that amazing but what does it do in improving cognitive abilities in normal people? ...
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Is there any evidence that the Dunning-Kruger Effect applies to self-appraisals of soundness or reasonableness of judgement?

The Dunning-Kruger Effect is the peculiar phenomenon wherein those with the lowest ability also have impaired metacognition, resulting in a peculiar overestimation of their ability e.g. stupid person ...
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Set of uncorrelated cognitive tests for self quantification and tracking

I self track partly to optimize intelligence and productivity. Cognitive tests are good proxy of both. I tried all the tests in "time of day" experiment at quantified-mind and many seem to test the ...
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Are there any career(s)/career fields that are advantageous for people with Asperger's in "theory"?

What is the psychology/cognitive validity of this post reply for this question on Quora? "Most certainly, professions involving creating automation for processes that seem random. Hence, ...
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is interference control responsible for sensory sensitivities?

In practice, reduced interference control looks like difficulties with screening out background noise, visual distractors etc. does this account for sensory sensitives found in e.g. ASD? Or is that a ...
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Falling back/relapse how come?

Is anything (a term perhaps) in psychology which explains the quick backsliding or reverting into old, learned and familiar habits, ways, behaviour (traits), relapse-type situations? How come we we'...
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In the dual process theory, how are the two systems interact with each other?

From my understanding about cognitive psychology and social psychology, the whole route from when people meet new unknown thing to when they making judgement about it is like this: First people ...
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Have there been any right-hemisphere-dominant split-brain-patients? [closed]

Do any case studies of right-hemisphere dominant individuals who have undergone a severance of the corpus callosum exist? Thanks.
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1answer
137 views

Does mindfulness meditation work for highly inattentive individuals?

Mindfulness practice requires extensive concentration for a prolonged period of time (e.g., attending to breath/body sensation for above 5 minutes). It is reasonable to assume that it might be ...
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2answers
250 views

Does the Rubik's Cube increase mental ability?

Does becoming efficient in the cube help build your brain to be able to do other tasks better? What tasks and how?
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63 views

Bouba/Kiki effect - computer-generated 3D shapes

I have seen a research project, where the subjects were presented with shapes to classify in two categories. The shapes were 3D models, some that were "pointy" and some that were "rounded". The ...
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Stress vs. Testing

I was reading somewhere and found that there are various levels of stress depending on time. It said that when under stress for 30 mins, memory is not as efficient. So I have two questions here. A- Is ...
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1answer
458 views

Bottom up thinking - what is it?

Mlodinow has book Elastic thinking, which sounds interesting and where he mentions bottom up processes/thinking; which he equates with elastic thinking. I have watched numerous videos about it, and ...
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How many moving objects can a person count (on average)?

I wonder if experiments in perceptual or cognitive psychology have been performed following these considerations: Standard experiment: Present small numbers of simple items to a test subject, for the ...
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3answers
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What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? ... such as gardening, mowing, cleaning... perhaps driving

What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? ... such as gardening, mowing, cleaning... perhaps driving. I recall that, maybe, the word asynchronous was part of the ...
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2answers
78 views

What are existing theories on competing wills in the mind?

To clarify a little further, I've read in different places that our brain could be composed of mini minds, that preform all sorts of actions. Assuming this is valid I'd think that of these minds, ...
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1answer
28 views

What is the term for learning to group objects

I've been googling this for a few days now but haven't come across what I'm looking for. Scenario: A child has to learn how to identify species. When first learning, they might mistake a cat for a ...
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Can extrinsic rewards successfully sustain habits in the long-term?

With 2019 right around the corner, I've been reading about forming successful habits. Many non-academic sources (and Charles Duhigg's popular book The Power of Habit) have advocated for pairing a cue ...
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Cognitive ability and possible careers

I have a couple of times read articles saying something like "If you have an IQ of 130 you can become a physician, high school math teacher or lawyer. If your IQ is 95 you can work at a kindergarten, ...
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1answer
99 views

Are cognitive flexibility and interference control the same thing?

Interference control requires being able to inhibit irrelevant stimulI ie shift flexibily from something you are doing and back into it in the presence of competing stimulus. Is it the same as ...
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1answer
136 views

Possible applications of the big five personality traits testing in human resource departments

I am a multimedia artist who is interning in a human resources department of a casino resort. In the department we have daily meetings to discuss updates to both the orientation and the performance of ...
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1answer
194 views

Yes-No question in 2AFC staircase test

I understand the task of a 2AFC test is to select one of the two stimuli presented (e.g. the stronger one), whereas in Yes-No test there is only one stimulus presented. But is it ok to ask a Yes-No ...
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How true are Jordan Peterson's claims on IQ tests?

Disclaimer: I am aware that this topic has the potential of becoming high political, but I have asked it nevertheless in order to receive some clarification on the subject. Please back all of your ...
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Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
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Averaging a linear or nonlinear function treatment

In a hypothetical PET study, my sample consists of a clinical population which exhibit brain hypermetabolism. I divide my sample into two homogenous groups. One receives a treatment whereas the other ...
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1answer
156 views

Volition v.s. Cognitive Control v.s. Motivational Salience

The concepts of volition, cognitive control, and motivational salience, seem quite similar. From the perspective of layman, they all seem to mean "the extent to which your goals influence your ...
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1answer
255 views

Why fear is the opposite of desire and not disgust?

Wikipedia page on desire has the following passage: A 2008 study by the University of Michigan indicated that, while humans experience desire and fear as psychological opposites, they share the ...
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Why do we dream? [duplicate]

Most of the people have their own imagination and most of them dream about many things and some time dream about those things which they have never seen, so how we will define the fact that why do we ...

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