Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Humans don't understand the accumulation of small numbers - what is this phenomena called?

I find that if you tell someone to give you 20$ vs. giving you 1$ everyday for 20 days - people react differently. Similarly ...
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Is there evidence to support the Dunning-Kruger effect?

The well known Dunning-Kruger effect is oft cited as a general explanation for why people with limited expertise overestimate their abilities. Other than the initial research that described this ...
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What is the name of inattention/autopilot phenomenon that results in 'swapping out' errors

Suppose I am doing the laundry while simultaneously taking out the trash, so am carrying a bag of dirty clothes in one hand and a bag of rubbish in the other. I might be on autopilot where I lift up ...
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Why does an image seem smaller or larger through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
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How to assess the effect of individual difference measure on quadratic fit of a within-subject factor?

In my task, there are 8 levels of a within-subjects/repeated measure factor. The overall relationship that this factor has with the DV is in the shape of an inverted-U, such that their DV scores at ...
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~20% threshold for perceiving minority populations as "others"?

Many years ago I read an article that said something along the lines of minority populations stop being "noticed" when they cross a threshold of something like 20%. Below 20% or so they are perceived ...
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Why does an image seem smaller through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
3 votes
0 answers
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How does number sense develop in blind people?

From what I understand about number sense and numerical cognition, the visual system is heavily involved in the approximate number system and the object tracking system, which are at the root of ...
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1 vote
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What are the cognitive abilites required for strategy games?

I assume that the cognitive abilities required for most strategy-centric games are more or less same. It is also observed that they have certain intersection with cognitive abilities required for some ...
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Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
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Can talking therapy help with severe delusions?

A delusion is a firm and fixed belief based on inadequate grounds not amenable to rational argument or evidence to contrary, not in sync with regional, cultural and educational background. I ...
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Effects of psychologist's language in therapies of personal disorders

Is there a dominant opinion about the positve or negative effects of explicitly naming the diagnosed disease and the observed symptoms (in the language of the psychologist) in the therapy of ...
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Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

I found through self-observation that while solving some problem I am more inclined sometimes to first try and manipulate the variables that require the least amount of effort to manipulate, rather ...
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Reducing smoking and mental health benefits

Recently I noticed improved mental health (better mood, better cognition? more energy) after reducing smoking.Is it backed up by research? I know stopping smoking is, but reducing? http://www....
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Is there a link between confirmation biases and a tendency to subscribe to religions?

I've just read Rolf Dobelli's The Art of Thinking Clearly, as well as Mark Manson's Everything is F*cked, which I stumbled upon the concept of cognitive biases. In the books they mentioned how ...
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Using the Brain too much?

The question is under what conditions can we overuse our brain? To be concrete lets focus on mental tasks like coding and math problem solving. Q1: How many hours of "fun"(i.e. stressfree) problem ...
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1 answer
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How would I know if I've been brainwashed?

Thinking about the "re-education" camps in parts of the world. They attempt to replace one idiology in you head with another and is considered brainwashing. On the other hand, the first idiology got ...
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Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment with women

In the (in)famous experiment by psychologist Zimbardo at Stanford, also called the Stanford Prison Experiment, my understanding is that only males were selected. Is there any other analogous ...
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Paying attention: are we free to do so?

I got confused a bit after watching these two short videos: 1, 2 . In first one it seems author suggests that: we aren't in much control on what to pay attention to? Did I get it correctly? Or maybe ...
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Number of core feelings?

In Emotional Intelligence 2.0 it is stated: We have so many words to describe the feelings that surface in life, yet all emotions are derivations of five core feelings: happiness, sadness, ...
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Is AFQT geared towards estimating crystallized intelligence?

In a few papers I have read claims that AFQT is geared largely (mostly?) towards measuring crystallized intelligence. However, https://study.com/academy/popular/difference-between-the-asvab-afqt....
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How would you differentiate "self hate" from "insecurities?" [closed]

Don't insecurities arise from self hate? For example if we are insecure about our face aren't we hating our face - hating ourselves?
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1 answer
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Do modern personality traits exist with native people

I am wondering if there is any evidence of personality traits like intro versus extroversion existing in native people without any contact with modern society, or if they are a result of modern life.
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2 answers
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Why do our brains act in such a evil way sometimes that hurts other people?

I have seen some real evil acts. And I almost lost confidence in humanity. Why do we become so evil sometimes that hurts other people? I guess everybody knows the Renaissance novel Les Miserables by ...
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1 answer
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What is the psychological explanation for the phenomena that a person sees the solution to a problem as “simple” once it has been found?

Is there in psychology an explanation and/or term that describes the phenomena that exists where people perceive a solution to a problem as “simple” after the solution has been found? I have noticed ...
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2 answers
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What can reduce the cognitive abilities in a common workplace? [closed]

There are many types of work that mainly create benefit by thinking, often called desk jobs. The output is based on the cognitive abilities of the person. It typically happens in an environment we ...
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1 answer
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Are behaviourist practices and/or principles still valid and useful?

I understand how behaviorism is outdated for not considering the brain processes and cognition as ultimately responsible for memory and learning. Nevertheless, after reading Learning Theories: An ...
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1 answer
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How does intelligence or general cognitive ability vary with level of CO₂?

The cognitive ability of humans is varies with the concentration of CO₂ in breathing air. But how does it vary? A very high concentration causes sleepiness, and sleepiness is a state of reduced ...
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1 answer
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How to learn how humans behave? [closed]

I have decided to study psychology as a hobby. I want it to understand better people that I am interacting with. Specifically, I want to know: Why humans talk / behave in certain ways? How they think ...
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1 answer
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How can I find literature about the connection between proprioception and thinking?

This is a seek for hints or references. Feel free to delete the question if it is not suitable to the rules in here. I have heard people saying that our inner spacial perception is an important ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What's the human behaviour called that often makes us warp realities to appease another?

Whenever people experience specific medical symptoms, they might research it online and find out that there is a possibility of a certain cancer being the culprit, they then might see that the chances ...
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does the fact that Psychology Today take neurolinguistic programming seriously delegitimize the magazine?

According to Wikipedia, Neurolinguistic Programming is a pseudoscience and dismissed by most experts. However, Psychology Today, a popular magazine, appears to not thoroughly reject it. Does this fact ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a name for arguing with other people in one's mind?

Is there a name for the phenomenon of arguing with other people in one's mind? I don't mean simply replaying memories of arguments (or modifications thereof), although that may fall under this too but ...
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What is the current view of which emotions exist? [duplicate]

I had previously drawn a map of which emotions exists based on this paper: https://www.pnas.org/content/114/38/E7900. But now that I opened my college textbook 'understanding motivation and emotion' ...
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Assertiveness - should I have feeling that someone need to do something for me

I have seen a assertiveness training videos and there is said that the person should show assertiveness with "I" statements. For example : I feel seed due to the way you just spoke to me. My problem ...
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1 answer
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Waffles or pancakes?

I'm a software engineer and in one of my interviews they asked me this question : Do you prefer waffles or pancakes? I don't know whether they asked this question to reduce my stress level, or to ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Perception Cardinality

While reading a science fiction book, Calculating God by Robert J. Sawyer, I came across the following lines: “Well, if I showed you one object - one rock, say - you would not have to count it. You ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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What happens neurologically and chemically when an individual is confused?

For example, trying to understand a mathematical problem and its solution, or abstract reasoning, but in the process get lost even have no clear idea of what part is 'not understood'
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Are perceptual defense and cognitive avoidance still recognized as existing mechanisms in psychology?

"Perceptual defense" is supposed to be a tendency to switch attention away from stimuli with negative valence; perhaps a kind of "cognitive avoidance". While doing a literature review on these two ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Has there been any research on the visual uniqueness (in terms of brain activity) of numerals from 0 to 9?

I need to carry out EEG experiments with stimuli being images of 5 digits between 0 and 9. In order to select these 5 digits, I wanted to know if there has been any research work that measures ...
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2 answers
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Where can I study cognitive science - long distance program?

Just recently discovered the field of cognitive science. The more i read, the more I discover how complex this is. I would love to study this and be able to find out that specific segment for me and ...
1 vote
0 answers
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is there any psychological condition that fits what I describe?

I was observing some condition. most people (that I observed), if they do something (mentally) to someone, they will tend to have the same feeling like 'the someone' is doing the same to them. ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Is there a known reason why people feel a bit bad after other people do something for them?

There's an Thai word: kreng jai (the feeling of not wanting to disturb/inconvenience another person, or feeling uneasy due to your own request of someone) Likewise in Burmese the word "anade" which ...
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1 answer
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How does Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) work?

There is mounting evidence that EFT, a form of therapy which combines cognitive, exposure therapy along with acupuncture point stimulation is effective - EFT for PTSD question What are the biological ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Comorbidity of Neurodevelopmental Disorders between them and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3416662/ OCD being an anxiety disorder and OCPD being a personality disorder it is entirely possible that these two can be present on the same patient. ...
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Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Cognitive Function and Causing someone to Learn

Children may elicit, either through active engagement or some feature of their personality or appearance, a response from their environment that might protect them from deprivation-related risk either ...
2 votes
1 answer
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The relationship between semantic memory and concepts/procedures

I try to analyse my memory and cognition while learning coding and generally interacting with a computer to develop more meta cognition. I found many times that I remember the words and some ...
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If people recall a specific word earlier among 10 words in free recall, what does it mean?

Lets assume a case of free recall tests that 10 words are presented at the same time" and subjects are asked to recall them later. The words are presented in two different conditions (A and B). If ...
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1 answer
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Imagining unreal stuff [closed]

This is probably the most adequate stackexchange for this question. Is it possible to imagine something that does not exist, explicitly or implicitly, in our universe? Exclude things such as a ...
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An Example of Negative Reinforcement?

In trying to understand the origins of test anxiety, a thought came up. Consider an individual who has in the past performed badly in university assessment tasks. In an attempt to do better ...

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