Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Is it possible to feel an emotion and simultaneously observe it? Are there studies regarding this, and terms related to it?

I’ve been thinking about this in regards to empathy, or trying to understand someone. You have to put yourself in that person’s position and imagine yourself going through that same experience. But it ...
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In the behaviorism it is argued that we learn behavior, but (how) does this influence our way of thinking?

I'm currently learning psychological approaches and social psychology, and this question popped into my head. The book on the approaches is: Glassman, W., Hadad, M. (20130116). Approaches to ...
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What is the difference between "nudge theory" and "priming"?

I'm doing a minor in psychology and during my lesson in both psychological approaches and social psychology, this question popped into my head. For as far as I know nudge theory is about altering the ...
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Are there any ways to naturally speed up my reaction speed without any drugs?

I play a lot of video-games and did some research online and came to the conclussion that a certain set of things are linked to an above average reaction speed and an general improved cognitive ...
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Why are most psychological studies not controlling for IQ and personality scores of their respondents?

Consider for exemple the stereotype threat, of which a recent meta-analysis can be found here. People try to assess how can a stereotype might explain a difference between two groups. However, they ...
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Sleep/Dream and Logical Decisions

I discovered that sleep tends to mitigate the 'stress' that one gets by trying to deal with logical problems like work related tasks and general daily life tasks. Does sleep do this by removing the ...
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To what extent are testimonies of "spiritual experiences" reliable?

After reading/watching hundreds of testimonies of people sharing their own personal spiritual experiences, and after analyzing how different skeptics react to these testimonies, I've come to the ...
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Diagnosis and treatment for Concentration Deficit Disorder?

Sluggish cognitive tempo, sometimes known as Concentration Deficit Disorder, is a syndrome related to (but distinct from) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Question: What are the best ...
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What is the current status of mental models vs mental logic controversy?

From what I understand there is (or was) a controversy whether humans reason deductively by constructing mental models and surveying them or by following built-in inference rules of mental logic (...
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Is it possible to become less reliant on emotional reasoning?

This article in Psychology Today discusses problems associated with 'emotional reasoning'. The article also proposes the use of several psychological therapies intended to overcome and/or reduce the ...
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Is there a reading comprehension theory that suggests simple reading questions are best solved via simple text analysis, and vice versa?

My main field is not Linguistics/reading comprehension so what I am asking might sound a bit silly or not make a lot of sense. My question could certainly be better-phrased. Is there a theory in ...
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Experience organised by concepts - relevant science?

It seems like experience is organised by the abstract concepts or categories that we know - the more we know, the more we perceive. The world is an undifferentiated whole, and we use concepts and ...
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any reliable sources or any help for bransford and johnson's laundry experiment?

My classmates and I are conducting a written paper on bransford and johnson's laundry experiment, but we cannot find good reliable sources on the original experiment to provide context and explanation ...
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Why is labeling a cognitive distortion? How is it different from categorization?

Is there any difference between label and category? We use categories everyday. Psychiatrists use it too. Aren't psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder just labels that are ...
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What happens inside the brain when we concentrate?

What happens inside the brain when we concentrate (meditate), and why does a person find it difficult to continuously concentrate for a long time? That is, why does one need a break after working or ...
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Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination?

Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination? This keeps the person generally in absent-mindedness and ...
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Does reading sentences one by one contributes to better comprehension of the text?

Does reading sentences one by one beside a picture (as shown in this video of this project) contributes to better comprehension of the text, due to better readability, focus and other factors? In ...
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Is there a formal name for the effect/cognitive bias of seeing something new

I'm wondering if there is a formal neuroscience or psychology term for the following: We see something new, fresh, and different and as a result pause just a little bit longer to look it over. Imagine ...
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How would you explain the relationship between "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts"? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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Metacognitive strategy in terms of cognitive science

Everything I can find about term 'metacognitive strategy' or 'metacognition' is related to teaching or learning strategies, but I wonder what does it actually mean in terms of cognitive science.
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1 answer
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PTSD is an internalising disorder or mixed?

I am a bit confused. In an open access article (Caspi, et al. 2020), is the following — under Methods: Assessing Psychopathology (emphasis mine): [...] externalizing disorders (ie, attention-deficit/...
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Why have we not yet mastered our understanding of the Placebo effect? [closed]

The Placebo effect states that if you and I are both surgeons and we have 10 alike patients each who are in need of knee surgery's, that if you go and do your operations by the book, and I on the ...
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Is the Sagan standard a kind of proportionality bias?

Is the Sagan standard, which says that "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence", a kind of proportionality bias? Since the proportionality bias is a tendency to believe that ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Is there a name for this feeling?

With the intent of being seen as a big shot, a person induces unsuspecting observers to underestimate them by intentionally failing in trivial tasks but then successfully completing more complex tasks....
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Is the concept of the 'inner child' considered to be pseudoscience?

I have seen some text that said some pains in body caused by inner child like this,so i like to know does inner Child is a pseudoscience, so i have seen the Wikipedia, and seen some information : ...
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Multiple "levels" of association in classical conditioning?

Sorry if this appears a silly question - If I understand correctly, the objective of classical conditioning, is to pair a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus, so the neutral stimulus ...
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What is the independent variable in this memory experiment?

I am planning the following memory experiment: Participants study a list of words, a random half of which are followed by an instruction to remember and the other half by an instruction to forget. ...
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Are there surveys and results on degree of support for different theories of consciousness with correlations to demographic or other characteristics?

I am looking for two things that I an unable to find. A "survey" or "quiz" that attempts to determine the degree one's support for various theories of consciousness. I could ...
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1 answer
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How can we measure the levels of Frustration? [closed]

Any technique or Matrix or Questionnaires, Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis
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System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
2 votes
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What are common ideas to resolve a cognitive dissonance in which the belief is realistic but causes problems for "coping with the world"? [closed]

If we assume that there is no extrinsic meaning in life (objectively speaking), it follows that one needs to have intrinsic values to make one's life meaningful. However, an objective observation of ...
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1 answer
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How action potential is generated while dreaming

I would like to know what generates the action potential in the brain areas that is relevant to dreaming, since our sensory nervous systems don't work (or do they?). What else can generate the action ...
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How do I complete and report a Generalised Linear Mixed model from SPSS into APA?

I'm trying to learn how to do GLMM for my phd in psychology. I was intending to do a mixed model ANOVA, but the GLMM allows me to consider more variables simultaneously and so I have decided to go ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Calculating Significantly Above Chance for 3-AFC Test

I am trying to figure out which participants who took a 18-item multiple choice test scored significantly above chance. Each item has 3 choices, so the probability of getting each question correct is ...
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1 answer
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Is the symbolic meaning of dark/black and light/white innate in humans?

Dark/black and light/white have symbolic meanings(1, 2). Dark/black represents, among others: Grief, evil, mystery (often with hidden threats), lack of knowledge, etc. Light/white represtents, among ...
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Revenge attitude: is it innate or acquired in human

I am trying to understand what is the root cause for revenge? I understand anger is caused by the gap between expectation/anticipation and the reality. But as to revenge, I am not satisfied just with ...
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Relationships Between Specific Behavioral Characteristics Associated With Clinical Diagnosis of Narcissists & Sociopaths

In the past 3½ decades, I've discussed, read, and studied a significant number of mental health practitioner claims, random anecdotal experiences, and clinical study abstract summaries & reports ...
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How can we make the most of a cramming session?

While spaced repetition would be ideal, if we are forced into a situation requiring cramming, how can we maximize the short term benefit? Consider a hypothetical scenario: I am locked in an isolated ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Why does the Elaboration Likelihood Model not account for truthfulness of the message?

This is a sample problem with the answer I am stuck on: Question: According to the elaboration likelihood model, which of the following does NOT predict whether a message will be persuasive? A....
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Why is self-deception necessary to better deceive others?

Robert Trivers argues that we deceive ourselves in order to better deceive others, in part because self-deception can reduce unconscious body signals of lying (von Hippel & Trivers, 2011). On ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Sublimation & Cathexis

I was aware about a term called Sublimation. Recently, I came along a word called Cathexis. After looking for its meaning in the dictionary, I realised, that it is not the synonym of Sublimation ...
6 votes
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Bayesian models of conspiracy theorists

Are there any theories in cognitive psychology that try to model the belief in conspiracy theories through the lens of Bayesian decision theory? For reference, in Bayesian decision theory a rational ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Can Someone Explain How Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence was Discovered?

What is the difference between fluid and crystallized intelligence? How did Raymond Cattell deduce that our intelligence operates in these two different ways?
2 votes
1 answer
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Is there any formal understanding of how humans perceive humanity/vitality in other entities?

When humans watch animations which contain human-like characters in them, we seem to imagine that the animated individuals, whether they be photorealistic or mere stick figures, are human, or at least ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Predisposition toward organizing information in a hierarchical manner?

I understand someone why we like hierarchical social structures today. They are present across virtually all cultures and we've used them for a very long time. However, it appears we also gravitate ...
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Bias caused by the opinion of a famous person on matters they are not well-educated on?

What is the name of the bias caused by the fame of a person on subject matters they are not experts on? E.g: If a celebrity they like talks about climate change, people might tend to read, discuss, ...
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Name of cognitive bias that causes experts to overestimate their ability in other areas?

Is there a name for a cognitive bias that causes people who have been successful in one area to be overconfident in their level of knowledge / ability in another unrelated area? It's related to the ...
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Is there a commonly used term for 'informal' cognitive screening?

I am looking for a Psychology term (not a test procedure, just a term) that describes cognitive testing not based on a questionnaire, or a standard operating procedure. Here is the situation - in ...
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2 answers
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What psychological methods exist for dealing with uncertainty?

Curious in finding out if there have been any psychological studies done on uncertainty & what the results of those studies have been. Have there been any frameworks or methodologies on combating ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Can eye tracking be used as a form of biofeedback?

I'm an occasional meditator and I've noticed that conceptual thought often produces eye movements, and I'm curious if anyone has tried using eye movements as a form of biofeedback. The Muse headset ...
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