Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Is there a cognitive bias that makes people consider information coming from someone they don't like as more likely to be wrong?

Frequently I noticed this happening with people. When A dislikes B, A tends to think B is wrong all the time. And it seems to be persistent, even when B is proven correct multiple times, it doesn't ...
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Memory Retention of [submininal] information

How effective is memory retention of [subliminal] information when specifically focusing your attention on a different focal point? I.e... If I attempt to retain information from a lecture by playing ...
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About Tracking the psychological defense mechanism

I am searching to find about the method of understanding the reason of being unconsciousness of the psychological defense mechanism, as described here: In psychoanalytic theory, a defence mechanism (...
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How does loneliness impair intelligence?

With the appearance of covid-19 and the measures that many governments have took to decrease the infection rates of their governing populations loneliness has become more common. I myself find it ...
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How does twitter allow certain people to perform mass manipulation?

Recently we have seen many billionaires doing mass manipulation with the use of twitter. Is there any line of research of the categories of manipulation these people are doing on twitter?
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Can someone get mentally retarded suddenly?

Can someone, after having anger to a large level or anxiety to a large level, develop mental retardation? In simple words, can someone being normal and mental sound, become mentally retarded in just a ...
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What is the best online therapeutic intervention, in psychological support in higher education?

With the threat of COVID-19, many jobs became home office and in many universities the teaching had to be readjusted to the online universe. Advances have been achieved in terms of digital ...
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What are Frameworks for emotions?

I have been fascinated by Pultchicks wheel of emotion and how it puts emotions into polar opposites and gives ways to combine emotions to derive others or break down a particular emotion to its ...
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How far into the future can humans accurately predict a periodic event?

I know the question is ambiguous, so let me elaborate: imagine that you're given a task (e.g., read a text) while subjected to a series of auditory stimuli, e.g., a train of noise bursts of the same ...
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Losing self-control during drug rehab

Is there any research or theories which can prove that exercising too much self control can lead to losing one's self-control regardless the work or activity a person engages into? From an article in ...
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101 views

Why do we use relative signals and not absolute signals with EEG?

Most EEG machines use a system based upon differential amplifiers to enhance the signal, a basic differential amplifier has 2 inputs and one output. the device takes 2 signals and outputs the ...
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Do people have an innate preference to take matters into their own hands?

People usually want to make their own decisions. Those looking for spouses often listen to their inner romantic instincts and reject advice from more experienced people. Drivers are skeptical about ...
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How does understanding happens

What are the psychological basis of understanding a subject. I have observed cases where a person inanxiety reads a chapter of a book and doesn't grasp anything after 1 hour. The same person was given ...
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Is Eratomanic delusion just a type of Grandiose delusion?

Our professor taught us about these two delusions and upon further thinking I feel that Eratomania may just be a sub-part of Grandiose disorder. If this is the case then why are these studied as ...
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Which area of psychology studies false beliefs?

Imagine a person has some false beliefs, which are also reflected then in his actions: I don't want to interact with people because I don't trust them and 90% of time they will betray me If I form ...
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Convenient CBT Questionnaires

I have recently done CBT and I am finding a lot of value in the ABCD detective method for myself https://www.cci.health.wa.gov.au/-/media/CCI/Consumer-Modules/Back-from-The-Bluez/Back-from-the-Bluez---...
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Practical Suggestions for Ambiguous Stimuli for Categorization Experiment

Does anyone have a suggestion of the kind of stimuli I could use for a categorization experiment that needs a range of clearly defined and a range of ambiguous stimuli? I need to produce both a range ...
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Educational Resources on construction of Unstructure/Information Integration categorization experiments?

I am currently trying reproduce, for learning purposes only, an experiment on the procedural learning of unstructured categories[1]. I have read the article reporting the experiment and some other ...
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1answer
368 views

What is the difference between Cognitive Bias and Cognitive distortion?

I was asked by my professor to give a presentation on the topic "Cognitive biases and distortions" and during my prep I had this question. Could anyone please shed some light? I tried ...
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What is the scientific term for the erroneous inversion of cause and effect?

What is the correct scientific term for the - erroneous - inversion of cause and effect?
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58 views

Name of the psychological effect that make us see correlation that may not exist

After 51 years, the "Z-340" cypher text from "Zodiac" serial killer has been solved: https://edition.cnn.com/2020/12/11/us/zodiac-killer-cypher-340-code-trnd/index.html Now that we ...
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1answer
62 views

Does the brain possess mechanisms to spot a feedback loop of self-induced negative sensation and relief?

Imagine a person has random psychosomatic itching and applies an ointment which brings relief. Could their brain wrongly assosiate the process that causes the itching as good as it brought relief? As ...
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Is it possible to feel an emotion and simultaneously observe it? Are there studies regarding this, and terms related to it?

I’ve been thinking about this in regards to empathy, or trying to understand someone. You have to put yourself in that person’s position and imagine yourself going through that same experience. But it ...
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In the behaviorism it is argued that we learn behavior, but (how) does this influence our way of thinking?

I'm currently learning psychological approaches and social psychology, and this question popped into my head. The book on the approaches is: Glassman, W., Hadad, M. (20130116). Approaches to ...
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640 views

What is the difference between "nudge theory" and "priming"?

I'm doing a minor in psychology and during my lesson in both psychological approaches and social psychology, this question popped into my head. For as far as I know nudge theory is about altering the ...
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Are there any ways to naturally speed up my reaction speed without any drugs?

I play a lot of video-games and did some research online and came to the conclussion that a certain set of things are linked to an above average reaction speed and an general improved cognitive ...
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Name of the experiment in which participants are asked to express "I have three apples for every five plums" as an equation?

The point of the experiment is to study the, in some sense, counter-intuitive nature of equations. The correct answer would be 3p=5a, where p describes the number of plums and a that of apples. ...
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2answers
126 views

Why are most psychological studies not controlling for IQ and personality scores of their respondents?

Consider for exemple the stereotype threat, of which a recent meta-analysis can be found here. People try to assess how can a stereotype might explain a difference between two groups. However, they ...
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45 views

Sleep/Dream and Logical Decisions

I discovered that sleep tends to mitigate the 'stress' that one gets by trying to deal with logical problems like work related tasks and general daily life tasks. Does sleep do this by removing the ...
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To what extent are testimonies of "spiritual experiences" reliable?

After reading/watching hundreds of testimonies of people sharing their own personal spiritual experiences, and after analyzing how different skeptics react to these testimonies, I've come to the ...
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Is there a neurological explanation of o reference point in prospect theory?

Let me explain. In prospect theory, the reference point is important: people are risk averse above it and risk seeking below it. From a purely mathematical perspective, such a reference point seems ...
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How to monitor our own cognitive state [closed]

How can we assess our own mental state? For example, in the morning I always thought I am awake but I can always be more alert by showering. How can my brain tell if it's at a sub-optimal state? ...
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1answer
63 views

Diagnosis and treatment for Concentration Deficit Disorder?

Sluggish cognitive tempo, sometimes known as Concentration Deficit Disorder, is a syndrome related to (but distinct from) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Question: What are the best ...
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What is the current status of mental models vs mental logic controversy?

From what I understand there is (or was) a controversy whether humans reason deductively by constructing mental models and surveying them or by following built-in inference rules of mental logic (...
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Is it possible to become less reliant on emotional reasoning?

This article in Psychology Today discusses problems associated with 'emotional reasoning'. The article also proposes the use of several psychological therapies intended to overcome and/or reduce the ...
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Is there a reading comprehension theory that suggests simple reading questions are best solved via simple text analysis, and vice versa?

My main field is not Linguistics/reading comprehension so what I am asking might sound a bit silly or not make a lot of sense. My question could certainly be better-phrased. Is there a theory in ...
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31 views

Experience organised by concepts - relevant science?

It seems like experience is organised by the abstract concepts or categories that we know - the more we know, the more we perceive. The world is an undifferentiated whole, and we use concepts and ...
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1answer
164 views

any reliable sources or any help for bransford and johnson's laundry experiment?

My classmates and I are conducting a written paper on bransford and johnson's laundry experiment, but we cannot find good reliable sources on the original experiment to provide context and explanation ...
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1answer
122 views

Why is labeling a cognitive distortion? How is it different from categorization?

Is there any difference between label and category? We use categories everyday. Psychiatrists use it too. Aren't psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder just labels that are ...
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1answer
63 views

What happens inside the brain when we concentrate?

What happens inside the brain when we concentrate (meditate), and why does a person find it difficult to continuously concentrate for a long time? That is, why does one need a break after working or ...
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2answers
180 views

Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination?

Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination? This keeps the person generally in absent-mindedness and ...
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38 views

Does reading sentences one by one contributes to better comprehension of the text?

Does reading sentences one by one beside a picture (as shown in this video of this project) contributes to better comprehension of the text, due to better readability, focus and other factors? In ...
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1answer
21 views

Is there a formal name for the effect/cognitive bias of seeing something new

I'm wondering if there is a formal neuroscience or psychology term for the following: We see something new, fresh, and different and as a result pause just a little bit longer to look it over. Imagine ...
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70 views

How would you explain the relationship between "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts"? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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1answer
32 views

Metacognitive strategy in terms of cognitive science

Everything I can find about term 'metacognitive strategy' or 'metacognition' is related to teaching or learning strategies, but I wonder what does it actually mean in terms of cognitive science.
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46 views

PTSD is an internalising disorder or mixed?

I am a bit confused. In an open access article (Caspi, et al. 2020), is the following — under Methods: Assessing Psychopathology (emphasis mine): [...] externalizing disorders (ie, attention-deficit/...
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14 views

Mother Vs Wife competetion

Do mother and the wife of a person always compete with each other for him? The term 'compete' here refers to being dominating and influencing other. Is it a common household psychlogical condition in ...
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Why have we not yet mastered our understanding of the Placebo effect? [closed]

The Placebo effect states that if you and I are both surgeons and we have 10 alike patients each who are in need of knee surgery's, that if you go and do your operations by the book, and I on the ...
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Is the Sagan standard a kind of proportionality bias?

Is the Sagan standard, which says that "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence", a kind of proportionality bias? Since the proportionality bias is a tendency to believe that ...
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1answer
148 views

Is there a name for this feeling?

With the intent of being seen as a big shot, a person induces unsuspecting observers to underestimate them by intentionally failing in trivial tasks but then successfully completing more complex tasks....

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