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Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

198 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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8
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0answers
365 views

If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
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102 views

Is there a hierarchy of gestalt visual stimuli processing?

Let's say that we have a set of shapes. They can be grouped according to the different Gestalt laws of grouping. However, different Gestalt principles will divide the set into different groups, e.g. ...
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277 views

Difference between Logan's Instance theory and Exemplar-Based Random Walk (EBRW) theory

I'm trying to find a clear explanation of the difference between Logan's instance theory (Logan, 2002) and the Exemplar-Based Random Walk theory (Nosofsky & Palmari, 1997). Am I mistaken that they ...
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363 views

Does limiting mental activity during the day increase mental performance later in the day?

Is there any scientific evidence to support the idea that you only have so much cognitive energy in a given day; and if so, would the mental abilities of someone who focuses on as little as possible ...
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74 views

Definition of cognitive load

Wikipedia's page on cognitive load starts with In cognitive psychology, cognitive load refers to the effort being used in the working memory. Cognitive load theory differentiates cognitive load ...
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191 views

Validity of the “Common Factors” perspective

Research and practice in psychotherapy has been deeply influenced by two different approaches: the Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs) movement, due to the development of Evidence Based Medicine (...
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236 views

Does Golden Hammer really exist?

Note: I am not talking about Law of the instrument. I am referring to the following (anti-)pattern of behavior: A person very competent in one area (say, Philosophy) peremptorily expressing his ...
6
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1answer
114 views

Does this recent twin study contradict Anders Erricson's view on the hereditary basis of talent?

The Swedish Psychologist K. Anders Ericsson has published many reports stating that talent is "made and not born". In his book 'The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance', he has ...
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302 views

Confirmation vs peak-end bias - when does it make sense to “save the best for last”?

This question is inspired by Should I give the interviewers surprise? on Academia.SE. The strategy of "save the best for last" seems to be affected in conflicting ways by two cognitive biases: ...
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907 views

What to do when you have a speed-accuracy trade-off in your data?

Many studies report that a speed-accuracy trade-off (SATO) did not occur in the data since there is a positive correlation between RTs and error rates. In other words, people took longer to respond ...
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69 views

Should I make all my decisions standing up?

Does the brain work better: ...sitting rather than lying down. ...standing rather than sitting. ...walking rather than standing. I have found this research, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/...
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70 views

Can extrinsic rewards successfully sustain habits in the long-term?

With 2019 right around the corner, I've been reading about forming successful habits. Many non-academic sources (and Charles Duhigg's popular book The Power of Habit) have advocated for pairing a cue ...
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4k views

How true are Jordan Peterson's claims on IQ tests?

Disclaimer: I am aware that this topic has the potential of becoming high political, but I have asked it nevertheless in order to receive some clarification on the subject. Please back all of your ...
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115 views

Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
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127 views

Will studying formal logic improves logical reasoning?

Reason for asking question: I am looking to see if there is any good empirical evidence or study that shows or suggests that studying former logic or maybe informal logic would actually improve ...
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35 views

Is there a relation between the ability to recognize faces and the number of people one meets daily?

Does the average number of different people one sees daily affect one's ability to recognize faces? Compare a person who lives in a crowded city (and thus sees many different faces daily) with a ...
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52 views

Why do humans fail to correctly repeat the same word over and over again?

My five year old daughter asked me why we can't repeat the same word ad infinitum. I have never thought about it before but she is right. Most people when given the task of saying a word, almost any ...
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199 views

Are innate intersubjectivity and theory of mind opposing theories or are they reconcilable?

What I get from Trevarthen's theory of innate intersubjectivity (2010) and the theory of theory of mind (Perner, 1999) is that they don't agree. A considerable number of studies in theory of mind ...
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856 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...
5
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304 views

Brainwave audio recordings and beta waves: how do they affect positivity?

I know a little bit about negative and positive energies of human bodies and how it all works. Recently, on Facebook, I saw an ad promoting some sort of audio recording and that it has something to do ...
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111 views

Why do certain activities seem to co-occur with well learnt skills?

I have found that when I do certain activities, while engaged with them, I am inclined to do other activities, as well, which come naturally and do not seem to break productivity of the first ones, ...
5
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1answer
385 views

Can a person be hypnotized to act drunk?

I was wondering if a person could be hypnotized to act drunk? That is, can a person totally lose all his inhibitions while in hypnosis (similar to being drunk)?
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1answer
2k views

Human memory - remembering sequences of letters vs numbers

There are 10 digits and 26 letters. In computer science you'd need 4 bits to store a digit value and 5 bits do store a letter value. Does the same apply to human brain? Is a statistical person able ...
5
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1answer
145 views

Do depressed people think that they always thought in such a negative way?

I feel like I may have read or heard a finding that depressed people may get the delusion that they always used to think in such a negative way as has begun since getting depression. Is it so?
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25 views

Are perceptual defense and cognitive avoidance still recognized as existing mechanisms in psychology?

"Perceptual defense" is supposed to be a tendency to switch attention away from stimuli with negative valence; perhaps a kind of "cognitive avoidance". While doing a literature review on these two ...
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33 views

Is decision making inference?

Inference is the process of generating further premises from information. Sperber et al (2012) write: 'An inference, as the term is used in psychology, is a process that, given some input information ...
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37 views

Is there some cognitive test besides (visual) working memory in which some animals are superior to humans?

Assuming the research of Matsuzawa et al. (2007) (see also BBC video (2013)) isn't misleading, are there any other cognitive areas where chimpanzees (or other primates) have been observed to surpass ...
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45 views

Are there any career(s)/career fields that are advantageous for people with Asperger's in “theory”?

What is the psychology/cognitive validity of this post reply for this question on Quora? "Most certainly, professions involving creating automation for processes that seem random. Hence, ...
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51 views

Is there evidence for people being afraid of something they cannot pinpoint?

A recent question here has highlighted a fairly common cliché in entertainment: a purported inability to identify/pinpoint the source of one's fears or anxiety. In psychology there's an somewhat ...
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48 views

Which is easier for human perception: type of variable before or after its name?

In some programming languages type of variable goes before it's name. In another - name goes first and then type. For example if I declare string: ...
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337 views

Eyewitness testimony study from Power of Habit

In his book The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg refers to some study from the University of Western Ontario: STEP THREE: ISOLATE THE CUE About a decade ago, a psychologist at the University of ...
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118 views

Why do male brains not detect extra “F”

Is there a neuroscience explanation for the behavior in the following experiment? Are there any papers or research conducted to find out why this differentiation happens? Count the number of ...
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76 views

Proven research about how to minimise Continuous Partial Attention?

Continuous Partial Attention seem to be a natural reaction to the Age of Information. However, as some authors have argued: it leads to a higher level of stress in the brain, prohibiting reflection,...
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222 views

Intelligence Dataset

I'm looking for a standard and large dataset relating to cognitive performance. Ideally the data would look something like a standard IQ test, but including the raw answers, and designed to test more ...
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304 views

How sound is the psychology of Westworld?

Disclaimer: I am very much a layman in these areas of research, so please do amend the question in order to conform to conventional usage of terminology and definitions thereof. In the series ...
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534 views

MATLAB n-back test

I am trying to find a n-back (also known as 1-back/one-back) test made in MATLAB. In case you know how to make one (for instance by using psychtoolbox) or have some code you would like to share, that ...
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196 views

What are other methods for adjusting latency jitter in event-related potentials (ERPs) (P300 in particular) besides Woody filter and peak-picking?

Latency jitter refers to the phenomenon that an ERP component appears at various time in different trials, without adjusting this difference when averaging across trials will lead to diminished ERP (...
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108 views

Why are there ads inside trams which ask me to use the tram?

When I sit in my local tram/bus/any public transport, I notice ads which ask me to use the transport system which I do currently use. Seriously, I'm already using it at that time. Why placing ads for ...
4
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0answers
32 views

The meaning of a long gaze : supposed to indicate agreeableness in new-borns but suprise in infants

Several studies on new-born and infant are based on the gaze, but depending on the age of the subject, the assumption is different. For new-born, a long gaze is supposed to mean that what they look at ...
4
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0answers
102 views

Name the bias when one attributes all group successes to the individual they're in contact with the most

This is the fallacy when one assumes that all successful outcomes were most likely thanks to that one individual that they always communicate with, and fail to recognize (consciously or subconsciously)...
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0answers
288 views

Improving observation, attention to detail in mental imagery

Once in a while I remember the whole "use mental imagery to remember things" thing and start looking for information about it (never actually tried to turn it into a habit...). It doesn't take long ...
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0answers
41 views

Searching for gender stereotype questionnaire specific to central europe

Reviewing the literature there are several inventories to measure gender stereotype values. For example, to name but a few: the Adjective Check List (ACL; Williams & Bennett, 1975) the Sex-Role ...
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0answers
40 views

What happens in the brain upon a subsequent exposure to a desired stimulus within a short time?

I'm trying to understand what happens within a person's brain when a focus on an object of desire is temporarily disrupted by an outside event. In particular, what happens when the person focuses on ...
4
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0answers
105 views

What role (if any) does verbal intelligence play in one's aptitude for science or mathematics?

I am looking for scientific literature that suggests a link between verbal intelligence (i.e. one's capacity for reading comprehension and use of language) and one's aptitude for working with or ...
4
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0answers
679 views

Spreading Activation Theory

Two questions, (im trying to get my head around this area of study, my assignment is on neurophysiological differences of t/f memory not theories, but reading up on the topic has had me thinking and I ...
4
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0answers
61 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
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0answers
303 views

Measuring short-term, long-term and sensory memory in adolescents?

I would like to measure the short-term memory, long-term memory and sensory memory of children between 10 and 15. If possible, I would prefer a single test or battery. What tests are used to measure ...
4
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0answers
38 views

Which executive function assessment has the most cognitive models?

Wikipedia has a handy list of assessments of executive functions. I recognize a few of them (Tower of Hanoi, Wisconsin Card Sorting), however, what is the most modeled task and what reasons do ...
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0answers
70 views

How does conscious rational internal thought gets initiated - what gives rise to it on any given day?

I'm reading a book called "The power of now" by Ekhart Tolle, and in that book he suggests that internal dialogue/monologue/planning/judging can be first observed, then disidentified with and ...
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0answers
61 views

What neurophysiological mechanisms are typically associated with distraction?

I've been looking into focus aids and I've come across some music which markets itself as entertaining your "limbic system". Although it's been asked before how music can affect mental states, I'm ...