Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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When does memorization become knowledge? [migrated]

I am researching aspects of human knowledge acquisition and how it relates to early phases of learning and memorization. Basically, is there research and terminology for the distinction between ...
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Where to find exercises to improve executive functions, memory and attention in adults?

I am looking for exercises for adults with executive function, memory and attention deficits (various degree of severity). Could you recommend some books or webpages that can be useful?
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Is there a term for this type of parent [closed]

Whilst I am an adult now, growing up I only had my mother and no father figure. My mum would have to control situations to the extent that a lack of control would result in her becoming very ...
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Bayesian models of conspiracy theorists

Have there been any studies or are there any theories in cognitive psychology that try to model the belief in conspiracy theories through the lens of Bayesian decision theory? For reference, in ...
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Question about the left-brain interpreter characteristic

I got to know the concept that the left hemisphere of the brain has the ability to infer conclsions about the world, even if the information on which it relays is not necessarily valid, from ...
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Recognition of Clare Graves work

Is the work of Dr Clara Graves recognised by any professional, Psychology, bodies or sought in any degree courses? What is the current position wrt validating his research and testing it?
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Is it possible for a person to have both: a relativistic mindset and a high level of self-esteem? [closed]

Wondering if there have been studies conducted about people for whom, the lack of actual beliefs prevents them from having a high level of self-esteem? Which itself is related to personal happiness. ...
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1answer
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Can Someone Explain How Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence was Discovered?

How do we eve know that fluid and crystallized intelligence exists? It's a proposed framework of how our mind works that was proposed by Raymond Cattell in 1963 and further developed by his student, ...
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Why are the sensations from different senses perceived joint? [duplicate]

Why are all the sensations from different senses all perceived joint and not everyone separately? Obviously, all the sensations are in the same physical classical system, if not, when we die, ...
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Is there any formal understanding of how humans perceive humanity/vitality in other entities?

When humans watch animations which contain human-like characters in them, we seem to imagine that the animated individuals, whether they be photorealistic or mere stick figures, are human, or at least ...
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1answer
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Predisposition toward organizing information in a hierarchical manner?

I understand someone why we like hierarchical social structures today. They are present across virtually all cultures and we've used them for a very long time. However, it appears we also gravitate ...
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1answer
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Bias caused by the opinion of a famous person on matters they are not well-educated on?

What is the name of the bias caused by the fame of a person on subject matters they are not experts on? E.g: If a celebrity they like talks about climate change, people might tend to read, discuss, ...
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Name of cognitive bias that causes experts to overestimate their ability in other areas?

Is there a name for a cognitive bias that causes people who have been successful in one area to be overconfident in their level of knowledge / ability in another unrelated area? It's related to the ...
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Long term effects of speaking & reading aloud while cutting yourself off from the auditory input

What are the long term effects of reading and talking out loud and while you can't hear the actual sound? Reading aloud increases your memory retention via the the production effect. But that ...
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Is there a commonly used term for 'informal' cognitive screening?

I am looking for a Psychology term (not a test procedure, just a term) that describes cognitive testing not based on a questionnaire, or a standard operating procedure. Here is the situation - in ...
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Could Couples Therapy be Used Effectively on Individuals? [closed]

Please allow me to recount the confluence of events that lead to my question... First, I had recently listened to an audio book where the author had discussed split-brain patients. Specifically, two ...
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Are there any distinctions in the definitions of quality, personality, characteristics, and traits?

Are there any epistemological differences in the definitions of quality, personality, characteristics, and traits? Meaning, are there any justified distinctions concerning the usage of these words in ...
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What psychological methods exist for dealing with uncertainty?

Curious in finding out if there have been any psychological studies done on uncertainty & what the results of those studies have been. Have there been any frameworks or methodologies on combating ...
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1answer
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Can eye tracking be used as a form of biofeedback?

I'm an occasional meditator and I've noticed that conceptual thought often produces eye movements, and I'm curious if anyone has tried using eye movements as a form of biofeedback. The Muse headset ...
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1answer
56 views

Humans don't understand the accumulation of small numbers - what is this phenomena called?

I find that if you tell someone to give you 20$ vs. giving you 1$ everyday for 20 days - people react differently. Similarly ...
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1answer
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Is there evidence to support the Dunning-Kruger effect?

The well known Dunning-Kruger effect is oft cited as a general explanation for why people with limited expertise overestimate their abilities. Other than the initial research that described this ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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1answer
51 views

What is the name of inattention/autopilot phenomenon that results in 'swapping out' errors

Suppose I am doing the laundry while simultaneously taking out the trash, so am carrying a bag of dirty clothes in one hand and a bag of rubbish in the other. I might be on autopilot where I lift up ...
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Beginner Psychology book recommendation [duplicate]

Iam looking for a way to find out if psychology would be the right topic for my studies. While I talked to alot of people and feel like it would be for me I want to start learning about the topic at ...
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1answer
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Why does an image seem smaller or larger through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
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1answer
27 views

How to assess the effect of individual difference measure on quadratic fit of a within-subject factor?

In my task, there are 8 levels of a within-subjects/repeated measure factor. The overall relationship that this factor has with the DV is in the shape of an inverted-U, such that their DV scores at ...
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~20% threshold for perceiving minority populations as “others”?

Many years ago I read an article that said something along the lines of minority populations stop being "noticed" when they cross a threshold of something like 20%. Below 20% or so they are perceived ...
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In extremely stressful or high-pressure situations, how can people remain calm and complete the task at hand proficiently?

Interested to see studies completed regarding the question asked. Considering the question, there are two situations in mind. Where the particular stressful event is of a very short timespan, ...
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Why does an image seem smaller through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
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0answers
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Is “Do X, not Y” worse for memory than simply “do X”?

I'm curious if saying "Do X, not Y" or "Don't do Y, do X" can introduce an extra hurdle into remembering which one to do, rather than just saying "Do X". If later you're trying to remember "Did he say ...
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How does number sense develop in blind people?

From what I understand about number sense and numerical cognition, the visual system is heavily involved in the approximate number system and the object tracking system, which are at the root of ...
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What are the cognitive abilites required for strategy games?

I assume that the cognitive abilities required for most strategy-centric games are more or less same. It is also observed that they have certain intersection with cognitive abilities required for some ...
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Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
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Can talking therapy help with severe delusions?

A delusion is a firm and fixed belief based on inadequate grounds not amenable to rational argument or evidence to contrary, not in sync with regional, cultural and educational background. I ...
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Effects of psychologist's language in therapies of personal disorders

Is there a dominant opinion about the positve or negative effects of explicitly naming the diagnosed disease and the observed symptoms (in the language of the psychologist) in the therapy of ...
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1answer
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Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

I found through self-observation that while solving some problem I am more inclined sometimes to first try and manipulate the variables that require the least amount of effort to manipulate, rather ...
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What is some proofreading meme that shows we cannot detect the double words?

I had once seen a meme about proofreading that clearly demonstrates our brain cannot detect the double words and it also took several times of reading to realize it. I wonder if someone having that ...
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Reducing smoking and mental health benefits

Recently I noticed improved mental health (better mood, better cognition? more energy) after reducing smoking.Is it backed up by research? I know stopping smoking is, but reducing? http://www....
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Psychological term for using out of scope arguments in a discussion

What would be the psychological term when a person counters an argument using logical and relevant to some degree, but yet out of scope argument believing that he or she made a successful claim. an ...
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What is mental process?

Wikiquote has defined it as "the things that an individual can do with their mind". It defines mind as "collective aspects of consciousness".But according to Wikipedia"consciousness is one of the ...
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Can willpower be trained?

Is willpower a well defined psychological concept? If yes, can it be trained? Clearly we can train willpower for some certain case, such as long distance running by say, distracting and ...
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Is there a link between confirmation biases and a tendency to subscribe to religions?

I've just read Rolf Dobelli's The Art of Thinking Clearly, as well as Mark Manson's Everything is F*cked, which I stumbled upon the concept of cognitive biases. In the books they mentioned how ...
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Using the Brain too much?

The question is under what conditions can we overuse our brain? To be concrete lets focus on mental tasks like coding and math problem solving. Q1: How many hours of "fun"(i.e. stressfree) problem ...
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How would I know if I've been brainwashed?

Thinking about the "re-education" camps in parts of the world. They attempt to replace one idiology in you head with another and is considered brainwashing. On the other hand, the first idiology got ...
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Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment with women

In the (in)famous experiment by psychologist Zimbardo at Stanford, also called the Stanford Prison Experiment, my understanding is that only males were selected. Is there any other analogous ...
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Cybernetic control theory

E points to S’s left index finger and asks “On which letter does this finger rest on the keyboard?”. E then asks S to imagine typing a particular letter. Which prompt does S respond faster to?
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Paying attention: are we free to do so?

I got confused a bit after watching these two short videos: 1, 2 . In first one it seems author suggests that: we aren't in much control on what to pay attention to? Did I get it correctly? Or maybe ...
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Detailed schedule of World Memory Championship 2019

I would like to get the detailed schedule of the World Memory Championship 2019 event. I am interested particularly at what date/time a player has participated. I don't find that information in the ...
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Number of core feelings?

In Emotional Intelligence 2.0 it is stated: We have so many words to describe the feelings that surface in life, yet all emotions are derivations of five core feelings: happiness, sadness, ...
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Is AFQT geared towards estimating crystallized intelligence?

In a few papers I have read claims that AFQT is geared largely (mostly?) towards measuring crystallized intelligence. However, https://study.com/academy/popular/difference-between-the-asvab-afqt....

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