Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Lack of Motivation and Lethargy for Dual Diagnosis son [closed]

My son suffered a second episode of Cannabis induced Psychosis and is weaning away from Resperidone however he is very lethargic and lacks any motivation and has poor hygiene other than that he is ...
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Validity of the “Common Factors” perspective

Research and practice in psychotherapy has been deeply influenced by two different approaches: the Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs) movement, due to the development of Evidence Based Medicine (...
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If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
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2answers
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Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination?

Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination? This keeps the person generally in absent-mindedness and ...
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1answer
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Why is labeling a cognitive distortion? How is it different from categorization?

Is there any difference between label and category? We use categories everyday. Psychiatrists use it too. Aren't psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder just labels that are ...
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What are the components of Problem Solving Ability?

I would like to know the components of Problem Solving Ability. Polyas and some others have identified the steps in Problem solving. Can we consider those steps as the component skills of Problem ...
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Is dreaming the data compression of the brain?

Dreams seem very similar to data compression in a computer like a zip-file. We gather a huge pile of data throughout the day and when we rest, we compress this raw data into chunks of similar data (...
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Can subvocalization during reading be totally done away with?

Speed Reading Tips: 5 Ways to Minimize Subvocalization suggests that " study after study shows that eliminating this habit completely is not possible." Is this true? What are some of the ...
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1answer
96 views

Are human behavior and brain dynamics well described as an optimization?

A very general approach to describe the dynamics of the brain is through differential equations. Instead, one could choose a more restrictive approach and describe it as an optimization. Can we assume ...
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2answers
361 views

Can LSD connect sensory regions in the brain?

How is it possible that after using LSD you can hear sounds and see colors? I have my own experience with this phenomenon. When I´m lying totally relaxed in bed and suddenly a door is closed loudly, I ...
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Cognitive dimensions of sound perception and “tonal space”

I was wondering if there is something similar HSV color-space for representing tonal perception. Also, I'm not sure about which are the psychological dimensions of sound perception. I believe that &...
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Is there a correlation between schemas and social constructs?

While studying Piaget's stages of cognitive development in Educational Psychology, the textbook talks about Piaget using the idea of "schemas" which are mental representations or ideas about what ...
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Does reading sentences one by one contributes to better comprehension of the text?

Does reading sentences one by one beside a picture (as shown in this video of this project) contributes to better comprehension of the text, due to better readability, focus and other factors? In ...
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1answer
177 views

Yes-No question in 2AFC staircase test

I understand the task of a 2AFC test is to select one of the two stimuli presented (e.g. the stronger one), whereas in Yes-No test there is only one stimulus presented. But is it ok to ask a Yes-No ...
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Is post-traumatic stress disorder preventable?

Victims of abuse, people exposed to violent situations repeatedly, and people in war zones can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result. PTSD is very common and has lifelong effects ...
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1answer
2k views

To what extent does AFQT correlate with IQ?

Wikipedia has a pretty non-informative page as to the nature of the (US) Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) as it mostly talks of results ranges etc. What I could descipher from there is it that ...
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The probability of expecting the 'right' sound?

What is the psychology behind expecting a sound to occur from the action of a particular object? And is this something measured by probability, by taking explanatory variables into consideration such ...
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12 views

Psychology Master (Conversion) distance learning

Ater getting my bachelors degree in communications and working for a few years i discovered Psychology as kind of my hobby and read alot of books and visited some courses. Now I want to get things a ...
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15 views

What happens inside our brain when we concentrate?

What happens inside our brain when we concentrate(meditate) and why a person find difficult to continuously concentrate for a long time I mean why one need break after working/studying for a given ...
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Changing ideas after hearing loud noises?

What is it called when an individual would change what they were initially doing after hearing a loud noise, like a car beep, or alarm? Also, what causes this behaviour to occur?
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Why does our perception of the photo negative of a snow imprint changes from inside to outside

Some time ago it was quite popular in Holland to put a special kind of picture on the internet. People (mainly young ones) made with their hands or faces, took a photo of it and used the negative ...
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1answer
49 views

Why is deltaE not used as a measure of error?

I've recently read a few articles pertaining to visual memory. Most of them (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1167/9.10.7) use the continuous color recall task where they ask participants to recall the color ...
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How would you explain the relationship between “ideas”, “beliefs”, “mental images” and “thoughts”? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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1answer
113 views

Is there a name for this feeling?

With the intent of being seen as a big shot, a person induces unsuspecting observers to underestimate them by intentionally failing in trivial tasks but then successfully completing more complex tasks....
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1answer
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Metacognitive strategy in terms of cognitive science

Everything I can find about term 'metacognitive strategy' or 'metacognition' is related to teaching or learning strategies, but I wonder what does it actually mean in terms of cognitive science.
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1answer
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Is there a formal name for the effect/cognitive bias of seeing something new

I'm wondering if there is a formal neuroscience or psychology term for the following: We see something new, fresh, and different and as a result pause just a little bit longer to look it over. Imagine ...
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Connection between Sperling's partial report paradigm and attentional blink

Why the characteristic duration of Sperling's effect observed in his method of partial reports (200-400 ms) is the same as time at which attentional blink has its peak? How is the attentional blink ...
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1answer
33 views

Multiple “levels” of association in classical conditioning?

Sorry if this appears a silly question - If I understand correctly, the objective of classical conditioning, is to pair a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus, so the neutral stimulus ...
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PTSD is an internalising disorder or mixed?

I am a bit confused. In an open access article (Caspi, et al. 2020), is the following — under Methods: Assessing Psychopathology (emphasis mine): [...] externalizing disorders (ie, attention-deficit/...
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Go/No-go advantage for responding to presence

Is anyone familiar with studies showing a go/no-go advantage (in commission errors/mean RT) for responding to the presence of a cue, compared with when asked to hold response for the presence of a cue?...
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Mother Vs Wife competetion

Do mother and the wife of a person always compete with each other for him? The term 'compete' here refers to being dominating and influencing other. Is it a common household psychlogical condition in ...
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35 views

Why have we not yet mastered our understanding of the Placebo effect? [closed]

The Placebo effect states that if you and I are both surgeons and we have 10 alike patients each who are in need of knee surgery's, that if you go and do your operations by the book, and I on the ...
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2answers
4k views

Difference Between Schema and Mental Model

What are the differences between a schema and a mental model? Do they overlap, or is the mental model a subtype of the schema?
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2answers
123 views

Is the concept of the 'inner child' considered to be pseudoscience?

I have seen some text that said some pains in body caused by inner child like this,so i like to know does inner Child is a pseudoscience, so i have seen the Wikipedia, and seen some information : ...
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Is the Sagan standard a kind of proportionality bias?

Is the Sagan standard, which says that "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence", a kind of proportionality bias? Since the proportionality bias is a tendency to believe that ...
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1answer
396 views

Does limiting mental activity during the day increase mental performance later in the day?

Is there any scientific evidence to support the idea that you only have so much cognitive energy in a given day; and if so, would the mental abilities of someone who focuses on as little as possible ...
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70 views

Bayesian models of conspiracy theorists

Are there any theories in cognitive psychology that try to model the belief in conspiracy theories through the lens of Bayesian decision theory? For reference, in Bayesian decision theory a rational ...
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1answer
40 views

Calculating Significantly Above Chance for 3-AFC Test

I am trying to figure out which participants who took a 18-item multiple choice test scored significantly above chance. Each item has 3 choices, so the probability of getting each question correct is ...
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137 views

Is the fight or flight response considered voluntarily or involuntarily?

I look in my rearview and see someone feet from me still speeding up and my heart rate feels like it doubles. It stayed like that for an hour. Had troubles concentrating and working well into the ...
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1answer
436 views

Can a person be hypnotized to act drunk?

I was wondering if a person could be hypnotized to act drunk? That is, can a person totally lose all his inhibitions while in hypnosis (similar to being drunk)?
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1answer
73 views

What is the independent variable in this memory experiment?

I am planning the following memory experiment: Participants study a list of words, a random half of which are followed by an instruction to remember and the other half by an instruction to forget. ...
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2answers
38 views

Why does the Elaboration Likelihood Model not account for truthfulness of the message?

This is a sample problem with the answer I am stuck on: Question: According to the elaboration likelihood model, which of the following does NOT predict whether a message will be persuasive? A....
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2answers
181 views

Can a brain be modeled as a simplified interaction of different states and their triggers?

I've long been interested in the concept of "states of mind", which influence the perception of the outside world and outlook on past, present and future. They can be thought of as "colored lenses" ...
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34 views

Are there surveys and results on degree of support for different theories of consciousness with correlations to demographic or other characteristics?

I am looking for two things that I an unable to find. A "survey" or "quiz" that attempts to determine the degree one's support for various theories of consciousness. I could ...
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1answer
2k views

Do people “subvocalize” during thinking or “internal monologue”?

I've recently became aware of the concept of subvocalization, where people make tiny motions with their vocal cords when reading. I'm looking for a clarification on the subject: Does subvocalization ...
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1answer
44 views

How can we measure the levels of Frustration? [closed]

Any technique or Matrix or Questionnaires, Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis
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1answer
27 views

Sublimation & Cathexis

I was aware about a term called Sublimation. Recently, I came along a word called Cathexis. After looking for its meaning in the dictionary, I realised, that it is not the synonym of Sublimation ...
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32 views

System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
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Progressing Emotional Regulation through the 4 stages of competence

As you activate the parasympathetic nervous system through meditation your overall emotional regulation drastically improves. But as you activate the PNS in this aspect are you accelerating your ...
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30 views

What are common ideas to resolve a cognitive dissonance in which the belief is realistic but causes problems for “coping with the world”?

If we assume that there is no extrinsic meaning in life (objectively speaking), it follows that one needs to have intrinsic values to make one's life meaningful. However, an objective observation of ...

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