Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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3answers
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Name of cognitive bias that causes experts to overestimate their ability in other areas?

Is there a name for a cognitive bias that causes people who have been successful in one area to be overconfident in their level of knowledge / ability in another unrelated area? It's related to the ...
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Identifying cause of differing drive in similar situations

I am a software developer. I absolutely love what I do and I am very good at it. I have a strong work ethic. When I go to work, I work the full time, I am highly productive and engaged for the entire ...
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1answer
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How reliable is this self-administered Mensa IQ test?

I found a Mensa challenge test, which can be taken for free on the Mensa website and involves answering 35 problems within 25 mins. They do mention that it is only for entertainment purposes, but ...
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0answers
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Self esteem and Clothing [closed]

When people say "dressing up with low cut blouse and high skirts gives me self esteem"? Isn't that the direct opposite of confidence, meaning "self-worth and happiness is derived from ...
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3answers
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Comprehensive list of cognitive techniques in CBT

I'm not a cognitive science student, but I'm interested in CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy) and I'm using it to overcome some of the problems I have. However, I have difficulty in finding resources ...
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2answers
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What is the primary source of the "mount stupid" graphic?

Online descriptions of the Dunning-Kruger effect are often accompanied by a "mount stupid" graphic similar to the below - from a Psychology Today article: However, the research paper does not contain ...
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1answer
556 views

How is "being in a flow" explained cognitively?

When wathcing the European Championship athletics, I hear many people talking about being in a "flow". Flow is defined as follows: Flow is an optimal psychological state that occurs when there is a ...
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1answer
780 views

Were the subjects in the Stanford prison experiment randomly assigned to the study?

The Stanford prison experiment tested what would happen when a group of subjects was pushed in the role of prisoner, while a second group was assigned the role of guards. Within merely a day or so, ...
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1answer
94 views

Could a failure of condensed inner speech be linked to slowed cognition?

Could a failure of "condensed inner speech" be linked to slowed cognition? It is a type of inner voice, and as conceptualized by Fernyhough it involves the capacity to think in terms of pure ...
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2answers
60 views

Why do we need to know why something is needed or relevant?

I have been doing some research for my thesis and one of the subjects I am researching is motivation. Something that I've generally noticed is that if we do not find something relevant or needed for ...
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0answers
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Does subtask repetition lessen cognitive overhead?

I'm looking for a source to cite. I'm working on mathematical expressions that re-use the same subexpression multiple times. Intuitively someone reading such an expression only needs to understand a ...
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1answer
77 views

What's the exact definition of a cognitive mechanism?

I've been trying to get to a specific definition of a cognitive mechanism, but googling it surprisingly didn't give me anything. The only things I've found out are : How to know if something can be ...
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1answer
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Different psychophysiological systems will turn on when dealing with things voluntary instead of involuntary

I heard somewhere that different psychophysiological systems will turn on when dealing with things voluntary instead of involuntary. If you compose a stressor on two groups of people. On one group ...
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1answer
375 views

Is the symbolic meaning of dark/black and light/white innate in humans?

Dark/black and light/white have symbolic meanings(1, 2). Dark/black represents, among others: Grief, evil, mystery (often with hidden threats), lack of knowledge, etc. Light/white represtents, among ...
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1answer
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Why people choose "boring" colors for new cars?

I've been interested in this question for a few years, sorry if this is not the right place to ask it. As I've been driving around the US for the last few years, I noticed that some community parking ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Are there results on the null hypothesis of the "surgeon operating on my son" question?

There is a common question used to demonstrate the power of implicit assumptions about gender roles in our society. Including it here for reference: A man and his son had a terrible car accident and ...
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2answers
64 views

Gestalt Principles of Perception

I have studied that Gestalt Principles are principles/laws of human perception that describe how humans group similar elements, recognize patterns, and simplify complex images when we perceive objects....
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0answers
113 views

Can our dreams tell us anything useful about ourselves?

This question is related to What is the current "accepted" science behind dream interpretation?, but here I am asking something more specific. Dream reports, also known as sleep mentation ...
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1answer
75 views

Why studying is difficult than playing games and watching movies, social media etc?

I am aware of dopamine and I often watch videos related to this. My question is why studying is difficult but watching social media and movies seem easy. if it is about novelty that "When we ...
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1answer
166 views

Do cognitive distortions not exist at all in non-depressed people?

Cognitive distortions like All-or-nothing thinking, Fortune Teller Error; do they exist in non-depressed people with a low ...
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1answer
60 views

How move Working Memory (WM) span task into a VR?

How a classic Working Memory Capacity task that can be translated into a VR Task? I want to study the effect of WM Load into resource allocation in a VR Environment. To do so I would like to move a WM ...
3
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1answer
63 views

"Polysemous heuristics": people trusts Tesla Inc more if they already trusted Nikola Tesla, even though those two are unrelated

For example, because of massive number of films and online short videos, the population is convinced that Tesla is a great inventor. The population is more likely to give a positive opinion (or ...
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2answers
916 views

Is the concept of the 'inner child' considered to be pseudoscience?

I have seen some text that said some pains in body caused by inner child like this,so i like to know does inner Child is a pseudoscience, so i have seen the Wikipedia, and seen some information : ...
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1answer
96 views

What do experts consider best mental techniques to avoid succumbing to temptations?

The Internet offers conflicting advice on how to resist temptations. For example, this article stresses the importance of willpower: Animals appear to obey their appetites in the moment; people — at ...
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1answer
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Does this recent twin study contradict Anders Erricson's view on the hereditary basis of talent?

The Swedish Psychologist K. Anders Ericsson has published many reports stating that talent is "made and not born". In his book 'The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance', he has ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Source of sensory data related to cognitive effort

How does the brain assess cognitive effort? Is there a chemical that is being created or consumed at a rate that is proportionate to the amount of effort felt? I'm mostly interested in short term ...
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1answer
103 views

Calculating Significantly Above Chance for 3-AFC Test

I am trying to figure out which participants who took a 18-item multiple choice test scored significantly above chance. Each item has 3 choices, so the probability of getting each question correct is ...
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0answers
92 views

What are the neuroscience research findings on the importance of breaks in cognitive function and specifically learning?

When I say breaks I mean breaks between periods of the same course, breaks between two distinct courses, single days of, weekends, couple days of, few days of, longer periods of holidays of duration ...
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1answer
72 views

How does Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) work?

There is mounting evidence that EFT, a form of therapy which combines cognitive, exposure therapy along with acupuncture point stimulation is effective - EFT for PTSD question What are the biological ...
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0answers
37 views

Why do Many People Tend to Think That Natural Things are Better than Artificial? [closed]

It is common for some people to think that natural things and products are better while many artificial products are seen as bad. Why are many people subjects to this fallacy? What in our psychology ...
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0answers
25 views

Why do people dislike something? [duplicate]

Suppose a person sees a guy wearung red Tshirt and a pink trouser. At a first glance he disliked that combination of outfit, while another person beside him liked the combination. So why did this ...
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0answers
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Alternative to the Beads Task for the role of emotion in belief revision

Context I'm interested in understanding how emotion / affect is linked to belief revision. My supervisor suggested I use the classic beads task or something similar to it to get at this problem. ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Can Someone Explain How Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence was Discovered?

What is the difference between fluid and crystallized intelligence? How did Raymond Cattell deduce that our intelligence operates in these two different ways?
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0answers
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How do you analyze temporal order judgments in the traditional way?

I'm looking at analyzing the just noticeable differences (JNDs) in temporal order judgment (TOJ) studies. A modern way to do this is with a multilevel model. And, I am going to do that. But I also ...
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1answer
5k views

What is a belief, and how does it differ from an opinion?

While many theories in cognitive science rely on the concept of a "belief" I do not see much on the definition of a belief or how it compares to other mental states. What is a belief, and how does it ...
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0answers
53 views

Learn Cognitive Empathy

I recently stumbled upon some psychology sites and learned more about the 3 types of empathy. Since I want to understand everyone better, I want to improve my skills at empathy. I found a lot of ...
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0answers
32 views

What underlying psychological mechanisms could cause a person or a group to experience the bandwagon effect?

People in a target audience are likely to experience the bandwagon effect [1] because they rely on others' assessment of information. Overall, taking advantage of the bandwagon effect can be ...
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0answers
36 views

Do different ethnic groups have the same standard deviation of the IQ distribution?

There is a lot of research suggesting that different ethnic groups either within US or worldwide if all plotted together would have distributions of IQ with different averages. The reasons for that ...
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0answers
250 views

Validity of the "Common Factors" perspective

Research and practice in psychotherapy has been deeply influenced by two different approaches: the Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs) movement, due to the development of Evidence Based Medicine (...
6
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1answer
241 views

How do humans perceive height or vertical drop?

I'm looking at this video: Neil Burgess: How your brain tells you where you are, which discusses neurons within the brain that help people remember where stuff is in relation to other objects. I'm ...
6
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1answer
121 views

Is there a theoretical maximum for IQ?

In "Eugenics: A Reassessment" Richard Lynn writes: The intelligence level of the population would be expected to stabilize at its theoretical maximum of around 200 after six or seven ...
3
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0answers
43 views

Do living beings of different sizes perceive time differently? [duplicate]

Do living beings having different sizes e.g. an ant and an elephant perceive time at different rates? Is the physical time same for all sizes or different for different sizes? Suppose There is a ...
0
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2answers
92 views

Whats the term used to describe a situation where one does not finish the work as he is always looking for a better solution?

I read somewhere about a psychological phenomenon where one is not able to finish a task in time as the entire time is spent in looking for a better or optimum version of a solution - but can't ...
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1answer
9k views

Why didn't the Left Twix/Right Twix ad campaign take off?

This is intended to be a psychology question about human decision making and behavior as concerns advertising. As this is only my second ever question on Cognitive Sciences SE, please advise as to any ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Are human behavior and brain dynamics well described as an optimization?

A very general approach to describe the dynamics of the brain is through differential equations. Instead, one could choose a more restrictive approach and describe it as an optimization. Can we assume ...
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0answers
10 views

A good book on the fundamentals of psychology [duplicate]

I'm studying in a field that relates a lot to Psychology but I don't know anything about psychology. So, I face some challenges. I would like to read a book written in simple phrases explaining the ...
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0answers
26 views

Psychological theory behind Daniel M. Oppenheimer's experiment

I am currently new to Psychology and I have read an interesting article by Oppenheimer, D. M. (2006) and understood that having less complex writings have more positive impacts on the author's ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Can sport be used as a counselling tool to help one deal with negative life events?

I found studies on how leisure activities can positively affect well-being, e.g. stress reduction. My question is more specific as I want to research how participation in sport can help one deal with ...
3
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1answer
105 views

Carl Jung Psychology Analysis Book

I am Computer Engineer, but i feel strong partiality towards Jungian Psychology. I would like to find the Analysis research book on Carl Jung about The Process of Individuation Shadow I seem to ...
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1answer
80 views

Bias caused by the opinion of a famous person on matters they are not well-educated on?

What is the name of the bias caused by the fame of a person on subject matters they are not experts on? E.g: If a celebrity they like talks about climate change, people might tend to read, discuss, ...

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