Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

2
votes
2answers
144 views

Can people act randomly? [duplicate]

Let's imagine an experiment. We will tell N normal people that they need to act randomly in the Rock–paper–scissors game (in this game Game Optimal Strategy is to choose an action with uniform ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

What does it mean one performs perfect and quickest Stroop tests?

As part of a neuroplasticity training program a subject has to perform in various Stroop Effect tests. Such as: Color to color names Animal to animal names Position of a word within a square Number ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

If demyelination doesn't typically occur, what happens when a musician doesn't practice for a month?

In "The Talent Code," the author makes this statement: What's the simplest way to diminish the skills of a superstar talent? The answer: don't let them practice for a month. Causing skill to ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

The origin of the term “construct” in the cognitive sciences

So, I was just wondering - who can be attributed as originating the idea of a "construct" in psychology? Does the general concept of an epistemic "construct" feed directly into the way the term is ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

saccadic countermanding task

The saccadic countermanding task is used to measure response inhibition (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0042698999000115). It is basically the stop-signal task that makes use of ...
2
votes
1answer
420 views

What's the difference between Confirmation Bias and the Affect Heuristic?

I've been reading "Thinking Fast & Slow," by Daniel Kahneman. At the end of Chapter 9, he introduces the "Affect Heuristic," a concept introduced by Paul Slovic that effectively states that people ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Intuition behind loss quadrant of prospect theory

This picture summarizes prospect theory by Daniel Kahneman. Looking at the gains part: The slope of the graph is getting smaller. I can understand this: If I own a million, then adding 100 euro's ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Which is easier for human perception: type of variable before or after its name?

In some programming languages type of variable goes before it's name. In another - name goes first and then type. For example if I declare string: ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Cognitive Bias, illusory truth effect: its effects on Software Engineers

I have been trying to understand how illusory truth effect creates problems for Software Engineers. I have found research on the effects of other cognitive biases (e.g. representativeness, ...
4
votes
0answers
129 views

Validity of the “Common Factors” perspective

Research and practice in psychotherapy has been deeply influenced by two different approaches: the Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs) movement, due to the development of Evidence Based Medicine (...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Is belief a choice? [closed]

I have come across a lot of discussions where people end up calling belief a choice. Of course, I always ask them to believe that it's not, and they can't. But it might help if I have a better ...
0
votes
1answer
344 views

Catching a thief in a closed circle of people [closed]

I am trying to investigate the issue with money getting lost form peoples wallets in a shared flat. There are 4 suspects for being a thief of the money. Some of the suspects have been affected as ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

How to implement an incidental processing task without a fMRI-compatible response box?

Background I'm planning an event-related fMRI-experiment to investigate the difference in processing natural and computer-generated facial emotion expressions. My supervisor and I are discussing ...
6
votes
2answers
295 views

How does this experiment prove a causal relation between coherence and good feelings?

I'm reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman and I came across the following text: The Remote Association Test has more to tell us about the link between cognitive ease and positive ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Is it possible to condition oneself to not be bothered by distressing sounds?

It is my (layman's) understanding that a domestic cat learns to meow in a specific tone (I've even read that it can resemble a human baby crying) in order to get the owner's attention. Regardless of ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Is this an accurate/correct example of pre-exercise? If not, what are some examples?

(After having read Piaget, I'm not sure if this could be considered pre-exercise, or not.) Pre-exercise through symbolic assimilation could be alternately described as imitating a mode of being in ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Does associative recognition retrieve target when given re-paired foil?

Context In "Tracking cognitive processing stages with MEG: A spatio-temporal model of associative recognition in the brain" by Borst et. al., MEG is used to show the existence of discrete stages ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

What is an explaination for the light-headed and slow-motion feeling after a long hard mental exam?

Question After taking a long final exam, people often report feeling like the world is moving in slow motion. I've heard this exam effect jokingly called "zombie feeling" or "brain-fog". I describe ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Is there any research about effect of unfamiliar environment on stress?

It seems intuitive to me that there is some kind of stress when one is put in an unfamiliar place (There's probably effect on cognitive abilities too). However, I can't find any paper in psychology ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Is it true that old people loose the ability think creatively/ formulate new ideas

My friend said something about that people get older than 50 loose the ability to think creatively and formulate new ideas. There is also a saying like “stuck in his ways” and people say the “older ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the relationship between priming and availability heuristic?

As I have understood, availability heuristic means that things that are "available" in one's cognition (one has thought recently) are prone to influence one's perception. Priming has been explained ...
4
votes
3answers
95 views

Talking about a problem helps (software developing)

I am 42 and doing software developer since 20 years. Since several years I know that talking about a problem helps. If I can't find a an easy solution myself I talk to a team mate or ask at a site ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

What is the consensus on the Golden Rectangle?

What is the concensus (if there is one) in modern psychology regarding the well-known dubious belief that the Golden Rectangle is the rectangle that is most aesthetically pleasing to any given ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Is there any significant empirical evidence showing drawbacks of ACT therapy?

According to The Association for Contextual Behavioral Science, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has a vast database of empirical evidence showing it's benefits. Based on this evidence, it ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Is Behaviorism a type of Functionalism?

Behaviorism separates itself from other psychological views in that it doesn't care about the psyche. Rather, it focuses on how the mind behaves, how outside factors can manipulate it, and so on. ...
2
votes
0answers
261 views

Cognitive control tasks

What are the tasks that can be employed to measure cognitive control of an individual (proactive and reactive control). I have read about AX-CPT task [1]. In this task, they use letters. But I am ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Are the skills trained and learn from world memory championship transferable?

I recently learn something about world memory championship and I am considering to embark on some training. But I would like to know if the skills trained and learn from world memory championship are ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Bias in survey questions based on either positive or negative wording

I have this impression that if you ask respondents in a survey, questions such as "do you like the item X/ person X" or "which one of the two variations do you like more", or "what in particular would ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Memorising phone numbers with symmetrical digit arrangement (e.g. 321 123)

I have noticed, by chance, but I would very easily remember a phone number, if it has some digits symmetry, e.g. "540 045" (and mind you, I have very hard time memorizing numbers in general). At the ...
4
votes
0answers
209 views

Eyewitness testimony study from Power of Habit

In his book The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg refers to some study from the University of Western Ontario: STEP THREE: ISOLATE THE CUE About a decade ago, a psychologist at the University of ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Ben Franklin effect: mkay, what about help vampires?

Is the Ben Franklin effect as uncontroversial as wikipedia makes it to be? It states that once we grant someone a favor we're even more inclined to grant them subsequent favors. As far as I can tell ...
5
votes
0answers
110 views

Why do male brains not detect extra “F”

Is there a neuroscience explanation for the behavior in the following experiment? Are there any papers or research conducted to find out why this differentiation happens? Count the number of ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

Are there any introductory books about the relationship between art and psychology/cognition?

I'd like to know more about art, music, psychology, and cognition. Since they are related to each other, I'd like to read a book with a topic covering those. Bonus if it's for beginners.
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Baby Names and the Hive Mind

A couple of months ago my wife and I found out we were having a little girl and needed to start thinking seriously about picking some names. After going through a dictionary of names we narrowed it ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

Study on likability, weakness, and competence?

I heard a podcast about a study (I think it was Radiolab or similar) that found that people are viewed as more likable after they reveal a weakness or a shortcoming, but the effect only occurs if they ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

What is the most effective treatment for ADD and ADHD that excludes chemical prescriptions from a doctor?

Besides chemical medications that are prescribed that can increase the level of dopamine, and other important neurotransmitters in the brain. What is the most effective natural treatment method for ...
-1
votes
2answers
47 views

What if we would fill room with face drawings? Would that change us? [closed]

I mean like if there would be a room in which we are spending most of the day working, sleeping etc. This room would be filled with eyes/faces drawing and painting on walls. Treat it like room from ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

Is staying with an abusive partner actually indicative of Stockholm syndrome? [duplicate]

For the longest time, I've wondered why it is that people who are physically or mentally abused by their partners stay in these relationships. Further, it seems, admittedly from personal experience, ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Cognitive benefits of learning how to code ? [duplicate]

Since I have learnt to program I seem to be able to structure my personal arguments more logically I have a few difficult relationships, so it been quite a big help Has anyone done any research ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

Negative thoughts as cause or consequence of depression

Simplypsychology.org page on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mentions that Lewinsohn (1981) studied a group of participants before any of them became depressed, and found that those who later became ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Long term effects of a high self monitor who voluntarily chooses a contradictory self-presentation

Are there any cases or studies of a high self monitor who intuitively chooses to act "by impulse" in order to reform said impulse? In other words when the HSM ...
8
votes
3answers
426 views

Does learning (to play) music increase IQ?

In one fairly cited study by E. Glenn Schellenberg (~800 citations in Google Scholar) we find that Compared with children in the control groups, children in the music groups exhibited greater ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

How common are single-author research articles in cognitive psychology?

Are single-author research articles looked down upon?
1
vote
0answers
21 views

MPD get rid of? [closed]

Can people defeat Multiple Personality Disorder? After seeing Mike get rid of all his personalities by "the push of a button" and defeating Mal I've always wondered if people can defeat it...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Academic performance

Is there any literature suggesting a relationship between academic performance and cognitive function? I'm trying to find something that suggests which cognitive functions/domains are typically ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

How to analyze reaction choice experiments?

What are the state-of-the-art approaches to analyze reaction choice experiments? Example of a reaction choice trial: Fixation cross (randomized length between 500 and 1500ms) Choice stimulus: ...
5
votes
2answers
82 views

What are the benefits of giving feedback to subjects during a discrimination task?

Context I am planning an experiment where the subjects would need to determine the language of the stimulus after listening to it once, given two alternatives, L1 or L2. In total I have 500 trials ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Why didn't the Left Twix/Right Twix ad campaign take off?

This is intended to be a psychology question about human decision making and behavior as concerns advertising. As this is only my second ever question on Cognitive Sciences SE, please advise as to any ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Is there a correlation between schemas and social constructs?

While studying Piaget's stages of cognitive development in Educational Psychology, the textbook talks about Piaget using the idea of "schemas" which are mental representations or ideas about what ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Is there any evidence that environmental enrichment enchances executive functioning in humans?

By environmental enrichment, I mean a cognitively, socially and environmentally stimulating environment. Most of the studies I discovered were tested on animals, in which the answer is a resounding ...