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Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

4
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0answers
93 views

Validity of the “Common Factors” perspective

Research and practice in psychotherapy has been deeply influenced by two different approaches: the Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs) movement, due to the development of Evidence Based Medicine (...
1
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1answer
116 views

Is belief a choice? [closed]

I have come across a lot of discussions where people end up calling belief a choice. Of course, I always ask them to believe that it's not, and they can't. But it might help if I have a better ...
0
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1answer
264 views

Catching a thief in a closed circle of people [closed]

I am trying to investigate the issue with money getting lost form peoples wallets in a shared flat. There are 4 suspects for being a thief of the money. Some of the suspects have been affected as ...
3
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0answers
42 views

How to implement an incidental processing task without a fMRI-compatible response box?

Background I'm planning an event-related fMRI-experiment to investigate the difference in processing natural and computer-generated facial emotion expressions. My supervisor and I are discussing ...
6
votes
2answers
238 views

How does this experiment prove a causal relation between coherence and good feelings?

I'm reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman and I came across the following text: The Remote Association Test has more to tell us about the link between cognitive ease and positive ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Is it possible to condition oneself to not be bothered by distressing sounds?

It is my (layman's) understanding that a domestic cat learns to meow in a specific tone (I've even read that it can resemble a human baby crying) in order to get the owner's attention. Regardless of ...
2
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0answers
52 views

Is this an accurate/correct example of pre-exercise? If not, what are some examples?

(After having read Piaget, I'm not sure if this could be considered pre-exercise, or not.) Pre-exercise through symbolic assimilation could be alternately described as imitating a mode of being in ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Does associative recognition retrieve target when given re-paired foil?

Context In "Tracking cognitive processing stages with MEG: A spatio-temporal model of associative recognition in the brain" by Borst et. al., MEG is used to show the existence of discrete stages ...
4
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1answer
58 views

What is an explaination for the light-headed and slow-motion feeling after a long hard mental exam?

Question After taking a long final exam, people often report feeling like the world is moving in slow motion. I've heard this exam effect jokingly called "zombie feeling" or "brain-fog". I describe ...
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2answers
72 views

Is there any research about effect of unfamiliar environment on stress?

It seems intuitive to me that there is some kind of stress when one is put in an unfamiliar place (There's probably effect on cognitive abilities too). However, I can't find any paper in psychology ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Is it true that old people loose the ability think creatively/ formulate new ideas

My friend said something about that people get older than 50 loose the ability to think creatively and formulate new ideas. There is also a saying like “stuck in his ways” and people say the “older ...
4
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1answer
850 views

What's the relationship between priming and availability heuristic?

As I have understood, availability heuristic means that things that are "available" in one's cognition (one has thought recently) are prone to influence one's perception. Priming has been explained ...
4
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3answers
91 views

Talking about a problem helps (software developing)

I am 42 and doing software developer since 20 years. Since several years I know that talking about a problem helps. If I can't find a an easy solution myself I talk to a team mate or ask at a site ...
1
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1answer
36 views

What is the consensus on the Golden Rectangle?

What is the concensus (if there is one) in modern psychology regarding the well-known dubious belief that the Golden Rectangle is the rectangle that is most aesthetically pleasing to any given ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Is there any significant empirical evidence showing drawbacks of ACT therapy?

According to The Association for Contextual Behavioral Science, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has a vast database of empirical evidence showing it's benefits. Based on this evidence, it ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Is Behaviorism a type of Functionalism?

Behaviorism separates itself from other psychological views in that it doesn't care about the psyche. Rather, it focuses on how the mind behaves, how outside factors can manipulate it, and so on. ...
2
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0answers
208 views

Cognitive control tasks

What are the tasks that can be employed to measure cognitive control of an individual (proactive and reactive control). I have read about AX-CPT task [1]. In this task, they use letters. But I am ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Are the skills trained and learn from world memory championship transferable?

I recently learn something about world memory championship and I am considering to embark on some training. But I would like to know if the skills trained and learn from world memory championship are ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Bias in survey questions based on either positive or negative wording

I have this impression that if you ask respondents in a survey, questions such as "do you like the item X/ person X" or "which one of the two variations do you like more", or "what in particular would ...
3
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0answers
55 views

Memorising phone numbers with symmetrical digit arrangement (e.g. 321 123)

I have noticed, by chance, but I would very easily remember a phone number, if it has some digits symmetry, e.g. "540 045" (and mind you, I have very hard time memorizing numbers in general). At the ...
4
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0answers
187 views

Eyewitness testimony study from Power of Habit

In his book The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg refers to some study from the University of Western Ontario: STEP THREE: ISOLATE THE CUE About a decade ago, a psychologist at the University of ...
1
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0answers
24 views

Ben Franklin effect: mkay, what about help vampires?

Is the Ben Franklin effect as uncontroversial as wikipedia makes it to be? It states that once we grant someone a favor we're even more inclined to grant them subsequent favors. As far as I can tell ...
5
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0answers
103 views

Why do male brains not detect extra “F”

Is there a neuroscience explanation for the behavior in the following experiment? Are there any papers or research conducted to find out why this differentiation happens? Count the number of ...
2
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2answers
34 views

Are there any introductory books about the relationship between art and psychology/cognition?

I'd like to know more about art, music, psychology, and cognition. Since they are related to each other, I'd like to read a book with a topic covering those. Bonus if it's for beginners.
2
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2answers
100 views

Baby Names and the Hive Mind

A couple of months ago my wife and I found out we were having a little girl and needed to start thinking seriously about picking some names. After going through a dictionary of names we narrowed it ...
3
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2answers
97 views

Study on likability, weakness, and competence?

I heard a podcast about a study (I think it was Radiolab or similar) that found that people are viewed as more likable after they reveal a weakness or a shortcoming, but the effect only occurs if they ...
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2answers
76 views

What is the most effective treatment for ADD and ADHD that excludes chemical prescriptions from a doctor?

Besides chemical medications that are prescribed that can increase the level of dopamine, and other important neurotransmitters in the brain. What is the most effective natural treatment method for ...
-1
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2answers
42 views

What if we would fill room with face drawings? Would that change us? [closed]

I mean like if there would be a room in which we are spending most of the day working, sleeping etc. This room would be filled with eyes/faces drawing and painting on walls. Treat it like room from ...
0
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1answer
159 views

Is staying with an abusive partner actually indicative of Stockholm syndrome? [duplicate]

For the longest time, I've wondered why it is that people who are physically or mentally abused by their partners stay in these relationships. Further, it seems, admittedly from personal experience, ...
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0answers
26 views

Cognitive benefits of learning how to code ? [duplicate]

Since I have learnt to program I seem to be able to structure my personal arguments more logically I have a few difficult relationships, so it been quite a big help Has anyone done any research ...
5
votes
2answers
150 views

Negative thoughts as cause or consequence of depression

Simplypsychology.org page on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mentions that Lewinsohn (1981) studied a group of participants before any of them became depressed, and found that those who later became ...
1
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1answer
100 views

Long term effects of a high self monitor who voluntarily chooses a contradictory self-presentation

Are there any cases or studies of a high self monitor who intuitively chooses to act "by impulse" in order to reform said impulse? In other words when the HSM ...
8
votes
3answers
375 views

Does learning (to play) music increase IQ?

In one fairly cited study by E. Glenn Schellenberg (~800 citations in Google Scholar) we find that Compared with children in the control groups, children in the music groups exhibited greater ...
0
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1answer
16 views

How common are single-author research articles in cognitive psychology?

Are single-author research articles looked down upon?
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0answers
16 views

MPD get rid of? [closed]

Can people defeat Multiple Personality Disorder? After seeing Mike get rid of all his personalities by "the push of a button" and defeating Mal I've always wondered if people can defeat it...
0
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1answer
40 views

Academic performance

Is there any literature suggesting a relationship between academic performance and cognitive function? I'm trying to find something that suggests which cognitive functions/domains are typically ...
0
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1answer
73 views

How to analyze reaction choice experiments?

What are the state-of-the-art approaches to analyze reaction choice experiments? Example of a reaction choice trial: Fixation cross (randomized length between 500 and 1500ms) Choice stimulus: ...
5
votes
2answers
74 views

What are the benefits of giving feedback to subjects during a discrimination task?

Context I am planning an experiment where the subjects would need to determine the language of the stimulus after listening to it once, given two alternatives, L1 or L2. In total I have 500 trials ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Why didn't the Left Twix/Right Twix ad campaign take off?

This is intended to be a psychology question about human decision making and behavior as concerns advertising. As this is only my second ever question on Cognitive Sciences SE, please advise as to any ...
3
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2answers
82 views

Is there a correlation between schemas and social constructs?

While studying Piaget's stages of cognitive development in Educational Psychology, the textbook talks about Piaget using the idea of "schemas" which are mental representations or ideas about what ...
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0answers
36 views

Is there any evidence that environmental enrichment enchances executive functioning in humans?

By environmental enrichment, I mean a cognitively, socially and environmentally stimulating environment. Most of the studies I discovered were tested on animals, in which the answer is a resounding ...
5
votes
3answers
135 views

Understanding Precision Psychiatry

I can't seem to correctly understand what exactly is precision psychiatry? I can't find good sources on the internet about it, other than "The new field of ‘precision psychiatry’" by Fernandes et al. (...
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0answers
30 views

Can sport be used as a counselling tool to help one deal with negative life events?

I found studies on how leisure activities can positively affect well-being, e.g. stress reduction. My question is more specific as I want to research how participation in sport can help one deal with ...
5
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2answers
60 views

Effect of compactness of notation on cognition?

I vaguely remember reading somewhere that one of the reasons that the Romans failed to make any mathematical achievements is that their number system is illogical and does not lend itself to trivial ...
3
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0answers
39 views

Experiments showing adaptation to growing task complexity

I'm looking for experiments measuring how people manage growing task complexity. For example, consider a task, which on the surface resembles a Go No-go task, with the first instruction: Given ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Can alter-personas of a person with MPD/DID have mental diseases of their own that other 'alters' don't have

Context: We are making a short film on different mental disorders. The Question: If it is realistically feasible for a 'alter-persona' of a person with Multiple Personality Disorder to have different ...
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2answers
63 views

Matching patterns in auditory signals

How do people match audio signals from memory? For example, consider the simplest case where there is a single channel sound being applied to one headphone. If the subject was previously presented a ...
0
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0answers
72 views

Psychology of being at the bottom of the leaderboard

Are there any psychology/cognitive science papers that talk about being at the bottom of the leaderboard? For example, one might generally expect a discouragement effect from being at the bottom of ...
4
votes
1answer
491 views

Does the digit span test draw on any executive functions besides working memory, if “chunking” is not used?

Does the digit span test draw on any executive functions besides working memory, if "chunking" is not used? This answer neatly explains what chunking is This ["chunking"] is much easier explained ...
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0answers
49 views

Finding the repeating part of a signal

How do people "synchronize" to a periodic signal? In other words, given an oscillating auditory signal, how do people decide where the beat is? Assuming a "beat" divides a signal into equal repeating ...