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Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

4
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1answer
56 views

What is an explaination for the light-headed and slow-motion feeling after a long hard mental exam?

Question After taking a long final exam, people often report feeling like the world is moving in slow motion. I've heard this exam effect jokingly called "zombie feeling" or "brain-fog". I describe ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Is there any research about effect of unfamiliar environment on stress?

It seems intuitive to me that there is some kind of stress when one is put in an unfamiliar place (There's probably effect on cognitive abilities too). However, I can't find any paper in psychology ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Is it true that old people loose the ability think creatively/ formulate new ideas

My friend said something about that people get older than 50 loose the ability to think creatively and formulate new ideas. There is also a saying like “stuck in his ways” and people say the “older ...
4
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1answer
485 views

What's the relationship between priming and availability heuristic?

As I have understood, availability heuristic means that things that are "available" in one's cognition (one has thought recently) are prone to influence one's perception. Priming has been explained ...
4
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3answers
86 views

Talking about a problem helps (software developing)

I am 42 and doing software developer since 20 years. Since several years I know that talking about a problem helps. If I can't find a an easy solution myself I talk to a team mate or ask at a site ...
1
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1answer
33 views

What is the consensus on the Golden Rectangle?

What is the concensus (if there is one) in modern psychology regarding the well-known dubious belief that the Golden Rectangle is the rectangle that is most aesthetically pleasing to any given ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Is there any significant empirical evidence showing drawbacks of ACT therapy?

According to The Association for Contextual Behavioral Science, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has a vast database of empirical evidence showing it's benefits. Based on this evidence, it ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Is Behaviorism a type of Functionalism?

Behaviorism separates itself from other psychological views in that it doesn't care about the psyche. Rather, it focuses on how the mind behaves, how outside factors can manipulate it, and so on. ...
2
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0answers
139 views

Cognitive control tasks

What are the tasks that can be employed to measure cognitive control of an individual (proactive and reactive control). I have read about AX-CPT task [1]. In this task, they use letters. But I am ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Are the skills trained and learn from world memory championship transferable?

I recently learn something about world memory championship and I am considering to embark on some training. But I would like to know if the skills trained and learn from world memory championship are ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Bias in survey questions based on either positive or negative wording

I have this impression that if you ask respondents in a survey, questions such as "do you like the item X/ person X" or "which one of the two variations do you like more", or "what in particular would ...
3
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0answers
46 views

Memorising phone numbers with symmetrical digit arrangement (e.g. 321 123)

I have noticed, by chance, but I would very easily remember a phone number, if it has some digits symmetry, e.g. "540 045" (and mind you, I have very hard time memorizing numbers in general). At the ...
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0answers
165 views

Eyewitness testimony study from Power of Habit

In his book The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg refers to some study from the University of Western Ontario: STEP THREE: ISOLATE THE CUE About a decade ago, a psychologist at the University of ...
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0answers
23 views

Ben Franklin effect: mkay, what about help vampires?

Is the Ben Franklin effect as uncontroversial as wikipedia makes it to be? It states that once we grant someone a favor we're even more inclined to grant them subsequent favors. As far as I can tell ...
5
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0answers
95 views

Why do male brains not detect extra “F”

Is there a neuroscience explanation for the behavior in the following experiment? Are there any papers or research conducted to find out why this differentiation happens? Count the number of ...
2
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2answers
33 views

Are there any introductory books about the relationship between art and psychology/cognition?

I'd like to know more about art, music, psychology, and cognition. Since they are related to each other, I'd like to read a book with a topic covering those. Bonus if it's for beginners.
2
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2answers
96 views

Baby Names and the Hive Mind

A couple of months ago my wife and I found out we were having a little girl and needed to start thinking seriously about picking some names. After going through a dictionary of names we narrowed it ...
3
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2answers
91 views

Study on likability, weakness, and competence?

I heard a podcast about a study (I think it was Radiolab or similar) that found that people are viewed as more likable after they reveal a weakness or a shortcoming, but the effect only occurs if they ...
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2answers
69 views

What is the most effective treatment for ADD and ADHD that excludes chemical prescriptions from a doctor?

Besides chemical medications that are prescribed that can increase the level of dopamine, and other important neurotransmitters in the brain. What is the most effective natural treatment method for ...
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2answers
40 views

What if we would fill room with face drawings? Would that change us? [closed]

I mean like if there would be a room in which we are spending most of the day working, sleeping etc. This room would be filled with eyes/faces drawing and painting on walls. Treat it like room from ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Is staying with an abusive partner actually indicative of Stockholm syndrome? [duplicate]

For the longest time, I've wondered why it is that people who are physically or mentally abused by their partners stay in these relationships. Further, it seems, admittedly from personal experience, ...
1
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0answers
24 views

Cognitive benefits of learning how to code ? [duplicate]

Since I have learnt to program I seem to be able to structure my personal arguments more logically I have a few difficult relationships, so it been quite a big help Has anyone done any research ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Negative thoughts as cause or consequence of depression

Simplypsychology.org page on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mentions that Lewinsohn (1981) studied a group of participants before any of them became depressed, and found that those who later became ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Long term effects of a high self monitor who voluntarily chooses a contradictory self-presentation

Are there any cases or studies of a high self monitor who intuitively chooses to act "by impulse" in order to reform said impulse? In other words when the HSM ...
8
votes
3answers
307 views

Does learning (to play) music increase IQ?

In one fairly cited study by E. Glenn Schellenberg (~800 citations in Google Scholar) we find that Compared with children in the control groups, children in the music groups exhibited greater ...
0
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1answer
16 views

How common are single-author research articles in cognitive psychology?

Are single-author research articles looked down upon?
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0answers
15 views

MPD get rid of? [closed]

Can people defeat Multiple Personality Disorder? After seeing Mike get rid of all his personalities by "the push of a button" and defeating Mal I've always wondered if people can defeat it...
0
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1answer
40 views

Academic performance

Is there any literature suggesting a relationship between academic performance and cognitive function? I'm trying to find something that suggests which cognitive functions/domains are typically ...
0
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1answer
70 views

How to analyze reaction choice experiments?

What are the state-of-the-art approaches to analyze reaction choice experiments? Example of a reaction choice trial: Fixation cross (randomized length between 500 and 1500ms) Choice stimulus: ...
5
votes
2answers
72 views

What are the benefits of giving feedback to subjects during a discrimination task?

Context I am planning an experiment where the subjects would need to determine the language of the stimulus after listening to it once, given two alternatives, L1 or L2. In total I have 500 trials ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Why didn't the Left Twix/Right Twix ad campaign take off?

This is intended to be a psychology question about human decision making and behavior as concerns advertising. As this is only my second ever question on Cognitive Sciences SE, please advise as to any ...
3
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2answers
67 views

Is there a correlation between schemas and social constructs?

While studying Piaget's stages of cognitive development in Educational Psychology, the textbook talks about Piaget using the idea of "schemas" which are mental representations or ideas about what ...
0
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0answers
29 views

What textbooks of psychology of women that includes cognitive and behavioral science?

The course I am taking is more like a special topic, social issues class. We are reading A New Psychology of Women: Gender, Culture, and Ethnicity by Hilary Lips. It may be a lot to ask of an ...
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0answers
34 views

Is there any evidence that environmental enrichment enchances executive functioning in humans?

By environmental enrichment, I mean a cognitively, socially and environmentally stimulating environment. Most of the studies I discovered were tested on animals, in which the answer is a resounding ...
5
votes
3answers
117 views

Understanding Precision Psychiatry

I can't seem to correctly understand what exactly is precision psychiatry? I can't find good sources on the internet about it, other than "The new field of ‘precision psychiatry’" by Fernandes et al. (...
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0answers
28 views

Can sport be used as a counselling tool to help one deal with negative life events?

I found studies on how leisure activities can positively affect well-being, e.g. stress reduction. My question is more specific as I want to research how participation in sport can help one deal with ...
5
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2answers
58 views

Effect of compactness of notation on cognition?

I vaguely remember reading somewhere that one of the reasons that the Romans failed to make any mathematical achievements is that their number system is illogical and does not lend itself to trivial ...
3
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0answers
38 views

Experiments showing adaptation to growing task complexity

I'm looking for experiments measuring how people manage growing task complexity. For example, consider a task, which on the surface resembles a Go No-go task, with the first instruction: Given ...
2
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2answers
73 views

Can alter-personas of a person with MPD/DID have mental diseases of their own that other 'alters' don't have

Context: We are making a short film on different mental disorders. The Question: If it is realistically feasible for a 'alter-persona' of a person with Multiple Personality Disorder to have different ...
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2answers
62 views

Matching patterns in auditory signals

How do people match audio signals from memory? For example, consider the simplest case where there is a single channel sound being applied to one headphone. If the subject was previously presented a ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Psychology of being at the bottom of the leaderboard

Are there any psychology/cognitive science papers that talk about being at the bottom of the leaderboard? For example, one might generally expect a discouragement effect from being at the bottom of ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Does the digit span test draw on any executive functions besides working memory, if “chunking” is not used?

Does the digit span test draw on any executive functions besides working memory, if "chunking" is not used? This answer neatly explains what chunking is This ["chunking"] is much easier explained ...
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0answers
48 views

Finding the repeating part of a signal

How do people "synchronize" to a periodic signal? In other words, given an oscillating auditory signal, how do people decide where the beat is? Assuming a "beat" divides a signal into equal repeating ...
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0answers
27 views

Matching continous patterns in visual signals

Similar to my question about auditory signals, how do people match visual signals from memory? For example, consider the simplest case where there is a single degree of movement freedom, such as a ...
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0answers
36 views

Can similarity be confused with recency?

Does similarity of a cue modify it's perceived recency? Consider this hypothetical experiment: Given a set of visual cues presented sequentially to a subject Present a final visual probe. Ask the ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Who was the first theorist to define a list of psychological defense mechanisms?

The obvious answer is Sigmund Freud, but was there a theorist before him who created a list of specific defense mechanisms? A defense mechanism can be defined as a method by which the mind protects ...
4
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3answers
79 views

A formal term for overcoming something, or getting over something

I am trying to find a correct psychological term for a specific type of behavior. When a person is trying to distance themselves from past suffering by projecting an idea of "I'm over it" to others. ...
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0answers
27 views

How to fix a cognitive distortion? [closed]

Are there any methods for "fixing" cognitive distortions? For example, I have prejudice against certain type of people just because of one negative experiences in my life. Although a lot of research ...
5
votes
2answers
398 views

Why does handwriting change?

In New York magazine it is stated: [I]t’s strange that your handwriting changes over time; scientifically speaking, there’s no reason it should. At a certain point, you’ve learned all there is to ...
4
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0answers
38 views

Discovery Learning vs. Inductive Learning vs. Active Learning vs. Engaged Learning [duplicate]

Discovery learning: Novak and Cañas (2008) define discovery learning as a type of learning in which the "individual discerns patterns or regularities in events or objects and recognizes these as the ...