Questions tagged [cognition]

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What is the core difference between Cognitive evaluation theory and Need-Satisfaction theory

There are three theories of intrinsic motivation: Need-Satisfaction theory Self-determination theory Cognitive evaluation theory (CET) The theories identify the following innate needs: competence ...
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21 views

Are thoughts a kind of internal sensory data?

I know very little about neuroscience and psychology, but I am curious about how our understanding of thought fits into our picture of the brain. Thoughts, as I understand them, are a kind of ...
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12 views

Need for Cognition - Distribution in Population

Is there any data on distribution of various levels of need for cognition (like intelligence, that from my understanding is said to follow the normal distribution)? Specifically, I'm interested in ...
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16 views

Are there any distinctions in the definitions of quality, personality, characteristics, and traits?

Are there any epistemological differences in the definitions of quality, personality, characteristics, and traits? Meaning, are there any justified distinctions concerning the usage of these words in ...
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104 views

Would you classify confusion as an emotion?

I'm writing a short essay on emotions and I stumbled upon a few references of confusion being an emotion but no solid exclusive research results focusing on confusion as an emotion. If it isn't, what ...
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21 views

Trust after the first 200 milliseconds

In the first 200 ms of meeting someone our implicit / System 1 brain makes a number of inferences (based on age, gender, race, voice, smell among others) to determine whether we ‘like’ the other ...
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2answers
57 views

“Dyslexia” in reasoning?

I was trying to use logical argument with a friend of mine recently, and found that she was missing my point and completely misunderstanding my position. So I wonder if there is something like ...
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118 views

Can you improve your intelligence by practising? [duplicate]

According to this article https://www.nature.com/articles/ng.3869 your intelligence as an adult is to 80 % determined by genetics: Despite the well-known difference in twin-based heritability for ...
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1answer
532 views

What does it mean statistically for there to be significant differences in average IQ scores between racial groups?

Charles Murray (in his book, "The Bell Curve") reported that there are real differences between the mean IQ scores of different racial groups. He also points out that IQ variation within said groups ...
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35 views

saccadic countermanding task

The saccadic countermanding task is used to measure response inhibition (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0042698999000115). It is basically the stop-signal task that makes use of ...
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3answers
822 views

Does learning (to play) music increase IQ?

In one fairly cited study by E. Glenn Schellenberg (~800 citations in Google Scholar) we find that Compared with children in the control groups, children in the music groups exhibited greater ...
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2answers
73 views

Effect of compactness of notation on cognition?

I vaguely remember reading somewhere that one of the reasons that the Romans failed to make any mathematical achievements is that their number system is illogical and does not lend itself to trivial ...
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152 views

Efficiency of multitasking depending on task difficulty

How does the efficiency of multi-tasking differ by task type? My understanding is that multitasking impairs efficiency for cognitively challenging tasks. Does this apply to trivial tasks as well?
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193 views

In I.Q. and Cognitive Tests, What Sequence Patterns Should be Applied?

Nearly every I.Q. and Cognitive test seems to ask questions for the "next item in the sequence". But, there just seems to be so many possibilities, and I can usually find a way that all of the ...
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32 views

Which is more true about learning? [closed]

I think / guess using multiple sources for education / learning is much better than using one source; I mean by source, visual, auditory, etc... So at best I could learn from a person face-to-face, ...
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3answers
160 views

How does the brain process generalizations?

What is the current thinking on how the brain processes generalizations? For example, the abstract idea of a right angled triangle vs specific instances of right angled triangles? Or the general idea ...
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1answer
364 views

Does taking antidepressants, anxiolytics and sleep pills significantly affect a person's intelligence?

Do antidepressants, anxiolytics and sleeping pills significantly affect the intelligence of a person, for example as expressed by the general (g) factor? Do these compounds affect the g factor each ...
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3answers
514 views

What is the difference between emotions, intuition and affect?

From what I know, intuition is affect-based. But how do they differ?
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2answers
1k views

Short term effects of alcohol on IQ

I am looking for some references on the short term effects of alcohol on "IQ". I am particularly interested in what aspects of "intelligence" is affected (e.g., cognition/reasoning/memory). ...
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1answer
489 views

Megalomania versus schizophrenia [closed]

Why is megalomania a part of schizophrenia, the latter having to do with personality splits, as opposed to being a disorder of its own. According to Polya's book, thinking big is one of the thinking ...
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1k views

Is it possible that people perceive time differently than others do?

All of my life I have been told to be more patient, to stop "racing through life", etc. Happily, I am finally mature enough to accept that as solid advice, but I am curious as to whether it is ...
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1answer
154 views

Environmental cleanliness: what is cognitively fresh?

The concept of freshness has developed over the last century to involve a range of sensations and responses to tastes, smells and feelings associated with foods, the environment and cleaning products. ...