Questions tagged [clinical-psychology]

For questions specific to applying the theoretical aspects of psychology to therapeutic settings in both assessments and psychotherapy

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16
votes
2answers
1k views

Which schools of psychotherapy are most credible to a hard scientist?

There is a problem in all therapies that if the client doesn't have faith or trust in the therapist then it is unlikely that anything can be achieved. Therefore effective therapy for an extreme ...
16
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2answers
393 views

Have the core CBT “Thinking Errors” been found to NOT be effective in evidence-based clinical practice?

This is his chart of the ten "thinking errors." It's taken from The Feeling Good Handbook. Table 3–1. Definitions of Cognitive Distortions ALL-OR-NOTHING THINKING: You see things in black-and-...
16
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2answers
2k views

How effective is court imposed therapy compared to self-initiated therapy?

People are frequently court ordered to some form of therapy, whether it be in the form of a course, group therapy or individual therapy. Some examples being; road rage, anger management, drunk ...
13
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2answers
997 views

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Limitations

In treating people with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Which people can't be helped by therapy? How are some people more treatable than others? Additional Info In the comments of a blog post ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Is “gaslighting” a mainstream concept in the cognitive sciences?

The term "gaslighting" (referring to abusive manipulation of the facts to confuse victims) is common in pop-psychology sources, and I have friends who report that their psychologists or psychiatrists ...
10
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2answers
688 views

Why do people who stutter have less difficulty singing than speaking?

From what I have read, stutterers tend to have much less trouble singing than speaking. Do we know why this is the case?
10
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2answers
2k views

Is there a conflict between Mindfulness-based and Acceptance-based Therapies and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?

Mindfulness-based and Acceptance-based therapies are gaining vast momentum in the treatment of mental illnesses. These therapy modalities are seen to share some similarity with Cognitive Behaviour ...
10
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2answers
249 views

How do clinicians control for their own mental disorders?

Has any research been done on how clinicians' (either internists or psychiatrists) known psychological conditions influence the diagnoses, misdiagnoses, and prognoses they make? And, related to that, ...
10
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2answers
648 views

How can a narcissist be given negative feedback without triggering aggressive behavior?

I've interacted with several individuals over the years that had narcissistic personality disorder. In particular, I find I have difficulty navigating their nebulous relationship with truth and find ...
9
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5answers
40k views

Why does a person feel sad without knowing the reason?

I have known people to behave in a way they despise, and they don't know why.
9
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3answers
495 views

How to prevent insults from unconsciously causing negative emotions?

When someone is insulted, they can feel anxiety and shame, even though his/her conscious mind knows the insult isn't true and tries to be as logical and unemotional about it as possible. Positive ...
9
votes
3answers
765 views

Is it normal for men in long term relationships to want to have sexual relationships with other women?

If a man who is married or in a long term relationship wants to have sexual relationships with other women, is this pathological, deviant, maybe even a disorder? Or is it part of normal and healthy ...
8
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2answers
489 views

How effective is cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders?

How effective have cognitive behavioral therapy type techniques been shown and proven to work for anxiety based on published literature? Citations please.
8
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1answer
353 views

Does completing a thesis make you a better practicing psychologist?

I am a strong believer in the importance of the scientist-practitioner model for psychology. I think that training in the scientific method is a major component of what makes a person trained in ...
8
votes
1answer
411 views

Is it ethically appropriate for a client to buy their psychologist a gift?

I have been having free psychology therapy in my school for almost one year. Now the therapeutic relationship is coming to end. I want to give a small gift to my therapist to show my gratitude when my ...
8
votes
2answers
211 views

What rules are tested during the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

I was reading about the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and although I understand the concept, I'm not clear on what rules are usually tested. Does it always vary between associations between shape, ...
8
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3answers
7k views

Ways to treat disorganized thinking, other than pharmacotherapy

Disorganized thinking is a cognitive deficit symptomatic of thought disorders such as schizophrenia. This affects your ability to process and connect thoughts and ideas, rendering them disorganized, ...
7
votes
1answer
750 views

Is paraphilia a disorder?

There has been some confusion in recent questions about the term paraphilia. In most questions and answers, including my own, paraphilias have been seen as disorders that might require treatment. But ...
7
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1answer
617 views

How does recalling a specific memory decrease depression?

Research by Serrano et al (2004) indicated that older adults with depressive symptoms showed that with increased specificity of memories, individuals show decreased depression and hopelessness ...
7
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1answer
200 views

Dopamine deficiency more frequent in the addiction prone?

I found this clip about dopamine deficiency. ...[P]eople with low dopamine activity may be more prone to addiction. Is the reverse also true? Does susceptibility to addiction (genetic, etc.) have ...
7
votes
1answer
247 views

Can positive self-affirmation improve mood?

Most people get "depressed" every now and then - nothing serious, but people sometimes feel down. I am wondering if positive self-affirmation can make you happier by physically increasing the ...
6
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2answers
742 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
6
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2answers
990 views

Is art therapy really effective?

I read the whole Wikipedia article. But I still have doubts. Is art therapy effective? If so, in which ways has it been studied?
6
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2answers
715 views

Is there a phenomenon where one feels alienation towards certain body parts

I am wondering whether is there a name for a phenomenon where one has feelings of "alienation" or feels that body parts (limbs, internal organs, etc) do not belong to him or are not "part of his body" ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Would most people benefit from psychotherapy?

At least in my country, undergoing psychotherapy is perceived negatively. People in my country perceive people as either healthy (normal), or mad and in need of a psychologist. My perception is ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What are the best known causes and treatments for apathy?

Has any extensive research been done into what the most common causes of apathy are and are there any treatments with a highly reported success rate? If so, what are these? For clarification of what ...
6
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3answers
663 views

Do people who experience a psychotic episode ever go back to normal?

Do people who experience a fully blown psychotic episode ever go back to their pre-psychosis self?
5
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3answers
261 views

Are there any circumstances where schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are not lifelong?

It is known that psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar I, and bipolar II are for life, and require long term treatment (lifelong). Is this always the case? The answer could include ...
5
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2answers
216 views

What's the difference between a “mental disorder” and a bad personality trait?

Most people are held accountable for their actions. If diagnosed with a "mental disorder" however, they are often forgiven/treated more leniently and exempted from punishment. The same thing couldn'...
5
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2answers
118 views

Double blindedness in a fully remote trial

We are planning to do a fully remote clinical trial to test an online intervention for depression. We will be using a self-rated PHQ-9 at base-line, post intervention, and 90 days follow-up to test ...
5
votes
2answers
210 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
5
votes
2answers
266 views

How can the mind be trained to accept ongoing mental or emotional suffering?

We have physical, emotional and mental needs and wants; some tangible, some intangible. In the case where we know that some of our needs and/or wants are not going to be met; how can the mind be ...
5
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2answers
4k views

How are the logical and mathematical skills of people with ADHD?

How does rationality and the logical thought processes of those with and without ADHD compare? Please explain the source of the differences. Are the differences thought to be caused by dopamine, ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Difference between brain disease and brain disorder

Is there any difference between the terms brain disease and brain disorder? They are often used in combination without ...
5
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1answer
342 views

Can tinnitus be measured with EEG or MEG?

Can tinnitus be measured with EEG or MEG (magnetoencephalography)? Is it visible in a power spectrum? In an ERP/ERF?
5
votes
1answer
565 views

Is acrophobia connected to falling in dreams?

I'm interested in the link between phobias and related nightmares. Specifically, is acrophobia (i.e., irrational fear of heights) connected to falling in dreams?
5
votes
1answer
418 views

Are there any benefits to having Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

OCD is a chronic mental health disorder. It is a major handicap when trying to lead a normal life. But are there any positive effects of having the disorder? Is there any such thing as high ...
5
votes
1answer
444 views

What is the current status of Paraphrenia?

First mentioned by Kalbhaum in 1863, and better known by Kraepelin's descriptions in 1912, paraphrenia seems to be forgotten after the publication of DSM-III. It is always described by its nosology, ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Brain Wave Research PTSD, Depression

Let me preface this with I am a Software Engineer, NOT a neuro-scientist. Please forgive me if my terminology isn't spot on. I am obsessed with using my skills as a computer scientist to help ...
5
votes
1answer
540 views

Is there a rating scale in psychology that is related to happiness?

There are many rating scales used in psychiatry to rate the severity of disorders. Thus, the extensive depression scales. What about the opposite, happiness scales? If 0 denotes excessive depressive ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Current diagnostic interviews for DSM-V

I was wondering if there are currently any diagnostic interview schedules that have been made/adapted to fit DSM-V criteria? Have you heard of anything? Specifically, I am looking for interviews for ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Cases of psychopathy

According to this Learning-Mind website, the 3 basic behaviors of a person which indicate likely psychopathy are Unhealthy obsession around arson Cruelty to animals Bed wetting after the age of ...
5
votes
1answer
770 views

Use of Botulinum toxin A (botox) to treat depression and its effect on fight/flight repsonse

Over in Health.SE, @faustus provided a couple of references to papers which suggest the use of Botulinum toxin A (BTA) - otherwise known as botox - to treat depression — Magid, et al. (2015a) and ...
5
votes
1answer
348 views

Validity of regression therapy and degree of acceptance of the subject within the psychology community

I had a debate with my friend on regression therapy as he feels it is an accepted method to discover a person's past life & his memories. I find it completely unacceptable to my sense. What ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Are there psychiatric medications that have an anti-tolerance effect?

Patients usually develop tolerance to their psychiatric medications when used over a long period of time. This is because of how the brain gets used to the dosage in order to reach equilibrium again. ...
5
votes
0answers
346 views

How does Brief Strategic Therapy (Nardone model) compare to other psychotherapies in efficacy?

Based on Paul Watzlawick et al.'s work in Brief Therapy, Giorgio Nardone & Paul Watzlawick (2005) developed specific protocols for treatment for several distinct psychological disorders, such as ...
5
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0answers
60 views

How are psychological bio-markers discovered?

Recently, this paper [1] claiming to be able to distinguish bipolar disorder from major depressive disorder via a urine sample has come to my attention. Despite reading the paper, I'm unable to ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Is “Schizophrenic” considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
4
votes
2answers
164 views

What is the effectiveness of self-prescribed marijuana for depression?

How common is it for patients diagnosed with depression to self-prescribe themselves marijuana after trying prescription anti-depressants? Is there any evidence that this self-treatment is effective ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What are there neuroanatomical mappings of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

I know that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task is used to diagnose various mental disfunctions such as schizophrenia and drug addiction. However, has it been specified what brain regions or structures ...