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Questions tagged [clinical-psychology]

For questions specific to applying the theoretical aspects of psychology to therapeutic settings in both assessments and psychotherapy

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Is it reasonable to leave a therapy session feeling worse? [closed]

I apologize for (possibly) violating the only rule that shows up when you're about to ask a question: ask questions that can be answered rather than discussed. But I'm hoping this question might ...
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1answer
69 views

What are the standard mental health tests that are available online?

Are there standard mental health tests available online with score interpretations? For example, if someone was interested in getting a grasp on their mental condition before seeing a psychologist/...
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1answer
99 views

Are there any benefits to having Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

OCD is a chronic mental health disorder. It is a major handicap when trying to lead a normal life. But are there any positive effects of having the disorder? Is there any such thing as high ...
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1answer
381 views

Use of Botulinum toxin A (botox) to treat depression and its effect on fight/flight repsonse

Over in Health.SE, @faustus provided a couple of references to papers which suggest the use of Botulinum toxin A (BTA) - otherwise known as botox - to treat depression — Magid, et al. (2015a) and ...
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1answer
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Resources about relaxation training as used in CBT

I’m looking for resources about the relaxation training component of CBT. I had a professor who spent a good deal of time on it in class, but I’m no longer attending that school and he’s notoriously ...
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How does Brief Strategic Therapy (Nardone model) compare to other psychotherapies in efficacy?

Based on Paul Watzlawick et al.'s work in Brief Therapy, Giorgio Nardone & Paul Watzlawick (2005) developed specific protocols for treatment for several distinct psychological disorders, such as ...
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46 views

Assessments of depression: Does the rate of false positives vary between the qualification of those testing?

A friend recently asked me an interesting question to which I couldn't find the answer. Does the accuracy of depression assessments vary by the profession i.e. Nurse, GP Vs Clinical Psychologist, ...
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The Effects of Hate [closed]

EDITED QUESTION: Many people insist that hate is a bad thing from a philosophical or ethical perspective. But many people in the CogSci community go one step further and claim that hate is bad in the ...
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1answer
824 views

What are the best known causes and treatments for apathy?

Has any extensive research been done into what the most common causes of apathy are and are there any treatments with a highly reported success rate? If so, what are these? For clarification of what ...
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2answers
82 views

Examples of interventions that yield large long term effect sizes in psychology

I was listening to a podcast entitled Very Bad Wizards, hosted by two university academics. One of the hosts, namely David Pizarro who is a psychologist at Cornell made the claim that most ...
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2answers
691 views

Is “gaslighting” a mainstream concept in the cognitive sciences?

The term "gaslighting" (referring to abusive manipulation of the facts to confuse victims) is common in pop-psychology sources, and I have friends who report that their psychologists or psychiatrists ...
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1answer
191 views

What is the current status of Paraphrenia?

First mentioned by Kalbhaum in 1863, and better known by Kraepelin's descriptions in 1912, paraphrenia seems to be forgotten after the publication of DSM-III. It is always described by its nosology, ...
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Double blindedness in a fully remote trial

We are planning to do a fully remote clinical trial to test an online intervention for depression. We will be using a self-rated PHQ-9 at base-line, post intervention, and 90 days follow-up to test ...
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1answer
65 views

What safeguards are in place to prevent abuse of power?

In the U.S., what safeguards are in place to prevent a mentally ill, or just spiteful or incompetent, psychiatrist / psychologist from abusing their position of power? Assuming the person is already ...
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1answer
58 views

Does risk of developing depression continue to increase after age 60?

Age is a risk factor for depression when we look at the entire lifespan. Does that hold true in a population of >60 years old?
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1answer
252 views

How can a narcissist be given negative feedback without triggering aggressive behavior?

I've interacted with several individuals over the years that had narcissistic personality disorder. In particular, I find I have difficulty navigating their nebulous relationship with truth and find ...
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Daily Life of Clinical Psycologist [closed]

What is the daily routine of a clinical psycologist? Granted, schedules fluctuate and people have different personal lives. I am writing a story that has a character with the same occupation.
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1answer
73 views

Awareness of unconditional positive regard

When Unconditional Positive Regard is in use through several therapy sessions and a client asks about this technique. What explanation should be given?
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1answer
41 views

How to generate networks for dynamic emotion modelling

In Figure 1 (shown below) of "Micro-Level Affect Dynamics in Psychopathology Viewed From Complex Dynamical System Theory" by Wichers et al, they claim that the emotional/affective dynamics of networks ...
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1answer
81 views

Rationale behind an “all-or-nothing” design for a test for the purposes of diagnosis and epidemology

In the Autism-Spectrum Quotient test, the subject is confronted with fifty statements such as: I don’t particularly enjoy reading fiction. I prefer to do things the same way over and over ...
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How can a maternity refusal syndrome be prevented or treated?

Despite being rare, a maternal refusal syndrome can have devasting consequences on children, spouse, and the mother herself. It appears indeed that occasionally women don't bond that well to their ...
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0answers
75 views

Adult talking in the 3rd person when talking about himself [closed]

The therapist asked John "Tell me about yourself?" John starting talking about himself, his upbringing and his family. However Instead of using the word "I" he mostly uses the word "He" in all ...
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0answers
107 views

What techniques have been shown to improve a self-defeatist attitude?

I suppose this is a bit relative to each and every person, but in general those who are defeatists tend to view the potential outcomes of new actions negatively. Have any therapy techniques been shown ...
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2answers
203 views

How do clinicians control for their own mental disorders?

Has any research been done on how clinicians' (either internists or psychiatrists) known psychological conditions influence the diagnoses, misdiagnoses, and prognoses they make? And, related to that, ...
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1answer
145 views

Why is the initial first-line response to a psychological problem not a brain scan?

I get the impression most people having a cognitive problem are encouraged to see either a psychologists or psychiatrists (the actual medical doctors) to engage in verbal or pharmaceutical therapy. I ...
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1answer
53 views

How would a psychopath deem their actions?

I understand that a psychopath experiences diminished or non-existent empathy and remorse as well as dis-inhibition meaning that they have a certain 'meanness' and a poor impulse control. I am ...
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How can the cognitive distortion “disqualifying / rejecting the positive” be overcome?

Within Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) there is a cognitive distortion named "disqualifying the positive" where positive events are discounted: Example: Upon receiving a congratulation, a person ...
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1answer
589 views

how can the development of sexual preferences be influenced?

I am wondering about the development of sexual fetishes, not necessarily in its meaning of having a sexual affection for inanimate objects, but in its broader meaning of any type of sexual abnormality....
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how to see prefrontal cortex is functioning well by a test?

Is there a test to see if the Prefrontal cortex of someone works normally? especially a simple test like a questionnaire that you give the individuals to fill out and based on their answer you obtain ...
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2answers
139 views

What is the effectiveness of self-prescribed marijuana for depression?

How common is it for patients diagnosed with depression to self-prescribe themselves marijuana after trying prescription anti-depressants? Is there any evidence that this self-treatment is effective ...
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1answer
556 views

Are a lot of highly logical people (such as mathematicians) prone to depression? [closed]

In my math and physics classes, half the students are seeing or have seen psychologists because of depression. Based on my experiences I feel that there is a huge correlation between logical people ...
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1answer
381 views

What are threshold symptoms and sub-threshold symptoms?

I've come across these terminologies—threshold symptoms and sub-threshold symptoms—in one of the papers in psychology where delayed reactions are introduced: Empirical studies that have mapped PTSD ...
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51 views

Understanding/Helping an Entrenched “Conspiracy Theorist”

I'm currently interested in gather information and knowledge related to advanced "conspiracy theorists" to help with challenging/talking/helping them recover. To define a severe/entrenched "...
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Is truth serum used in any psychiatric or psychoanalytic practices?

Is sodium thiopental (truth serum) used in any psychiatric or psychoanalytic therapies? I presume it is legal for use, since it is Schedule III, and it is administered in surgeries. It clearly has ...
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What personality disorders is schema therapy successfully used for?

Schema therapy is a cognitive therapy based on people developing so-called "schemas" (as far as I understand, patterns of cognition and behavior) early in their lives and then using these schemas to ...
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1answer
47 views

What Ethical and Legal Provisions Release One from “Mandatory Reporting”? [closed]

Question What provisions exist that can be applied to provide assurance to a client or patient that they can talk, "off the record", "without repercussions", and that nothing will be documented? ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the name for the cognitive bias that ignores that extreme symptoms always tend to get less extreme?

There are some long term diseases where the severity of your symptoms tend towards a 'normal'. So imagine plotting out the severity of the symptoms say, every day or every week, then drawing a line of ...
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3answers
443 views

Do people who experience a psychotic episode ever go back to normal?

Do people who experience a fully blown psychotic episode ever go back to their pre-psychosis self?
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Is it ok to use test's sensitivity and specificity from other countries? [closed]

I want to calculate likelihood ratios of test scores in clinical psychological assessment setting. In my country, validation studies for many common used tests are missing or information about ...
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1answer
312 views

Is it ethically appropriate for a client to buy their psychologist a gift?

I have been having free psychology therapy in my school for almost one year. Now the therapeutic relationship is coming to end. I want to give a small gift to my therapist to show my gratitude when my ...
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50 views

How are psychological bio-markers discovered?

Recently, this paper [1] claiming to be able to distinguish bipolar disorder from major depressive disorder via a urine sample has come to my attention. Despite reading the paper, I'm unable to ...
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1answer
484 views

Why do people who stutter have less difficulty singing than speaking?

From what I have read, stutterers tend to have much less trouble singing than speaking. Do we know why this is the case?
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0answers
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Is psychological shock a valid construct?

Rather than shock as a physiological reaction to bodily trauma, does anyone know of research on the validity of psychological shock? I'm not referring to shell shock, or the original name for PTSD. ...
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0answers
145 views

Lifelong avoidance coping style [closed]

Suppose someone has been using avoidance coping style for most of his or her life. The avoidance tendency is present in a broad range of situations, relatively constant through his or her life, not ...
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1answer
2k views

Mental illness vs mental condition vs mental disorder

I posted this at English.SE, but I'm wondering if you guys can also shine some light here. Is there perhaps a distinction between mental conditions that are disruptive and mental conditions that just ...
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How is ADHD different to internet/social media/information addiction? [closed]

One of the concerns about ADHD diagnosis is how is it not just inattentiveness due to the modern hazard of instant gratification via social media/the internet. Here's a post of a wrote on the ...
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1answer
100 views

Brain Wave Research PTSD, Depression

Let me preface this with I am a Software Engineer, NOT a neuro-scientist. Please forgive me if my terminology isn't spot on. I am obsessed with using my skills as a computer scientist to help ...
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1answer
464 views

Is there a rating scale in psychology that is related to happiness?

There are many rating scales used in psychiatry to rate the severity of disorders. Thus, the extensive depression scales. What about the opposite, happiness scales? If 0 denotes excessive depressive ...
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1answer
65 views

Anti-psychotic medication withdrawal-induced psychosis

Can psychosis result from anti-psychotic medication withdrawal for a non-psychotic patient? That is, a patient that takes anti-psychotic medication for off label reasons, such as treatment-resistant ...
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2answers
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Ways to treat disorganized thinking, other than pharmacotherapy

Disorganized thinking is a cognitive deficit symptomatic of thought disorders such as schizophrenia. This affects your ability to process and connect thoughts and ideas, rendering them disorganized, ...