Questions tagged [attention]

For questions regarding how the brain and mind filter out different aspects of the environment to attend to others with greater salience, and experimental paradigms that explore these mechanisms or their underlying neural bases.

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28 views

If working memory is dependent on attention, how can one actually measure it?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but working memory (WM) works the following way: Humans have different capacities for short-term memory storage. How much of that capacity is utilized in any situation ...
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1answer
61 views

Sources on P1/N1 modulation with checkerboard probe

I have been able to find a lot of papers that modulate the P1/N1 component with a visual probe, usually a checkerboard presented parafoveally. I understand the basics of what I am reading, but I would ...
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31 views

What happens when we put attention on something for longer time

I have noticed and it must be a common experience for many of people that when they put attention for extended period of time which could be as little as 15 minutes or could span over days something ...
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1answer
165 views

Difference between concentration and attention

Is there any difference between concentration and attention ? The dictionary definition and some websites on psychology mention they are same. whereas many people say they are different. I am unable ...
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2answers
65 views

What is the conceptual difference between causal inference and 'prediction'

Unifying brain theories of cortical function often describe the brain as a prediction machine, based on a generative model (given X, what's the probability of Y). In this context, from Bayesian ...
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3k views

Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

I've been wondering how dual-process theory, which is described in Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", relates to mindfulness and the state of being in the present moment and the flow ...
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148 views

Treatment and strategies for procrastination for ADHD

I am keen to know what strategies and treatment approaches works best for procrastination for people with ADHD? People with ADHD seem to have a different level of complexity from the usual ...
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2answers
106 views

what is the difference between mindfulness meditations and focusing on other things?

For example: While I'm studying(or doing anything in my life), my brain wanders around(daydreams, stresses, remembers unpleasant memories and thinks negatively about the future) so I notice that and ...
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17 views

In the attentional network task (ATN), how do double cue and centre cue differ?

I do not quite understand why people use both centre cue as well as double cue in the ATN task. For instance, some papers hold that Orienting = RT(double cue) - RT(spatial cue), whereas others define ...
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173 views

Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination?

Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination? This keeps the person generally in absent-mindedness and ...
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3answers
162 views

Asking "What's wrong in you life?" → Person sees more problems

I think if you ask a person "What's wrong in your life?" several times (for example monthly) the person starts to focus on negative things. Maybe questions like this can have a negative ...
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11 views

References for how we perceive, process and give attention to news on social media

According to this popular science article, on most people read a social media article for 15 seconds or less, and watch a video for 10 seconds or less. I tried to go down the link rabbit hole, but ...
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1answer
57 views

What is the name of inattention/autopilot phenomenon that results in 'swapping out' errors

Suppose I am doing the laundry while simultaneously taking out the trash, so am carrying a bag of dirty clothes in one hand and a bag of rubbish in the other. I might be on autopilot where I lift up ...
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1answer
170 views

What works for procrastination?

Procrastination seems universal and well understood by the public. However, there seems to be very little research into techniques and approaches that works to reduce and manage procrastination. The ...
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38 views

Paying attention: are we free to do so?

I got confused a bit after watching these two short videos: 1, 2 . In first one it seems author suggests that: we aren't in much control on what to pay attention to? Did I get it correctly? Or maybe ...
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1answer
48 views

The clock stop when switching focus

I have notice that when I switch my focus from existing task to a clock (both digital, which shows numbers, and mechanical, which shows arms), the time on the clock seem to stop ticking for a brief ...
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1answer
752 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
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35 views

What are the underlying basis/mechanism for inattentiveness in ADHD?

I have been exploring inattentive ADHD and I am really struggling to understand the difference between clinically significant inattentiveness in people with ADHD versus non-clinically significant ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
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1answer
61 views

Which brain areas are linked to Hyperactivity in ADHD?

I'm looking for some research identifying which brain areas or biological processes are behind specifically the hyperactivity symptoms of ADHD? I have done a preliminary search but most of the ...
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1answer
136 views

Does mindfulness meditation work for highly inattentive individuals?

Mindfulness practice requires extensive concentration for a prolonged period of time (e.g., attending to breath/body sensation for above 5 minutes). It is reasonable to assume that it might be ...
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2answers
251 views

Analysis of accuracy data?

I have accuracy data, where every subject gives a correct, i.e. 1 or wrong, i.e. 0 answer. However every subject performs 190 trials in each session, with 10 sessions in total. To analyze the data I ...
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56 views

What is a validated online tool to administer Stroop and N-back test?

I'm trying to conduct a study in the field of cognitive experimental psychiatry. I need an online tool on a PC-based setup to administer Stroop, N-back, and choice reaction time tests. I found ...
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21 views

How does flow differ from or relates to attention?

Csikszentmihalyi introduced the notion of flow, which is almost certainly his best known work/concept. Despite the fact that Wikipedia has a very long article on flow, I can't find a simple ...
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2answers
59 views

"Dyslexia" in reasoning?

I was trying to use logical argument with a friend of mine recently, and found that she was missing my point and completely misunderstanding my position. So I wonder if there is something like ...
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51 views

What causes the lack of focus due to sleep deprivation? What are the outcomes of this?

When one is sleepy and one attempt's to work on something cognitively demanding, such as doing algebra in one's head, or trying to imagine a house's interior in detail, what causes the "resistance" to ...
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232 views

Any ideas about the neural mechanism underlying the ASMR sensation?

Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is described as a pleasurable, tingly sensation in the (back of the) head. The sensation can be triggered by a vast variety of stimuli (auditory, visual, ...
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1answer
1k views

Tests for alertness

Have there been any researched paper or digital tests developed that test a persons alertness at a given point in time? By alert I mean having the reactions of a person who is not over-tired, ...
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1answer
51 views

What's the best way to calculate an index score based on reaction time, variance and accuracy?

Say I have a go/no-go task and my output data includes 3 parameters: average reaction time, variance of reaction time, and number of errors. I want to composite all of the parameters into a single ...
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1answer
119 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
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1answer
60 views

The number of things we can focus on at once

In terms of computer science, a programming runtime like JavaScript can be assumed to have 1 thread, or one thing to focus on at a time. The processor moves sequentially through instructions, ...
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2answers
313 views

Is hypnosis really concentration/focus?

It's widely claimed that hypnosis is a state of highly focused attention. But I've also seen many claims that the hypnotic state is about accessing the subconscious mind directly, essentially "...
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1answer
100 views

What is meant by this line, "Much of Neisser’s critique of filtering makes semantic rather than functional distinctions"?

I'm reading The Neuropsychology of Attention (2014) by Ronald A. Cohen, published by Springer. In Chapter 3 (Cognitive Psychology of Attention: Foundations), page 30-31, under the subheading Removing ...
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143 views

Can the mind be trained to equanimously observe compulsive urges/cravings (without giving in / acting out)?

Are there any practices or habits that one can employ, either frequently or on a daily basis, to train one's mind to equanimously observe (be aware of) compulsive urges or cravings, without giving in ...
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97 views

Is there a known mechanism by which people fall asleep less easy after watching TV?

It's my experience that people (I am one of them) tend to fall asleep while watching television. Afterwards, when lying in bed, sleep doesn't come as easy as when they were watching television. Is ...
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51 views

How bright must a light bulb to be noticed in a room?

If one has say an 800 lumen bulb, how many lux are necessary in order for a human to detect when it's suddenly turned on in a room with brightness levels of 30 Lux 50 Lux 100 Lux 1.-How many Lux ...
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1answer
79 views

Is there evidence for “because it’s boring, it’s very easy to make errors”

There seems to be a common view in programming / software engineering: “because it’s boring, it’s very easy to make errors” And then the solution to this is often to introduce some level(s) of ...
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4answers
390 views

Why do we rely on others in dangerous situations?

*This question is based on my observations. Q: What is the reason people trust their peers implicitly in extreme (or not) situations? Example: I am walking with a friend, and I am telling him ...
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69 views

What are common parameters for the Eriksen flanker task? [closed]

I'm looking to create a flanker task for an upcoming experiment. I'm wondering if there are any papers/websites that outline what the "standard" flanker task contains? Specifically, I'm trying to ...
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88 views

Proven research about how to minimise Continuous Partial Attention?

Continuous Partial Attention seem to be a natural reaction to the Age of Information. However, as some authors have argued: it leads to a higher level of stress in the brain, prohibiting reflection,...
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1answer
8k views

How to measure and quantify concentration or focus?

How can we measure and quantify concentration or focus? For example, if I were to say: "If you do Activity X while using Y, you will be more concentrated than if you were using Z" How can I ...
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1answer
271 views

What is the effect of Daylight Saving Time on attentiveness and productivity?

This weekend the clocks were set an our later (in some countries), such that the daylight lasts an hour longer in the evening. This has several reasons, among which a reduction in energy consumption ...
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1answer
384 views

What is considered an error in the sustained attention to response task (SART)?

The traditional SART task requires key presses to all digits appearing on the screen. However, the key press should be withheld if the digit is a 3 When aggregating the collected data, what is ...
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1answer
84 views

Does distraction cause us to skip to the next step in a motor plan?

Often, if one is concentrating too hard on a particular task, it seems as though it's quite easy to skip to the next step of a plan of action. For example, a baseball infielder may attempt a throw to ...
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122 views

Interaction between caffeine intake and biorhythm on alertness

Throughout the day, people's wakefulness and attentiveness varies, as modulated by one's circadian biorhythm. Whereas in the morning people are less awake, just before noon and around 15:00 people ...
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66 views

Effects of quantity and quality of breaks on learning

Are there papers which discuss the effects of quantity and quality of breaks during learning? Do state of the art papers have a common ground? So far I have found these papers: The Fourth R: Recess ...
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2answers
5k views

How long does it take to refocus after context switching?

Context switching has been highlighted for the toll it takes on productivity at great length, particularly by people who work in software and project management. Are there any psychology/...
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40 views

International Physical Activity Questionnaire and cognitive function

I'm looking for research that has examined the link between physical activity (as measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [1] specifically) and cognitive function (any domain is ...
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69 views

Is the feeling of consciousness simply a perceived effect of a functional working memory and focus? [closed]

I do not have much knowledge, if any, on cognitive sciences so bare with me if this question is trivial or absurd. I wonder this question because, personally, I feel less or more conscious during ...
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2answers
9k views

Why do some students find it difficult to focus on study when at home?

Description: Student quite enthusiastic and focused during class, but can't recreate the same enthusiasm and concentration when studying alone in home. Motivation is unable to reduce the level of ...