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Questions tagged [attention]

For questions regarding how the brain and mind filter out different aspects of the environment to attend to others with greater salience, and experimental paradigms that explore these mechanisms or their underlying neural bases.

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2
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0answers
23 views

What are the underlying basis/mechanism for inattentiveness in ADHD?

I have been exploring inattentive ADHD and I am really struggling to understand the difference between clinically significant inattentiveness in people with ADHD versus non-clinically significant ...
6
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2answers
69 views

Treatment and strategies for procrastination for ADHD

I am keen to know what strategies and treatment approaches works best for procrastination for people with ADHD? People with ADHD seem to have a different level of complexity from the usual ...
4
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1answer
95 views

What works for procrastination?

Procrastination seems universal and well understood by the public. However, there seems to be very little research into techniques and approaches that works to reduce and manage procrastination. The ...
4
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2answers
63 views

what is the difference between mindfulness meditations and focusing on other things?

For example: While I'm studying(or doing anything in my life), my brain wanders around(daydreams, stresses, remembers unpleasant memories and thinks negatively about the future) so I notice that and ...
3
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2answers
108 views

Analysis of accuracy data?

I have accuracy data, where every subject gives a correct, i.e. 1 or wrong, i.e. 0 answer. However every subject performs 190 trials in each session, with 10 sessions in total. To analyze the data I ...
4
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0answers
43 views

What is a validated online tool to administer Stroop and N-back test?

I'm trying to conduct a study in the field of cognitive experimental psychiatry. I need an online tool on a PC-based setup to administer Stroop, N-back, and choice reaction time tests. I found ...
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0answers
17 views

How does flow differ from or relates to attention?

Csikszentmihalyi introduced the notion of flow, which is almost certainly his best known work/concept. Despite the fact that Wikipedia has a very long article on flow, I can't find a simple ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Does mindfulness meditation work for highly inattentive individuals?

Mindfulness practice requires extensive concentration for a prolonged period of time (e.g., attending to breath/body sensation for above 5 minutes). It is reasonable to assume that it might be ...
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2answers
53 views

“Dyslexia” in reasoning?

I was trying to use logical argument with a friend of mine recently, and found that she was missing my point and completely misunderstanding my position. So I wonder if there is something like ...
1
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0answers
46 views

What causes the lack of focus due to sleep deprivation? What are the outcomes of this?

When one is sleepy and one attempt's to work on something cognitively demanding, such as doing algebra in one's head, or trying to imagine a house's interior in detail, what causes the "resistance" to ...
2
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1answer
751 views

Tests for alertness

Have there been any researched paper or digital tests developed that test a persons alertness at a given point in time? By alert I mean having the reactions of a person who is not over-tired, ...
1
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1answer
37 views

What's the best way to calculate an index score based on reaction time, variance and accuracy?

Say I have a go/no-go task and my output data includes 3 parameters: average reaction time, variance of reaction time, and number of errors. I want to composite all of the parameters into a single ...
1
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1answer
55 views

The number of things we can focus on at once

In terms of computer science, a programming runtime like JavaScript can be assumed to have 1 thread, or one thing to focus on at a time. The processor moves sequentially through instructions, ...
3
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2answers
188 views

Is hypnosis really concentration/focus?

It's widely claimed that hypnosis is a state of highly focused attention. But I've also seen many claims that the hypnotic state is about accessing the subconscious mind directly, essentially "...
3
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1answer
77 views

What is meant by this line, “Much of Neisser’s critique of filtering makes semantic rather than functional distinctions”?

I'm reading The Neuropsychology of Attention (2014) by Ronald A. Cohen, published by Springer. In Chapter 3 (Cognitive Psychology of Attention: Foundations), page 30-31, under the subheading Removing ...
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2answers
124 views

Can the mind be trained to equanimously observe compulsive urges/cravings (without giving in / acting out)?

Are there any practices or habits that one can employ, either frequently or on a daily basis, to train one's mind to equanimously observe (be aware of) compulsive urges or cravings, without giving in ...
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2answers
85 views

Is there a known mechanism by which people fall asleep less easy after watching TV?

It's my experience that people (I am one of them) tend to fall asleep while watching television. Afterwards, when lying in bed, sleep doesn't come as easy as when they were watching television. Is ...
3
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0answers
47 views

How bright must a light bulb to be noticed in a room?

If one has say an 800 lumen bulb, how many lux are necessary in order for a human to detect when it's suddenly turned on in a room with brightness levels of 30 Lux 50 Lux 100 Lux 1.-How many Lux ...
3
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1answer
78 views

Is there evidence for “because it’s boring, it’s very easy to make errors”

There seems to be a common view in programming / software engineering: “because it’s boring, it’s very easy to make errors” And then the solution to this is often to introduce some level(s) of ...
1
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0answers
66 views

What are common parameters for the Eriksen flanker task? [closed]

I'm looking to create a flanker task for an upcoming experiment. I'm wondering if there are any papers/websites that outline what the "standard" flanker task contains? Specifically, I'm trying to ...
4
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0answers
76 views

Proven research about how to minimise Continuous Partial Attention?

Continuous Partial Attention seem to be a natural reaction to the Age of Information. However, as some authors have argued: it leads to a higher level of stress in the brain, prohibiting reflection,...
3
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1answer
4k views

How to measure and quantify concentration or focus?

How can we measure and quantify concentration or focus? For example, if I were to say: "If you do Activity X while using Y, you will be more concentrated than if you were using Z" How can I ...
2
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0answers
79 views

Interaction between caffeine intake and biorhythm on alertness

Throughout the day, people's wakefulness and attentiveness varies, as modulated by one's circadian biorhythm. Whereas in the morning people are less awake, just before noon and around 15:00 people ...
3
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0answers
65 views

Effects of quantity and quality of breaks on learning

Are there papers which discuss the effects of quantity and quality of breaks during learning? Do state of the art papers have a common ground? So far I have found these papers: The Fourth R: Recess ...
0
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1answer
239 views

What is the effect of Daylight Saving Time on attentiveness and productivity?

This weekend the clocks were set an our later (in some countries), such that the daylight lasts an hour longer in the evening. This has several reasons, among which a reduction in energy consumption ...
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0answers
38 views

International Physical Activity Questionnaire and cognitive function

I'm looking for research that has examined the link between physical activity (as measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [1] specifically) and cognitive function (any domain is ...
5
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1answer
342 views

What is considered an error in the sustained attention to response task (SART)?

The traditional SART task requires key presses to all digits appearing on the screen. However, the key press should be withheld if the digit is a 3 When aggregating the collected data, what is ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Which brain areas are linked to Hyperactivity in ADHD?

I'm looking for some research identifying which brain areas or biological processes are behind specifically the hyperactivity symptoms of ADHD? I have done a preliminary search but most of the ...
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0answers
62 views

Is the feeling of consciousness simply a perceived effect of a functional working memory and focus? [closed]

I do not have much knowledge, if any, on cognitive sciences so bare with me if this question is trivial or absurd. I wonder this question because, personally, I feel less or more conscious during ...
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2answers
450 views

How to measure visual salience quantitatively

Salience makes objects pop-up from their surrounding and immediately attract our attention. A salient object in the visual domain would, e.g., be a red dot among white ones. We can sometimes ...
5
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2answers
1k views

What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

If someone who had low working memory scores as a child suddenly sees in improvement in attention as he grows older, does his ability to hold and manipulate information also increase? Or does ...
0
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1answer
50 views

What techniques are being used here to influence the subject to pick a certain outcome?

The question is about this video. Summary of the Video: (can skip if you watched it) The only audio is "elevator music." There is a man who communicates only with written orange signs. He asks the ...
1
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0answers
69 views

how to comprehensively assess three areas of cognition (attention, reaction-time, memory) on a daily, personal basis, preferably online,? [closed]

I am attempting to figure out a battery of tests that I can perform on myself on a daily/weekly basis to test whether any intervention I attempt on myself actually improves my cognitive performance. ...
4
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1answer
404 views

What is the relationship between visual attention network and visual stream (Two-streams hypothesis)?

There are two visual attention networks proposed by Maurizio Corbetta and Gordon L. Shulman (2002). These are top-down and bottom-up attention networks. One system, which includes parts of the ...
5
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1answer
151 views

Why can't hemineglect patients be trained to actively pay attention to their neglected side?

I'm still having a hard time understanding the symptoms of hemineglect, mainly because perception and attention has been two peas of a pod for most of my experiences. A Scholarpedia article states ...
2
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2answers
4k views

Why do some students find it difficult to focus on study when at home?

Description: Student quite enthusiastic and focused during class, but can't recreate the same enthusiasm and concentration when studying alone in home. Motivation is unable to reduce the level of ...
4
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1answer
96 views

Mapping Sustained Attention on the brain (EEG)

I am doing a study to the effects of sustained attention on Situation Awareness, i.e. how well one perceives and understands the relevant information in their direct environment (in both space and ...
3
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0answers
100 views

Relation between Sleeping pattern and attention for ADHD people

Question 1: Does sleeping at different times daily affect the attention for ADHD and Non ADHD ? For example let us consider the below scenario, Day 1 : Sleep time is 1:00 AM Day 2 : Sleep time is 2:...
3
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0answers
73 views

Infants tend to look longer at novel stimuli than at repeated stimuli, is this true in adults?

I have recently read an article in which it is stated, that the researchers can discriminate if a baby knows an object, by looking at the length of time the baby looks at the object. Do adults also ...
2
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0answers
73 views

How can you learn to engage in highly focused thinking for a sustained period of time?

Is there some research on how to engage in highly-focused thinking for more than a few hours at a time? I have read (informally, i.e., not research papers) that engaging in enjoyable non-focused ...
9
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2answers
183 views

Any ideas about the neural mechanism underlying the ASMR sensation?

Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is described as a pleasurable, tingly sensation in the (back of the) head. The sensation can be triggered by a vast variety of stimuli (auditory, visual, ...
4
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0answers
288 views

Improving observation, attention to detail in mental imagery

Once in a while I remember the whole "use mental imagery to remember things" thing and start looking for information about it (never actually tried to turn it into a habit...). It doesn't take long ...
2
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1answer
212 views

Does inhibiting automatic processing requires attention?

It's seems very likely to me that it does, but I haven't found any research that tested this assumption directly.
2
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1answer
177 views

What happens to brain during meditation?

Meditation has many benefits.For example it helps to relax, reduce stress, etc. But how it is working? What exactly happens to our brains during meditation?
3
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1answer
200 views

Does playing video games increase attention and learning agility, therefore career performance

Recently, there has been a lot of research into the positive effects of video games on cognition, As business insider reports. I'm curious as to whether somebody should play video games purely to ...
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2answers
223 views

Can humans really successfully multitask? [duplicate]

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
2
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1answer
668 views

What is happening when i focus my attention on a particular body part?

In an article i saw that "Thinking about an activity can actually activate the parts linking to that activity". So i thought of giving it a try and i started to focus on the digits of my feet (they ...
4
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1answer
936 views

What is the relationship between top-down mechanism and priming the visual system in the following experiment?

I am currently conducting an experiment where a subject is shown a series of photographs of various objects. Each photo contains a single object. Before showing the photograph, a screen with a text ...
6
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1answer
446 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
7
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3answers
997 views

What is “Attention” in terms of brain activity?

A rather basic question, but I don't know the answer to that - What is human "attention" that can be focused on different parts of the body or outside objects? For example, I can focus my attention ...