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Questions tagged [attention]

For questions regarding how the brain and mind filter out different aspects of the environment to attend to others with greater salience, and experimental paradigms that explore these mechanisms or their underlying neural bases.

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The minimum time between two stimuli in divided attention studies?

I am conducting a study on divided attention. I set the time between two stimuli to 16 ms. However, I have to base it on the literature. How many milliseconds can be reacted to a task that requires ...
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What causes the lack of focus due to sleep deprivation? What are the outcomes of this?

When one is sleepy and one attempt's to work on something cognitively demanding, such as doing algebra in one's head, or trying to imagine a house's interior in detail, what causes the "resistance" to ...
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1answer
76 views

Tests for alertness

Have there been any researched paper or digital tests developed that test a persons alertness at a given point in time? By alert I mean having the reactions of a person who is not over-tired, ...
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1answer
30 views

What's the best way to calculate an index score based on reaction time, variance and accuracy?

Say I have a go/no-go task and my output data includes 3 parameters: average reaction time, variance of reaction time, and number of errors. I want to composite all of the parameters into a single ...
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1answer
47 views

The number of things we can focus on at once

In terms of computer science, a programming runtime like JavaScript can be assumed to have 1 thread, or one thing to focus on at a time. The processor moves sequentially through instructions, ...
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2answers
84 views

Is hypnosis really concentration/focus?

It's widely claimed that hypnosis is a state of highly focused attention. But I've also seen many claims that the hypnotic state is about accessing the subconscious mind directly, essentially "...
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1answer
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What is meant by this line, “Much of Neisser’s critique of filtering makes semantic rather than functional distinctions”?

I'm reading The Neuropsychology of Attention (2014) by Ronald A. Cohen, published by Springer. In Chapter 3 (Cognitive Psychology of Attention: Foundations), page 30-31, under the subheading Removing ...
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106 views

Can the mind be trained to equanimously observe compulsive urges/cravings (without giving in / acting out)?

Are there any practices or habits that one can employ, either frequently or on a daily basis, to train one's mind to equanimously observe (be aware of) compulsive urges or cravings, without giving in ...
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2answers
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Is there a known mechanism by which people fall asleep less easy after watching TV?

It's my experience that people (I am one of them) tend to fall asleep while watching television. Afterwards, when lying in bed, sleep doesn't come as easy as when they were watching television. Is ...
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41 views

How bright must a light bulb to be noticed in a room?

If one has say an 800 lumen bulb, how many lux are necessary in order for a human to detect when it's suddenly turned on in a room with brightness levels of 30 Lux 50 Lux 100 Lux 1.-How many Lux ...
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1answer
64 views

Is there evidence for “because it’s boring, it’s very easy to make errors”

There seems to be a common view in programming / software engineering: “because it’s boring, it’s very easy to make errors” And then the solution to this is often to introduce some level(s) of ...
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What are common parameters for the Eriksen flanker task? [closed]

I'm looking to create a flanker task for an upcoming experiment. I'm wondering if there are any papers/websites that outline what the "standard" flanker task contains? Specifically, I'm trying to ...
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Proven research about how to minimise Continuous Partial Attention?

Continuous Partial Attention seem to be a natural reaction to the Age of Information. However, as some authors have argued: it leads to a higher level of stress in the brain, prohibiting reflection,...
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1answer
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How to measure and quantify concentration or focus?

How can we measure and quantify concentration or focus? For example, if I were to say: "If you do Activity X while using Y, you will be more concentrated than if you were using Z" How can I ...
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64 views

Interaction between caffeine intake and biorhythm on alertness

Throughout the day, people's wakefulness and attentiveness varies, as modulated by one's circadian biorhythm. Whereas in the morning people are less awake, just before noon and around 15:00 people ...
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Effects of quantity and quality of breaks on learning

Are there papers which discuss the effects of quantity and quality of breaks during learning? Do state of the art papers have a common ground? So far I have found these papers: The Fourth R: Recess ...
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1answer
141 views

What is the effect of Daylight Saving Time on attentiveness and productivity?

This weekend the clocks were set an our later (in some countries), such that the daylight lasts an hour longer in the evening. This has several reasons, among which a reduction in energy consumption ...
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29 views

International Physical Activity Questionnaire and cognitive function

I'm looking for research that has examined the link between physical activity (as measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [1] specifically) and cognitive function (any domain is ...
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1answer
159 views

What is considered an error in the sustained attention to response task (SART)?

The traditional SART task requires key presses to all digits appearing on the screen. However, the key press should be withheld if the digit is a 3 When aggregating the collected data, what is ...
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Which brain areas are linked to Hyperactivity in ADHD?

I'm looking for some research identifying which brain areas or biological processes are behind specifically the hyperactivity symptoms of ADHD? I have done a preliminary search but most of the ...
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0answers
57 views

Is the feeling of consciousness simply a perceived effect of a functional working memory and focus? [closed]

I do not have much knowledge, if any, on cognitive sciences so bare with me if this question is trivial or absurd. I wonder this question because, personally, I feel less or more conscious during ...
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2answers
333 views

How to measure visual salience quantitatively

Salience makes objects pop-up from their surrounding and immediately attract our attention. A salient object in the visual domain would, e.g., be a red dot among white ones. We can sometimes ...
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2answers
716 views

What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

If someone who had low working memory scores as a child suddenly sees in improvement in attention as he grows older, does his ability to hold and manipulate information also increase? Or does ...
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1answer
49 views

What techniques are being used here to influence the subject to pick a certain outcome?

The question is about this video. Summary of the Video: (can skip if you watched it) The only audio is "elevator music." There is a man who communicates only with written orange signs. He asks the ...
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0answers
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how to comprehensively assess three areas of cognition (attention, reaction-time, memory) on a daily, personal basis, preferably online,? [closed]

I am attempting to figure out a battery of tests that I can perform on myself on a daily/weekly basis to test whether any intervention I attempt on myself actually improves my cognitive performance. ...
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1answer
263 views

What is the relationship between visual attention network and visual stream (Two-streams hypothesis)?

There are two visual attention networks proposed by Maurizio Corbetta and Gordon L. Shulman (2002). These are top-down and bottom-up attention networks. One system, which includes parts of the ...
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1answer
118 views

Why can't hemineglect patients be trained to actively pay attention to their neglected side?

I'm still having a hard time understanding the symptoms of hemineglect, mainly because perception and attention has been two peas of a pod for most of my experiences. A Scholarpedia article states ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do some students find it difficult to focus on study when at home?

Description: Student quite enthusiastic and focused during class, but can't recreate the same enthusiasm and concentration when studying alone in home. Motivation is unable to reduce the level of ...
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1answer
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Mapping Sustained Attention on the brain (EEG)

I am doing a study to the effects of sustained attention on Situation Awareness, i.e. how well one perceives and understands the relevant information in their direct environment (in both space and ...
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82 views

Relation between Sleeping pattern and attention for ADHD people

Question 1: Does sleeping at different times daily affect the attention for ADHD and Non ADHD ? For example let us consider the below scenario, Day 1 : Sleep time is 1:00 AM Day 2 : Sleep time is 2:...
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Infants tend to look longer at novel stimuli than at repeated stimuli, is this true in adults?

I have recently read an article in which it is stated, that the researchers can discriminate if a baby knows an object, by looking at the length of time the baby looks at the object. Do adults also ...
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0answers
67 views

How can you learn to engage in highly focused thinking for a sustained period of time?

Is there some research on how to engage in highly-focused thinking for more than a few hours at a time? I have read (informally, i.e., not research papers) that engaging in enjoyable non-focused ...
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2answers
150 views

Any ideas about the neural mechanism underlying the ASMR sensation?

Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is described as a pleasurable, tingly sensation in the (back of the) head. The sensation can be triggered by a vast variety of stimuli (auditory, visual, ...
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255 views

Improving observation, attention to detail in mental imagery

Once in a while I remember the whole "use mental imagery to remember things" thing and start looking for information about it (never actually tried to turn it into a habit...). It doesn't take long ...
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1answer
101 views

Does inhibiting automatic processing requires attention?

It's seems very likely to me that it does, but I haven't found any research that tested this assumption directly.
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1answer
158 views

What happens to brain during meditation?

Meditation has many benefits.For example it helps to relax, reduce stress, etc. But how it is working? What exactly happens to our brains during meditation?
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1answer
182 views

Does playing video games increase attention and learning agility, therefore career performance

Recently, there has been a lot of research into the positive effects of video games on cognition, As business insider reports. I'm curious as to whether somebody should play video games purely to ...
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2answers
130 views

Can humans really successfully multitask? [duplicate]

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
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1answer
294 views

What is happening when i focus my attention on a particular body part?

In an article i saw that "Thinking about an activity can actually activate the parts linking to that activity". So i thought of giving it a try and i started to focus on the digits of my feet (they ...
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1answer
676 views

What is the relationship between top-down mechanism and priming the visual system in the following experiment?

I am currently conducting an experiment where a subject is shown a series of photographs of various objects. Each photo contains a single object. Before showing the photograph, a screen with a text ...
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352 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
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3answers
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What is “Attention” in terms of brain activity?

A rather basic question, but I don't know the answer to that - What is human "attention" that can be focused on different parts of the body or outside objects? For example, I can focus my attention ...
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1answer
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Is our attention attracted by bright lights?

Bright lights are often used to attract human attention. For example, brightly lit signs, despite often being too bright to look at directly are often used for information and/or advertisement. Why ...
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2answers
493 views

Why do people look in the face or eyes while communicating?

While communicating, people tend to direct their gazes to the face (particularly eyes) of people. Why don't rather we look at their neck or just their chest or even their hair while communicating with ...
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1answer
2k views

Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

I've been wondering how dual-process theory, which is described in Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", relates to mindfulness and the state of being in the present moment and the flow ...
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1answer
69 views

Is teacher guidance always necessary to become an expert? [closed]

Is it necessary to have a teacher (or mentor/coach) to master every skill? What if I am taking an online tutorial with pre-recorded videos? Can I count that teacher training? I have read the concept ...
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0answers
30 views

How to Focus on One thing at a time? [duplicate]

My Mind is always filled with useless some many thoughts at a single moment, that i feel hard to focus , concentrate my attention on one task at a time. My attention span is very low. I get distracted ...
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2answers
312 views

Efficient learning strategies?

When learning a new subject or a skill, is it more effective to break practice into small sub-skills and focus on them for months until they have been fully mastered, or to practice each small sub-...
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1answer
111 views

Which parts of the brain are used when identifying and sorting email messages?

When most people view their email inboxes, they'll see several different types of messages; for example, emails which have been auto-generated by services we use, communications with real humans which ...
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239 views

Difference between Logan's Instance theory and Exemplar-Based Random Walk (EBRW) theory

I'm trying to find a clear explanation of the difference between Logan's instance theory (Logan, 2002) and the Exemplar-Based Random Walk theory (Nosofsky & Palmari, 1997). Am I mistaken that they ...