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Questions tagged [artificial-intelligence]

For questions regarding this interdisciplinary subject (largely a subdiscipline of computer science) which strives to create intelligent machines.

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Is there any type of neuron capable of modeling "nonlinear function" (e.g. trigonometric, instead of "linear" in traditional Neural Networks)?

Modern Deep Learning technologies such as Self Attention and RNN, kind of integrated higher-degree nonlinear functions fundamentally. e.g. $(w_{1_{branch1}}x_1 + w_{2_{branch1}}x_2) \cdot (w_{1_{...
LifeJustDLC's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
39 views

Could a superintelligent spider be more human like than a normal spider? (or any other animal) [closed]

From a text (1) about AI and, in particular, ASI (Artificial Superintelligence) A guinea pig is a mammal and on some biological level, I feel a connection to it—but a spider is an insect, with an ...
kyopa's user avatar
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Is there any recent review of the book "Scripts, Plans, Goals, and Understanding: An Inquiry Into Human Knowledge Structures"?

My advisor asked me to read this book. However, I wonder if there is some recent review of the book that integrates AI and cognitive findings in recent years. Just want to know if there's any view in ...
angushushu's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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What does "all-or-nothing" means in spiking neural network?

I'm reading a paper by Auge et al. (2021). In the introduction they said "Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) use short 'all-or-nothing' pulses to encode and transmit information". I'm not sure ...
Natchapol Patamawisut's user avatar
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1 answer
99 views

How do we know that neurons are the only cells involved in cognitive computation?

I am an undergraduate studying pure mathematics taking a class on computational neuroscience. My default lens for looking at the brain is in terms of universal computation (in the Turing machine sense)...
Tanishq Kumar's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
56 views

What underlying psychological mechanisms could cause a person or a group to experience the bandwagon effect?

People in a target audience are likely to experience the bandwagon effect [1] because they rely on others' assessment of information. Overall, taking advantage of the bandwagon effect can be ...
Francisco Maria Calisto's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
191 views

Can the human brain be simulated by a computer?

There is a Wikipedia page on brain simulation, but: Question: Could there be (experimental) evidence that the (human) brain cannot be simulated by a computer? Note that the Wikipedia page Mind ...
Sebastien Palcoux's user avatar
2 votes
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Is a New Software Library to Simulate Natural Processes like Hunger Needed?

This sort of dovetails off a question I asked on the AI Exchange: Is There A Need For Stochastic Inputs To Mimic Real-World Biology And Environment? I figured this site would give more insight on ...
A13X's user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
1 answer
55 views

Where to find patient responses on Rorschach's Inkblot test?

I am looking to find data that has patient's responses to Rorschach's inblots as well and their associated diagnosis ( Mainly looking into patients that have been diagnosed with schizophrenia, ...
Matt's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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What became of the CAM-Brain project in Kyoto?

In The Age of Spiritual Machines, Ray Kurzweil mentioned a project at the Advanced Telecommunications Research Lab in Kyoto that was building a brain with a billion artificial neurons. He said that ...
DJG's user avatar
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Can we use artificial intelligence in law? [closed]

I'm from india, there are more than 3 crore cases pending in different courts of India which is nearly impossible to solve in a limited period of time.. unless we use robot instead of a person. I know ...
user422780's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
47 views

Looking for a paper: AI in human host

I am searching for a paper where participants were confronted with a (female) person, who gave answers according to a computer algorithm. She had an earpiece that gave her the answers and was trained ...
Matthias Pitscher's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
158 views

Integrated Information Theory - If correct could humans create artificial consciousness?

First off please keep in mind I am self-learning and am learning about this for fun, I have no end goal. I'm trying to make predictions about what I am learning implies or means, so I can ask better ...
Byron Stevens's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
242 views

Is there a biological equivalent to the bias term used in artificial neural networks?

For the longest time, I had been thinking that the bias term used in the standard artificial neural network model (the ubiquitous one used in most machine learning implementations) can be interpreted ...
John Smith's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
86 views

Is it fair to categorize the neurons in the output layer of artificial neural networks as grandmother cells?

I'm interested in how memory is distributed in the brain. That inevitably leads one to think about grandmother cells. Under my interpretation, a neuron (or a small ensemble) would classify as a ...
Fabian Fritz's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Converting human's memory into digital data

I am wondering whether converting someone's memory into digital data is possible or not. It may sound ridiculous. However, if chance is not 0 then what kind of studies might be used? What kind of ...
RazyDave's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
983 views

The computer model of the brain

I am a computer programmer or computer engineer, and am interested in comparing the brain to a classical computer in some way. How well does this comparison hold up? This is a general introduction ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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Does the uncanny valley phenomenon apply to aural stimuli as well as visual? Addressed by research?

News of the Google AI assistant (or Google Duplex) being used to place phone calls to people in such a way that the human would not know they are speaking with AI was a little unsettling, and Google ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 473
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

What are the top contributions from neuroscience to AI and viceversa? How much progress has been made from the interaction between these two fields?

What are the top contributions from neuroscience to artificial intelligence and viceversa? How much progress has been made from the interaction between these two fields? Is there a formal research ...
xwb's user avatar
  • 405
3 votes
1 answer
108 views

Difference between brain and electronic device signals

As I understand it, a brain communicates through sending signals via ions and chemical reactions resulting in concentrations of ions, a computer sends signals by electrons. I'm really trying to do 3 ...
Byron Stevens's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
42 views

Region of Interest Proposal in Vision

In machine learning, Region of Interest (ROI) proposal is a method for subsampling an image to identify "interesting" subregions. A canonical example is from Region Convolutional Neural Networks, ...
Alex R.'s user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
163 views

Question concerning Jeff Hawkins' On Intelligence

In 2004 Jeff Hawkins' book On Intelligence was widely praised. But Hawkins made some claims about artificial neural networks that seem (to me) untenable today, only 13 years later. He gives the ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
121 views

Counterfactual thinking and the origin of language

I want to apologize in advance for my dearth of knowledge concerning cognitive science research and history, I'm an AI student. I've been reading up on cognitive science/linguistics literature mostly ...
samlaf's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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What are some credible conferences and journals in computational neuroscience?

I have a background in computer science, and I wish to introduce cognitive sciences to myself, particularly from a computational/mathematical perspective. My motivation for doing this artificial ...
dhanshreeA's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
692 views

What is "intelligence" in "artificial intelligence"? [closed]

As far as Artificial Intelligence is concerned, what is "intelligence"? The definition I see on various sites like Wikipedia: Intelligence has been defined in many different ways including ...
Tobi Alafin's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
1k views

What is the fastest sorting algorithm for humans? [closed]

Empirically, I feel like sorting things in real life is not the same as sorting things for a computer. Algorithms like and merge sort and quicksort are the fastest things to sort for computers in the ...
Brian Woodbury's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
81 views

What is understanding of natural language and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? Natural language understanding is neglected part of natural language ...
TomR's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Alzheimer's, Mulla Nasrudin and disjunction of cognition and personal identity [closed]

I was reading a paper discussing the persistence of self in advanced Alzheimer's Disease Persistence of Self in advanced AD and was struck by the similarity of one contradictory account to an Idres ...
Dalton Bentley's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
252 views

Other emotions relative to angry/happy base emotions

In my layman's experience, I'm vaguely aware there are four base emotions: happy, sad, afraid/surprised, and angry/disgusted.1 Some background: We're training an AI to learn the difference between ...
RJB's user avatar
  • 183
3 votes
1 answer
42 views

Could physically simulating neural structure on a fundamental level yield superior results to machine learning algorithms?

My curiosity is merely of whether (in a future where we have computers with the processing power of the human brain) it's possible that actually simulating a neural network's physical behavior on the ...
J.Todd's user avatar
  • 291
2 votes
3 answers
164 views

Can machines really create anything new?

AlphaGo is an artificial intelligence which has beaten top human GO-players. Even the creators and instructors do not know how AlphaGo came to it's conclusion to put a stone just at this position. Top-...
user11102's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is the current approach to AI learning essentially behaviourism?

AI, to the level that we attempt to create it these days, involves creating neural networks that learn from stimulus (experience, data) and reinforcement. A higher score such as in a Go game, or a ...
Ilya Grushevskiy's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
157 views

Understanding neuronal firing in the context of Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity

When discussing Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity in neurons, when we say that a neuron fires do we mean it fires only one spike? Or do we still say "the neuron has fired" when a train of n spikes was ...
ceillac's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
85 views

Are there any precise design principles for artificial connectomes or neural networks?

I've been reading about the openworm.org project. I've downloaded the code and run some simulations. The people at OpenWorm have made an experiment where they setup a robot with the neural network of ...
jotadepicas's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
197 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
Ross Drew's user avatar
  • 298
3 votes
0 answers
165 views

What problem-solving skills are essential for the Allen AI Science Challenge?

Recently, many in cognitive science and machine learning circles are very interested in the 'The Allen AI Science Challenge' that was recently announced. Here is a brief description: The Allen ...
Vakalate's user avatar
  • 1,192
2 votes
4 answers
138 views

How to begin neural network Programming [closed]

I am a Computer Science Student and recently studied neural networks, but theory only. How can this be implemented in real time programming language. What should I search for or what content should I ...
Nithin Jose's user avatar
7 votes
5 answers
414 views

When can we say that machines are conscious?

We have already witnessed complex computing systems winning chess games and IBM Watson beat his human counterparts at a game of 'Jeopardy!'. However, so far we have not seen signs of consciousness ...
Trewesta Anamoly's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
122 views

How close is it to reality in future of consciousness to be transferable as shown in the movie Chappie?

This question was inspired by the most creative thing ever to come up in a movie, namely the transfer of a consciousness from one body to another (may it be biological, or via non-biological methods). ...
Ciasto piekarz's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
99 views

Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher, I have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS (Intelligent tutoring system) model, it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
vedavyas90's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

How are humans able to read scrambled text/characters (e.g., CAPTCHA)?

So I'm doing a research on developing a new text-based CAPTCHA system. I've devised a scheme where characters in a text are broken/split individually and randomly, making it difficult for OCR machines ...
Sarthak Singhal's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
188 views

Are there working computational frameworks for human behavior and personality?

I've been scanning through the web, looking for some ideas and theories about computational modules of human behavior and personality, but so far all I could find regards to procedural programs and ...
fatsokol's user avatar
  • 159
3 votes
1 answer
174 views

Where can I find a database, preferably OWL-based, that contains structured information about everyday objects?

I'd like a database that has information like that fact that a table is made of wood is composed of a top and legs is used for eating food off etc And I'd like this information to be semantically ...
user384842's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
202 views

About the possibility of 'Robot Psychology'

If a Robot system with an advanced A.I. operating system had the 'ability' to 'do' 'undirected' or 'semi-undirected' introspection and 'form' all sorts of 'thought' structures about any subject matter ...
user128932's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Water Jug Problem in AI [closed]

You are given two jugs whose capacity are 5 litre and 3 litre. No jugs have any measuring marks on it. You have one source of water. How can you measure 4 litre of water in 5 litre jug ?
Nilesh Sanyal's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
52 views

Neural robots vs conventional robots

My friend is working on a robot that can be mind controlled. He basically wears a headset, and that headset translate brain signal into control signal to move a robot. https://www.youtube.com/watch?...
Fraïssé's user avatar
  • 359
1 vote
1 answer
430 views

What is the difference between cognition and artificial intelligence in the context of robotics?

A lot of research work is being conducted on artificial intelligence and robotics. Terms like cognitive robotics are used. What is the difference between cognitive robotics and artificial intelligence ...
Ria George's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
168 views

How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't "...
MackTuesday's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
272 views

Difference between the strong-AI (AGI) and cognitive science [closed]

I like to know the differences in the objectives of those fields.
Karthi prime's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Duration-independent intelligence tests

Being able to measure intelligence (or the problem-solving aspect of it) quantitatively could be indispensable in fields like cognitive science or artificial intelligence. Obviously, IQ tests aren't ...
Andrew Butenko's user avatar