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Questions tagged [artificial-intelligence]

For questions regarding this interdisciplinary subject (largely a subdiscipline of computer science) which strives to create intelligent machines.

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Is it fair to categorize the neurons in the output layer of artificial neural networks as grandmother cells?

I'm interested in how memory is distributed in the brain. That inevitably leads one to think about grandmother cells. Under my interpretation, a neuron (or a small ensemble) would classify as a ...
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Converting human's memory into digital data

I am wondering whether converting someone's memory into digital data is possible or not. It may sound ridiculous. However, if chance is not 0 then what kind of studies might be used? What kind of ...
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124 views

The computer model of the brain

I am a computer programmer or computer engineer, and am interested in comparing the brain to a classical computer in some way. How well does this comparison hold up? This is a general introduction ...
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24 views

Could the uncanny valley apply to aural stimuli as well as visual? Has this been addressed by research?

News of the Google AI assistant (or Google Duplex) being used to place phone calls to people in such a way that the human would not know they are speaking with AI was a little unsettling, and Google ...
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1answer
38 views

What are the top contributions from neuroscience to AI and viceversa? How much progress has been made from the interaction between these two fields?

What are the top contributions from neuroscience to artificial intelligence and viceversa? How much progress has been made from the interaction between these two fields? Is there a formal research ...
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1answer
53 views

Difference between brain and electronic device signals

As I understand it, a brain communicates through sending signals via ions and chemical reactions resulting in concentrations of ions, a computer sends signals by electrons. I'm really trying to do 3 ...
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Region of Interest Proposal in Vision

In machine learning, Region of Interest (ROI) proposal is a method for subsampling an image to identify "interesting" subregions. A canonical example is from Region Convolutional Neural Networks, ...
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1answer
92 views

Question concerning Jeff Hawkins' On Intelligence

In 2004 Jeff Hawkins' book On Intelligence was widely praised. But Hawkins made some claims about artificial neural networks that seem (to me) untenable today, only 13 years later. He gives the ...
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Counterfactual thinking and the origin of language

I want to apologize in advance for my dearth of knowledge concerning cognitive science research and history, I'm an AI student. I've been reading up on cognitive science/linguistics literature mostly ...
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3answers
266 views

What are some credible conferences and journals in computational neuroscience?

I have a background in computer science, and I wish to introduce cognitive sciences to myself, particularly from a computational/mathematical perspective. My motivation for doing this artificial ...
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2answers
152 views

What is “intelligence” in “artificial intelligence”? [closed]

As far as Artificial Intelligence is concerned, what is "intelligence"? The definition I see on various sites like Wikipedia: Intelligence has been defined in many different ways including ...
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292 views

What is the fastest sorting algorithm for humans? [closed]

Empirically, I feel like sorting things in real life is not the same as sorting things for a computer. Algorithms like and merge sort and quicksort are the fastest things to sort for computers in the ...
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1answer
52 views

What is understanding of natural language and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? Natural language understanding is neglected part of natural language ...
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Alzheimer's, Mulla Nasrudin and disjunction of cognition and personal identity [closed]

I was reading a paper discussing the persistence of self in advanced Alzheimer's Disease Persistence of Self in advanced AD and was struck by the similarity of one contradictory account to an Idres ...
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1answer
183 views

Other emotions relative to angry/happy base emotions

In my layman's experience, I'm vaguely aware there are four base emotions: happy, sad, afraid/surprised, and angry/disgusted.1 Some background: We're training an AI to learn the difference between ...
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1answer
31 views

Could physically simulating neural structure on a fundamental level yield superior results to machine learning algorithms?

My curiosity is merely of whether (in a future where we have computers with the processing power of the human brain) it's possible that actually simulating a neural network's physical behavior on the ...
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3answers
116 views

Can machines really create anything new?

AlphaGo is an artificial intelligence which has beaten top human GO-players. Even the creators and instructors do not know how AlphaGo came to it's conclusion to put a stone just at this position. Top-...
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354 views

Is the current approach to AI learning essentially behaviourism?

AI, to the level that we attempt to create it these days, involves creating neural networks that learn from stimulus (experience, data) and reinforcement. A higher score such as in a Go game, or a ...
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2answers
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Understanding neuronal firing in the context of Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity

When discussing Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity in neurons, when we say that a neuron fires do we mean it fires only one spike? Or do we still say "the neuron has fired" when a train of n spikes was ...
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76 views

Are there any precise design principles for artificial connectomes or neural networks?

I've been reading about the openworm.org project. I've downloaded the code and run some simulations. The people at OpenWorm have made an experiment where they setup a robot with the neural network of ...
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1answer
134 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
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151 views

What problem-solving skills are essential for the Allen AI Science Challenge?

Recently, many in cognitive science and machine learning circles are very interested in the 'The Allen AI Science Challenge' that was recently announced. Here is a brief description: The Allen ...
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4answers
120 views

How to begin neural network Programming [closed]

I am a Computer Science Student and recently studied neural networks, but theory only. How can this be implemented in real time programming language. What should I search for or what content should I ...
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3answers
175 views

When can we say that machines are conscious?

We have already witnessed complex computing systems winning chess games and IBM Watson beat his human counterparts at a game of 'Jeopardy!'. However, so far we have not seen signs of consciousness ...
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1answer
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How close is it to reality in future of consciousness to be transferable as shown in the movie Chappie?

This question was inspired by the most creative thing ever to come up in a movie, namely the transfer of a consciousness from one body to another (may it be biological, or via non-biological methods). ...
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Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher, I have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS (Intelligent tutoring system) model, it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
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2answers
548 views

How are humans able to read scrambled text/characters (e.g., CAPTCHA)?

So I'm doing a research on developing a new text-based CAPTCHA system. I've devised a scheme where characters in a text are broken/split individually and randomly, making it difficult for OCR machines ...
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1answer
144 views

Are there working computational frameworks for human behavior and personality?

I've been scanning through the web, looking for some ideas and theories about computational modules of human behavior and personality, but so far all I could find regards to procedural programs and ...
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1answer
166 views

Where can I find a database, preferably OWL-based, that contains structured information about everyday objects?

I'd like a database that has information like that fact that a table is made of wood is composed of a top and legs is used for eating food off etc And I'd like this information to be semantically ...
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2answers
157 views

About the possibility of 'Robot Psychology'

If a Robot system with an advanced A.I. operating system had the 'ability' to 'do' 'undirected' or 'semi-undirected' introspection and 'form' all sorts of 'thought' structures about any subject matter ...
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1answer
2k views

Water Jug Problem in AI [closed]

You are given two jugs whose capacity are 5 litre and 3 litre. No jugs have any measuring marks on it. You have one source of water. How can you measure 4 litre of water in 5 litre jug ?
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1answer
43 views

Neural robots vs conventional robots

My friend is working on a robot that can be mind controlled. He basically wears a headset, and that headset translate brain signal into control signal to move a robot. https://www.youtube.com/watch?...
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1answer
309 views

What is the difference between cognition and artificial intelligence in the context of robotics?

A lot of research work is being conducted on artificial intelligence and robotics. Terms like cognitive robotics are used. What is the difference between cognitive robotics and artificial intelligence ...
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1answer
129 views

How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't "...
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1answer
222 views

Difference between the strong-AI (AGI) and cognitive science [closed]

I like to know the differences in the objectives of those fields.
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857 views

Duration-independent intelligence tests

Being able to measure intelligence (or the problem-solving aspect of it) quantitatively could be indispensable in fields like cognitive science or artificial intelligence. Obviously, IQ tests aren't ...
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2answers
223 views

Can general intelligence be understood as pattern analysis?

I have been thinking for a while about general intelligence (i.e.,not specific abilities used for particular tasks such as chess). I think that the essence of general intelligence is pattern analysis. ...
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What reasoning processes underlie the Logima Strictica 36 and Logicaus Strictimanus 24? [closed]

I am conducting research in creating an AI with high IQ. I am interested in the tests Logima Strictica 36 Test and Logicaus Strictimanus 24. Further links are here What is the logic of these test ...
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187 views

Does this neural network model exist? [closed]

I'm looking for a neural network model with specific characteristics. This model may not exist... I need a network which doesn't use "layers" as traditional artificial neural networks do. Instead, I ...
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1answer
244 views

'Model-free' learning in humans

In reinforcement learning, there is a stark distinction between model-based and model-free learning algorithms, where model-free methods don't make use any explicit information about the dynamics of ...
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1answer
130 views

Need good example of two domains involving different procedural knowledge yet sharing same high-level strategies

Working in the domain of intelligent tutoring systems, I have to prove (or disprove) that explicit teaching of high-level strategies will allow students to use learned strategies across different ...
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1answer
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Can one “understand” emotions, yet not “feel” them?

Prometheus Viral Clip #3 - David is a good clip of a fictional character in a science-fiction movie that helps frame my question; but I am interested in the general question, not the specifics of this ...
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1answer
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Computational differences between spiking neural networks and previous ANNs

This is an AI question regarding "3rd generation neural networks" - spiking neural networks (SNN). I hve been studying this concept online from various papers, mainly Maass (1997). I and am not ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the most complex artificial neural network created to date?

A few years ago I wrote a research paper for college on neural networks. At the time IBM's Blue Brain was the clear winner. Some rumor went around that they were close to emulating a brain the ...
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1answer
238 views

Are there any connectionist models that integrate reinforcement and fully supervised learning?

I've been working on modeling some phenomena involving real-time control in an environment with inherent rewards (specifically, playing a 'pong'-like game), and it's increasingly looking like ...