Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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145 views

What is happening neurochemically when we seek to reduce stress by taking aggressive action?

As a layman, it seems to me that humans have 2 primary strategies for controlling stress (cortisol). I tend to use the words “connection” and “aggression” to refer to these strategies. The “...
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5k views

Why do some people stutter only when they are nervous?

Background: I don't stutter at least not always. For example, if I be reading out a article to myself, It is sure that I will not stutter even that I am reading it out loud. The times when I do ...
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824 views

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person?

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person encountered during their lifetime? For example, in a family with multiple children, can one of the ...
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567 views

Are individuals who are generally jealous more likely to experience sexual jealousy?

Some people are just jealous of many things they perceive others to possess. Materially or as part of that person. Is a person who is prone to jealousy more likely to be jealous in romantic ...
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243 views

Sex With Ghosts - Possible Clinical Diagnoses

Spectrophilia, is described by Wikipedia as the sexual attraction to ghosts or sexual arousal from images in mirrors, as well as the phenomenon of sexual encounters between ghosts and humans. A quick ...
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Is there a case of multiple personalities that is not a disorder?

Is there a case of multiple personalities that is not a disorder? For some reason everything I found about "multiple personality" comes in a "disorder" form. Or is it a given that one mind can only ...
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86 views

Rationale behind an “all-or-nothing” design for a test for the purposes of diagnosis and epidemology

In the Autism-Spectrum Quotient test, the subject is confronted with fifty statements such as: I don’t particularly enjoy reading fiction. I prefer to do things the same way over and over again. and ...
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128 views

Obsessions: Synopsis and Effects

I've been thinking about this topic quite a lot recently. What exactly is obsession ? Is it a good trait indicating perseverance for a goal ? Or is it a sign of a psychological disorder ? Is it a sort ...
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351 views

Correlation between anorexia and mass media stereotypes

I know anorexia is a complex phenomenon. I've been reading on Wikipedia that: Sociocultural studies have highlighted the role of cultural factors, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal ...
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228 views

What is the psychology behind choosing to be weird?

There is a saying I was once told: "I no longer fear going insane, I am enjoying every moment of it" For some (including myself), this is in fact a rather happy and liberating reality, albeit a ...
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Is there a known reason why people feel a bit bad after other people do something for them?

There's an Thai word: kreng jai (the feeling of not wanting to disturb/inconvenience another person, or feeling uneasy due to your own request of someone) Likewise in Burmese the word "anade" which ...
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157 views

Impaired verbal communication, but normal reading and writing skills?

Is there any cognitive disability or disfunction that impairs both speech production and listening comprehension, while reading and writing skills are at a normal level or better?
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What is the difference between Machiavellianism and good negotiating/influence skills?

I have been addicted to 'Great courses' books for some time now and have read quite a few books on influence, social skills, conflict management, negotiating, etc. Having basic knowledge in these ...
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207 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
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157 views

Would a patient benefit from continuing cognitive therapy even after solving his pathology?

According to this question: Would most people benefit from psychotherapy? most people would benefit from psychotherapy. I'm trying to narrow that question to only the people who have experienced some ...
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949 views

Frequency of schizophrenia symptoms related to mass surveillance?

Recently, mass surveillance by organisations like the NSA has become both more prevalent and more known to the public. Has the frequency of schizophrenia symptoms concerning mass surveillance (eg. ...
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84 views

Why do we have so much neurological research on and treatment designed for dyslexia, yet less so for dyscalculia?

I know next to nothing about intervention methods designed for dyscalculia, or 'dyslexia with numbers', as I have heard it colloquially referred to (considering how obscure the term seems to be ...
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253 views

Kelly Criterion Observed to Be Adhered by Psychopaths?

As this study shows, psychopaths are much more willing to take advantage of expected gains despite recent losses as opposed to normal people who frequently stop after a series of losses. Has there ...
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Techniques to combat sexism at school level

I am from India, and if you take a glance at the daily news you will see a lot of gruesome gangrapes and murders. Nirbhaya, Kathua rape case and the Hathras gangrape There are other such incidents ...
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Excessive empathy, social cues and adaptive behavior evaluation

An article by Gunnar Bartsch of Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, JMU started me on this line of inquiry. The original source is no longer available but has been reproduced at ScienceDaily (...
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What percentage of the U.S. (Adult?) population has at some point considered suicide? [closed]

As long as the study focused on people at least 18, that's all I need. Also, the researcher's minimum requirement for 'considered suicide' must be that the person at least considered it as an option. ...
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135 views

Evidence of cannabis exposure causing schizophrenia?

I've heard that cannabis exposure during teenage years increases the probability of developing schizophrenia-like symptoms later in life. What evidence is there that this is causal and not ...
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171 views

How Do Those With Antisocial Personality Disorder Fair In Solitary Confinement?

Are there any examples of those with antisocial personality disorder, or people in general, faring relatively well in solitary confinement? The general consensus seams that solitary confinement is ...
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What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form of ...
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Can “7 deadly sins/virtues” be explained in terms of brain hormone level or receptor mutations? [closed]

I'm thinking about this question on biology.se: do hormones make men think of sex? From the interview linked in the answer, I get two takeaways: a man who lost most testosterone for 4 months ...
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Could the knowledge of the construct of self-efficacy affect the student's aptitude to a certain task?

I am a tutor for children with learning disabilities and i have read that they have lower levels of perceived self-efficacy than students without this learning disabilities. I decided to deepen the ...
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What's the difference between perseveration and hyperfocus?

Dr. Russell Barkley says hyperfocus goes with autism while perseveration goes with ADHD. I read that perseveration is the same as hyperfocus or that hyperfocus goes with ADHD. So what's the ...
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311 views

How many diagnosable mental disorders are included in the DSM?

This Wikipedia page says: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 ...
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859 views

Can adhd and ocd coexist? Is it in the same way mania and depression can coexist (in bipolar disorder)?

Is it really possible for someone to have both ADHD and OCD? I was thinking that ADHD is the opposite of OCD: 1 2 from 1: alexThePotato: With ADHD you may be forgetful, distracted, make careless ...
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141 views

Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

I've often heard that people affected by narcissism cannot recover. I can understand that it's a long path and that a narcissist may lack the motivation and so on, but I wonder why cognitive therapy ...
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468 views

Is fear of parasites an explanation for trypophobia?

Trypophobia is the alleged pathological fear of objects with irregular patterns of holes, such as beehives, ant hills and lotus seed heads. I find some sample pictures that relevant to ...
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416 views

Are life positions in transactional analysis accurate aides in diagnosing personality disorders?

Eric Berne developed the notion of transactional analysis (TA ) and author of the book "The Games People Play". Thomas A Harris then wrote the book "I'm OK - You're Ok" based on Berne's theory of TA....
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110 views

Can schizophrenics who are deaf since birth hear voices?

I am interested in how schizophrenia can be expressed in them, and whether it depends on the perception of the world. Maybe they see text pop-up in the air, or something like that?
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Correlation between anxiety disorders and PTSD

The mega study on the genetic correlations of psychiatric (and neurological) disorders published in Science this summer has one interesting non-correlation: between anxiety disorders and PTSD. Are ...
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207 views

Term for Trance During Violent Episodes

I recently read the book, Violent Mind, The 1976 Psychological Assessment of Ted Bundy" : Dr. Al Carlisle. In the book Dr. Carlisle mentions that Ted Bundy went into trance like states during his ...
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139 views

Is it possible to develop immunity to mental health drugs?

After watching The Princess Bride, I discovered this word: Mithridatism, "the practice of protecting oneself against a poison by gradually self-administering non-lethal amounts." Is it possible for ...
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8k views

Why would I be asked to count backwards by 3, from 100 in a psychological test?

On an initial mental health consultation with a psychiatric nurse practitioner, I was asked, among many other odd questions, to count backwards by three. 100, 97, 94... This was quite a number of ...
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97 views

Are psychiatric disorders merely statistical deviations?

When we suppose that a segment X of the population is at high-risk for disorder Y, don't we assume that anyone carries the same psychophenotype, yet not in a statistically-significant degree?
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223 views

“Do it yourself” Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy-style intervention methods

In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, what should happen between the occurrence of a negative automatic thought and, finally, its neutralization is logical thinking: looking at the evidence for the ...
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238 views

What is, formally speaking, major depressive disorder?

DSM and ICD define a mental disorder called major depressive disorder (MDD), and I suppose the notion of MDD defines quite rigorous criteria and methods to diagnose it in people. I don't know, how MDD ...
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129 views

What are some psychologically normal reasons for a parent to reject their child?

In family psychology are there any normal (not abnormal) reasons to give up and cut off communication with your child (adult or otherwise)? I would think it would be rational to have a closed adoption ...
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687 views

What are the neurological and psychological bases for chromophobia

According to this amusing, yet informative Cracked article, Phobia-source article and Chromophobia: do you have a fear of colours website, chromophoba is a fear of bright colours. This condition is ...
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58 views

Which brain areas are linked to Hyperactivity in ADHD?

I'm looking for some research identifying which brain areas or biological processes are behind specifically the hyperactivity symptoms of ADHD? I have done a preliminary search but most of the ...
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110 views

Can one depressive episode be enough to prescribe antidepressants?

Suppose someone were to see a psychiatrist, explain their life problems and such and then their psychiatrist concludes they are currently in a depressive episode. Their psychiatrist doesn't yet know ...
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94 views

What is the relationship between anger management difficulties and ADHD?

According to Wikipedia, "Difficulties managing anger are more common in children with ADHD" Is it that the anger is due to ADHD specifically? Is the anger suggestive of a comorbid disorder? Could it ...
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The psychology of nymphomania

So this is a question that requires maturity and discretion. I present it as an authentic point of research for a class I am taking. I understand the basic principles of mania, psychomania, and ...
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688 views

Is the condition Pathological Intoxication recognised as real?

The plot of the movie Final Analysis revolves around a murder committed by a person diagnosed with Pathological Intoxication. The following study confirms the: probable existence of a discrete ...
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253 views

What causes pathological jealousy?

Taking the meaning of the word pathological to mean maladaptive and unhealthy. What is/are the aetiology of pathological jealousy? What conditions are associated with features of pathological ...
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56 views

What is the term used to describe a situation where person doesnt know that he/she actually knows something?

I was watching "Molly's Game" where a conversation between Molly and her psychologist dad appear in later life of Molly (Molly didnt have very good relationship with her dad and wanted to ...
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Is there any plausible answer for naturally explaining veridical perception in near death experiences?

Is there any way to explain veridical perception in near death experiences and out of body experiences, naturally? Or is it strong evidence that the mind is a soul?

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