Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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298 views

How are hallucinations generated, is it related to dreaming?

I was thinking how powerful auditory and visual hallucinations must be, for the individual experiencing them to be unable to distinguish them from reality. I, personally, have not experienced a ...
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Do people who experience a psychotic episode ever go back to normal?

Do people who experience a fully blown psychotic episode ever go back to their pre-psychosis self?
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Is there a psychological model or theory that describes strangers in the vicinity unknowingly causing discomfort?

The closest thing I found to this is social anxiety or agoraphobia, which is a fear of socializing or a fear of public places, respectively. However, I think the idea that strangers can cause ...
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Effects of treatment versus psychotherapy on mental health of transgender people

Has any reliable study been done to compare mental health (e.g. depression or suicide rate) of transgender people before and after procedures (hormone or surgery) intended to change their bodies to ...
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Does a mental disorder exist where people think someone else is sick?

Is there a known disorder where the subject thinks someone else or other people around them are sick or dying, say exo-hypochondria? In this case I am thinking of a wife pathologically convinced that ...
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Is the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours more mental illness?

"Our work shows that the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours is more mental illness." -Professor Seth Grant Professor of Molecular Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh Is ...
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Do some Photosensitive epileptics desire seizures?

It seems absurd, but from the Wikipedia article on Photosensitive Epilepsy: Some PSE patients, especially children, may exhibit an uncontrollable fascination with television images that trigger ...
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Is there a less colloquial term for the phenomenon known as “brain zaps”?

There is an unpleasant phenomenon, colloquially known as "brain zaps". It is generally associated with withdrawal from antidepressants, but this isn't always the trigger - I sometimes have it even ...
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254 views

Do introverts tend to experience more psychological problems?

Are there any evidence suggesting that the more introvert people could be more subject to psychological problems? Is possible to hypothesize that one of the causes is the lack of ideas in comparison ...
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How to help people who may suffer from Paranoia?

I am a very active member of the Information Security Stack Exchange site. Every now and then, I come across people who I believe may suffer from paranoia. They believe that "someone" is out ...
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Does James Holmes diagnosis of schizotypal personality disorder indicate a predisposition for mass murder?

On May 27, Dr. William Reid, a court-appointed psychiatrist who interviewed Holmes for a total of about 22 hours, testified that Holmes was mentally ill but legally sane, diagnosing him as having ...
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Why do con artists like Frank Abagnale Jr. not feel guilt?

I just finished watching a video of Frank Abagnale Jr discuss his life history. Who knows if its true, but it is an amazing story. For those who don't know, Frank Abagnale is one of the most infamous ...
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Difference between brain disease and brain disorder

Is there any difference between the terms brain disease and brain disorder? They are often used in combination without ...
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What are the dangers of using mindfulness-based techniques for individuals suffering from Schizophrenia?

I am unable to find much research on the application of mindfulnesss for those suffering from Schizophrenia. A recent study by Chien and Lee (2013) focuses on the application of a psychoeducation ...
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What are the key predictive traits of therapeutic success?

In my answer here, to this question : Does hypnotherapy/hypnosis, in any form, for any type of disorder, work? It brought up the valid question of why people quit therapy. Obviously, if the therapy ...
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286 views

Inferring relationships between psychological variables in clinical samples and issues in generalisation

Context I sometimes speak to researchers studying the relationship between variables in clinical psychology samples. A typical example is as follows: 100 patients with diagnosed depression many ...
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113 views

Is there a survey regarding the meaning of distress in the definition of mental disorder?

Although without a doubt discussed in professional circles for a long time before, the definition of mental disorder has been recently brought to the limelight by Trump narcissism debate: “Everyone ...
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364 views

What, exactly, is the difference between sociopathy and psychopathy?

I am writing a report on the similarities and differences between sociopathy and psychopathy. I have looked up a bit of information on the topic, but I would still like to know some of the opinions of ...
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250 views

What is the underlying genetic basis for ADHD?

According to Psychcentral depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia and autism are traceable to the same inherited genetic variations According to AsapSCIENCE, depression could be genetic due ...
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892 views

According to Yalom, what mental disorders are caused by inefficient anxiety coping strategies?

Irwin D. Yalom is a famous existential psychotherapist who's sporting his own theory about human psychology. Based on psychdynamics, he's stating that questions and thoughts pertaining to death, ...
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113 views

Brain Wave Research PTSD, Depression

Let me preface this with I am a Software Engineer, NOT a neuro-scientist. Please forgive me if my terminology isn't spot on. I am obsessed with using my skills as a computer scientist to help ...
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What does speaking in third person denote?

Is speaking (or preferring to speak, even if not actually doing it) about oneself in third person a symptom of any specific mental condition? I can remember a person in an IRC role playing chat room ...
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How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
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457 views

Have there been followups to the Rosenhan Experiment?

The famous Rosenhan experiment of 1973 showed that doctors in asylums routinely misdiagnosed normal people with various psychiatric disorders. Have any followup studies been done to confirm these ...
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How common is it for twins conjoined at the head to share thoughts and visual stimuli?

I've always been interested in the possibility of a pair of conjoined twins, joined at the head, being able to read each other's thoughts, react to stimuli that one of them can't see/hear/feel, and ...
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Are there first person accounts of monothematic delusions?

Monothematic delusions are delusions that concern a single topic (Davies et al. 2001). They are often the result of acquired brain damage and include the Delusional Misidentification Syndromes, such ...
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What are the effects of visual deprivation on mental health and the other senses?

How do blind people who haven't always been visually impaired deal with their day-to-day lives? I've heard rumors (very, very unreliable rumors) that once you stay in the dark for too long you'll ...
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Meditation for patients with neuroleptic induced tension

Patients taking antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drugs often suffer from some kind of discomfort or tension. This can manifest as a neuroleptic induced dysphoria, akathisia, or some kind of anxiety. Is ...
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252 views

Does medication to treat Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder reduce associated cognitive deficits?

Some studies point to existence of cognitive deficits in OCD (it seems that these deficits are not comorbid but have the same neurological roots as OCD). Unfortunately I found no studies with positive ...
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How can psychopaths with no sympathy for their victims, exploit empathy to ensnare or torture them?

I understand the difference between empathy and sympathy, but not the emboldened sentence. Please expound? Empathy vs. Sympathy | Psychology Today Canada Sympathy (‘fellow feeling’, ‘community of ...
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Do antipsychotics have a delayed onset of action similar to (monoamine) antidepressants?

I've been trying to understand the position of Steve Hyman (a former NIMH director), who has been amply quoted in an recent article in Quartz, saying among ohter things that There’s not “an iota of ...
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Are there psychiatric medications that have an anti-tolerance effect?

Patients usually develop tolerance to their psychiatric medications when used over a long period of time. This is because of how the brain gets used to the dosage in order to reach equilibrium again. ...
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113 views

To what degree does environment govern the severity of symptoms in schizophrenia?

From what I understand about the physiology of schizophrenia it is thought to be caused by chemical imbalances resulting from genetic factors, fueled by environmental factors. I've garnered that ...
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How are psychological bio-markers discovered?

Recently, this paper [1] claiming to be able to distinguish bipolar disorder from major depressive disorder via a urine sample has come to my attention. Despite reading the paper, I'm unable to ...
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Can bipolar develop in childhood?

Is it possible to develop bipolar in childhood? Does the same diagnostic criteria for bipolar in adults apply for children?
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At what point do multiple personas for social context cross into multiple personalities disorder?

Recently I took part in a conversation about the difference between the "many hats" of a successful corporate executive, and "multiple personality disorder." Although humorously bantered, the ideas ...
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Is “Schizophrenic” considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
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369 views

Is autism caused by genetics?

Is autism and Asperger's syndrome caused by genetics or some other factor such as the environment? I am aware about the Neanderthal Theory of autism, Asperger and ADHD, but am not interested in this ...
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How does one distinguish BPD anger from ADHD anger?

Some people with ADHD are known to have difficulties in controlling anger. Whenever a person with ADHD has difficulties in controlling anger, how does one determine whether or not that person really ...
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Is there a standard definition of a “hallucination”?

As far as I understand, there is a compelling sense of reality to sensory hallucinations. Do hallucinations (as, e.g. in the DSM) substitute for the sense and experience of a real reality? For ...
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563 views

Where to find a study on women and selfies?

I have recently read the following Yahoo article: Guys, this is why you should never post too many selfies on social media. This article describes a study that correlates selfies taken by men and ...
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456 views

Quote: Mental illness is questioning the point of living

I'm trying to find a quote essentially relating the sentiment that "a mind which questions the point of continuing to live, is a mind which is mentally ill", as a definition of mental illness. I ...
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The Dark Triad Abnormal Development or Base Human Nature?

I propose the concept, that human beings, as animals have the same instincts as other animals. Even though we are social animals, we still have the basic nature of fight and flight and we teach ...
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How might the “Imposter Syndrome” typology be reconciled with the robustness of the “self-serving bias”?

TL;DR What on Earth is going on in someone's head to invert a cognitive bias that is robustly observed in people who are psychologically healthy (Cohen's d = 1.28) and still present in depression (...
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What is a phobia against babies or kids called?

I have heard about people that experience fears for other people, or groups of people; for example a fear for babies. Is this a recognized pathologocal condition, or is it just a form of antisocial ...
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Why was MPD changed to DID?

Why was Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) changed to Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)? I am currently researching DID and working on an essay relating to its treatment. This change was made ...
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What is the effectiveness of self-prescribed marijuana for depression?

How common is it for patients diagnosed with depression to self-prescribe themselves marijuana after trying prescription anti-depressants? Is there any evidence that this self-treatment is effective ...
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1answer
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What causes Capgras (“imposter”) Syndrome?

Capgras Syndrome is a rare disorder in which a person believes his or her loved ones have been replaced by identical-looking impostors (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capgras_delusion). What causes this ...
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What is the scientific term for compulsive documenting of life experiences?

I'm posting this question on someone else's behalf: What is the name for someone who has a compulsive need to categorically document everything they do and everything that happens to them? ...
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730 views

Clinical pathology of schlemielism

In the 1964 book, Games People Play, by psychiatrist Eric Berne, the author describes a psychopathic phenomena he calls the schlemiel, after the Jewish folk stereotype. According to Berne, the ...

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