Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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Ways to treat disorganized thinking, other than pharmacotherapy

Disorganized thinking is a cognitive deficit symptomatic of thought disorders such as schizophrenia. This affects your ability to process and connect thoughts and ideas, rendering them disorganized, ...
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Can hypomania be induced by just thinking quickly and variably?

Emily Pronin and Daniel Wegner have shown that fast and variable thinking induces positive affect. This is independent of thought content. Sheri Johnson has noted that the key things that might start ...
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For depression diagnoses, does one make a clear distinction between endogenous and exogenous causes of depression?

Roughly speaking, we might imagine that people have depression predominantly for one of two reasons: Endogenously induced: The person has some inherent inballance between different neurotransmittors; ...
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Is sluggishly progressing schizophrenia recognized outside of Russia?

I've been trying to look up information about sluggishly progressing schizophrenia, but the only source accessible to me was a Wikipedia article, that states that the term “sluggish schizophrenia” was ...
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Is there a psychological explanation for people being 'overcome by the Holy Spirit'?

I am a scientist by nature, and I don't believe at all in God or any form of spirituality or the Holy Spirit (of course). However, it does confuse me as to how some people genuinely do seem to be ...
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What is the definition of sanity? How can I prove someone either sane or insane?

In my experience the definition of insanity is thus: Insanity: The state of being seriously mentally ill, mad, and/or irrational. Is there a proper scientific definition of this term? While ...
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Are there advantages of psychopathic traits?

After watching a fairly engaging 2016 TEDx talk titled "Psychopaths and three reasons why we need them" I was hoping to read more systematic/traditional research output from its author, Armon Tamatea. ...
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Mental illness developing in midlife

There is much research about personality development and childhood. The onset of many mental disorders and illnesses, will occur in early adulthood. Studies are done to link certain childhood ...
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How do we know bipolar is one illness rather than two comorbid illnesses?

Based on my previous question about ADHD and OCD. Essentially, ADHD and OCD are kind of opposites in the sense that ADHD people (always? sometimes?) have dopamine deficiency and OCD people (always? ...
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Does high IQ give cause to doubt an ADHD diagnosis?

My friend was diagnosed with ADHD as a kid, but her parents disagreed with such a diagnosis on the grounds that she had a high IQ which was discovered when her psychologists and psychiatrists were ...
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Savant syndrome and Cognitive bias

Take the case of an autistic savant with exceptional memory skills. Is this person less prone to cognitive biases involving memory skills such as availability heuristic bias than a normal person due ...
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What is a source of case studies of personality disorders?

What is a good source for case studies on a broad range of personality disorders? I'm a writer and I'm interested in reading some case studies for character work. I've found some websites with ...
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Can prolonged neural adaptation lead to HPPD?

The human brain adapts to a constant stimulus of our neural system. For instance, if we ride a train and look out of the window for a long time and the train stops, we have the feeling of slowly ...
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How common is the form of amnesia depicted in fictional works?

There are any number of movies and television shows based on some variation of the same premise: A character suffers some sort of mishap (the most frequent mishap being a bump on the head), which ...
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Does the Minnesota 12 steps model really produce an effective change in the treatment of drugs addictions?

The Minnesota 12 steps model claims to cure drug addiction, but doesn't deeply deal with the personality structure underlying addiction. We know today how addiction is a problem with an enormous range ...
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In which situation should structural dissociation theory be applied?

In which specific situation you think is most appropriate to apply Van der Hart's SDT?
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Do children follow parents' phobias genetically or by learning?

Children's personalities come from two sources: Parents' genes and the environment. Is there any research showing adults acquiring phobias as a result of being exposed to parents with the same ...
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616 views

Is the Flynn effect related to the discovery of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?

Is it possible that the measured rise in average IQ in the last century is related to the discovery that drinking alcohol during pregnancy can result in birth defects, including issues with brain ...
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What is the correlation between the development of the sense of self and the senses?

Children develop different senses of self at a couple of different ages. Normally developing children pass the 'Sally-Anne' test at about 4 years of age and the 'Mirror test' at around 18 months. My ...
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What is the psychology behind the need to be the centre of attention?

In conversations, there are often times when a member of the group will consistently divert the conversation back to their own topic (often to do with them). A 'pseudo-conversation' example: Persons ...
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548 views

Why ADHD instead of ADD? / Why predominantly hyperactive-impulsive instead of predominantly-impulsive?

The types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are: predominantly inattentive predominantly hyperactive-impulsive combined Not sure I understand. People with ADHD are hyperactive because of ...
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Is the logic of self-reported thoughts related to psychological disorders?

Depression seems to be a disruption in thought patterns. In particular, it is characterized by repetitive thoughts. Is it possible to characterize psychological diseases by looking at the logical ...
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554 views

Is there any empirical support evaluating the fast phobia cure?

There have been several papers going against the effectiveness of NLP. One aggregate paper is referenced in the Wikipedia article on NLP, namely Witkowski (2010). However, NLP seems to encompass a ...
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565 views

How do auditory and visual hallucinations differ within the brain?

I asked this question. It occurs to me that auditory hallucinations may well be generated in a different part of the brain to visual hallucinations. From my understanding, some hallucinations involve ...
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What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
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Is perfectionism related to OCD?

Is it right to say that a really strong attitude and stubbornness to do something is really similar to an obsession? I'll try to explain better what I mean. Let's take a really good developer or a ...
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400 views

Is a low Emotional Intelligence (EQ) pathological?

A sufficiently low cognitive intelligence is generally considered in society to be inherently pathological, or at least very nearly so. In fact, until recently, a diagnosis of Intellectual Disability (...
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Is “not going to doctor because of fear of illness” a psychological disorder?

Some people don't like to go to the doctor because they are afraid of being diagnosed sick in medical examinations or being diagnosed exacerbated when they have an illness even they know if they don't ...
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Were the subjects in the Stanford prison experiment randomly assigned to the study?

The Stanford prison experiment tested what would happen when a group of subjects was pushed in the role of prisoner, while a second group was assigned the role of guards. Within merely a day or so, ...
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What mental illnesses cause different performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task

I am aware that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) has been used multiple times to demonstrate differences in executive function control in schizophrenics, but what other mental illness sufferers ...
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Are there official guidelines to provide “mental first aid” to people attempting suicide?

I wonder if there are any official guidelines on how to act in case of an attempted suicide as a civilian (i.e. trained in first aid, but untrained in rescue, mental health etc)? How should a regular ...
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Is talking to oneself loudly a very common sign of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia.com states that Replaying or rehearsing conversations out loud- i.e. talking to yourself [is a] (very common sign) [of schizophrenia]. Looking at the site it's not clear who edits ...
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Would most people benefit from psychotherapy?

At least in my country, undergoing psychotherapy is perceived negatively. People in my country perceive people as either healthy (normal), or mad and in need of a psychologist. My perception is ...
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What is depersonalization and derealization disorder from a neurological point of view?

Lately, there is a lot of information on the psychological, experiential and behavioral aspects of DP/DR. (I find it most interesting as many have described it as having one foot in the spiritual ...
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Recent Peer Review Studies on How Many Have Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Are there any peer-reviewed studies that show what percent of the population are believed to have Narcissistic Personality Disorder that have been published within the past ten years? I have read ...
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833 views

How respected is Viktor Frankl's logotherapy among modern psychologists?

Is Viktor Frankl's logotherapy still a live option in modern psychology, or is it considered outdated? I've heard it referred to as the "third Viennese school of psychotherapy", but my wife's ...
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What are the mechanics behind the mind of a conspiracy theorist?

Conspiracy Theorists, in my opinion, are people I don't like except for some exceptions. However, this question will not be answered with my irrelevant opinions on said people.. Now, here is the ...
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Current theories of the psychology of ambivalence

This question querying the authenticity of people's words and actions and the resulting commentary after this answer, has led me to ask this question. Ambivalence is a state of having simultaneous, ...
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What is the definition of pathology?

While trying to get more information for my previous question, I found several different definitions for the terms "pathology" and "pathological." While under normal circumstances I'd be inclined to ...
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Can drugs support emotional developement in personality disorders?

Some personality disorders are associated with a degree of emotional blindness or coldness with narcissistic PD being such an example. I wonder whether there are drugs that - in addition to ...
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(Why) Do US studies of violence and mental illness tend to report no link but European studies seem to find one?

Studying the link between mental illness and violence seems a sure way to get attention from the mass media, and contradict some other study, and not necessarily one published that long ago. A ...
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Sadistic personality disorder, psychopathy and correlation with violence

Going through some article, it seems the differences between the descriptions for sadistic personality disorder and psychopathy is minimal, if at all existent. In the first article it appears the ...
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247 views

What is the longer term prognosis for women in their early 20's with Schizoaffective disorder?

I am asking as I have this condition and I am hoping to gather more data about my particular demographic, in order to give me a better idea as to what they are doing, as well to lead me to how those ...
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What percentage of those diagnosed with schizophrenia didn't have brain abnormalities?

Scientists in a wide study of subcortical brain abnormalities from the ENIGMA Consortium, Schizophrenia Working Group, published in Molecular Psychiatry, analyzed the brain scans of more than 2,000 ...
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Why do some people react verbally to intrusive thoughts and/or embarrassing memories?

It seems to me that there are two kinds of intrusive thoughts. The first consists of those thoughts that didn't actually occur in real life, but are nonetheless intrusive and embarrassing and ...
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209 views

The manifestation of OCD with the use of information technologies

There have been many studies on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Typical OCD behavior in day to day life has been well documented. Repeatedly checking that the stove or iron has been turned off ...
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What is the relative effectiveness of self initiated versus therapy approaches to repairing damaged body schema?

Several studies discuss the damaged body schema of amputees and people suffering from CRPS. By damaged body schema I mean where the body their mind constructs doesn't match up with the body that is ...
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249 views

Psychopaths' Response to Expected Losses?

It has been observed that psychopaths will accept positive expected values past some sort of notion of risk aversion by non-psychopaths. Are there any observations of psychopaths' responses to ...
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Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
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What traits does a man have, when he is apt to feeling threatened by strong women?

This isn't intended as a gender biased question, as both men and women can have strange hang ups when it comes to either sex. I am curious about men who are threatened by strong women. By strong ...

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