Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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1answer
860 views

Can adhd and ocd coexist? Is it in the same way mania and depression can coexist (in bipolar disorder)?

Is it really possible for someone to have both ADHD and OCD? I was thinking that ADHD is the opposite of OCD: 1 2 from 1: alexThePotato: With ADHD you may be forgetful, distracted, make careless ...
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Does schizophrenia cause a loss of intelligence?

Does having schizophrenia cause a loss of intelligence (as measured by IQ tests)? How does present research comment on this connection, if it exists? Furthermore, is it possible to recover from this ...
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Do psychopaths shun physical touch?

I have in the back in my mind the idea that psychopaths don't like to be touched physically. However a quick google search doesn't tell me whether the idea is founded in good research or I picked it ...
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What's the difference between perseveration and hyperfocus?

Dr. Russell Barkley says hyperfocus goes with autism while perseveration goes with ADHD. I read that perseveration is the same as hyperfocus or that hyperfocus goes with ADHD. So what's the ...
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Do ADHD exams necessarily test ADHD or merely ADHD-PI?

I read on reddit and Wiki that the types of ADHD are ADHD-PI (predominantly inattentive), ADHD-C (combined) and ADHD-PH (predominantly hyperactive or impulsive). In a psychological test intended to ...
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Is there a less colloquial term for the phenomenon known as “brain zaps”?

There is an unpleasant phenomenon, colloquially known as "brain zaps". It is generally associated with withdrawal from antidepressants, but this isn't always the trigger - I sometimes have it even ...
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How common is it for twins conjoined at the head to share thoughts and visual stimuli?

I've always been interested in the possibility of a pair of conjoined twins, joined at the head, being able to read each other's thoughts, react to stimuli that one of them can't see/hear/feel, and ...
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Are there any conditions or disorders not related to intelligence that might prevent an adult human from possessing a theory of mind?

I am familiar with studies in which children are tested for theory of mind. In one such experiment, a story is told: Betty is playing with her doll in the bedroom. Then she has to go to school, so ...
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Is it possible to be clinically obsessed with school? [closed]

I was wondering if it is possible for someone to have a clinical obsession with higher education. For example, the person who has this disorder constantly talks to others about things such as college ...
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Why do some people react verbally to intrusive thoughts and/or embarrassing memories?

It seems to me that there are two kinds of intrusive thoughts. The first consists of those thoughts that didn't actually occur in real life, but are nonetheless intrusive and embarrassing and ...
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Do you ever think self diagnosis is called for? [closed]

I am in a situation where I can't exactly get help for my mental health issues. There are plenty, don't get me wrong, but there was one particular part of my mental health struggle that I could never.....
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356 views

What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy?

I was reading about mental illnesses and then thought one day that the uninformed regard mental illnesses the same way leprosy was regarded. I looked up about leprosy and some papers and articles ...
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How are psychological bio-markers discovered?

Recently, this paper [1] claiming to be able to distinguish bipolar disorder from major depressive disorder via a urine sample has come to my attention. Despite reading the paper, I'm unable to ...
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How common is the form of amnesia depicted in fictional works?

There are any number of movies and television shows based on some variation of the same premise: A character suffers some sort of mishap (the most frequent mishap being a bump on the head), which ...
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How does one respond to an ADD/ADHD diagnosis of one's self or one's child? [closed]

I read: Is ADHD even a thing? This kind of question can be offensive to some. The same kind of thing can be applied to other conditions: Is depression even a thing? Or are they just ...
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According to Yalom, what mental disorders are caused by inefficient anxiety coping strategies?

Irwin D. Yalom is a famous existential psychotherapist who's sporting his own theory about human psychology. Based on psychdynamics, he's stating that questions and thoughts pertaining to death, ...
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Does high IQ give cause to doubt an ADHD diagnosis?

My friend was diagnosed with ADHD as a kid, but her parents disagreed with such a diagnosis on the grounds that she had a high IQ which was discovered when her psychologists and psychiatrists were ...
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1answer
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Why would I be asked to count backwards by 3, from 100 in a psychological test?

On an initial mental health consultation with a psychiatric nurse practitioner, I was asked, among many other odd questions, to count backwards by three. 100, 97, 94... This was quite a number of ...
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Madness from Depression [closed]

I have been wondering about this for a while... I've known people that struggle against depression and are medicated with SSRIs but there was a case that I found quite intriguing. There was a nineteen-...
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164 views

Lifelong avoidance coping style [closed]

Suppose someone has been using avoidance coping style for most of his or her life. The avoidance tendency is present in a broad range of situations, relatively constant through his or her life, not ...
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Brain Wave Research PTSD, Depression

Let me preface this with I am a Software Engineer, NOT a neuro-scientist. Please forgive me if my terminology isn't spot on. I am obsessed with using my skills as a computer scientist to help ...
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How Do Those With Antisocial Personality Disorder Fair In Solitary Confinement?

Are there any examples of those with antisocial personality disorder, or people in general, faring relatively well in solitary confinement? The general consensus seams that solitary confinement is ...
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Anti-psychotic medication withdrawal-induced psychosis

Can psychosis result from anti-psychotic medication withdrawal for a non-psychotic patient? That is, a patient that takes anti-psychotic medication for off label reasons, such as treatment-resistant ...
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Ways to treat disorganized thinking, other than pharmacotherapy

Disorganized thinking is a cognitive deficit symptomatic of thought disorders such as schizophrenia. This affects your ability to process and connect thoughts and ideas, rendering them disorganized, ...
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Open magnetic resonance imaging datasets on psychosis?

Are there any open magnetic resonance imaging datasets of normal and healthy adults (as controls) and psychotic subjects? Such as ADNI for Alzheimer's or OASIS for aging.
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Why is it that only humans commit suicide?

Many animals do 'brave' things to protect their children or family, and some male spiders sacrifice themselves so that they can impregnate the females. However, humans commit suicide without ...
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Are there psychiatric medications that have an anti-tolerance effect?

Patients usually develop tolerance to their psychiatric medications when used over a long period of time. This is because of how the brain gets used to the dosage in order to reach equilibrium again. ...
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504 views

Can a depressed person experience the sense of happiness?

Has anyone every truly lost their sense of happiness or maybe love? I realize a negative condition like depression can make it seem like it is only possible for one to be sad. Is it possible for ...
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1answer
141 views

Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

I've often heard that people affected by narcissism cannot recover. I can understand that it's a long path and that a narcissist may lack the motivation and so on, but I wonder why cognitive therapy ...
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How respected is Viktor Frankl's logotherapy among modern psychologists?

Is Viktor Frankl's logotherapy still a live option in modern psychology, or is it considered outdated? I've heard it referred to as the "third Viennese school of psychotherapy", but my wife's ...
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Are mentally ill people more violent?

A lot of people are afraid of people with mental illnesses because they think they're more violent but is that true? I think it's wrong even though I don't really understand the pages I found on ...
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What mental illnesses cause different performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task

I am aware that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) has been used multiple times to demonstrate differences in executive function control in schizophrenics, but what other mental illness sufferers ...
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163 views

Psychological problem with glasses and hats on head? [closed]

I knew a kid who, when they was little, they would have attacks when a relative removed their glasses. She would sometimes do it on purpose in front of them and they would have emotional outbursts ...
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1answer
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Obsessions: Synopsis and Effects

I've been thinking about this topic quite a lot recently. What exactly is obsession ? Is it a good trait indicating perseverance for a goal ? Or is it a sign of a psychological disorder ? Is it a sort ...
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Are psychiatric disorders merely statistical deviations?

When we suppose that a segment X of the population is at high-risk for disorder Y, don't we assume that anyone carries the same psychophenotype, yet not in a statistically-significant degree?
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Why do con artists like Frank Abagnale Jr. not feel guilt?

I just finished watching a video of Frank Abagnale Jr discuss his life history. Who knows if its true, but it is an amazing story. For those who don't know, Frank Abagnale is one of the most infamous ...
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PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
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1answer
609 views

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature?

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature or do some 'mental' components ( that is some form of conceptual 'conditioning' caused directly or indirectly or 'subconsciously' by the ...
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What causes Capgras (“imposter”) Syndrome?

Capgras Syndrome is a rare disorder in which a person believes his or her loved ones have been replaced by identical-looking impostors (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capgras_delusion). What causes this ...
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1answer
563 views

Where to find a study on women and selfies?

I have recently read the following Yahoo article: Guys, this is why you should never post too many selfies on social media. This article describes a study that correlates selfies taken by men and ...
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How common is alien hand syndrome?

The impression that I got from looking at a couple of articles on alien hand syndrome was that it was an extremely common or basically guaranteed result of getting a callosotomy to treat severe ...
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What is the difference between Megalomania and Narcissism?

As far as I can tell, both megalomania and narcissism are found in [delusions of] grandiosity. Perhaps megalomania has more focus on power, rather than just being well liked? What is the primary ...
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1answer
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What does speaking in third person denote?

Is speaking (or preferring to speak, even if not actually doing it) about oneself in third person a symptom of any specific mental condition? I can remember a person in an IRC role playing chat room ...
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Do lonely people get addicted more easily than social counterparts?

The so-called "Rat Park" study conducted in the late 1970s indicated that lonely rats get drug addicted more easily than social ones. Does anyone know if there are more recent studies about the topic?...
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Why do some people stutter only when they are nervous?

Background: I don't stutter at least not always. For example, if I be reading out a article to myself, It is sure that I will not stutter even that I am reading it out loud. The times when I do ...
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What is the concordance rate for schizophrenia in monozygotic and dizygotic twins?

What is general level of concordance for twins and is it higher for monozygotic twins? What research is available on this?
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Is fear of parasites an explanation for trypophobia?

Trypophobia is the alleged pathological fear of objects with irregular patterns of holes, such as beehives, ant hills and lotus seed heads. I find some sample pictures that relevant to ...
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1answer
263 views

Freudian repressed unconscious as the biological reason behind self-destructive behavior?

Self-destructive habits include: - smoking whilst being aware of the effects - not exercising whilst knowing that it is healthier to do so - taking one more hit of a drug "for the last time, really" ...
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How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
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“Do it yourself” Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy-style intervention methods

In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, what should happen between the occurrence of a negative automatic thought and, finally, its neutralization is logical thinking: looking at the evidence for the ...

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