Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
239 views

What's the correct way to use 'schadenfreude' to describe a person who has/uses/suffers from it?

There are examples at dictionary.com on uses of 'schadenfreude'. But what is the correct way to describe a person that has/uses/suffers from schadenfreude as part of a personality disorder/mental ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Memories triggered by everything [closed]

I have this property of mind where memories of every event which is slightly more important than everyday routine gets linked with apparently anything that's existing or happening at that time and ...
5
votes
1answer
364 views

What, exactly, is the difference between sociopathy and psychopathy?

I am writing a report on the similarities and differences between sociopathy and psychopathy. I have looked up a bit of information on the topic, but I would still like to know some of the opinions of ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Using “it sounds” instead of “it tastes” [closed]

99% of the time I use in the conversation (or when I am thinking) the phrase "it sounds" instead of "it tastes" when I am talking about the food, or drinks, etc. For example: "This coffee sounds ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Which brain areas are linked to Hyperactivity in ADHD?

I'm looking for some research identifying which brain areas or biological processes are behind specifically the hyperactivity symptoms of ADHD? I have done a preliminary search but most of the ...
5
votes
1answer
457 views

Have there been followups to the Rosenhan Experiment?

The famous Rosenhan experiment of 1973 showed that doctors in asylums routinely misdiagnosed normal people with various psychiatric disorders. Have any followup studies been done to confirm these ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Rationale behind an “all-or-nothing” design for a test for the purposes of diagnosis and epidemology

In the Autism-Spectrum Quotient test, the subject is confronted with fifty statements such as: I don’t particularly enjoy reading fiction. I prefer to do things the same way over and over again. and ...
5
votes
2answers
441 views

Effects of treatment versus psychotherapy on mental health of transgender people

Has any reliable study been done to compare mental health (e.g. depression or suicide rate) of transgender people before and after procedures (hormone or surgery) intended to change their bodies to ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Has a hypersensitivity to depictions of embarrassing situations in media been described in the psychology literature?

Has a hypersensitivity to depictions of embarrassing situations in media been described in the psychology literature? How would I go about researching this?
7
votes
1answer
616 views

Is the Flynn effect related to the discovery of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?

Is it possible that the measured rise in average IQ in the last century is related to the discovery that drinking alcohol during pregnancy can result in birth defects, including issues with brain ...
4
votes
1answer
730 views

Clinical pathology of schlemielism

In the 1964 book, Games People Play, by psychiatrist Eric Berne, the author describes a psychopathic phenomena he calls the schlemiel, after the Jewish folk stereotype. According to Berne, the ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Are hallucinations mostly 'real' fantasies or are they 'real' memories? [closed]

When someone has a hallucination of a person or odor does is that a fantasy which one have never seen before (so a kind of construction) or can it be a remembering but then more real as seen in the ...
-2
votes
1answer
971 views

Is the Flynn effect autism?

I've seen a lot of claims related to this: Mild forms of autism increase IQ IQ scores abruptly increased after 1979, when the MMR vaccine was introduced The Flynn Effect was mainly on nonverbal IQ ...
4
votes
2answers
496 views

What is the difference between Machiavellianism and good negotiating/influence skills?

I have been addicted to 'Great courses' books for some time now and have read quite a few books on influence, social skills, conflict management, negotiating, etc. Having basic knowledge in these ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Why is the initial first-line response to a psychological problem not a brain scan?

I get the impression most people having a cognitive problem are encouraged to see either a psychologists or psychiatrists (the actual medical doctors) to engage in verbal or pharmaceutical therapy. I ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Why was MPD changed to DID?

Why was Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) changed to Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)? I am currently researching DID and working on an essay relating to its treatment. This change was made ...
2
votes
1answer
550 views

DSM and references to ICD

I am still studying and where I extensively use the DSM whilst writing essays etc. for my coursework, a question has arisen with regard to referencing the International Statistical Classification of ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Can PTSD be mild? Do the traumas have to be of a certain kind?

As far as I know, PTSD was first used as a broader label for symptoms associated with so-called shell-shock, and has been diagnosed for symptoms of a milder nature. But is there a lower limit to the ...
6
votes
1answer
727 views

Were the subjects in the Stanford prison experiment randomly assigned to the study?

The Stanford prison experiment tested what would happen when a group of subjects was pushed in the role of prisoner, while a second group was assigned the role of guards. Within merely a day or so, ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

Mechanism of ketamine in treatment of depression and anxiety?

What are the mechanisms by which ketamine reduces the symptoms of depression and anxiety?
5
votes
1answer
303 views

Does a mental disorder exist where people think someone else is sick?

Is there a known disorder where the subject thinks someone else or other people around them are sick or dying, say exo-hypochondria? In this case I am thinking of a wife pathologically convinced that ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

How to deal with a friend who cuts [closed]

I am asking here since I have no idea where else I could of asked. I have a friend who is having difficulties with depression. I don't how long this has been ongoing, but he is often down. I presume ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

The limits of fear: Could one really survive an encounter with the Alien? [closed]

Please help me out in my effort to better understand the emotion of extreme fear. I will use the example of Ridley Scott’s film “Alien” featuring H.R. Giger’s Xenomorph preying on the crew of the “...
0
votes
1answer
246 views

Can someone who is never speaking of himself and present himself as very altruistic be egocentric / narcissistic?

I've tried to make some searches on egocentrism and its opposite (Allocentrism). The definitions from Wikipedia are: Egocentrism is the inability to differentiate between self and other. More ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

How to measure or estimate the prevalence of psychopathology in a particular school?

I wrote a research paper regarding the mental health of adolescents at a local magnet school, emphasizing the sources and affects of stress and the subsequent vulnerabilities it poses to developing ...
0
votes
1answer
318 views

Emotional detachment as a reaction can be considered an aggressive behavior?

Social Rejection from Wikipedia rejection can be passive, by ignoring a person, or giving the "silent treatment". Is it possible to say that the victim of a verbal aggression who hide or repress ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Is there a tag for those create exhaustive lists of opportunities?

When someone is incapable of making a choice on behalf of others, and structures everything they do to present every possible option and opportunity, what tends to be the cause of this?
4
votes
2answers
166 views

What is the effectiveness of self-prescribed marijuana for depression?

How common is it for patients diagnosed with depression to self-prescribe themselves marijuana after trying prescription anti-depressants? Is there any evidence that this self-treatment is effective ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Do bullies pick on sociopaths?

As a percentage of their endeavours, do those with a tendency to use bullying focus more or less on sociopaths as a per capita of their targets?
1
vote
1answer
435 views

What do depressants treat? Are they used in bipolar to treat mania?

I don't understand the Wikipedia article on depressants. This is what I have gathered: Depression and anxiety disorders are treated by antidepressants. Narcolepsy, ADHD, obesity, smoking addiction, ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Are some of the new age proponents in psychosis? [closed]

Psychosis refers to an abnormal condition of the mind described as involving a "loss of contact with reality". -Wikipedia When I listen to person who practices new age, I often think that is the ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Does Stockholm syndrome have an equivalent for victims of stalking?

According to Wikipedia, Stockholm syndrome is: a psychological phenomenon in which hostages express empathy and sympathy and have positive feelings toward their captors, sometimes to the point of ...
10
votes
3answers
17k views

What is the relationship between rejection sensitive dysphoria and ADHD?

I discovered something called Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria (RSD). If you google it, the first page will show pages that talk about it in relation to ADHD. What is it about ADHD that causes "nearly ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Can one depressive episode be enough to prescribe antidepressants?

Suppose someone were to see a psychiatrist, explain their life problems and such and then their psychiatrist concludes they are currently in a depressive episode. Their psychiatrist doesn't yet know ...
2
votes
1answer
727 views

What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
4
votes
2answers
841 views

How does one distinguish BPD anger from ADHD anger?

Some people with ADHD are known to have difficulties in controlling anger. Whenever a person with ADHD has difficulties in controlling anger, how does one determine whether or not that person really ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

The NART as a measure of premorbid IQ in serious mental illness

How reliable is National Adult Reading Test in estimating premorbid IQ in schizophrenia? Is it compromised if the difference between current IQ and the NART is a standard deviation or more?
7
votes
2answers
548 views

Why ADHD instead of ADD? / Why predominantly hyperactive-impulsive instead of predominantly-impulsive?

The types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are: predominantly inattentive predominantly hyperactive-impulsive combined Not sure I understand. People with ADHD are hyperactive because of ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the relationship between anger management difficulties and ADHD?

According to Wikipedia, "Difficulties managing anger are more common in children with ADHD" Is it that the anger is due to ADHD specifically? Is the anger suggestive of a comorbid disorder? Could it ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Do antidepressants reduce displays of anger prevalent in those diagnosed with ADHD?

According to Wikipedia and WebMD , difficulties in managing anger are more prevalent in children with ADHD. Why are antidepressants used in treating symptoms of ADHD? Is this due to a relationship ...
5
votes
1answer
250 views

What is the underlying genetic basis for ADHD?

According to Psychcentral depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia and autism are traceable to the same inherited genetic variations According to AsapSCIENCE, depression could be genetic due ...
6
votes
3answers
693 views

Do people who experience a psychotic episode ever go back to normal?

Do people who experience a fully blown psychotic episode ever go back to their pre-psychosis self?
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Is it possible to develop immunity to mental health drugs?

After watching The Princess Bride, I discovered this word: Mithridatism, "the practice of protecting oneself against a poison by gradually self-administering non-lethal amounts." Is it possible for ...
7
votes
3answers
343 views

How do we know bipolar is one illness rather than two comorbid illnesses?

Based on my previous question about ADHD and OCD. Essentially, ADHD and OCD are kind of opposites in the sense that ADHD people (always? sometimes?) have dopamine deficiency and OCD people (always? ...
4
votes
2answers
153 views

Is there a standard definition of a “hallucination”?

As far as I understand, there is a compelling sense of reality to sensory hallucinations. Do hallucinations (as, e.g. in the DSM) substitute for the sense and experience of a real reality? For ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

What is happening neurochemically when we seek to reduce stress by taking aggressive action?

As a layman, it seems to me that humans have 2 primary strategies for controlling stress (cortisol). I tend to use the words “connection” and “aggression” to refer to these strategies. The “...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

How does robot-assisted autism therapy compare to traditional autism therapy?

There have been many applications of robots for treatment of autism, for example ASK Aldeberan therapy. However, how do the results from these therapies compare to traditional therapies such as ...
0
votes
5answers
16k views

Are there any movies or series involving someone with ADHD?

Aside from How I Met Your Mother, The Simpsons or Finding Nemo, if that counts, are there any movies or series involving someone explicitly stated or highly believed to have ADHD? I can't seem to find ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Why do we have so much neurological research on and treatment designed for dyslexia, yet less so for dyscalculia?

I know next to nothing about intervention methods designed for dyscalculia, or 'dyslexia with numbers', as I have heard it colloquially referred to (considering how obscure the term seems to be ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

How many diagnosable mental disorders are included in the DSM?

This Wikipedia page says: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 ...

1 2
3
4 5
7