Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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6
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412 views

Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
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61 views

How are psychological bio-markers discovered?

Recently, this paper [1] claiming to be able to distinguish bipolar disorder from major depressive disorder via a urine sample has come to my attention. Despite reading the paper, I'm unable to ...
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2k views

What traits does a man have, when he is apt to feeling threatened by strong women?

This isn't intended as a gender biased question, as both men and women can have strange hang ups when it comes to either sex. I am curious about men who are threatened by strong women. By strong ...
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152 views

Can bipolar develop in childhood?

Is it possible to develop bipolar in childhood? Does the same diagnostic criteria for bipolar in adults apply for children?
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45 views

Techniques to combat sexism at school level

I am from India, and if you take a glance at the daily news you will see a lot of gruesome gangrapes and murders. Nirbhaya, Kathua rape case and the Hathras gangrape There are other such incidents ...
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70 views

Excessive empathy, social cues and adaptive behavior evaluation

An article by Gunnar Bartsch of Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, JMU started me on this line of inquiry. The original source is no longer available but has been reproduced at ScienceDaily (...
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133 views

Evidence of cannabis exposure causing schizophrenia?

I've heard that cannabis exposure during teenage years increases the probability of developing schizophrenia-like symptoms later in life. What evidence is there that this is causal and not ...
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168 views

How Do Those With Antisocial Personality Disorder Fair In Solitary Confinement?

Are there any examples of those with antisocial personality disorder, or people in general, faring relatively well in solitary confinement? The general consensus seams that solitary confinement is ...
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114 views

What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form of ...
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24 views

Is there an example of a major mental handicap being rectified similar to Awakenings, the 1990 film and 1973 nonfiction book?

For those born with cognitive impairment, could technology progress to a point where their disability is rectified to a level of regular human faculty? In the movie and memoir, Awakenings, a new drug ...
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64 views

Is it normal to seek revenge when there's no rational benefit of it?

My understanding of the psychology of revenge has always been very simple: if you are wronged and do nothing about it, the perpetrator and everyone else who learns about that may get tempted to wrong ...
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351 views

Bipolar narcissism?

I was intrigued by the observation that high levels of narcissism tend to be associated with an increase in "flip-flopping" between grandiosity and self-doubt/vulnerability, e.g as stated in Jauk et ...
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200 views

INPP Neuromotor Immaturity

Can someone shed some light on this "Neuromotor Immaturity (NMI)" syndrome that's been mainly promoted/researched by a UK group called INPP. As you can seen from that page, they take themselves very ...
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302 views

ADHD Symptoms Emerging in Adolescence or Young Adulthood

I recently read a fascinating article about the pattern of young women receiving ADHD diagnoses after first displaying symptoms in their late teens or early twenties, typically corresponding to ...
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275 views

Is it harmful for a right handed person to play a left handed guitar

This is a little bit of music especially handedness. But I do believe it's more inclined to cognitive sciences. Here's my case. I'm naturally a right handed person, writing, throwing, picking up ...
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37 views

Research on the psychopathology of rapists

Since not all sexual assaulters are psychopaths or sadists as the media often chalks them up to ,there is scope to at least mend the thinking of some of the rapists, or any which haven't yet given in ...
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47 views

Does OCD play a major contribution in an individuals suffering from anorexia nervosa?

Although I have seen several studies that did substantiate low self esteem having a significant correlation with anorexia nervosa, but does OCD also play a major contribution in understanding the ...
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36 views

Do any personality factors reduce illusory superiority?

Apparently individuals suffering from schizotypy lack illusory superiority in one particular domain: evaluation of their affect. That is to say, neurotypicals overrate their positive affect (and ...
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112 views

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder and Oppositional Defiance Disorder

In my answer to the question How does a person know if he should seek treatment for depression since feeling moody is unavoidable?, I have pointed out that DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, ...
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141 views

Do vulnerable/covert/shy narcissists seek therapy for NPD?

It is known that common (a.k.a. overt, flamboyant) narcissists rarely seek therapy on their own. However, there is an atypycal type of narcissism called “shy”, “covert” or “vulnerable“. They behave ...
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112 views

Which long-term effects can hypocortisolism have on behavior?

Chronic stress can have a serious impact on our physical as well as psychological health due to sustained high levels of the chemicals released in the ‘fight or flight’ response. In abused children ...
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42 views

The NART as a measure of premorbid IQ in serious mental illness

How reliable is National Adult Reading Test in estimating premorbid IQ in schizophrenia? Is it compromised if the difference between current IQ and the NART is a standard deviation or more?
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60 views

Do antidepressants reduce displays of anger prevalent in those diagnosed with ADHD?

According to Wikipedia and WebMD , difficulties in managing anger are more prevalent in children with ADHD. Why are antidepressants used in treating symptoms of ADHD? Is this due to a relationship ...
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537 views

Do psychopaths shun physical touch?

I have in the back in my mind the idea that psychopaths don't like to be touched physically. However a quick google search doesn't tell me whether the idea is founded in good research or I picked it ...
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159 views

Do ADHD exams necessarily test ADHD or merely ADHD-PI?

I read on reddit and Wiki that the types of ADHD are ADHD-PI (predominantly inattentive), ADHD-C (combined) and ADHD-PH (predominantly hyperactive or impulsive). In a psychological test intended to ...
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74 views

Brain structures related to risk-taking behavior

I did a preliminary research on brain structures in which activity might underlie risk-taking behavior. I came to two research that described right prefrontal cortex (Knoch et al., 2006), or ...
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123 views

Where to find statistical prevalence data for psychopathology over time?

Are there any places where is possible to find historical data for trends of psychological disease? For example some Google website (similar to google trends or NGrams)
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1answer
351 views

What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy?

I was reading about mental illnesses and then thought one day that the uninformed regard mental illnesses the same way leprosy was regarded. I looked up about leprosy and some papers and articles ...
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1answer
29 views

What are the observable differences between “pure” antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?

How to decide whether one has antisocial personality disorder, psychopathy, or both? What are the traits which non-psychopaths with APD have but psychopaths don't have, or vice versa?
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31 views

Psychological Diagnostic Test

Can a person sway the results of their Psychiatric diagnosis test? Say a person has a mental illness that is more serious that they want to accept, if they know enough about Psychology, can they gear ...
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37 views

Is thought disorder directly treatable with pharmacotherapy?

Thought disorder is usually secondary to psychosis or schizophrenia. But there are those that have some form of thought disorder without any positive psychotic symptoms. Is there any medication ...
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27 views

Where can I find Data set for Machine Learning purposes?

I am currently doing a research in the attempt to detect onset sign of mental disorders through facial recognition. In order to do that, I would need training dataset which contains 1. Pictures 2. ...
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16 views

Can we generalise from loss of ability at arithemtic to pre morbid iq?

If a patient scores say 2 standard deviations less than expected at arithmetic, then how reliably can we claim the same of WM or FSIQ? It seems that the mean score for arithmetic, for the population (...
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149 views

Why does SCID call itself “Structured” when by many accounts it's semi-structured?

The "S" in SCID officially stands for "Structured" as in Structured Clinical Interview for DSM. But as far as I can tell for the last three editions (5, IV and III), non-official sources (research ...
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93 views

Risk aversion and/or loss aversion in partner-abuse victims who persist in their relationship with the abuser?

A recent study by Baek et al. (2017) found that depressed patients with a history of suicide attempt(s) were exhibiting risk and loss aversion much more so than the general population does. (Note that ...
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86 views

Mechanism of ketamine in treatment of depression and anxiety?

What are the mechanisms by which ketamine reduces the symptoms of depression and anxiety?
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30 views

Is there a tag for those create exhaustive lists of opportunities?

When someone is incapable of making a choice on behalf of others, and structures everything they do to present every possible option and opportunity, what tends to be the cause of this?
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35 views

Are there any conditions or disorders not related to intelligence that might prevent an adult human from possessing a theory of mind?

I am familiar with studies in which children are tested for theory of mind. In one such experiment, a story is told: Betty is playing with her doll in the bedroom. Then she has to go to school, so ...
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1answer
51 views

What practical dysfunctionality characterizes severe autism?

I have only known one autistic person and as far as I could see he was perfectly functional except that he could not relate to other people. It seemed as though most of the stuff his parents and ...
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1answer
98 views

How can a human carry out a mass shooting whilst remaining calm?

In the wake of the horrific terrorist attack in Christchurch New Zealand, it became known that the shooter had live streamed 17 minutes of his rampage to Facebook. In the video, of which I have only ...
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10 views

Is Eratomanic delusion just a type of Grandiose delusion?

Our professor taught us about these two delusions and upon further thinking I feel that Eratomania may just be a sub-part of Grandiose disorder. If this is the case then why are these studied as ...
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77 views

Is Mass Psychogenic Illness (MPI) a falsifiable scientific hypothesis?

I've come across the concept of mass psychogenic illness (MPI) quite a few times in discussions about religious experiences. After reading the Wikipedia article on MPI, I have doubts on the validity ...
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18 views

How would we classify it when an adult developed a neurocognitive disorder leading to learning disability?

Quote from DSM-5: C. Onset of intellectual and adaptive deficits during the developmental period (Page 33: Diagnostic criteria for Intellectual Disability [Intellectual Development Disorder]). [...] ...
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18 views

Has anyone trialled this approach to treating apathy / avolition in schizophrenia ['sharing meaning']

It's well known that the so called "negative symptoms" of schizophrenia are very, very hard to treat. Has anyone studied an approach where the patient / participant -- after a successfully completed ...
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40 views

What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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28 views

What explains the contrast in suicide mortality versus attempts between men and women?

It's said that men in general die from suicide about 3 times more than women, but women make about 3 times more attempts than men. So, men have around 9 times more mortality per attempt. Some sources ...
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18 views

Is there a name for somebody who thinks that life is a game/videogame?

Is there a name for a disease/syndrome for somebody who thinks that life is a game/videogame? This was inspired by a news article that covered a kid causing havoc because he thought that his life was ...
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39 views

Neuronal mechanisms underlying delusional beliefs about one's thoughts

Are there known neuronal mechanisms that somehow explain phenomena like thought withdrawal thought insertion thought broadcasting i.e. deviating-from-normal experiences and beliefs about one's ...
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40 views

What could be the cause of behavioural or personality change?

One of my close friends is having a behavioural or perosnality change. He used to be polite and civil but these days (since about 10 months) he is very aggresive and mean. He has been recently ...
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42 views

Inabilty to integrate

I'm looking for a professional term that describes the problem of someone who has difficulties in fitting in / integrating in a given group, eg: a child in school. Thanks in advance!