Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Limitations

In treating people with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Which people can't be helped by therapy? How are some people more treatable than others? Additional Info In the comments of a blog post ...
Tyler Langan's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is there a scientific explanation for dramatic body shaking and trembling in religious settings? (see videos for illustrative examples)

Basically the title. I would like to know if there are scientific studies on the phenomenon of experiencing sudden body shaking and trembling in religious settings, usually in response to the command ...
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16 votes
3 answers
4k views

PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
Artem Kaznatcheev's user avatar
22 votes
2 answers
4k views

What is the effect of viewing pornography on children?

It is generally accepted that porn shouldn't be seen by children, and we even sometimes punish parents who fail to stop their children from finding porn. How much are these laws based in science? Can ...
Ansis Māliņš's user avatar
19 votes
1 answer
56k views

Omitting word(s) when typing

[Reraising a recently asked question that was closed here, but in more cogsci fashion, I hope.] Some people are more inclined than others to omit a word when typing, but still be unaware of its ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
16 votes
7 answers
2k views

What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

The Internet is of course full of memes from Sherlock Holmes show, based on one of the episodes having Sherlock self-diagnose: I'm not a psychopath, I'm a highly functioning sociopath But what ...
DVK's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
314 views

How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
jiniyt's user avatar
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29 votes
4 answers
23k views

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation or a mental disorder?

There are some different claims being made that pedophilia is a sexual orientation rather than a mental disorder. At the moment there seems to be a growing group of psychologists advocating that ...
Sonny Ordell's user avatar
21 votes
4 answers
713 views

Is serotonin conclusively linked to depression?

Some highlights from the article "The Depressing News about Anti-Depressants": ever since a seminal study in 1998, whose findings were reinforced by landmark research in The Journal of the ...
Randy's user avatar
  • 853
14 votes
1 answer
944 views

At what point does a complex become pathological?

I've a first question so I apologize if the format is completely awry. I'm reading Meeting the Shadow: The Hidden Power of the Dark Side of Human Nature and I came across this passage by Edward C. ...
LitheOhm's user avatar
  • 620
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are the purported mechanisms of eidetic memory and why is it comorbid with autism?

Eidetic memory, often called "photographic" or "flashbulb" memory, is often associated with amazing feats of recall. Is the mechanism behind this phenomenon an aberration of the visualization of a ...
Chuck Sherrington's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
662 views

Are there advantages of psychopathic traits?

After watching a fairly engaging 2016 TEDx talk titled "Psychopaths and three reasons why we need them" I was hoping to read more systematic/traditional research output from its author, Armon Tamatea. ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
165 views

Would most people benefit from psychotherapy?

At least in my country, undergoing psychotherapy is perceived negatively. People in my country perceive people as either healthy (normal), or mad and in need of a psychologist. My perception is ...
Revious's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
130 views

Is there a survey regarding the meaning of distress in the definition of mental disorder?

Although without a doubt discussed in professional circles for a long time before, the definition of mental disorder has been recently brought to the limelight by Trump narcissism debate: “Everyone ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can adhd and ocd coexist? Is it in the same way mania and depression can coexist (in bipolar disorder)?

Is it really possible for someone to have both ADHD and OCD? I was thinking that ADHD is the opposite of OCD: 1 2 from 1: alexThePotato: With ADHD you may be forgetful, distracted, make careless ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 707
2 votes
1 answer
253 views

How widespread is learned-helplessness in society?

Looking at these resources: Wikipedia, Learned helplessness Christopher Peterson, Learned Helplessness, 2010 Mario Mikulincer, Human Learned Helplessness: A Coping Perspective, 2013 I'm still unable ...
Ooker's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
114 views

What can be learned from a persistent typing or writing error that happens frequently? [closed]

There is a specific typing or writing error that I make frequently, and would like to know more about. Often when I'm typing or handwriting, I end one word with the ending of the next one, even when ...
Gabriel Moretti's user avatar
39 votes
5 answers
4k views

What is the psychology behind trolling?

For those new to the internet, trolling is an activity where one person intentionally tries to upset other members of the same community, presumably for entertainment. This has been informally ...
zergylord's user avatar
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14 votes
1 answer
769 views

Is dissociative identity disorder a medical condition or artifact of psychotherapy?

The popular media has offered such examples as "Eve" (based on Chris Costner-Sizemore) and "Sybil" (based on Shirley Ardell Mason) as sufferers of dissociative identity disorder (at one point known as ...
Chuck Sherrington's user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
3k views

Are there any standard tests to measure psychopathy?

While looking into another question on how to measure the adoption of norms, I came to wonder whether there are any standard tests to measure psychopathy. What are the accepted standard tests to ...
John Pick's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are the effects of hebephilia on victims?

Following the Milo Yiannopoulos shebang, I had a discussion with a friend over the effects on a sexually maturing teenager (14ish) engaging in sexual behavior with a significantly older adult (at ...
Daniel Kaufman's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
13k views

What it is called when a mother has sexual desires towards her son?

I know about Oedipus complex. What is it called when a mother has sexual desires towards her son? Is the term reserved for single mothers or does it include married mothers?
Freud's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
553 views

How effective is cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders?

How effective have cognitive behavioral therapy type techniques been shown and proven to work for anxiety based on published literature? Citations please.
user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
5k views

How do you know if it's psychosomatic or not?

"It's in your head" is often true and often offensive. But as your head can invent any number of psychological and physiological symptoms how can you distinguish whether something is or isn't ...
David's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
5k views

Is there a psychological explanation for people being 'overcome by the Holy Spirit'?

I am a scientist by nature, and I don't believe at all in God or any form of spirituality or the Holy Spirit (of course). However, it does confuse me as to how some people genuinely do seem to be ...
ODP's user avatar
  • 181
8 votes
1 answer
428 views

For depression diagnoses, does one make a clear distinction between endogenous and exogenous causes of depression?

Roughly speaking, we might imagine that people have depression predominantly for one of two reasons: Endogenously induced: The person has some inherent inballance between different neurotransmittors; ...
Speldosa's user avatar
  • 1,414
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can hypomania be induced by just thinking quickly and variably?

Emily Pronin and Daniel Wegner have shown that fast and variable thinking induces positive affect. This is independent of thought content. Sheri Johnson has noted that the key things that might start ...
NebulousReveal's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
570 views

Why ADHD instead of ADD? / Why predominantly hyperactive-impulsive instead of predominantly-impulsive?

The types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are: predominantly inattentive predominantly hyperactive-impulsive combined Not sure I understand. People with ADHD are hyperactive because of ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 707
7 votes
3 answers
398 views

How do we know bipolar is one illness rather than two comorbid illnesses?

Based on my previous question about ADHD and OCD. Essentially, ADHD and OCD are kind of opposites in the sense that ADHD people (always? sometimes?) have dopamine deficiency and OCD people (always? ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 707
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is there a scientific term for when you fall asleep because you can't handle something?

I'm wondering if there is a scientific term that describes when you fall asleep or pass out after some traumatic event? This effect happens when people witness something gruesome (a friend being ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
187 views

Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

I've often heard that people affected by narcissism cannot recover. I can understand that it's a long path and that a narcissist may lack the motivation and so on, but I wonder why cognitive therapy ...
Revious's user avatar
  • 1,429
7 votes
2 answers
887 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
Teguh Kurniawan's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
215 views

What are the mechanics behind the mind of a conspiracy theorist?

Conspiracy Theorists, in my opinion, are people I don't like except for some exceptions. However, this question will not be answered with my irrelevant opinions on said people.. Now, here is the ...
CoonKitteh's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
8k views

Current theories of the psychology of ambivalence

This question querying the authenticity of people's words and actions and the resulting commentary after this answer, has led me to ask this question. Ambivalence is a state of having simultaneous, ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
241 views

Are there official guidelines to provide "mental first aid" to people attempting suicide?

I wonder if there are any official guidelines on how to act in case of an attempted suicide as a civilian (i.e. trained in first aid, but untrained in rescue, mental health etc)? How should a regular ...
Narusan's user avatar
  • 171
5 votes
0 answers
54 views

Techniques to combat sexism at school level

I am from India, and if you take a glance at the daily news you will see a lot of gruesome gangrapes and murders. Nirbhaya, Kathua rape case and the Hathras gangrape There are other such incidents ...
Amarylis Vaselaar's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
598 views

Is the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours more mental illness?

"Our work shows that the price of higher intelligence and more complex behaviours is more mental illness." -Professor Seth Grant Professor of Molecular Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh Is ...
Greg McNulty's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
4k views

What are the key predictive traits of therapeutic success?

In my answer here, to this question : Does hypnotherapy/hypnosis, in any form, for any type of disorder, work? It brought up the valid question of why people quit therapy. Obviously, if the therapy ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
482 views

Is perfectionism related to OCD?

Is it right to say that a really strong attitude and stubbornness to do something is really similar to an obsession? I'll try to explain better what I mean. Let's take a really good developer or a ...
Revious's user avatar
  • 1,429
5 votes
1 answer
63 views

Does CBT help with non-sexual crime recidivism rates?

In the same vain as a previous question I asked, (Are Sex Offender Treatment Programmes (SOTPs) effective?) I am wondering if CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) based therapies and interventions have ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
454 views

Is autism caused by genetics?

Is autism and Asperger's syndrome caused by genetics or some other factor such as the environment? I am aware about the Neanderthal Theory of autism, Asperger and ADHD, but am not interested in this ...
matt mods's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
103 views

Excessive empathy, social cues and adaptive behavior evaluation

An article by Gunnar Bartsch of Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, JMU started me on this line of inquiry. The original source is no longer available but has been reproduced at ScienceDaily (...
Kaydie Paschall's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
370 views

Correlation between anorexia and mass media stereotypes

I know anorexia is a complex phenomenon. I've been reading on Wikipedia that: Sociocultural studies have highlighted the role of cultural factors, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal ...
Revious's user avatar
  • 1,429
4 votes
1 answer
589 views

Are individuals who are generally jealous more likely to experience sexual jealousy?

Some people are just jealous of many things they perceive others to possess. Materially or as part of that person. Is a person who is prone to jealousy more likely to be jealous in romantic ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
269 views

Can "7 deadly sins/virtues" be explained in terms of brain hormone level or receptor mutations? [closed]

I'm thinking about this question on biology.se: do hormones make men think of sex? From the interview linked in the answer, I get two takeaways: a man who lost most testosterone for 4 months ...
Alex Stone's user avatar
  • 9,390
4 votes
2 answers
323 views

What is the psychology behind choosing to be weird?

There is a saying I was once told: "I no longer fear going insane, I am enjoying every moment of it" For some (including myself), this is in fact a rather happy and liberating reality, albeit a ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
11k views

Why would I be asked to count backwards by 3, from 100 in a psychological test?

On an initial mental health consultation with a psychiatric nurse practitioner, I was asked, among many other odd questions, to count backwards by three. 100, 97, 94... This was quite a number of ...
knivez's user avatar
  • 33
3 votes
1 answer
379 views

Term for Trance During Violent Episodes

I recently read the book, Violent Mind, The 1976 Psychological Assessment of Ted Bundy" : Dr. Al Carlisle. In the book Dr. Carlisle mentions that Ted Bundy went into trance like states during his ...
Gabriel Panduro Jr's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Correlation between anxiety disorders and PTSD

The mega study on the genetic correlations of psychiatric (and neurological) disorders published in Science this summer has one interesting non-correlation: between anxiety disorders and PTSD. Are ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
105 views

Are psychiatric disorders merely statistical deviations?

When we suppose that a segment X of the population is at high-risk for disorder Y, don't we assume that anyone carries the same psychophenotype, yet not in a statistically-significant degree?
Labory's user avatar
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