Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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95 views

Mechanism of ketamine in treatment of depression and anxiety?

What are the mechanisms by which ketamine reduces the symptoms of depression and anxiety? E.g. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00088699.
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ADHD Symptoms Emerging in Adolescence or Young Adulthood

I recently read a fascinating article about the pattern of young women receiving ADHD diagnoses after first displaying symptoms in their late teens or early twenties, typically corresponding to ...
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Why do some people react verbally to intrusive thoughts and/or embarrassing memories?

It seems to me that there are two kinds of intrusive thoughts. The first consists of those thoughts that didn't actually occur in real life, but are nonetheless intrusive and embarrassing and ...
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1answer
30 views

Has there ever been a split brain pianist?

Has there ever been a split brain pianist? I was thinking about this yesterday and it occurred to me that a split brain pianist might have an advantage over a non-split brain pianist; they could ...
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2answers
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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Limitations

In treating people with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Which people can't be helped by therapy? How are some people more treatable than others? Additional Info In the comments of a blog post ...
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Understanding ketamine, the role of synatptic placitity in Major Depression

I am having a bit of an issue with my intuitive understanding of Ketamine's newfound role in treating depression. It is my understanding that Ketamine works by allowing synaptogenesis. The evidence ...
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1answer
167 views

Can bipolar develop in childhood?

Is it possible to develop bipolar in childhood? Does the same diagnostic criteria for bipolar in adults apply for children?
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What measure or criteria wording can be used to track trends in p factor?

Background: you can use factor analysis on mental illness to get a general psychopathology factor, like the g factor in intelligence but instead a general mental illness factor. https://www.ncbi.nlm....
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1answer
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Omitting word(s) when typing

[Reraising a recently asked question that was closed here, but in more cogsci fashion, I hope.] Some people are more inclined than others to omit a word when typing, but still be unaware of its ...
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1answer
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Recent Peer Review Studies on How Many Have Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Are there any peer-reviewed studies that show what percent of the population are believed to have Narcissistic Personality Disorder that have been published within the past ten years? I have read ...
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1answer
96 views

Disorders altering body language?

Are there neurological or psychological disorders that do not affect emotions per se, but affect how they are expressed physically by the body? For example, normally positive emotions are associated ...
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Is "Schizophrenic" considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
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Risk of mental disability from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome without a postpartum diagnosis

My wife and I are considering adoption of a child whose mother binged alcohol during pregnancy. Part of this very complex and emotional decision for us is understanding the risks that the child will ...
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If the female comparator to the Oedipus complex is Electra complex, is there a male comparator to Jocasta/Phaedra complex?

I have been browsing the questions and answers here within the realm of psychoanalysis and I came across the Jocasta complex in an answer here, which I had not heard about before so I have been ...
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1answer
469 views

Psychological explanation for exorcisms?

I'm doing research on alleged testimonies and evidences of the spirit realm. In particular, I've been lately reviewing testimonies and live recordings of exorcisms, some of which I find particularly ...
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Similarities and differences among Internal Family Systems, Shadow Work, and Schema Therapy

I'm interested in knowing more about Internal Family Systems, Shadow Work, and Schema Therapy, in relation to each other. All 3 appear to provide a way to become a more integrated person. I have 4 ...
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What is archetype by jung? [duplicate]

I am currently reading man and his symbols < So i just want to understand what is archetype with example
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What can be learned from a persistent typing or writing error that happens frequently? [closed]

There is a specific typing or writing error that I make frequently, and would like to know more about. Often when I'm typing or handwriting, I end one word with the ending of the next one, even when ...
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What is the effect of viewing pornography on children?

It is generally accepted that porn shouldn't be seen by children, and we even sometimes punish parents who fail to stop their children from finding porn. How much are these laws based in science? Can ...
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Psychological explanation for uncontrollable laughter and apparent symptoms of drunkenness in charismatic Christian congregations?

Holy laughter and spiritual drunkenness are two very correlated experiences that have been reported many times in charismatic Christian congregations. Quoting Wikipedia: Holy laughter is a term used ...
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Is there a scientific explanation for dramatic body shaking and trembling in religious settings? (see videos for illustrative examples)

Basically the title. I would like to know if there are scientific studies on the phenomenon of experiencing sudden body shaking and trembling in religious settings, usually in response to the command ...
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Can drunkenness be induced without substance consumption?

Basically the title. Is it possible for a person to experience all or most of the symptoms of (mild) drunkenness, such as mild sedation and poor coordination, by purely psychological means and without ...
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5answers
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Are there any movies or series involving someone with ADHD?

Aside from How I Met Your Mother, The Simpsons (or Finding Nemo, if that counts, which i don't think it does), are there any movies or series involving someone explicitly stated or highly believed to ...
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1answer
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Is there any "predictive" component to positive/negative affect in Seasonal Affective Disorder and Bipolar Disorder?

I'm wondering if the human brain "predicts" how certain weeks of the year should feel? For example, a child who is going to school may have a more positive affect in anticipation of summer holidays, ...
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Are people with Bipolar Disorder always in a cycle?

I know that people with bipolar cycle between moods, say, roughly a few times a year, and I know that there's conditions like ultra-rapid cycling. But something I don't understand, particularly with ...
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What is a phobia against babies or kids called?

I have heard about people that experience fears for other people, or groups of people; for example a fear for babies. Is this a recognized pathologocal condition, or is it just a form of antisocial ...
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Can someone get mentally retarded suddenly?

Can someone, after having anger to a large level or anxiety to a large level, develop mental retardation? In simple words, can someone being normal and mental sound, become mentally retarded in just a ...
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1answer
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What is the term used to describe a situation where person doesnt know that he/she actually knows something?

I was watching "Molly's Game" where a conversation between Molly and her psychologist dad appear in later life of Molly (Molly didnt have very good relationship with her dad and wanted to ...
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1answer
126 views

How widespread is learned-helplessness in society?

Looking at these resources: Wikipedia, Learned helplessness Christopher Peterson, Learned Helplessness, 2010 Mario Mikulincer, Human Learned Helplessness: A Coping Perspective, 2013 I'm still unable ...
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Is Eratomanic delusion just a type of Grandiose delusion?

Our professor taught us about these two delusions and upon further thinking I feel that Eratomania may just be a sub-part of Grandiose disorder. If this is the case then why are these studied as ...
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1answer
63 views

What practical dysfunctionality characterizes severe autism?

I have only known one autistic person and as far as I could see he was perfectly functional except that he could not relate to other people. It seemed as though most of the stuff his parents and ...
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1answer
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What are the observable differences between "pure" antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?

How to decide whether one has antisocial personality disorder, psychopathy, or both? What are the traits which non-psychopaths with APD have but psychopaths don't have, or vice versa?
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Is there an example of a major mental handicap being rectified similar to Awakenings, the 1990 film and 1973 nonfiction book?

For those born with cognitive impairment, could technology progress to a point where their disability is rectified to a level of regular human faculty? In the movie and memoir, Awakenings, a new drug ...
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1answer
977 views

Is the Flynn effect autism?

I've seen a lot of claims related to this: Mild forms of autism increase IQ IQ scores abruptly increased after 1979, when the MMR vaccine was introduced The Flynn Effect was mainly on nonverbal IQ ...
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How would we classify it when an adult developed a neurocognitive disorder leading to learning disability?

Quote from DSM-5: C. Onset of intellectual and adaptive deficits during the developmental period (Page 33: Diagnostic criteria for Intellectual Disability [Intellectual Development Disorder]). [...] ...
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47 views

Research on the psychopathology of rapists

Since not all sexual assaulters are psychopaths or sadists as the media often chalks them up to ,there is scope to at least mend the thinking of some of the rapists, or any which haven't yet given in ...
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Techniques to combat sexism at school level

I am from India, and if you take a glance at the daily news you will see a lot of gruesome gangrapes and murders. Nirbhaya, Kathua rape case and the Hathras gangrape There are other such incidents ...
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Correlation between anxiety disorders and PTSD

The mega study on the genetic correlations of psychiatric (and neurological) disorders published in Science this summer has one interesting non-correlation: between anxiety disorders and PTSD. Are ...
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1answer
816 views

At what point does a complex become pathological?

I've a first question so I apologize if the format is completely awry. I'm reading Meeting the Shadow: The Hidden Power of the Dark Side of Human Nature and I came across this passage by Edward C. ...
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4answers
659 views

Is serotonin conclusively linked to depression?

Some highlights from the article "The Depressing News about Anti-Depressants": ever since a seminal study in 1998, whose findings were reinforced by landmark research in The Journal of the ...
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5answers
2k views

What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

The Internet is of course full of memes from Sherlock Holmes show, based on one of the episodes having Sherlock self-diagnose: I'm not a psychopath, I'm a highly functioning sociopath But what ...
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What is the difference between Megalomania and Narcissism?

As far as I can tell, both megalomania and narcissism are found in [delusions of] grandiosity. Perhaps megalomania has more focus on power, rather than just being well liked? What is the primary ...
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1answer
87 views

How can we measure the levels of Frustration? [closed]

Any technique or Matrix or Questionnaires, Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis
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1answer
64 views

Relationships Between Specific Behavioral Characteristics Associated With Clinical Diagnosis of Narcissists & Sociopaths

In the past 3½ decades, I've discussed, read, and studied a significant number of mental health practitioner claims, random anecdotal experiences, and clinical study abstract summaries & reports ...
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Is it normal to seek revenge when there's no rational benefit of it?

My understanding of the psychology of revenge has always been very simple: if you are wronged and do nothing about it, the perpetrator and everyone else who learns about that may get tempted to wrong ...
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Has anyone trialled this approach to treating apathy / avolition in schizophrenia ['sharing meaning']

It's well known that the so called "negative symptoms" of schizophrenia are very, very hard to treat. Has anyone studied an approach where the patient / participant -- after a successfully completed ...
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1answer
806 views

What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
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1answer
971 views

How do people with DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) experience dreams?

For people without DID, dream experiences include having other characters in one's dreams behave in ways one can't predict or control, sometimes there can be a "switch" into lucid dreaming where more ...
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1answer
48 views

Psychology behind dumb child doing good in academics [closed]

This is my first question in this forum and hence forgive me if the question is amateurish. I was always interested in what a psychology expert will say about this. Consider a boy who is dumb from ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...

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