Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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Is there an example of a major mental handicap being rectified similar to Awakenings, the 1990 film and 1973 nonfiction book?

For those born with cognitive impairment, could technology progress to a point where their disability is rectified to a level of regular human faculty? In the movie and memoir, Awakenings, a new drug ...
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What makes people gag during exorcisms? [closed]

A pattern I've noticed across multiple live recordings of exorcisms from totally independent sources is that in all of them you see the individuals being exorcised have intense gags. Here are a few ...
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What are the observable differences between “pure” antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?

How to decide whether one has antisocial personality disorder, psychopathy, or both? What are the traits which non-psychopaths with APD have but psychopaths don't have, or vice versa?
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Is there a psychological explanation for involuntary animal-like behaviors (e.g. walking like a dog, barking, roaring, etc.)?

Simply put, the title. But in case you are curious, my question is motivated by a peculiar and, in all honesty, very weird behavior displayed by some individuals during the so-called "Toronto ...
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How would we classify it when an adult developed a neurocognitive disorder leading to learning disability?

Quote from DSM-5: C. Onset of intellectual and adaptive deficits during the developmental period (Page 33: Diagnostic criteria for Intellectual Disability [Intellectual Development Disorder]). [...] ...
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Research on the psychopathology of rapists

Since not all sexual assaulters are psychopaths or sadists as the media often chalks them up to ,there is scope to at least mend the thinking of some of the rapists, or any which haven't yet given in ...
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Techniques to combat sexism at school level

I am from India, and if you take a glance at the daily news you will see a lot of gruesome gangrapes and murders. Nirbhaya, Kathua rape case and the Hathras gangrape There are other such incidents ...
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What practical dysfunctionality characterizes severe autism?

I have only known one autistic person and as far as I could see he was perfectly functional except that he could not relate to other people. It seemed as though most of the stuff his parents and ...
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Is there a scientific explanation for dramatic body shaking and trembling in religious settings? (see videos for illustrative examples)

Basically the title. I would like to know if there are scientific studies on the phenomenon of experiencing sudden body shaking and trembling in religious settings, usually in response to the command ...
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How can we measure the levels of Frustration? [closed]

Any technique or Matrix or Questionnaires, Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis
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Relationships Between Specific Behavioral Characteristics Associated With Clinical Diagnosis of Narcissists & Sociopaths

In the past 3½ decades, I've discussed, read, and studied a significant number of mental health practitioner claims, random anecdotal experiences, and clinical study abstract summaries & reports ...
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Is it normal to seek revenge when there's no rational benefit of it?

My understanding of the psychology of revenge has always been very simple: if you are wronged and do nothing about it, the perpetrator and everyone else who learns about that may get tempted to wrong ...
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Has anyone trialled this approach to treating apathy / avolition in schizophrenia ['sharing meaning']

It's well known that the so called "negative symptoms" of schizophrenia are very, very hard to treat. Has anyone studied an approach where the patient / participant -- after a successfully completed ...
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1answer
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How widespread is learned-helplessness in society?

Looking at these resources: Wikipedia, Learned helplessness Christopher Peterson, Learned Helplessness, 2010 Mario Mikulincer, Human Learned Helplessness: A Coping Perspective, 2013 I'm still unable ...
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Recent Peer Review Studies on How Many Have Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Are there any peer-reviewed studies that show what percent of the population are believed to have Narcissistic Personality Disorder that have been published within the past ten years? I have read ...
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45 views

Psychology behind dumb child doing good in academics [closed]

This is my first question in this forum and hence forgive me if the question is amateurish. I was always interested in what a psychology expert will say about this. Consider a boy who is dumb from ...
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How do people with DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) experience dreams?

For people without DID, dream experiences include having other characters in one's dreams behave in ways one can't predict or control, sometimes there can be a "switch" into lucid dreaming where more ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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What explains the contrast in suicide mortality versus attempts between men and women?

It's said that men in general die from suicide about 3 times more than women, but women make about 3 times more attempts than men. So, men have around 9 times more mortality per attempt. Some sources ...
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Is there a name for somebody who thinks that life is a game/videogame?

Is there a name for a disease/syndrome for somebody who thinks that life is a game/videogame? This was inspired by a news article that covered a kid causing havoc because he thought that his life was ...
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How to help people who may suffer from Paranoia?

I am a very active member of the Information Security Stack Exchange site. Every now and then, I come across people who I believe may suffer from paranoia. They believe that "someone" is out ...
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1answer
359 views

Psychological explanation for exorcisms?

I'm doing research on alleged testimonies and evidences of the spirit realm. In particular, I've been lately reviewing testimonies and live recordings of exorcisms, some of which I find particularly ...
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1answer
79 views

How can psychopaths with no sympathy for their victims, exploit empathy to ensnare or torture them?

I understand the difference between empathy and sympathy, but not the emboldened sentence. Please expound? Empathy vs. Sympathy | Psychology Today Canada Sympathy (‘fellow feeling’, ‘community of ...
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Neuronal mechanisms underlying delusional beliefs about one's thoughts

Are there known neuronal mechanisms that somehow explain phenomena like thought withdrawal thought insertion thought broadcasting i.e. deviating-from-normal experiences and beliefs about one's ...
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Psychological Diagnostic Test

Can a person sway the results of their Psychiatric diagnosis test? Say a person has a mental illness that is more serious that they want to accept, if they know enough about Psychology, can they gear ...
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1answer
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Laughing as a psychological defense when nervous

Say a persons experienced a scarring event in their life (ptsd), and so their mind has developed defense in which they laugh uncontrollably whenever their nervous. This is similar to Joker 2019, ...
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What could be the cause of behavioural or personality change?

One of my close friends is having a behavioural or perosnality change. He used to be polite and civil but these days (since about 10 months) he is very aggresive and mean. He has been recently ...
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Inabilty to integrate

I'm looking for a professional term that describes the problem of someone who has difficulties in fitting in / integrating in a given group, eg: a child in school. Thanks in advance!
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Is there a diagnostic term for a person who impulsively keeps secrets?

Almost like an addiction, similar to the way a pyromaniac feels about fire or burning... I don't know if there's even a word for this, seeing as it's not a common experience, but if there is, it ...
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Testing Prefrontal cortex

Is there a test to see if the Prefrontal cortex of someone works normally? especially a simple test like a questionnaire that you give the individuals to fill out and based on their answer you obtain ...
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Can schizophrenics who are deaf since birth hear voices?

I am interested in how schizophrenia can be expressed in them, and whether it depends on the perception of the world. Maybe they see text pop-up in the air, or something like that?
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What would make parents lose their instinct to protect their own children?

I've seen footage of the holocaust where parents and their children were shot, with the parents just standing there, doing nothing to protect their children. I have enormous difficulty in ...
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1answer
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Is there a known reason why people feel a bit bad after other people do something for them?

There's an Thai word: kreng jai (the feeling of not wanting to disturb/inconvenience another person, or feeling uneasy due to your own request of someone) Likewise in Burmese the word "anade" which ...
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Can General Assessment of Functioning (GAF) be used to measure recovery etc. from all mental health problems?

Can General Assessment of Functioning (GAF) be used to measure recovery etc. from all mental health problems? I know it's used with 'schizophrenia', but what about things like personality disorders, ...
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1answer
107 views

Comorbidity of Neurodevelopmental Disorders between them and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3416662/ OCD being an anxiety disorder and OCPD being a personality disorder it is entirely possible that these two can be present on the same patient. ...
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1answer
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What are the possible causes of coulrophobia?

Most sources on the internet say that coulrophobia is caused due to the unfamiliar face which often triggers fear to people (who suffer from it). What can be some other causes?
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Does OCD play a major contribution in an individuals suffering from anorexia nervosa?

Although I have seen several studies that did substantiate low self esteem having a significant correlation with anorexia nervosa, but does OCD also play a major contribution in understanding the ...
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1answer
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What is the basis on deciding that a certain behavior/tendency is abnormal or a disorder

I don't really want to give examples as I am looking for a general rule that I can apply to any behavior or tendency to determine whether it is normal or a disorder.
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1answer
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Relation between L-glutamine supplementation and risk of schizophrenia

There is the glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia. Which tells you that excessive levels may increase the risk of obtaining schizophrenia. L-glutamine turns into glutamate directly. Does this mean ...
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Is thought disorder directly treatable with pharmacotherapy?

Thought disorder is usually secondary to psychosis or schizophrenia. But there are those that have some form of thought disorder without any positive psychotic symptoms. Is there any medication ...
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Anomalous activation of temporal lobes

The result of wakeful EEG shows persistent activation of temporal lobes - high level of delta and theta waves in the left temporal lobe (3 on the scale from -3 to 3) and slightly lower in the right ...
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1answer
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Impaired verbal communication, but normal reading and writing skills?

Is there any cognitive disability or disfunction that impairs both speech production and listening comprehension, while reading and writing skills are at a normal level or better?
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Do any personality factors reduce illusory superiority?

Apparently individuals suffering from schizotypy lack illusory superiority in one particular domain: evaluation of their affect. That is to say, neurotypicals overrate their positive affect (and ...
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1answer
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“High-conflict people”

While having a look at a recent question here, I ran into some (non-peer reviewed) articles with a description like High-conflict people (HCPs) have high-conflict personalities. This means they ...
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2answers
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Getting upset from the creation of your own imagination [closed]

Lets say I got angry at someone who did/said something wrong. Even after this angry interaction with this person is finished, I noticed I continue to express my negative reaction in my head creating ...
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1answer
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What constitutes an emotional disorder?

Watson, et al. (2008) states that a superclass of mood and anxiety disorders should be given a nonspecific label, such as ‘emotional disorders’. They stated that this superclass can be decomposed ...
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1answer
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How can a human carry out a mass shooting whilst remaining calm?

In the wake of the horrific terrorist attack in Christchurch New Zealand, it became known that the shooter had live streamed 17 minutes of his rampage to Facebook. In the video, of which I have only ...
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Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder and Oppositional Defiance Disorder

In my answer to the question How does a person know if he should seek treatment for depression since feeling moody is unavoidable?, I have pointed out that DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, ...
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1answer
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Is there a mental disorder in which one is unable to determine personal preferences, and as a result, is a cause of great distress?

I know that our preferences and tastes help shape our behaviors and what activities we willingly engage in, but I also know that being faced with indecision is a common feature of the human experience....
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Can drugs support emotional developement in personality disorders?

Some personality disorders are associated with a degree of emotional blindness or coldness with narcissistic PD being such an example. I wonder whether there are drugs that - in addition to ...

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