Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and social practices. For questions related to treatment consider the tag psychiatry and for somatogenic disorders --- neurology.

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What is dissociation?

When searching the internet for a definitive description of what dissociation is, I get a mixture of results which confuses. Wikipedia states: Dissociation, as a concept that has been developed over ...
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Can one be "addicted to learning"? [closed]

According to Merriam-Webster's dictionary, an addiction is a compulsive, chronic, physiological or psychological need for a habit-forming substance, behavior, or activity having harmful physical, ...
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What is an example of a type of talk therapy in which the therapist acts like a teacher and the patient is viewed as a student?

There are various types of talk-therapy. For example dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) is the name given to one particulair style of talk-therapy. For the type of talk therapy my question is about ...
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Has neuroscience yet proved that antisocial humans think in terms of anything resembling moral circuitry when targeting their victims? [closed]

Popular philosopher Frederich Wilhelm Nietzsche hypothesized and theorized that there are two core languages of moralities, rather than 'morality'. These languages are the master morality, and the ...
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What disorder might be considered opposite of the Histrionic Personality Disorder?

If a person might be considered the opposite of Narcissistic or having a Histrionic Personality disorder, what might it be called? For example, a person who feels a need to be unnoticed. Of course, I ...
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Case studies about proven misdiagnosis in psychotherapy?

Preliminary assumptions: Mental disorders basically find their roots in one of following: psychological trauma (especially in early childhood); neurological disorder, affecting human behaviour; non-...
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What are the most common somatopsychic disorders?

While it is not hard to discover information about psychosomatic conditions and their incidence among populations, somatopsychic disorders do not seem to get the same amount of attention and ...
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Is there a psychological reason for why people are drawn to things that are larger than life?

It feels as though a common theme among many facets of human life, whether in mythology or religion or in contemporary entertainment is the idea of characters/entities that are larger than life. Be it ...
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Term for how anxiety makes people think abnormally?

For a paper I'm writing, I want to make a point about how anxiety changes the way people think - i.e., the same person in the same situation might think differently depending on whether or not they ...
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Possibility for immersive experiences to effect into disorder

Is there a mental condition characterized by losing touch with reality (or either a short period of time or permanently), while believing you are a part of a virtual reality that you had been exposed ...
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Default Mode Network and: hyper-connectivity, hypo-connectivity, interconnectivity and intraconnectivity

I have been reading into DMN and its relationship to psychopathology. However, in some papers I have noticed terminology that mentioned hypo-,hyper-,inter-, and intraconnectivity. While I understand ...
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What are the eventual consequences of being a narcissist?

A close question to what I am trying to ask is Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?. I was wondering what are the eventual consequences of being a narcissist? Is there any ...
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How is it ascertained that people treated for persecutory delusions are not indeed being persecuted?

Many people suffering from persecutory delusions have very weird, clearly improbable stories about how they are being persecuted. However - correct me if I'm wrong - in many cases these stories are, ...
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What models of a person do psychology theorists currently use to define a healthy psyche in religious believers?

"Good mental health" is a phrase (within double quotes) that came up with 5.8 million Google hits, showing that it is a very popular layman term for a healthy psyche, however it is defined, ...
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Does CBT help with non-sexual crime recidivism rates?

In the same vain as a previous question I asked, (Are Sex Offender Treatment Programmes (SOTPs) effective?) I am wondering if CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) based therapies and interventions have ...
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Understanding ketamine, the role of synatptic placitity in Major Depression

I am having a bit of an issue with my intuitive understanding of Ketamine's newfound role in treating depression. It is my understanding that Ketamine works by allowing synaptogenesis. The evidence ...
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Has there ever been a split brain pianist?

Has there ever been a split brain pianist? I was thinking about this yesterday and it occurred to me that a split brain pianist might have an advantage over a non-split brain pianist; they could ...
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What measure or criteria wording can be used to track trends in p factor?

Background: you can use factor analysis on mental illness to get a general psychopathology factor, like the g factor in intelligence but instead a general mental illness factor. https://www.ncbi.nlm....
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Risk of mental disability from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome without a postpartum diagnosis

My wife and I are considering adoption of a child whose mother binged alcohol during pregnancy. Part of this very complex and emotional decision for us is understanding the risks that the child will ...
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Similarities and differences among Internal Family Systems, Shadow Work, and Schema Therapy

I'm interested in knowing more about Internal Family Systems, Shadow Work, and Schema Therapy, in relation to each other. All 3 appear to provide a way to become a more integrated person. I have 4 ...
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What can be learned from a persistent typing or writing error that happens frequently? [closed]

There is a specific typing or writing error that I make frequently, and would like to know more about. Often when I'm typing or handwriting, I end one word with the ending of the next one, even when ...
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Psychological explanation for uncontrollable laughter and apparent symptoms of drunkenness in charismatic Christian congregations?

Holy laughter and spiritual drunkenness are two very correlated experiences that have been reported many times in charismatic Christian congregations. Quoting Wikipedia: Holy laughter is a term used ...
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If the female comparator to the Oedipus complex is Electra complex, is there a male comparator to Jocasta/Phaedra complex?

I have been browsing the questions and answers here within the realm of psychoanalysis and I came across the Jocasta complex in an answer here, which I had not heard about before so I have been ...
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Are people with Bipolar Disorder always in a cycle?

I know that people with bipolar cycle between moods, say, roughly a few times a year, and I know that there's conditions like ultra-rapid cycling. But something I don't understand, particularly with ...
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Can someone get mentally retarded suddenly?

Can someone, after having anger to a large level or anxiety to a large level, develop mental retardation? In simple words, can someone being normal and mental sound, become mentally retarded in just a ...
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What is the term used to describe a situation where person doesnt know that he/she actually knows something?

I was watching "Molly's Game" where a conversation between Molly and her psychologist dad appear in later life of Molly (Molly didnt have very good relationship with her dad and wanted to ...
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Is there an example of a major mental handicap being rectified similar to Awakenings, the 1990 film and 1973 nonfiction book?

For those born with cognitive impairment, could technology progress to a point where their disability is rectified to a level of regular human faculty? In the movie and memoir, Awakenings, a new drug ...
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What are the observable differences between "pure" antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?

How to decide whether one has antisocial personality disorder, psychopathy, or both? What are the traits which non-psychopaths with APD have but psychopaths don't have, or vice versa?
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How would we classify it when an adult developed a neurocognitive disorder leading to learning disability?

Quote from DSM-5: C. Onset of intellectual and adaptive deficits during the developmental period (Page 33: Diagnostic criteria for Intellectual Disability [Intellectual Development Disorder]). [...] ...
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Research on the psychopathology of rapists

Since not all sexual assaulters are psychopaths or sadists as the media often chalks them up to ,there is scope to at least mend the thinking of some of the rapists, or any which haven't yet given in ...
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Techniques to combat sexism at school level

I am from India, and if you take a glance at the daily news you will see a lot of gruesome gangrapes and murders. Nirbhaya, Kathua rape case and the Hathras gangrape There are other such incidents ...
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Disorders altering body language?

Are there neurological or psychological disorders that do not affect emotions per se, but affect how they are expressed physically by the body? For example, normally positive emotions are associated ...
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What practical dysfunctionality characterizes severe autism?

I have only known one autistic person and as far as I could see he was perfectly functional except that he could not relate to other people. It seemed as though most of the stuff his parents and ...
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Is there a scientific explanation for dramatic body shaking and trembling in religious settings? (see videos for illustrative examples)

Basically the title. I would like to know if there are scientific studies on the phenomenon of experiencing sudden body shaking and trembling in religious settings, usually in response to the command ...
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How can we measure the levels of Frustration? [closed]

Any technique or Matrix or Questionnaires, Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis
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Relationships Between Specific Behavioral Characteristics Associated With Clinical Diagnosis of Narcissists & Sociopaths

In the past 3½ decades, I've discussed, read, and studied a significant number of mental health practitioner claims, random anecdotal experiences, and clinical study abstract summaries & reports ...
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Is it normal to seek revenge when there's no rational benefit of it?

My understanding of the psychology of revenge has always been very simple: if you are wronged and do nothing about it, the perpetrator and everyone else who learns about that may get tempted to wrong ...
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Has anyone trialled this approach to treating apathy / avolition in schizophrenia ['sharing meaning']

It's well known that the so called "negative symptoms" of schizophrenia are very, very hard to treat. Has anyone studied an approach where the patient / participant -- after a successfully completed ...
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2 votes
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How widespread is learned-helplessness in society?

Looking at these resources: Wikipedia, Learned helplessness Christopher Peterson, Learned Helplessness, 2010 Mario Mikulincer, Human Learned Helplessness: A Coping Perspective, 2013 I'm still unable ...
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Recent Peer Review Studies on How Many Have Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Are there any peer-reviewed studies that show what percent of the population are believed to have Narcissistic Personality Disorder that have been published within the past ten years? I have read ...
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Psychology behind dumb child doing good in academics [closed]

This is my first question in this forum and hence forgive me if the question is amateurish. I was always interested in what a psychology expert will say about this. Consider a boy who is dumb from ...
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How do people with DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) experience dreams?

For people without DID, dream experiences include having other characters in one's dreams behave in ways one can't predict or control, sometimes there can be a "switch" into lucid dreaming where more ...
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What explains the contrast in suicide mortality versus attempts between men and women?

It's said that men in general die from suicide about 3 times more than women, but women make about 3 times more attempts than men. So, men have around 9 times more mortality per attempt. Some sources ...
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How to help people who may suffer from Paranoia?

I am a very active member of the Information Security Stack Exchange site. Every now and then, I come across people who I believe may suffer from paranoia. They believe that "someone" is out ...
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Psychological explanation for exorcisms?

I'm doing research on alleged testimonies and evidences of the spirit realm. In particular, I've been lately reviewing testimonies and live recordings of exorcisms, some of which I find particularly ...
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5 votes
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How can psychopaths with no sympathy for their victims, exploit empathy to ensnare or torture them?

I understand the difference between empathy and sympathy, but not the emboldened sentence. Please expound? Empathy vs. Sympathy | Psychology Today Canada Sympathy (‘fellow feeling’, ‘community of ...
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Psychological Diagnostic Test

Can a person sway the results of their Psychiatric diagnosis test? Say a person has a mental illness that is more serious that they want to accept, if they know enough about Psychology, can they gear ...
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Laughing as a psychological defense when nervous

Say a persons experienced a scarring event in their life (ptsd), and so their mind has developed defense in which they laugh uncontrollably whenever their nervous. This is similar to Joker 2019, ...
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Is there a diagnostic term for a person who impulsively keeps secrets?

Almost like an addiction, similar to the way a pyromaniac feels about fire or burning... I don't know if there's even a word for this, seeing as it's not a common experience, but if there is, it ...
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Testing Prefrontal cortex

Is there a test to see if the Prefrontal cortex of someone works normally? especially a simple test like a questionnaire that you give the individuals to fill out and based on their answer you obtain ...
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