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Questions tagged [abnormal-psychology]

For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and ...

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Is It Possible for a Psychopath to Experience Sudden Emotion

There's a character I'm designing for a story, and (as you probably guessed) he's a psychopath. To further describe his psychopathy, it's an apparent lack of emotions, a morality that saves himself ...
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Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
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Excessive empathy, social cues and adaptive behavior evaluation

An article by Gunnar Bartsch of Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, JMU started me on this line of inquiry. The original source is no longer available but has been reproduced at ScienceDaily (...
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Do vulnerable/covert/shy narcissists seek therapy for NPD?

It is known that common (a.k.a. overt, flamboyant) narcissists rarely seek therapy on their own. However, there is an atypycal type of narcissism called “shy”, “covert” or “vulnerable“. They behave ...
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Can listening to sad songs lead to depression?

When we listen to a sad song, we may experience sadness ourselves. Can this sadness lead to depression?
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Sex With Ghosts - Possible Clinical Diagnoses

Spectrophilia, is described by Wikipedia as the sexual attraction to ghosts or sexual arousal from images in mirrors, as well as the phenomenon of sexual encounters between ghosts and humans. A quick ...
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Is “not going to doctor because of fear of illness” a psychological disorder?

Some people don't like to go to the doctor because they are afraid of being diagnosed sick in medical examinations or being diagnosed exacerbated when they have an illness even they know if they don't ...
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Where can I find Data set for Machine Learning purposes?

I am currently doing a research in the attempt to detect onset sign of mental disorders through facial recognition. In order to do that, I would need training dataset which contains 1. Pictures 2. ...
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Correlation between anxiety disorders and PTSD

The mega study on the genetic correlations of psychiatric (and neurological) disorders published in Science this summer has one interesting non-correlation: between anxiety disorders and PTSD. Are ...
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Can we generalise from loss of ability at arithemtic to pre morbid iq?

If a patient scores say 2 standard deviations less than expected at arithmetic, then how reliably can we claim the same of WM or FSIQ? It seems that the mean score for arithmetic, for the population (...
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Why does SCID call itself “Structured” when by many accounts it's semi-structured?

The "S" in SCID officially stands for "Structured" as in Structured Clinical Interview for DSM. But as far as I can tell for the last three editions (5, IV and III), non-official sources (research ...
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Does James Holmes diagnosis of schizotypal personality disorder indicate a predisposition for mass murder?

On May 27, Dr. William Reid, a court-appointed psychiatrist who interviewed Holmes for a total of about 22 hours, testified that Holmes was mentally ill but legally sane, diagnosing him as having ...
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Is it possible getting into vegetative state by yourself? [closed]

Had a very crazy and intense dream last night where I swapped between different stages of dream depth which actually also included dreaming about the actual place where I was sleeping within a dream ...
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Has there been any studies of pathological “nomad-ness”?

I've spent some time trying to search for this but my lack of knowledge limits my ability to find any information about this subject. I know someone who constantly sees another city as a "Grass is ...
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Are there advantages of psychopathic traits?

After watching a fairly engaging 2016 TEDx talk titled "Psychopaths and three reasons why we need them" I was hoping to read more systematic/traditional research output from its author, Armon Tamatea. ...
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Term for Trance During Violent Episodes

I recently read the book, Violent Mind, The 1976 Psychological Assessment of Ted Bundy" : Dr. Al Carlisle. In the book Dr. Carlisle mentions that Ted Bundy went into trance like states during his ...
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Are there official guidelines to provide “mental first aid” to people attempting suicide?

I wonder if there are any official guidelines on how to act in case of an attempted suicide as a civilian (i.e. trained in first aid, but untrained in rescue, mental health etc)? How should a regular ...
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Why is it hard to do a task while actually you can do it? [closed]

I would start it with a word "Laziness". I actually have realized that every task will not finish if I do not start do it, and I always trigger my motivation by thinking there will be big consequence ...
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Is talking to oneself loudly a very common sign of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia.com states that Replaying or rehearsing conversations out loud- i.e. talking to yourself [is a] (very common sign) [of schizophrenia]. Looking at the site it's not clear who edits ...
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(Why) Do US studies of violence and mental illness tend to report no link but European studies seem to find one?

Studying the link between mental illness and violence seems a sure way to get attention from the mass media, and contradict some other study, and not necessarily one published that long ago. A ...
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344 views

Is there a case of multiple personalities that is not a disorder?

Is there a case of multiple personalities that is not a disorder? For some reason everything I found about "multiple personality" comes in a "disorder" form. Or is it a given that one mind can only ...
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1answer
140 views

Do antipsychotics have a delayed onset of action similar to (monoamine) antidepressants?

I've been trying to understand the position of Steve Hyman (a former NIMH director), who has been amply quoted in an recent article in Quartz, saying among ohter things that There’s not “an iota of ...
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1answer
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Is there evidence or indication that highly sensitive people (HSP) can feel elektromagnetic waves?

HSP's are often very sensitive persons for all kind of sensories, but are there any experiments that they can feel EM-waves or are more affected by them?
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Is there a survey regarding the meaning of distress in the definition of mental disorder?

Although without a doubt discussed in professional circles for a long time before, the definition of mental disorder has been recently brought to the limelight by Trump narcissism debate: “Everyone ...
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Bipolar narcissism?

I was intrigued by the observation that high levels of narcissism tend to be associated with an increase in "flip-flopping" between grandiosity and self-doubt/vulnerability, e.g as stated in Jauk et ...
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Risk aversion and/or loss aversion in partner-abuse victims who persist in their relationship with the abuser?

A recent study by Baek et al. (2017) found that depressed patients with a history of suicide attempt(s) were exhibiting risk and loss aversion much more so than the general population does. (Note that ...
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What is the psychology behind the mass crying of the crowds at superstar music concerts?

Watch the youtube below. Look at the superhuman powers of Michael Jackson to make his audience cry. These audience are strangers to Michael Jackson. There is no close relationship between them other ...
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158 views

Is staying with an abusive partner actually indicative of Stockholm syndrome? [duplicate]

For the longest time, I've wondered why it is that people who are physically or mentally abused by their partners stay in these relationships. Further, it seems, admittedly from personal experience, ...
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116 views

What percentage of those diagnosed with schizophrenia didn't have brain abnormalities?

Scientists in a wide study of subcortical brain abnormalities from the ENIGMA Consortium, Schizophrenia Working Group, published in Molecular Psychiatry, analyzed the brain scans of more than 2,000 ...
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203 views

How might the “Imposter Syndrome” typology be reconciled with the robustness of the “self-serving bias”?

TL;DR What on Earth is going on in someone's head to invert a cognitive bias that is robustly observed in people who are psychologically healthy (Cohen's d = 1.28) and still present in depression (...
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1answer
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Dopamine dysregulation syndrome in non-Parkison's subjects?

I realize that giving L-dopa or similar drugs to people who don't need it would be unethical owing to their side effects*, but given that L-dopa is abused by some Parkinson's disease patients, are ...
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Omitting word(s) when typing

[Reraising a recently asked question that was closed here, but in more cogsci fashion, I hope.] Some people are more inclined than others to omit a word when typing, but still be unaware of its ...
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INPP Neuromotor Immaturity

Can someone shed some light on this "Neuromotor Immaturity (NMI)" syndrome that's been mainly promoted/researched by a UK group called INPP. As you can seen from that page, they take themselves very ...
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1answer
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Does Machiavellianism concept attempt to combine different personalty types?

Wikipedia states that: Machiavellianism has been found to be negatively correlated with Agreeableness and Conscientiousness Next, agreeableness article has following words: The lower-level ...
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1answer
107 views

Is there a named psychological condition for people who find every bad thing to be someone's “fault?” [closed]

Suppose person X is looking for something he has lost. Instead of thinking he left it somewhere, he is convinced that person Y has taken it. X is so convinced of this that he will not even look for ...
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242 views

Is a low Emotional Intelligence (EQ) pathological?

A sufficiently low cognitive intelligence is generally considered in society to be inherently pathological, or at least very nearly so. In fact, until recently, a diagnosis of Intellectual Disability (...
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What percentage of the U.S. (Adult?) population has at some point considered suicide? [closed]

As long as the study focused on people at least 18, that's all I need. Also, the researcher's minimum requirement for 'considered suicide' must be that the person at least considered it as an option. ...
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121 views

What is the reason behind terrorist attacks?

From psychology point of view, what is the reason behind terrorist attacks? What is the motivation for the leaders of terrorists? What is the motivation for the person who performs terrorist attacks?
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Evidence of cannabis exposure causing schizophrenia?

I've heard that cannabis exposure during teenage years increases the probability of developing schizophrenia-like symptoms later in life. What evidence is there that this is causal and not ...
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740 views

What is a phobia against babies or kids called?

I have heard about people that experience fears for other people, or groups of people; for example a fear for babies. Is this a recognized pathologocal condition, or is it just a form of antisocial ...
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Which long-term effects can hypocortisolism have on behavior?

Chronic stress can have a serious impact on our physical as well as psychological health due to sustained high levels of the chemicals released in the ‘fight or flight’ response. In abused children ...
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Could the knowledge of the construct of self-efficacy affect the student's aptitude to a certain task?

I am a tutor for children with learning disabilities and i have read that they have lower levels of perceived self-efficacy than students without this learning disabilities. I decided to deepen the ...
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1answer
117 views

What to expect from a seriously mentally ill individual when a poor prognosis is revealed through improper channels?

I recently learned about a friend who is suffering from some serious mental illness from someone who has yet to reveal this illness to the individual. Apparently the individual in question suffers ...
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2answers
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Is autism caused by genetics?

Is autism and Asperger's syndrome caused by genetics or some other factor such as the environment? I am aware about the Neanderthal Theory of autism, Asperger and ADHD, but am not interested in this ...
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153 views

What's the correct way to use 'schadenfreude' to describe a person who has/uses/suffers from it?

There are examples at dictionary.com on uses of 'schadenfreude'. But what is the correct way to describe a person that has/uses/suffers from schadenfreude as part of a personality disorder/mental ...
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88 views

Memories triggered by everything [closed]

I have this property of mind where memories of every event which is slightly more important than everyday routine gets linked with apparently anything that's existing or happening at that time and ...
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1answer
205 views

What, exactly, is the difference between sociopathy and psychopathy?

I am writing a report on the similarities and differences between sociopathy and psychopathy. I have looked up a bit of information on the topic, but I would still like to know some of the opinions of ...
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1answer
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Using “it sounds” instead of “it tastes” [closed]

99% of the time I use in the conversation (or when I am thinking) the phrase "it sounds" instead of "it tastes" when I am talking about the food, or drinks, etc. For example: "This coffee sounds ...
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Which brain areas are linked to Hyperactivity in ADHD?

I'm looking for some research identifying which brain areas or biological processes are behind specifically the hyperactivity symptoms of ADHD? I have done a preliminary search but most of the ...
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209 views

Have there been followups to the Rosenhan Experiment?

The famous Rosenhan experiment of 1973 showed that doctors in asylums routinely misdiagnosed normal people with various psychiatric disorders. Have any followup studies been done to confirm these ...