9
$\begingroup$

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego depletion, the temporary depletion of self-regulatory capacity by an initial act of self-control, has a significant effect in decreasing performance in self-control tasks (Hagger et.al, 2010).

I would like to know the methods to induce ego depletion, so far I only come across studies using emotional videos and thought suppression (Baumeister et.al., 2003) to achieve this cognitive process.

  1. Baumeister, R. F. (2003). Ego depletion and self‐regulation failure: A resource model of self‐control. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 27(2), 281-284. DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000060879.61384.A4
  2. Hagger, M. S., Wood, C., Stiff, C., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2010). Ego depletion and the strength model of self-control: a meta-analysis. Psychological bulletin, 136(4), 495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0019486
  3. Muraven, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2000). Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: Does self-control resemble a muscle?. Psychological bulletin, 126(2), 247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.126.2.247
$\endgroup$
4
$\begingroup$

In the supplemental materials (Appendix A) of the meta-analysis by Hagger et al. (2010), you can find a comprehensive taxonomy of different methods that have been used to induce ego depletion. As the table summarizes a great variety of different paradigms, I will only list a few examples of methods and papers here. The references can be found in this document.

Hagger et al. sort the methods into 3 "task spheres" depending on whether they focus more on affective or cognitive processes:

  1. Affective

    • controlling emotions - for example reading book passage aloud in emotionally expressive fashion (Gailliot, Schmeichel, & Maner, 2007, Study 1), regulating negative affect when describing a situation (Bruyneel et al., 2009, Studies 3 & 4)
    • controlling impulses - for example crossing-out-letters task (e.g., Baumeister et al., 1998, Study 4), modified Stroop task performance (e.g., Bray, Ginis, Hicks, & Woodgate, 2008), Appetizing/unappetizing food taste perception task (e.g., Baumeister et al., 1998, Study 1)
  2. Cognitive

    • controlling attention - for example focusing attention on subject and not displayed words while watching a video (e.g., DeWall et al., 2008, Study 2), arithmetic task with/without auditory interference (e.g., Alberts, Martijn, Greb, Merckelbach, & de Vries, 2007, Study 2)

    • cognitive performance - for example paced forward (low fatigue)/backward (high fatigue) counting task (e.g., Wright et al., 2007), easy/difficult labyrinths task (e.g., Alberts et al., 2007)

    • controlling thoughts - for example suppressing thoughts of death (e.g., Gailliot, Baumeister et al., 2007, Study 8), suppressing thoughts of previously-viewed emotive video (Ostafin et al., 2008)

    • choice and volition - for example making product choices (Bruyneel, Dewitte, Vohs, & Warlop, 2006), forced-choice essay task (e.g., Baumeister et al., 1998, Study 2)

  3. Affective and cognitive

    • social processing - for example, high-maintenance social interaction tasks (e.g., Finkel et al., 2006), other-race/same-race social interaction task (e.g., Richeson & Shelton, 2003)

References

Hagger, M. S., Wood, C., Stiff, C., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. D. (2010). Ego depletion and the strength model of self-control: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 495–525. doi:10.1037/a0019486

$\endgroup$

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.