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Are any kinds of behavior proved to correlate with testosterone levels? Any studies done on this? Any indications of such correlations?

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    $\begingroup$ I really need to find a link to that interview, - a transgender woman who became a man and got high levels of testosterone injections. She described dramatic changes in her thoughts of women- a lot more aggressive sexual thoughts. Low levels of testosterone in men have negative effects on cognition - depressed moods, irritability. $\endgroup$ – Alex Stone Nov 21 '14 at 1:44
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"There was a significantly higher level of plasma testosterone in the aggressive group as compared with the nonaggressive group or with the other two groups combined. The socially dominant group also had a significantly higher level of testosterone than the nonaggressive group." http://journals.lww.com/psychosomaticmedicine/Abstract/1974/11000/Plasma_Testosterone__Correlation_with_Aggressive.2.aspx

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"Analysis of archival data from 4,462 U.S. military veterans supported the first hypothesis: Testosterone was correlated with a variety of antisocial behaviors among all individuals." http://pss.sagepub.com/content/1/3/209.short

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"Plasma testosterone levels did not differ in fighting and nonfighting individuals. Although there were significant correlations between psychologic tests, the test scales did not correlate either with plasma testosterone or with fighting behavior. The 10 prisoners with histories of more violent and aggressive crimes in adolescence had a significantly higher level of testosterone than the 11 prisoners without such a history. An hypothesis is presented that within a population that is predisposed by virtue of social factors to develop antisocial behaviors, levels of testosterone may be an important additional factor in placing individuals at risk to commit more aggressive crimes in adolescence." http://journals.lww.com/psychosomaticmedicine/Abstract/1972/07000/Assessment_of_Aggressive_Behavior_and_Plasma.6.aspx

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"Statistically significant changes in MMPI–2 scale scores were found at 3-month follow-up after initiating testosterone treatment relative to baseline for transgender men compared with female controls (female template): reductions in Hypochondria (p < .05), Depression (p < .05), Hysteria (p < .05), and Paranoia (p < .01); and increases in Masculinity–Femininity scores (p < .01)." http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2014-32641-001/

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Baron-Cohen and his colleagues recently found that giving testosterone to women decreases their ability to empathize, particularly among women whose bodies show evidence that they were exposed to higher levels of testosterone in utero. And previous research has linked high levels of testosterone in the womb to autistic traits. (Interestingly, in-utero exposure to testosterone can be estimated by looking at the ratio between the length of the ring finger and index finger.) http://healthland.time.com/2011/05/18/study-why-some-transgendered-people-have-higher-levels-of-autistic-traits/

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Contrary to what many believe:

No direct associations were found between testosterone and solitary or dyadic sexual desire. http://www.eje-online.org/content/165/2/331.full.pdf

Some transgender people say they have changes parts of their personality, but I've found no studies to prove this.

"Chris Edwards, a trans advertising executive, says that post-transition, he was given greater levels of responsibility—but he thinks it’s because the testosterone he took changed his behavior. He became less timid and more outspoken—and was seen, at work, as more of a leader. Indeed, some suggest that transmen might experience these workplace benefits partly because, post-transition, they are happier and more comfortable, and that this confidence leads to greater workplace success. But if that’s the case, one would expect that transwomen, armed with this same newfound confidence, would see benefits. The opposite seems to be true. " http://www.newrepublic.com/article/119239/transgender-people-can-explain-why-women-dont-advance-work

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"Now that we’re roughly two years into the process there has been a dramatic change in personality. This was expected, I knew there would be highs and lows because the process takes a huge toll. However now she just treats everyone like garbage. The whole world absolutely has to revolve around her. No one can be right unless it happens to be from her prospective. She exemplifies all of the negative stereotypes of both transgender people and women. The personality change went from laid back punk rocker to being what I can only sum up as a stuck up diva." https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100430043917AAYcyD8

Note that stories like the one above may have several possible causes, including identity changes (suddenly seeing oneself as a different gender), depression (generally bad mood) or placebo.

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    $\begingroup$ This is an awfully copypasta-ish answer; a little summary text at the beginning would go a long way towards resolving that. $\endgroup$ – Krysta Jun 3 '15 at 15:02
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This is an illness, not a behavior, but schizophrenia is known to be correlated with high testosterone levels. Of course, as the article I linked to itself states:

“However, as with most endocrine and mental illnesses, schizophrenia is multifaceted (genetic, environmental etc.)...”

Of course this is just one example, but I always thought the schizophrenia-testosterone link was interesting.

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I'm not sure this is what you asked for but the guy in this video will tell about the study conducted on how behaviour can affect the testosterone production. He'll say that by doing the power pose (acting like you're the boss) for 2 mins will increase the testosterone by 20% and reduce cortisol levels

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