Transformational leadership is sometimes recommended as a way of motivating and inspiring followers in contrast to more transactional styles of leadership.

There is a large pop-psych literature on leadership, but I'm specifically interested in scientifically rigorous empirical evidence supporting or not supporting the value of transformational leadership.

  • What is the empirical support for transformational leadership?

1 Answer 1


Here is one meta analytic comparison:


Bernard M. Bass is one of the most cited researchers on this field: Here is one of his articles but there are plenty on the net:


I think he is also author of MLQ - multifaceted survey of leadership.

There is also revised theory by Bass and Avolio: The implications of transactional and transformational leadership.

And also: Re-examining the components of transformational and transactional leadership using the Multi-factor Leadership; Journal of Occupational and organizational psychology. 2010.

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    $\begingroup$ Can you elaborate or summarize these articles? Otherwise this answer is too vague. $\endgroup$ Jun 4, 2013 at 10:06
  • $\begingroup$ Yes. Transformational leadership is overrated IMO. New findings shows that different situations need different leadership styles. There are plenyty of books/articles on this theme if was trying to be concise to answer 'empirical support'. $\endgroup$
    – ICanFeelIt
    Jun 4, 2013 at 10:30

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