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I notice this happens ubiquitously. When siblings are apart in college, or kids away from parents due to college, or even long distance relationships - during a reunion (like over the holidays) only the positives tend to be highlighted, there is generally less fighting and more harmony and the overall relationship feels much better than it would be on average if the separation was not there.

What is the name of this effect, if it has one? Or are there any results/studies about this?

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  • $\begingroup$ We Czechs use the term "submarine disease". Is "cabin fever" what you have in mind? $\endgroup$ – John Dvorak Nov 8 '13 at 18:09
  • $\begingroup$ @JanDvorak cabin fever is the reverse effect $\endgroup$ – user10932 Nov 8 '13 at 22:42
  • $\begingroup$ Absence makes the heart grow fonder $\endgroup$ – Greg McNulty Nov 14 '13 at 0:11
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In general, I would have said the opposite: there's a robust literature on familiarity driving liking, even with non-social stimuli like shapes:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mere-exposure_effect

This is also true with people. There may be some kind of an effect whereby people who are familiar and then separated bicker less after the break than before, but I haven't seen this studied. I'd suggest you look at terms like conflict in close relationships for psychological research, e.g.:

Simpson, J. A., Rholes, W. S., & Phillips, D. (1996). Conflict in close relationships: An attachment perspective. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(5), 899-914. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.71.5.899

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