What is Hypnosis?
First of all, we need to define hypnosis. Hypnosis, by definition, is a natural state attained by individuals. It is the calm, place achieved by meditation, reflective thought or day dreaming. In and of itself, yes hypnosis can be beneficial to all individuals. A caveat applies to this statement, however, as to the current mental state of an individual. One could suggest that hypnosis is to the human mind, as eating vegetables is to the human body; nourishing and vital for our well being.
What is therapeutic hypnosis?
Hypnotherapy, which is the use of hypnosis as a therapy is another thing. It has been proven to have success. However, it's success is contingent upon the individuals willingness for change, insight, and mental capacities (as are Factors Influencing Successful Psychotherapy Outcomes). Hypnotherapy teaches the individual to use hypnosis as a therapeutic technique. Hypnotherapy has success rates in helping mental disorders. A person is more suggestible under hypnosis.
When I refer to mental capacities, I am not so much referring to intellect, as mental health. For psychotic illness, by definition, is unable to be improved with logic or reasoning, any form of therapy, other than medication to adjust the brains chemistry, after which, other therapeutic processes may assist in the individual's well being. **note my comment about psychosis is broad; I believe it is too big a topic to detail here*
What is Hypnotherapy and How Does it Differ From Hypnosis?
Hypnosis is a totally natural state of mind. When under hypnosis you will feel very relaxed, just like that wonderful feeling when you are
tired lying in your bed and you are so overcome with comfort that you
wish the moment could last forever. Through simple hypnotic,
relaxation techniques you can easily attain this state at which time
it becomes easy, with the help of a trained hypnotherapist, to
visualise yourself becoming healthier, happier, more confident, a
Hypnotherapy, or self-hypnosis once you've learnt to use the tools for yourself, can be a very effective tool for asking the right kind
of 'internal' questions. ..//...
Many people claim that they have never been hypnotised, but they do admit to having drifted off whilst thinking about a loved one,
forgetting large chunks of a car journey (commonly known as highway
hypnosis), or 'going somewhere else' while reading a book. These are
all examples of natural trance states. One of the great things about
hypnosis is that in the hands of a reputable practitioner it is
harmless and produces no damaging side effects, whilst providing
positive therapeutic benefits. (1)
How is hypnosis used within current therapies?
Hypnosis is the principle used in mindfulness, a popular therapeutic technique used in a variety of therapies, including Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT); which was developed from CBT by Dr Marsha Linehan. It is specifically designed to help people with Borderline Personality Disorder.
Hypnosis is also commonly practiced to assist individuals with problems of addiction; examples being smoking and weight loss. citations to follow
It has also shown to have beneficial effects in pain management. citations to follow
- Does Hypnosis Work for Treating, or Curing, any Form of any Mental Disorder?
This can be answered with an uncategorical Yes, as an adjunct to the therapeutic process.
It has proven useful in assisting personality disorders, addiction, pain management, phobias, anxiety and depression, as broad examples.
Hypnosis, when using proven therapeutic procedures, can be a highly effective form of treatment for many mental, psychosomatic, and
physical disorders. For example, through the use of regressive
techniques, an adult patient may mentally voyage back to a point in
youth that was particularly troublesome, allowing the healing of old
emotional wounds. Another patient can be led to understand that
emotional pain has been converted to physical pain, and that the pain
can be eliminated once the source has been addressed. Or, a person
suffering from chronic pain can be taught to control the pain without
use of medications. There are a number of techniques for correcting
dysfunctional behaviors such as self-destructive habits, anxiety
disorders, and even managing side effects of various medical
treatments and procedures.
Hypnotherapy has been used to stop self-destructive and addictive habits like smoking. It has also been used to curb the urge to eat
for overeaters, to stem the disruptive actions of tics, cure insomnia
, stop bed-wetting, and minimize anxiety. Excessive stress can be
generated from any number of sources and can be the springboard for
anxiety. Some of the more prominent sources of anxiety and stress for
which people seek hypnotherapy are: public speaking, test taking, and
job stress. Hypnotherapy also works well for other anxiety disorders
such as phobias and has proven to be an effective treatment for mild
to moderate depression. In one study, hypnotherapy was used in
conjunction with traditional cognitive therapy, to assist persons who
had severe aversion to needles. The treatment was necessary, because
it was essential that each participant receive periodic medical
injections. However, the participants would have become non-compliant
without the adjunct intervention of hypnotherapy. In another case,
involving care for terminally ill cancer patients, it was concluded
that hypnotherapy was more effective at enhancing quality of life and
relieving anxiety and depressive symptoms, when compared to others
who received traditional care. (2)(9)(10)(11)(12)(13)(14)(15)(16)
- I'd like to know if its backed by literature. I want the specific citation's abstract quoted.
There have been numerous studies demonstrating the usefulness of hypnosis within a therapeutic setting and the long term benefits.
The following links and excerpts provide citations with conclusive research about the efficacy of Hypnosis as a useful and lasting therapeutic technique. I have inserted bold to highlight the various conditions being discussed.
It is argued (a) that the integration of techniques from behavior modification and hypnosis can expedite therapy for specific
disorders and (b) that hypnosis intensifies the perceptual and
cognitive factors involved in "visual voyages" or hypnagogic
experiences, evocation of fantasies, feeling states, and "altered
states of consciousness" to bring about behavioral changes. (4) Hypnosis and behavior modification: Imagery conditioning.
Thus hypnosis was shown to be more effective than nonhypnotic techniques for reducing procedural distress in children and
adolescents with cancer. (5) Hypnosis and nonhypnotic techniques for reduction of pain and anxiety during painful procedures in children and adolescents with cancer
Hypnosis, when used by trained professionals, in other words, can allow those who suffer from panic attacks to learn to effectively
and rapidly regulate their internal states. These techniques, in
addition to curing phobic conditions or panic attacks, support
patients, allowing them to regain the possibility of managing their
own well-being and restoring their sense of self mastery, which is
often lowered by these disordersibid. (3)
I have merged the following points
- I'd like to know their findings, conclusions, and methodologies and your analysis of that.
- I'd like to know if you found any potential errors or flaws in the study - and you're overall analysis of that.
I cannot analysis or critique all these studies, as there are many studies which demonstrate the effects of hypnosis. The nature of any study, is it is time consuming and requires much work and effort outside of the scope of these types of questions and answers. I agree with this answer here, to this question Striking a balance between citations and common sense in answers about providing effective answers.
The question about potential flaws, in this study, it is made clear that, given the small difference between therapeutic techniques, with or without the addition of hypnosis, there was a significant difference for patients, having hypnosis as part of their treatment.
These results were particularly striking because of the few procedural differences between the hypnotic and nonhypnotic treatments. (3)
There is also the issue, that hypnosis, as a therapy per se, is generally used as part of an integrated therapeutic approach. One example being, children undergoing treatment for cancer, are not given hypnosis in isolation, it is within a structured supportive framework. So the measure of hypnosis, per se, is difficult to quantify at times; as the willingness to use hypnosis as a therapeutic technique, also demonstrates a more holistic viewpoint in the management of the individuals health. Almost akin to natural therapies, as hypnosis is a natural tool, available to individuals and does not need to be taught to be practiced. Being a natural tool available, it can be taught to those who neglect to use it. Much like education about a healthy diet. It is a healthy practice for the mind.
I have merged these questions- "I'd like to know how long the treatments lasted after they stopped being hypnotized." In these studies the hypnosis was a part of the therapeutic process, so the hypnosis continued whilst the therapy continued.
- I'd like to know how long the treatments lasted after they stopped being hypnotized.
- I'd like to know how effective it was for whatever specific goals that it was used to treat. How long did the affects last if there were any?
Effects seemed particularly pronounced for treatments of obesity, especially at long-term follow-up, indicating that unlike those in
nonhypnotic treatment, clients to whom hypnotic inductions had been
administered continued to lose weight after treatment ended. These
results were particularly striking because of the few procedural
differences between the hypnotic and nonhypnotic treatments. (6)
This paper discussed the usefulness and longer term effectiveness of hypnosis for people with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
This research represents the first controlled treatment study of hypnosis and cognitive– behavioral therapy (CBT) of acute stress
disorder (ASD). Civilian trauma survivors (N 87) who met criteria
for ASD were randomly allocated to 6 sessions of CBT, CBT combined
with hypnosis (CBT– hypnosis), or supportive counseling (SC). CBT
comprised exposure, cognitive restructuring, and anxiety management.
CBT– hypnosis comprised the CBT components with each imaginal
exposure preceded by a hypnotic induction and suggestions to engage
fully in the exposure. In terms of treatment completers (n 69),
fewer participants in the CBT and CBT– hypnosis groups met criteria
for posttraumatic stress disorder at posttreatment and 6-month
follow-up than those in the SC group. CBT– hypnosis resulted in
greater reduction in reexperiencing symptoms at posttreatment than
CBT. These findings suggest that hypnosis may have use in
facilitating the treatment effects of CBT for posttraumatic stress.
This study demonstrates that the beneficial effects of hypnotherapy appear to last at least five years. Thus it is a viable therapeutic option for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. (8)
- I'd like to know what it feels like to be hypnotized if you've had the experience of it.
As to personal experience I have experienced self and therapeutic hypnosis at varying stages throughout my life. It creates a feeling of relaxation and peace. It gives me a personal power of feeling more self control and reducing distress levels.
- I'd like to know why if it worked really well for you then why did you stop doing it or have you actually continued?
Personally, I have practiced it throughout my entire life. The times I need it the most, are the times I practice it the least. It is something I should tattoo on myself to remind me to use it more often, as it is helpful. Not a cure all, but helps me in any and every situation. It slow down my emotional reaction time and intensity and assists in making ill-timed, rash and bad judgements. It is when in a distressed state it is the hardest to practice. I am glad for this question, as it is a reminder to me, to practice this and I need to practice it daily.
To go into explanation as to why people have discontinued, would be similar to asking, how long is a piece of string. People stop therapy or positive coping techniques for a vast number of reasons. I cannot begin to address this within the scope of this answer. I have posted this question:
What are the key predictive traits of therapeutic success?
(1) What is Hypnotherapy and How Does it Differ From Hypnosis? Oxford Hypnotherapy
(2) Hypnotherapy Encyclopedia ofMental Disorders
(3) PANIC ATTACKS AND PHOBIAS: HEALING WITH HYPNOSIS Milton H Erickson Institute
(4) Hypnosis and behavior modification: Imagery conditioning.
Kroger, William S.; Fezler, William D.
Oxford, England: J. B. Lippincott. (1976). xxv 426 pp.
(5) Hypnosis and nonhypnotic techniques for reduction of pain and anxiety during painful procedures in children and adolescents with cancer
Richard W. Olmsted (Editor), M.D. Lonnie ZeltzerCorresponding author contact information, Ph.D. Samuel LeBaron
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas USA
(6) Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy: A meta-analysis.
Kirsch, Irving; Montgomery, Guy; Sapirstein, Guy
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol 63(2), Apr 1995, 214-220. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.63.2.214
(7) The Additive Benefit of Hypnosis and Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy in
Treating Acute Stress Disorder
Richard A. Bryant, Michelle L. Moulds, Rachel M. Guthrie, and Reginald D. V. Nixon
University of New South Wales
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology Copyright 2005 by the American Psychological Association
2005, Vol. 73, No. 2, 334 –340 0022-006X/05/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.73.2.334
Gut. 2003 Nov;52(11):1623-9.
(8) Long term benefits of hypnotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome.
Gonsalkorale WM, Miller V, Afzal A, Whorwell PJ Department of Medicine, University Hospital of South Manchester, Manchester, UK. [email protected]
(9) Iglesias, A. & Iglesias, A. (2005). Awake alert hypnosis in the treatment of panic disorder: a case report. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 47(4), 249-256.
(10) McNeal, S.A. (2001). EMDR and hypnosis in the treatment of phobias. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 43:3/43:4, 263-274.
(11) Kirsch, I., Montgomery, G. & Sapperstein, G. (1995) Hypnosis as a adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy: a meta analysis. Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, 63, 214-220.
(12) Crawford, H.J. & Barbasasz, A.F. (1993). Phobias and intense fears: facilitating their treatment with hypnosis. In J. W. Rhue, S. J. Lynn & I. Kirsch, (Eds.), Handbook of clinical hypnosis (pp.311-338) Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
(13) King, Brenda J, Michael Nash, David Spiegel, and Kenneth Jobson. Hypnosis as an intervention in pain management: A brief review. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice 5 (2001): 97–101.
(14) Liossi, Christina and Paul White. Efficacy of clinical hypnosis in the enhancement of quality of life of terminally ill cancer patients. Contemporary Hypnosis 18 (2001): 145–160.
(15) Segal, Robert. Hypnosis in the treatment of an eating disorder. Australian Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis 29 (2001): 26–36.
(16) Yapko, Michael. Hypnosis in treating symptoms and risk factors of major depression. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 44 (2001): 97–108.