Is there some (preferably free) online and accurate IQ test?
One which does not give me an genius IQ and then tries to sell me a diploma.
I need one which measures upto 160 sd15 (or higher). Such a test would probably document its norming process somehow.
Is there some (preferably free) online and accurate IQ test?
2$\begingroup$ Also see this question that asked about a free public domain IQ test with norms $\endgroup$– Jeromy AnglimJun 9, 2013 at 7:16
2$\begingroup$ Also see this previous question about how to measure very high IQs $\endgroup$– Jeromy AnglimJun 9, 2013 at 7:21
$\begingroup$ Just a note on IQ. It is not a true measure of 'intelligence' anyway, but more of 'symbolic logic'. Intelligence is something that can not be measured accurately, although inventions such as the 'IQ Test' do make a very strong attempt. $\endgroup$– Kraang PrimeDec 20, 2014 at 13:19
$\begingroup$ The short answer is no. Most online IQ tests are only there to inflate your score, then convince the gullible to buy some certificate or course or some nonsense with a price as inflated as the test score. King of the Hill captured this in an episode that had Peggy shell out $1000 to be a "certified genius" complete with getting a phony degree from The Genius Academy." The paper printed to claim that would have been worth way more money. They are looking to make you feel really great, to sell you something really worthless because the high you're riding makes an easy mark of you. $\endgroup$– James ButlerMay 3, 2022 at 17:34
There are at least two problems with measuring high intelligence:
(1) Any IQ test has a maximum difficulty. That means that all subjects above a certain intelligence answer all questions correctly and get the same maximum score. This is called the "ceiling effect".
Now you might say, that we simply need to construct a test that is difficult enough for even the most intelligent person to make some mistakes.
(2) The problem with special "high IQ" tests is that you cannot draw a large enough sample to norm this test. An IQ score is not an absolute value, like height, where you measure from a zero point to a certain length and each length has a meaning in itself in relation to that zero point. IQ does not have a zero point (there is no measurable total absence of intelligence), and the values of an IQ test are defined in relation to the average intelligence of the population that person comes from.
To norm a test, it is applied to a large sample of the population, and the mean and the shape of the distribution are calculated. The mean is defined as 100, the distribution is defined by the standard deviation, which for an IQ test is 15. The norming is done for different countries and at different times. This also means, that you cannot compare an IQ score from France to one from Spain, and that you cannot compare an IQ score from 1950 to one from 2007, at least not without some mathematical trickery similar to calculating the temperature in Centigrade from one given in Fahrenheit.
Now, since there are very few very intelligent people, even if all of them took the test your sample would be too small to reliably calculate a mean and the distribution. (And you couldn't test any of them ever again, because they already took the test and know the questions.)
Finally, you wouldn't know how the scores from this test relate to scores from other tests. In an IQ test with which you test the whole population, the average is set to be 100. Since all different IQ tests are normed for the whole population, you can set all their means at 100 and compare their scores. For a test that tests only a non-average subset of the population, like very intelligent people, the average must be somewhere else, because of course highly intelligent people are not of average intelligence. But where do you set it in relation to the 100 of the average population? You would need their scores from a normal IQ test to calculate this, but (now the circle closes) since a normal IQ test cannot measure them due to the ceiling effect, you don't know where they are in relation to the average IQ of 100.
While you can create an intelligence test to measure the intelligence of highly intelligent people, this test will not give you a result that has any meaning in relation to the IQ, so in fact it is not an IQ test.
IQ is not intelligence (a trait), but a construct. IQ is what is measured by an IQ test, as the saying goes. A high intelligence test measures a different construct.
$\begingroup$ I dont see the problem, IQ testing in the normal range upto 140 is very successfull, for higher range, all you need is harder items and a larger sample. IQ testing has existed for over 50 years and norming has been done on millions. There exist many offline administered tests that measures upto 170 or higher. $\endgroup$– z457731Jun 11, 2013 at 7:27
3$\begingroup$ @z457731 That was covered in the reply by Jensen RCM. I'll try again: In the middle IQ ranges (average IQ around 100) there are many millions of people that you can test. From these results, you calculate the difficulty of your questions. This is important: the difficulty is not a factum that exists independent of the population. You need to test people to know how difficult a question is. To simplify the process, the difficulty is the number of people who cannot answer the question (from your test subjects). [contd.] $\endgroup$– user3116Jun 11, 2013 at 8:56
3$\begingroup$ [contd.] For extremely difficult questions there might not be anyone among your subjects who can answer this question. So you don't know its difficulty. From your standpoint, all the questions that no-one could answer, are equally difficult (i.e. impossible) to answer. Or you might have one subject who has an IQ of 180, and he can answer all these difficult questions. Since only he can answer these questions, they appear equally difficult. [contd.] $\endgroup$– user3116Jun 11, 2013 at 8:56
2$\begingroup$ [contd.] You don't know if there would be someone with IQ 160, who can answer only some of these very difficult questions. On top of that is the problem, that you don't know if a right or wrong answer was due to knowledge or guesswork. That person that had all those difficult questions right might just have had a lucky day. While is becomes less and less likely, the more correct answers he give, we don't know which ones he guessed, and even unlikely events do happen. That is what Jensen RCM means with "noise": the more difficult the questions, the less accurate the scaling of the difficulty. $\endgroup$– user3116Jun 11, 2013 at 8:57
What you are asking for does not really exist, no serious IQ test would ever give a score of 160.
IQ scores get swamped with noise more than ~30 points from the mean.
For example, an IQ of 160 means you are are more intelligent than 99.996% percent of people while an IQ of 150 means you are more intelligent than 99.957% of people. No test could claim to measure that difference with a strait face.
3$\begingroup$ Why is that? Do you also think it would be hard to figure out if a person is higher then 99.9957% of people on earth? Or that he is richer then 99.9998% of people in his country? $\endgroup$– z457731Jun 8, 2013 at 19:56
3$\begingroup$ @z457731 A psychological test does not give the "true value" of a psychological trait. Psychological traits cannot be measured directly like lengths, they must be inferred from their effects. The result from an IQ test means that your IQ probably lies somewhere close to that number. The exact probability is reflected in the reliability of the test; the range of where the true value might lie is defined by the standard deviation (which is 15 points). For example, results from 85 to 115 are all interpreted as reflecting "average intelligence". No finer distinction is supported by such a test. $\endgroup$– user3116Jun 9, 2013 at 19:31
3$\begingroup$ [contd.] For a finer distinction, it would be necessary to repeatedly test the same person with the same test and calculate an average result. This is impossible, because you can only apply an IQ test once, because the next time the test subject will have learned many of the answers. The same is actually true in physics. For acurate measurement, you need to repeat the measuring and calculate the mean. But measuring a length or weight can be repeated indefinitely without falsifying the results, since there is no learning effect on the part of a scale or yardstick. $\endgroup$– user3116Jun 9, 2013 at 19:34
To add to the existing answers (of which @what's gets special mention), an issue I don't think has really been addressed is the statistical reason for it being so difficult to measure extremely high IQs.
By design, IQ is scaled so that it's normally distributed, with a mean of 100, and a standard deviation (SD) of 15. A well known feature of the normal distribution is that 68% of values are within one SD of the mean, 95% within 2, and 99.75 within 3. This means that only .03% of IQ scores are more than 3 SDs from the mean: above $100 + 15*3 = 145$, or below $100 - 15*3 = 55$.
It's even more unusual to find values over 160 (4 SDs) or under 40, with 99.993% of IQs being within this range. This means that only .0035% of people are likely to have IQs over 160. If you normed your IQ test on a sample of 1 million people (which is obviously totally unrealistic), you would only find ~30 with a 160+ IQ, rendering it impossible to accurately estimate a single individuals IQ in that range.
Simulated distribution of IQ for a population of 7 million (1/1000 the global population). Vertical lines indicate standard deviations (15 points). In this simulation, 238 people have IQs > 160.
Have a look at the different High IQ societies here: http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/High_IQ_society
The best societies to look at for 160+ are:
- eximia high IQ society
- Mega Society
- GenerIQ Society
- Giga Society (http://www.gigasociety.com/)
All of them have references to test (some of it is online).
For ease of access, here are the societies from top 5% onwards
- Top 5% (95th percentile; 1/20; IQ 124 sd15, IQ 126 sd16): International High IQ Society
- Top 2% (98th percentile; 1/50; IQ 130 sd15, IQ 132 sd16): Encefálica Society, High Potentials Society, Mensa International, Mysterium Society
- Top 1% (99th percentile; 1/100; IQ 135 sd15, IQ 137 sd16): Intertel, Top One Percent Society
- Top 0.7% (99.3rd percentile; 1/147; IQ 137 sd15): Sunesis Society(Defunct)
- Top 0.5% (99.5th percentile; 1/200; IQ 139 sd15, IQ 141 sd16): Colloquy (Society), Poetic Genius Society
- Top 0.37% (99.63rd percentile; 1/270; IQ 140 sd15): Infinity International Society, HispanIQ International Society
- Top 0.3% (99.7th percentile; 3/1000; IQ 141 sd15, IQ 144 sd16): Cerebrals Society
- Top 0.2% (99.8th percentile; 1/500; IQ 143 sd15, IQ 146 sd16): exactiq high IQ society
- Top 0.13% (99.87th percentile; 13/10000; IQ 145 sd15, IQ 148 sd16): CIVIQ Society
- Top 0.1% (99.9th percentile; 1/1000; IQ 146 sd15, IQ 149 sd16): Glia Society, International High IQ Society Milenija, International Society for Philosophical Enquiry, Iquadrivium Society, One-in-a-Thousand Society, Triple Nine Society
- Top 0.003% (99.997th percentile; 3/100000; IQ 160 sd15, IQ 164 sd16): Prometheus Society, Tetra Society
- Top 0.001% (99.999th percentile, 1/100000; IQ 164 sd 15, IQ 168 sd 16): eximia high IQ society, The Ultranet
- Top 0.0001% (99.9999th percentile; 1/1000000; IQ 172 sd15, IQ 176 sd16): Mega Society, GenerIQ Society
- Top 0.0000001% (99.9999999th percentile; 1/1,000,000,000; IQ 190 sd15, IQ 196 sd16): Giga Society
$\begingroup$ So if you would test the whole mankind, you would not only FIND 7 or 8 with 190 or higher, but you must find exactly 7/8 due the IQ is a relative value, not a fix number. It's not possible to have more than 8 IQ190+ people in <8.000.000.000, so it's impossible to have less then 7 IQ190+ in >7.000.000.000. $\endgroup$– jawoFeb 19, 2015 at 11:38
$\begingroup$ You are absolutely right @Sempie. It is all relative, although it's not reflected like that in reality. If you would have taken a test today, they should really let you know every year how they have adjusted that number ... so your IQ should really fluctuate (slightly), depending on how others rate in their new IQ tests. $\endgroup$– z0mbi3Feb 20, 2015 at 13:36
The oldest and largest high IQ society in the world is Mensa. They offer membership only to those who have an IQ in the top 2%. They administer their own test to qualify those who seek membership.
There are also online IQ tests that claim to be Mensa IQ tests, but I am unsure of their validity. However, Mensa only recognize the results of tests that they personally supervise, so any online IQ test proclaiming you a genius is just a novelty really, as online IQ tests are not recognized as having any special significance by any 3rd party.
If you are really serious about knowing how your IQ compares, I would suggest getting in contact with Mensa since they are the experts about that.
1$\begingroup$ Mensa is not a psychometrics society, and I would not suggest asking them any question that should be directed to a psychometrics expert--they are a group of people with a certain range of test scores. $\endgroup$– KrystaFeb 16, 2015 at 13:45
$\begingroup$ MENSA actually accepts several different tests, although they do administer their own. I personally got into MENSA based on some IQ test I took when I was ~8. At the very least, MENSA's list of accepted IQ tests would be useful: us.mensa.org/join/testscores/qualifyingscores $\endgroup$– JeutnargMay 29, 2016 at 3:16
$\begingroup$ I already took the (on-site) Mensa test. I scored in the top 10% of Mensa candidates (so top 10% of the top 2% of population). Therefore looking for more targeted tests. $\endgroup$– z0mbi3Jul 27, 2019 at 12:12