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There are different meta-cognitive judgments: feeling of knowing, ratings of warmth, confidence, judgments of learning, tip-of-the-tongue or not, insight or not, etc.

Are these judgments based on the same mechanism or there is a different mechanism in each case?

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This is a topic of research currently. The short answer is no (there's quite a clear distinction between e.g. visual and memory metacognition), the long answer is that in some cases, some metacognitive mechanisms might be shared.

Some examples for the short 'no' answer:

Some examples showing that there actually is some degree of domain-generality:

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Here are some finding of neuroscience mechanisms of metacognition:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10924251

They claim that several of them are included. They didn't mentioned nothing about cerebellum.

In research of creativity where pretty much of metacognition is needed cerebellum has significant role:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creativity#Neurobiology_of_creativity

According to this there could be several mechanisms. I also have this book in my hand several weeks ago and I think they wrote about several mechanisms: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/site/2012/metacognition.xhtml

There is also article where we could argue on mechanism connected to cortex and another one which is not: http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/367/1599/2213

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