Is metacognition an affect or cognitive or behaviour variable ?

I want to study variation in metacognition and working memory ability level and its effect on inductive reasoning. Therefore i am trying to understand the cognitive system. I read some literature stating that metacognition is cognition awareness, which implies that it is a cognitive variable, but some say that it is an opinion about how far they can do metacognitive ability. I read about a factor analysis of the Junior Metacognitive Awareness Inventory.


It seems like there are a lot of ideas out there as to what metacognition really is. Having done my MS thesis in understanding how people learn in engineering programs, I typically think about metacognition as "knowing how to learn." It's typically a goal of engineering education to teach students these skills.

Therefore, I would say it's mostly a cognitive variable, but it's also a behavior because it's a set of habits about how one thinks. How are you planning to measure metacognition? And why inductive reasoning? Why not critical thinking in general?

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  • $\begingroup$ I used Junior Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (Sperling, Howard, Miller, & Murphy, 2002), a children version of Metacognitive Awareness Inventory by Schraw and Dennison. Pls explain of what further of what you say “And why inductive reasoning? Why not critical thinking in general?”. $\endgroup$ – juliee Apr 23 '13 at 17:37
  • $\begingroup$ You want to study the relationship on inductive reasoning, I'm curious if you have a specific reason why? $\endgroup$ – theMayer Apr 23 '13 at 17:45
  • $\begingroup$ Basically I want to know if metacognitive ability able to override the limitation of working memory in inductive reasoning performance among children developmentally. Well this is my dissertation topic, I model my as research question as - age (IV), working memory (mediator 1) , metacognitive (mediator 2), and inductive reasoning performance (DV). $\endgroup$ – juliee Apr 24 '13 at 0:40
  • $\begingroup$ Interesting. From what I know of working memory, I would expect that high metacognitive abilities would help the subject to exclude irrelevant chunks from WM. Would this be considered "overriding"? What ages are you targeting? $\endgroup$ – theMayer Apr 24 '13 at 15:03
  • $\begingroup$ Yes that what I mean, but research wise not quite the right word to describe the phenomenon. Maybe says I want to see the variance of both mediator effect to inductive reasoning. Children, the age where Piaget theorize as borderline between operational and formal, difference between pupil aged 10-11 and 13-14. I want to ask since your research more on seeing the larger picture, do you know what connection between higher order thinking (HOT) and inductive reasoning. $\endgroup$ – juliee Apr 25 '13 at 0:43

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