Is there any ethical/therapeutical guidelines preventing a psychologist to claim to be a friend of the patient?
The relevant points are:
I am aware that there are rules against treating friends, and I have even found references to disciplinary actions when the relationship started after the treatment.
But here there is no relationship other than the professional one. Patient and psychologist did not knew before treatment, do not meet outside of practice hours, and do not develop any social activity that could be interpreted as friendship. It is just the therapist claiming to be a friend.
OTOH, there is no ill-intent. No "I am your friend, so tell me your credit card number" schema or anything like that.
Could this kind of action be considered as going against ethical/therapeutical principles?
If a country is needed, it would be in Spain, although I am asking just to inform myself so I would be ok with an "universal" answer if that is possible.