Criticism is defined, according to the lexico.com dictionary, as

The expression of disapproval of someone or something on the basis of perceived faults or mistakes.

In general, there can be two types of responses for a criticism by receiving party. One is changing self, which is the primary intention of criticism. Another is to becoming sensitive to the criticism in negative way. It is believed by psychologists that most humans choose second one.

Most psychologists agree that criticism does not lead people to change behavior. Instead it creates anger and defensiveness on the part of the person criticized. Communication between the parties is shackled, and positive relationships impeded.

Is such negative sensitiveness, especially anger and defensiveness, in a person due to criticism innate (genetic) or acquired after birth (environment)?

Note: Assume that the criticism is a constructive one and the defensiveness is not needed in this context.



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