It is often said that therapy or meeting a psychologist allows one to overcome trauma and let go of hidden pains...what would mean for a person to be psychologically troubled?
Trauma is an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, physical assault or natural disaster (APA, 2013).
Repeated childhood abuse, for example, can be just as traumatic as one single incident of sexual assault. Trauma affects different people in different ways (Mind, n.d.; Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2014).
Immediately after the event, shock and denial are typical. Longer term reactions include unpredictable emotions, flashbacks (NHS, n.d.), strained relationships and even physical symptoms like headaches or nausea (Very Well Mind, 2020).
While these feelings are normal, some people have difficulty moving on with their lives. Psychotherapists and Psychologists can help these people process their memories in a safe environment, and find constructive ways of managing their emotions.
how would one know for themselves that they overcome their trauma? How would the therapist know?
Those who have overcome their trauma can move on with their lives comfortably. They are no longer anxious and they are free of the severe emotional effects of the past events which caused the psychological issue(s).
They will never forget the past events. At the end of the day, they happened and nobody can change that. But, those affected by trauma who have gone through effective therapy can remember the past events without being so affected by them.
APA (2013). Recovering emotionally from disaster https://www.apa.org/topics/disasters-response/recovering
Mind (n.d.). Trauma https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/trauma/effects-of-trauma/
NHS (n.d.). Overview - Post-traumatic stress disorder https://www.nhs.uk/mental-health/conditions/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/overview/
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2014). Chapter 3: Understanding the Impact of Trauma. In: Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, No. 57. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK207191/
Very Well Mind (2020). An Overview of Psychosomatic Illness: How Your Stress and Depression Can Really Make You Sick https://www.verywellmind.com/depression-can-be-a-real-pain-1065455