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I'm now doing some city management related research and wondering about the idea of high crime areas. Well, the above phrase is a bit extreme. Say, littering, will this kind of behavior occur more often in areas that is already dirty and has tons of rubbish which should not be there? I believe so, however I searched things like littering, wrong parking and etc. on the internet but mostly news or policy. I'm looking for a scientific theory behind the phenomena and thinking of environmental criminology which I konw nothing about.

Any help will be appreciated. New to this site, if anything inapproporiate or unclear, please let me know.

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Tragedy of the commons is an economic theory (specifically game theory) that considers both littering and crime.

See:

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  • $\begingroup$ thx for the information. I have looked through the literature but the tendency that littering more often in a dirtier place is a bit diffferent from the idea behind 'tragedy of commons', which mainly discusses littering in shared fields. $\endgroup$ – user567445 May 17 at 3:26
  • $\begingroup$ I -1'd your answer despite its referencing, because it doesn't expand on the contents of the papers. Link-only answers are discouraged as it leaves the answer open for interpretation. As of now it's more of a comment than an answer. Thanks for your active participation on the site though. No bad intentions on this side. $\endgroup$ – AliceD May 17 at 8:07
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After changing some keywords in searching engines, I find the terminology I look for: Broken windows theory

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