Non-binary choices complicate analysis unnecessarily, as most multiple alternative scenarios can be distilled into multiple binary choices.
Outside of metacognitive literature, I have seen studies that assume the naive Bayesian approach for multi-choice decision confidence, for example, from Satopää et al (2014) in forecasting:
For now, assume that the event can take exactly one of a total of M≥2
different outcomes. Under pure ignorance, the forecaster should assign
a probability of 1/M to each outcome. The more ignorant the forecaster
is, the more we would expect him to shrink his forecasts towards 1/M.
However, this assumption may not hold in the uncalibrated confidence judgments of metacognitive tasks. There is an interesting paper by Li & Ma (2020):
Experiments on confidence reports have almost exclusively focused on
two-alternative decision-making. ... Here, we test ... a
three-alternative visual categorization task. We found that confidence
reports are best explained by the difference between the posterior
probabilities of the best and the next-best options, rather than by
the posterior probability of the chosen (best) option alone, or by the
overall uncertainty (entropy) of the posterior distribution. Our
results upend the leading notion of decision confidence and instead
suggest that confidence reflects the observer’s subjective probability
that they made the best possible decision.
This would make even 4-choice tasks much more difficult to interpret.