There is strong correlation between acceptance of LGBT in countries and the economic prosperity of the respective countries. As far as I have checked the literature then the mainstream research trend is to estimate the economic output of LGBT acceptance or cost of homophobia, there is accepted view that homophobic/acceptance norms (in law) create additional cost/growth in economy.
But are there any research that tends to uncover the reciprocal direction of this: how lack of social-economic opportunities for self-realisation and personal growth fuel homophobia? One can imagine the following vignette: some politicians strive for anti-homophobic laws but they ignore the funding necessities of educational or re-skiing systems. Clearly - such activities can create or increase the homophobia for those for whom the assistance for personal growth is the top priority in life.
I have checked https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21599165.2020.1733983 and this is another article that misses this reciprocal link in the opposite direction.
It is hard to say - whether such reciprocal links is my imagination and not the observed fact in field studies. Or maybe the research trends are biased a bit. I can say that Western European countries have far more opportunities for their people for getting education or mentoring or good jobs than in Eastern European countries. And the homophobia is correlated.
My question arises with the current developments in one country - one social liberal party have inner deliberation about preserving the governing coalition in the face of homophobic law proposed by right-wing party of the same coalition. From the internal discussions I can say that social liberal party is almost ready to accept the proposed culture war and leave the coalition. I disagree with this position - my viewpoint is that lack of social-economic opportunities is the decisive factor in homophobia and it could be more beneficial for the LGTB community if the party stays in the coalition and continues the creation of those social-economic opportunities (as much as the coalition dynamics allow it) and hence continues to create the beneficial social-economic environment for the acceptance of LGBT to emerge. I would like to go into the internal party discussions with these arguments about social-economic factors. But I have not academic literature that can provide the research background to my senses. So - this my question is about the existence of such research trends! Hope, that someone can provide those social-economic arguments and hence - we could channel them into political debates.