Cognitive distortions and negative emtions

According to Wikipedia, "cognitive distortion are thoughts that cause individuals to perceive reality inaccurately". It is a negative outlook on reality, sometimes called negative schemas (or schemata), and can reinforce negative emotions and thoughts.

While there are many forms of cognitive distortion, I think the basis are:

  • Strong negative emotions and reactions
  • Insisting that their statement is absolutely correct
  • Immediate refute the opposite statement without giving any reason

As listing of these, I'm thinking about learned helplessness and prejudice.

My question

For convenience, I'll name the person who is making diagnosis Cueball, and the person who is being diagnosed Megan. Here is Cueball and Megan:

First, I get that Cueball's judgement can be distorted, because he has his own worldview. From that link: "The implicit assumption behind the diagnosis is that the therapist is infallible and that only the world view of the therapist is correct. If the perceptions of the patient differ from those of the therapist, it may not be because of intellectual malfunctions but because the patient has different experiences." One cannot deny that they have implicit attitude.

However, I suppose that the key factor here is the strong negative emotions and reactions of Megan. Because our emotion perception is strong, Megan's emotions can be accurately perceived. I suppose that even when Cueball has his own belief to the topic at hand and thus has distortions himself, such negative emotions will raise a concern that there is something wrong in her, and it will be accurate.

Now, people can still disagree with each other, and have bias, and look stubborn in the eyes of the other. But at least even when they are defending their arguments, they can still assume a chance that it's not true. They just don't see how it's not true. If they are challenged, then they still try to giving reasons why they think that. This is another kind of emotion, which isn't as negative as above, and it will still be accurately perceived.

The only exception that I can find is that Megan's problem triggers Cueball's past experience. Otherwise, if Cueball can keep his calmness and ask Socratic questions, then I don't get why he would have distortions.

So why can't emotion perception "win" our own belief and judge the situation accurately?

Summary and note

This question doesn't ask how to combat distortions, but just asks why distortions happen at the first place. It bases on two premises:

  • Cueball uses Socratic questioning technique
  • Emotion perception is accurate and independent with his existing belief

The way to combat distortion once it happens, as how I understand this answer, is to take note.

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ It seems like there is a lot of overlap between this question and another you previously posted; there is also a lot of extraneous information that I think distracts from, rather than supports, the question you want to ask. $\endgroup$
    – Bryan Krause
    Feb 28 '20 at 0:14
  • $\begingroup$ yes. At first I attempted to edit the question instead of posting a new one. But because of the existing answer, I'm not really sure if that's good. Anyway, which information you think is extraneous? $\endgroup$
    – Ooker
    Feb 28 '20 at 7:11
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Probably almost all of it. I'd start with a succinct description of the problem or situation that is the underlying motivation, followed by the specific question itself, and then add a couple bullet points of support and definition of terms as necessary. Get rid of the pop psych images and non sequitur assertions. $\endgroup$
    – Bryan Krause
    Feb 28 '20 at 23:20

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