The terms "Androphilia" and "Gynephilia" describe the two major
romantic and/or sexual orientation/s of humans → towards "masculine" humans and "feminine" humans, respectively.
Generally any human (including Asexuals which only lack the desire to have sex but not the romantic connection desire) will likely be classified by some in society as a "heterosexual", "homosexual" or "bisexual", according to that person's
romantic and/or sexual orientation/s and in the context of gender.
One can say that attractions to FTM transgenders and attraction to MTF transgenders are separate major philias "Andromimetophilia" and "Gynemimetophilia"(as somewhat accurate yet probably bad terms).
One could speak of a third and forth philias (or fifth and sixth philias, depending how one counts) to Male-oriented intersex individuals and Female-oriented intersex individuals.
One could go to the extreme and speak about philias to FTM and MTF detransitioned people.
Any of the above philias can have one or more paraphilias, which can be not harmful or does harmful but it is unclear to me if there is a criterion to distinct between a philia and a paraphilia.
Non harmful examples
A man with gynephilia (heterosexual) can have a paraphilia such as for women in army uniform and on the contrary, a man with androphilia (homosexual) can have a paraphilia for men in army uniform.
A man with gynephilia (heterosexual) can have a paraphilia for women with Gothic appearance and on contrary, a man with androphilia (homosexual) can have a paraphilia for men with Gothic appearance.
The first harmful example is pedophiliac paraphilia:
A man with gynephilia (heterosexual) can have a paraphilia for little girls (say under sexual maturation) and on the contrary, a man with androphilia (homosexual) can have a paraphilia for little boys (say, under sexual maturation).
Another harmful example is zoophilia which includes exploitation of animals who cannot give consent and might be raped.
Both pedophilia (not to be confused with hebephilia which is attraction to young teenagers) as well as zoophilia, are rare paraphilias that may manifest themselves in harmful or illegal behavior.
As I have shown, the "philia" term can describe both sexual orientations and their sub components (not harmful and is harmful).
Is there a criterion to distinct between a philia and a paraphilia?
This question encapsulates the question:
- Does the term Philia exists in psychological literature for describing
romantic and/or sexual orientation/sand not just fetishes, or alternatively, as a standalone term?