The 2 concepts you are referring to are Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (Maslow, 1943) and Plutchik’s general psychoevolutionary theory of emotion (Plutchik, 1980). They are totally separate concepts, but can be linked only to a small degree.
As someone progress within Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, the person can experience a variety of different emotions, depending on their experiences leading up to and upon achieving that level of attainment.
For example, someone who has met all their safety needs may experience a sense of optimism and trust in their environment. When meeting their love and relationship needs there will probably be experiences of love, but also there may be joy and serenity.
If for some reason the person loses an aspect or more of their safety needs, for example, there could be apprehension, worry, fear, annoyance, pensiveness...
Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological review, 50(4), 370-396. doi: 10.1037/h0054346 Free PDF: https://scottbarrykaufman.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Maslow-1943.pdf
Plutchik, R. (1980). A general psychoevolutionary theory of emotion. In Theories of emotion (pp. 3-33). Academic press. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-558701-3.50007-7 Google Books: https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Ie1GBQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA3