It's claimed that the average human reaction time in response to a visual stimulus is 0.25 seconds (https://backyardbrains.com/experiments/reactiontime). This article by Mcleod (1987) may be a better, more reliable benchmark for my question, as it comes from a more reputable source and states both the low and high bounds of tested human reaction times (p. 49):
Traditional laboratory estimates suggest that it takes from 200-300 ms to pick up visual information about an uncertain event in the outside world and to use this to initiate an appropriate action
Do we know/have any way of knowing what percentage of this time is taken up by any given part of the reaction process? aka how much time is the eye converting what it sees, how much is the nerve signals doing their job and reporting to or from the brain, how much time does the brain spend processing, how much is the time the muscles take to contract, etc.?
I've been recently studying reaction times, so would be really interested in the breakdown of this total given time between the various processes involved. Can anyone help me out with this?
McLeod, P. (1987). Visual reaction time and high-speed ball games. Perception, 16(1), 49-59.