I watched a TedX Talk that called "The Surprising Secret of Solving Problems Quickly" by Collins Key, about 3 problems that most greatly hinder our ability to solve intriguing problems. These 3 problems are Misconception, Assumption, and Expectation.
Misconception, as he explains, is when we misunderstand a certain part of a problem because of how we are used to seeing it or because of how it is presented.
Assumption is when we assume something about part of the solution that we have little reason to assume, but it seems to us as if we do have reason to assume this.
Expectation is when we expect the solution to go in a certain direction, thus stopping us from thinking in other directions.
If you do not understand the exact differences between the three in this context, please watch the Ted Talk.
My question: How can these complications be eliminated? How can we check to make sure we have no misconceptions? How can we block ourselves off from assuming something? And how can we "mindblank" ourselves enough to not expect anything, without entirely blocking off our thinking process?