I was reading about linguistic relativity and it struck me that there could also be differences in multilingual individuals and mono/bi-lingual individuals on how they derive/reason/create structure out of the environment (causality models).

Anyway, my question can be split as :

  1. Are there standard/widely accepted experiments have been done to test methods used by individuals to infer cause and effect? Couple of examples for what i have in mind is here and here.

  2. Is there consensus on correlation between these experiments and indication of causal models used?

  3. If so, have there been studies of those experiments across monolingual, bilingual and multilingual individuals?

  • $\begingroup$ @JoshGitlin: I did a quick search on google scholar, and realized there's a lot more i have to read just to get this question more clear. Will do that once i get some free time. In fact i don't think i saw any established experimental paradigm for causal models used by people. $\endgroup$ Dec 5, 2012 at 2:21
  • $\begingroup$ My initial search and skim suggests that the answers are no to all three questions, but i shall wait. $\endgroup$ Dec 10, 2012 at 17:45
  • $\begingroup$ This is an interesting question, but awfully broad. $\endgroup$
    – Krysta
    Mar 20, 2015 at 13:09
  • $\begingroup$ Hmm.. broad?..ok, how would you make it narrower? I thought I made it as specific as i could. $\endgroup$ Mar 21, 2015 at 4:09
  • $\begingroup$ You say yourself that you're conflating many factors of language differences and split the question into multiple sub-questions--personally, I'd narrow those lists considerably by picking the factors of greatest interest. $\endgroup$
    – Krysta
    Mar 24, 2015 at 11:44