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I was reading about linguistic relativity and it struck me that there could also be differences in multilingual individuals and mono/bi-lingual individuals on how they derive/reason/create structure out of the environment (causality models).

Anyway, my question can be split as :

  1. Are there standard/widely accepted experiments have been done to test methods used by individuals to infer cause and effect? Couple of examples for what i have in mind is here and here.

  2. Is there consensus on correlation between these experiments and indication of causal models used?

  3. If so, have there been studies of those experiments across monolingual, bilingual and multilingual individuals?

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  • $\begingroup$ @JoshGitlin: I did a quick search on google scholar, and realized there's a lot more i have to read just to get this question more clear. Will do that once i get some free time. In fact i don't think i saw any established experimental paradigm for causal models used by people. $\endgroup$ – N Anand Dec 5 '12 at 2:21
  • $\begingroup$ My initial search and skim suggests that the answers are no to all three questions, but i shall wait. $\endgroup$ – N Anand Dec 10 '12 at 17:45
  • $\begingroup$ This is an interesting question, but awfully broad. $\endgroup$ – Krysta Mar 20 '15 at 13:09
  • $\begingroup$ Hmm.. broad?..ok, how would you make it narrower? I thought I made it as specific as i could. $\endgroup$ – N Anand Mar 21 '15 at 4:09
  • $\begingroup$ You say yourself that you're conflating many factors of language differences and split the question into multiple sub-questions--personally, I'd narrow those lists considerably by picking the factors of greatest interest. $\endgroup$ – Krysta Mar 24 '15 at 11:44