I'm not looking for anything all-inclusive, as I am aware that such a list would be impossible. Perhaps some introductory books on psychoanalysis (such as works by Freud) would be good, as well as any compilation of case studies, etc.
I believe you're looking for this:
If you are new to Psychoanalysis, you cannot go far wrong with starting by having a look at the 4-part YouTube Video Series put together by the Freud Museum of London along with their article which gives an outline on Freud's Theories (Are Freud's Theories All About Sex?)
Reading Freud's Complete Works as suggested by @GogaVachnadze could be heavy going if you are just starting off but will give a complete understanding.
There is also the excellent book of articles edited by Dr. Joseph Reppen, PhD. called Beyond Freud: A Study of Modern Psychoanalytic Theorists. It was published by the IPI (International Psychotherapy Institute) and is available free from their website at https://freepsychotherapybooks.org/psychoanalysis/product/40-beyond-freud-a-study-of-modern-psychoanalytic-theorists/category_pathway-17