Recently, reading one book I have come across such paragraph:

"[...] The operation would require de facto to create a complete record of the mind and build the brain again - an impossible thing for absolutely fundamental reasons. Cognitive science has its own theorem on uncertainty, the law proving the impossibility of reducing the mental structure to numerical data."

I am guessing, that the author was referring to the Heisenberg's uncertainty theorem, but that is the only thing that came to my mind (my knowledge about cognitive sciences is very limited). Do you know, what the author might have meant? Or maybe it was just fiction?

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    $\begingroup$ Could you cite the book this is from? Otherwise, it's a bit hard to judge the validity of the statement. $\endgroup$ – Seanny123 Dec 3 '17 at 20:24
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    $\begingroup$ It is novel "Aguerre in the dawn" (pol. "Aguerre w świcie") by Jacek Dukaj. This is literature of fiction, but I was wondering if it could be based on some theorem from the real world. $\endgroup$ – brzepkowski Dec 3 '17 at 21:39

As you say in your last comment, this is clearly fictional as a theorem, but the argument has been raised in less fictional works. The "theorem on uncertainty" phrase probably is intended to hint to the uncertainty principle and/or the no-cloning theorem from quantum mechanics. For instance, Scott Aaronson writes

Does quantum mechanics (specifically, say, the No-Cloning Theorem or the uncertainty principle) put interesting limits on an external agent’s ability to scan, copy, and predict human brains and other complicated biological systems, or doesn’t it?

I regard the above as an unsolved scientific question, and a big one. Many people seem to think the answer is obvious (though they disagree on what it is!), or else they reject the question as meaningless, unanswerable, or irrelevant.

Note that he is far from being the first to ask the question (e.g. Alan Turing did in 1951), although Aaronson did perhaps help sharpen it.

So with respect to brain function, this "theorem" is just a hypothesis, and it may well prove to be false. The empirical evidence on the relevance of quantum processes for understanding brain functioning is questionable at best, although you do see occasional "breakthroughs" reported in the press, e.g. on Orch OR; see the long list of comments under the abstract for a review paper for more. On the other hand, other researches continue to pursue brains simulators like the Blue Brain Project, although it's computatinally very expensive just to simulate a part of a rat's brain.


It looks like fiction to me. I think it's quite clear that mental structure can be reduced to numerical data. If anything, you can start with atoms, their distance from each other and angles between any three of them and inductively work up through molecules and nerves to the whole brain structure.

Yes, such technology is not available to us today but it might tomorrow. Just look at CRISPR crisping small DNA molecules.

Then there might be a difference between what the author perceives as "mind" and brain. That field is rather metaphysical and philosophical in nature.

But that doesn't necessarily mean such feat is fundamentally impossible.

Don't take my opinion too seriously though, in the end, I am only a layman. Maybe somebody else will provide a different view on the subject.

  • $\begingroup$ This post does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. $\endgroup$ – Arnon Weinberg Dec 15 '17 at 5:52

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