- According with Darwin's “Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals”: specific emotional states seek to appear on each human being - even on blind people - , with no differences of cultures.
- According to James-Lange theory, the emotional states are the results and not the cause, of perceived physiological changes
- According to Cannon-Bard theory, James- Lange theory has some weak points: arousal would not be enough, and would not be necessary, the speed with which we often experience some emotions seems to overcome the speed of body response. Given that they propose that: the external stimulus is processed by the thalamus, which sends impulses to the cortex - where the emotion is consciously experienced - and sends impulses to the hypothalamus - which produces autonomous physiological changes.
- Schachter's theory partly agree with James-Lange theory: Physiological modifications precede emotional experiences, but we have to decide which particular emotion is, giving cognitively labels to emotions.
Nowadays which is the accepted theory on emotions by social neuroscience ?
- The Student's Guide to Social Neuroscience , Jamie Ward, 2012