Which meditation techniques are better at "entraining(?)" specifically desired brainwaves?

For each brainwave range, (Alpha, Theta, etc) - are certain meditative technique more effective?

For example, I was recently told that "Kundalini" was most effective towards Theta Waves, and Mindfulness more effective towards Alpha-Waves...

I had found this, but does the research indicate that some meditative techniques are actually more effective at generating "high amplitude oscillations" for each brainwave range? ...

EEG Derived Neuronal Dynamics during Meditation: Progress and Challenges

2.1.1. Zen Meditation - Zen meditation, a type of Buddhist meditation, is characterized by increase in slow alpha power, reflecting more internalized attention, and fast theta power, reflecting enhanced mindfulness in frontal area [9, 13]. Long-term practitioners show alpha1 rise in frontal region and beta rise over occipital regions [14].

2.1.2. CHAN Meditation - Researchers correlated occipital alpha wave rise during eye closed relaxation and frontal alpha wave (representing mindfulness) during CHAN meditation

2.2. Transcending Meditation (TM) - Various physiological and neural effects in long-term Jacobson's Progressive Relaxation (PR) meditators (a classical method of relaxation), TM meditators, and group of beginners in PR were recorded [28]. Rare theta activity (5–7 Hz) was observed in all the three. ... Higher alpha1 and beta1 reflect automatic self-transcending and open monitoring, respectively.


[9] Takahashi T., Murata T., Hamada T., et al. Changes in EEG and autonomic nervous activity during meditation and their association with personality traits. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2005;55(2):199–207. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2004.07.004.

[13] Chang K.-M., Lo P.-C. F-VEP and alpha-suppressed EEG-physiological evidence of inner-light perception during Zen meditation. Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications. 2006;18(1):1–7. doi: 10.4015/s1016237206000026.

[14] Huang H.-Y., Lo P.-C. EEG dynamics of experienced Zen meditation practitioners probed by complexity index and spectral measure. Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology. 2009;33(4):314–321. doi: 10.1080/03091900802602677.

[28] Warrenburg S., Pagano R. R., Woods M., Hlastala M. A comparison of somatic relaxation and EEG activity in classical progressive relaxation and transcendental meditation. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 1980;3(1):73–93. doi: 10.1007/bf00844915.

Are there any other studies like this that speak to this question?

  • $\begingroup$ Hi, welcome at CogSci. Have you done some initial research yourself which you could share with us? $\endgroup$ Aug 1, 2017 at 6:31
  • $\begingroup$ Hi, waiting for some sources, otherwise I'll be voting to close this question. $\endgroup$
    – user10932
    Aug 1, 2017 at 9:57
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    $\begingroup$ I like the edit - that's good $\endgroup$
    – user10932
    Aug 1, 2017 at 22:05
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    $\begingroup$ I have some experience with mindfulness, vipassana meditation and some other related topics. It is known that this subject is not clear, can be consulted ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26441373. I like the topic and I find the question interesting, but I do not think that a clear answer can be offered. $\endgroup$ Aug 1, 2017 at 22:54